Abstract

We demonstrate that a synchronously pumped In0.53Ga0.47As/InP multiple-quantum-well surface-emitting laser in an external cavity can produce 36-ps pulses with a high average power of 260 mW and a broad spectral width of 18 nm. The output pulses are strongly upchirped and could be shortened to 153 fs with peak powers exceeding 1 kW by chirp compensation with a diffraction grating pair.

© 1991 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. W. Corzine, J. E. Bowers, G. Przybylek, U. Koren, B. I. Miller, C. E. Soccolich, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 348 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. J. Delfyett, C. H. Lee, L. Florez, N. Stoffel, T. I. Gmitter, N. Andreadakis, G. A. Alphonse, J. C. Connolly, Opt. Lett. 15, 1371 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. T. Sogawa, Y. Arakawa, M. Tanaka, H. Sakaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1580 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. R. Karin, L. E. Melcer, J. E. Bowers, S. W. Corzine, R. S. Geels, L. A. Coldren, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CFC2.
  5. W. B. Jiang, S. R. Friberg, H. Iwamura, Y. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 807 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. S. Chemla, D. A. B. Miller, S. Schmitt-Rink, in Optical Nonlinearities and Instabilities in Semiconductors, H. Haug, ed. (Academic, New York, 1988), p. 83.

1991 (1)

W. B. Jiang, S. R. Friberg, H. Iwamura, Y. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 807 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

1988 (2)

T. Sogawa, Y. Arakawa, M. Tanaka, H. Sakaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1580 (1988).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Corzine, J. E. Bowers, G. Przybylek, U. Koren, B. I. Miller, C. E. Soccolich, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 348 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Alphonse, G. A.

Andreadakis, N.

Arakawa, Y.

T. Sogawa, Y. Arakawa, M. Tanaka, H. Sakaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1580 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Bowers, J. E.

S. W. Corzine, J. E. Bowers, G. Przybylek, U. Koren, B. I. Miller, C. E. Soccolich, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 348 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Karin, L. E. Melcer, J. E. Bowers, S. W. Corzine, R. S. Geels, L. A. Coldren, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CFC2.

Chemla, D. S.

D. S. Chemla, D. A. B. Miller, S. Schmitt-Rink, in Optical Nonlinearities and Instabilities in Semiconductors, H. Haug, ed. (Academic, New York, 1988), p. 83.

Coldren, L. A.

J. R. Karin, L. E. Melcer, J. E. Bowers, S. W. Corzine, R. S. Geels, L. A. Coldren, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CFC2.

Connolly, J. C.

Corzine, S. W.

S. W. Corzine, J. E. Bowers, G. Przybylek, U. Koren, B. I. Miller, C. E. Soccolich, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 348 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Karin, L. E. Melcer, J. E. Bowers, S. W. Corzine, R. S. Geels, L. A. Coldren, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CFC2.

Delfyett, P. J.

Florez, L.

Friberg, S. R.

W. B. Jiang, S. R. Friberg, H. Iwamura, Y. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 807 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Geels, R. S.

J. R. Karin, L. E. Melcer, J. E. Bowers, S. W. Corzine, R. S. Geels, L. A. Coldren, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CFC2.

Gmitter, T. I.

Iwamura, H.

W. B. Jiang, S. R. Friberg, H. Iwamura, Y. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 807 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, W. B.

W. B. Jiang, S. R. Friberg, H. Iwamura, Y. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 807 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Karin, J. R.

J. R. Karin, L. E. Melcer, J. E. Bowers, S. W. Corzine, R. S. Geels, L. A. Coldren, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CFC2.

Koren, U.

S. W. Corzine, J. E. Bowers, G. Przybylek, U. Koren, B. I. Miller, C. E. Soccolich, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 348 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C. H.

Melcer, L. E.

J. R. Karin, L. E. Melcer, J. E. Bowers, S. W. Corzine, R. S. Geels, L. A. Coldren, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CFC2.

Miller, B. I.

S. W. Corzine, J. E. Bowers, G. Przybylek, U. Koren, B. I. Miller, C. E. Soccolich, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 348 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Miller, D. A. B.

D. S. Chemla, D. A. B. Miller, S. Schmitt-Rink, in Optical Nonlinearities and Instabilities in Semiconductors, H. Haug, ed. (Academic, New York, 1988), p. 83.

Przybylek, G.

S. W. Corzine, J. E. Bowers, G. Przybylek, U. Koren, B. I. Miller, C. E. Soccolich, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 348 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sakaki, H.

T. Sogawa, Y. Arakawa, M. Tanaka, H. Sakaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1580 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Schmitt-Rink, S.

D. S. Chemla, D. A. B. Miller, S. Schmitt-Rink, in Optical Nonlinearities and Instabilities in Semiconductors, H. Haug, ed. (Academic, New York, 1988), p. 83.

Soccolich, C. E.

S. W. Corzine, J. E. Bowers, G. Przybylek, U. Koren, B. I. Miller, C. E. Soccolich, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 348 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sogawa, T.

T. Sogawa, Y. Arakawa, M. Tanaka, H. Sakaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1580 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Stoffel, N.

Tanaka, M.

T. Sogawa, Y. Arakawa, M. Tanaka, H. Sakaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1580 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, Y.

W. B. Jiang, S. R. Friberg, H. Iwamura, Y. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 807 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

S. W. Corzine, J. E. Bowers, G. Przybylek, U. Koren, B. I. Miller, C. E. Soccolich, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 348 (1988).
[CrossRef]

T. Sogawa, Y. Arakawa, M. Tanaka, H. Sakaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1580 (1988).
[CrossRef]

W. B. Jiang, S. R. Friberg, H. Iwamura, Y. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 807 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (2)

J. R. Karin, L. E. Melcer, J. E. Bowers, S. W. Corzine, R. S. Geels, L. A. Coldren, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CFC2.

D. S. Chemla, D. A. B. Miller, S. Schmitt-Rink, in Optical Nonlinearities and Instabilities in Semiconductors, H. Haug, ed. (Academic, New York, 1988), p. 83.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Synchronously pumped EXSEL. A cavity is formed by a 10% output coupler and a gold-coated In0.53Ga0.47As/InP multiple quantum well (MQW) at 77 K. Output pulses were observed either directly or after compression by a grating pair.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Average powers [curve (a)] and peak powers [curve (b)] versus the pump power. The peak powers are for the pulses after compression.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Pulse widths versus the pump power for the EXSEL. The data denoted by curves (a) and (c) are the pulse widths before and after compression, respectively, when the EXSEL cavity is adjusted to maximize the spectral widths. The data denoted by curve (b) are the pulse widths before compression when the cavity is adjusted to minimize the pulse widths.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Time-bandwidth product ΔνΔt versus the pump power. The curves correspond to those in Fig. 3.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Autocorrelation traces and the spectra of the compressed pulses for pump powers of (a) 200 mW, (b) 600 mW, and (c) 1 W.

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