Abstract

Germanium-doped silica fibers were prepared for frequency doubling of 1.06-μm wavelength radiation under the simultaneous presence of the first, second, and fourth harmonics of the laser light. It was found that the preparation rate for frequency doubling was dramatically increased by the presence of the fourth harmonic. The experiments also showed that a metastable excited state plays a significant role in the process.

© 1991 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. U. Österberg, W. Margulis, Opt. Lett. 11, 516 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. U. Österberg, W. Margulis, Opt. Lett. 12, 57 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M.C. Farries, P. St. J. Russell, M.E. Fermann, D.N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 322 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R.H. Stolen, H.W.K. Tom, Opt. Lett. 12, 585 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M.C. Farries, M.E. Fermann, P.St.J. Russell, in Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena: Physics and Applications, Vol. 2 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), p. 246.
  6. M.C. Fermann, L. Li, M.C. Farries, D.N. Payne, P. St. J. Russell, in Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena: Physics and Applications, Vol. 2 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), p. 288.
  7. A. Krotkus, W. Margulis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1942 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  8. F. Ouellette, K.O. Hill, D.C. Johnson, Opt. Lett. 13, 515 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. I.C.S. Carvalho, P.M.P. Gouvea, W. Margulis, B. Lesche, in Digest of Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper JTuA3.
  10. L. N. Skuja, A. N. Trukhin, A. E. Plaudis, Phys. Status Solidi A 84, K153 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  11. W. Margulis, U. Österberg, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 864, 180 (1988).

1988 (3)

A. Krotkus, W. Margulis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1942 (1988).
[CrossRef]

F. Ouellette, K.O. Hill, D.C. Johnson, Opt. Lett. 13, 515 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Margulis, U. Österberg, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 864, 180 (1988).

1987 (3)

1986 (1)

1984 (1)

L. N. Skuja, A. N. Trukhin, A. E. Plaudis, Phys. Status Solidi A 84, K153 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Carvalho, I.C.S.

I.C.S. Carvalho, P.M.P. Gouvea, W. Margulis, B. Lesche, in Digest of Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper JTuA3.

Farries, M.C.

M.C. Farries, P. St. J. Russell, M.E. Fermann, D.N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 322 (1987).
[CrossRef]

M.C. Farries, M.E. Fermann, P.St.J. Russell, in Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena: Physics and Applications, Vol. 2 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), p. 246.

M.C. Fermann, L. Li, M.C. Farries, D.N. Payne, P. St. J. Russell, in Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena: Physics and Applications, Vol. 2 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), p. 288.

Fermann, M.C.

M.C. Fermann, L. Li, M.C. Farries, D.N. Payne, P. St. J. Russell, in Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena: Physics and Applications, Vol. 2 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), p. 288.

Fermann, M.E.

M.C. Farries, P. St. J. Russell, M.E. Fermann, D.N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 322 (1987).
[CrossRef]

M.C. Farries, M.E. Fermann, P.St.J. Russell, in Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena: Physics and Applications, Vol. 2 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), p. 246.

Gouvea, P.M.P.

I.C.S. Carvalho, P.M.P. Gouvea, W. Margulis, B. Lesche, in Digest of Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper JTuA3.

Hill, K.O.

Johnson, D.C.

Krotkus, A.

A. Krotkus, W. Margulis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1942 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Lesche, B.

I.C.S. Carvalho, P.M.P. Gouvea, W. Margulis, B. Lesche, in Digest of Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper JTuA3.

Li, L.

M.C. Fermann, L. Li, M.C. Farries, D.N. Payne, P. St. J. Russell, in Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena: Physics and Applications, Vol. 2 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), p. 288.

Margulis, W.

A. Krotkus, W. Margulis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1942 (1988).
[CrossRef]

W. Margulis, U. Österberg, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 864, 180 (1988).

U. Österberg, W. Margulis, Opt. Lett. 12, 57 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Österberg, W. Margulis, Opt. Lett. 11, 516 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I.C.S. Carvalho, P.M.P. Gouvea, W. Margulis, B. Lesche, in Digest of Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper JTuA3.

Österberg, U.

Ouellette, F.

Payne, D.N.

M.C. Farries, P. St. J. Russell, M.E. Fermann, D.N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 322 (1987).
[CrossRef]

M.C. Fermann, L. Li, M.C. Farries, D.N. Payne, P. St. J. Russell, in Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena: Physics and Applications, Vol. 2 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), p. 288.

Plaudis, A. E.

L. N. Skuja, A. N. Trukhin, A. E. Plaudis, Phys. Status Solidi A 84, K153 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. St. J.

M.C. Farries, P. St. J. Russell, M.E. Fermann, D.N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 322 (1987).
[CrossRef]

M.C. Fermann, L. Li, M.C. Farries, D.N. Payne, P. St. J. Russell, in Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena: Physics and Applications, Vol. 2 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), p. 288.

Russell, P.St.J.

M.C. Farries, M.E. Fermann, P.St.J. Russell, in Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena: Physics and Applications, Vol. 2 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), p. 246.

Skuja, L. N.

L. N. Skuja, A. N. Trukhin, A. E. Plaudis, Phys. Status Solidi A 84, K153 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Stolen, R.H.

Tom, H.W.K.

Trukhin, A. N.

L. N. Skuja, A. N. Trukhin, A. E. Plaudis, Phys. Status Solidi A 84, K153 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Krotkus, W. Margulis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1942 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

M.C. Farries, P. St. J. Russell, M.E. Fermann, D.N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 322 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Status Solidi A (1)

L. N. Skuja, A. N. Trukhin, A. E. Plaudis, Phys. Status Solidi A 84, K153 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (1)

W. Margulis, U. Österberg, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 864, 180 (1988).

Other (3)

I.C.S. Carvalho, P.M.P. Gouvea, W. Margulis, B. Lesche, in Digest of Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper JTuA3.

M.C. Farries, M.E. Fermann, P.St.J. Russell, in Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena: Physics and Applications, Vol. 2 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), p. 246.

M.C. Fermann, L. Li, M.C. Farries, D.N. Payne, P. St. J. Russell, in Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena: Physics and Applications, Vol. 2 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), p. 288.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for frequency doubling of optical fibers under UV excitation.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Comparison of the growth rate for second-harmonic generation (SHG) in fibers subjected to simultaneous illumination with ω, 2ω, and 4ω (top curve), previous exposure for 20 min with 4ω followed by preparation with ω and 2ω only (middle curve), and preparation with ω and 2ω only (bottom curve). The inset shows the top and bottom traces plotted on a linear scale (same units).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Growth in time of second-harmonic (SH) light leaving a fiber. After a few minutes the frequency-doubled light generated by the fiber exceeds the injected seed green by 30 times.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Second-harmonic generation growth rate of a single fiber prepared with various delays between the UV excitation and the injection of ω and 2ω for a time lag of zero (simultaneous), 400 μs (delay 1), and 1 ms (delay 2).

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