Abstract

Common liquid Brillouin media have poor optical and physical stability when they are pumped at high average powers. We demonstrate that tin tetrachloride, SnCl4, is stable and shows no thermal defocusing at 1064 nm for 20-ns pulses at fluences of 3 J/cm2 and a pulse-repetition frequency of 10 Hz. To characterize this new stimulated-Brillouin-scattering medium we measured the following stimulated Brillouin parameters: Brillouin shift at 35°C, νB = (2.21 ± 0.02) GHz or ωB = 7.37 × 10−2 cm−1; temperature dependence of the Brillouin shift, dνB/dT = −8.95 MHz/°C; small-signal gain coefficient at line center, g0 = (11.2 ± 0.5) cm/GW; Brillouin-gain linewidth, ΔνB = (182 ± 12) MHz, which corresponds to a phonon relaxation time τB = 1.75 ns; and refractive index n = 1.36 at 1.064 μm and 25°C.

© 1991 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. V. M. Volykin, K. V. Gratsianov, A. N. Kolesnikov, Yu. I. Kruzhilin, V. V. Lyubimov, S. A. Markosov, V. G. Pankov, A. I. Stepanov, S. V. Shklyarik, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1641 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  2. B. I. Denker, I. Kertes, P. P. Pashinin, V. S. Sidorin, E. I. Shklovskii, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 770 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  3. G. A. Pasmanik, Institute of Applied Physics (IPFAN), Academy of Sciences of the USSR, 603600 Nizhni Novgorod (Gorki), USSR (personal communication, September 1990).
  4. R. W. F. Gross, S. T. Amimoto, L. Garman-DuVall, Opt. Lett. 16, 94 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. I. Erokhin, V. I. Kovalev, F. S. Faizullov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1267 (1990).
  6. D. E. Watkins, A. M. Scott, K. D. Ridley, Opt. Lett. 15, 1267 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, New York, 1980), p. 338.
  8. A. M. Scott, K. D. Ridley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 438 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  9. V. I. Bespalov, G. A. Pasmanik, Nenlineinaya Op-tika i Adaptivanie Lazernie Sistemy (Nonlinear Optics and Adaptive Laser Systems) (Nauka, Moscow, 1986).

1991 (1)

1990 (3)

A. I. Erokhin, V. I. Kovalev, F. S. Faizullov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1267 (1990).

D. E. Watkins, A. M. Scott, K. D. Ridley, Opt. Lett. 15, 1267 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. I. Denker, I. Kertes, P. P. Pashinin, V. S. Sidorin, E. I. Shklovskii, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 770 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

A. M. Scott, K. D. Ridley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 438 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

V. M. Volykin, K. V. Gratsianov, A. N. Kolesnikov, Yu. I. Kruzhilin, V. V. Lyubimov, S. A. Markosov, V. G. Pankov, A. I. Stepanov, S. V. Shklyarik, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1641 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Amimoto, S. T.

Bespalov, V. I.

V. I. Bespalov, G. A. Pasmanik, Nenlineinaya Op-tika i Adaptivanie Lazernie Sistemy (Nonlinear Optics and Adaptive Laser Systems) (Nauka, Moscow, 1986).

Born, M.

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, New York, 1980), p. 338.

Denker, B. I.

B. I. Denker, I. Kertes, P. P. Pashinin, V. S. Sidorin, E. I. Shklovskii, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 770 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Erokhin, A. I.

A. I. Erokhin, V. I. Kovalev, F. S. Faizullov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1267 (1990).

Faizullov, F. S.

A. I. Erokhin, V. I. Kovalev, F. S. Faizullov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1267 (1990).

Garman-DuVall, L.

Gratsianov, K. V.

V. M. Volykin, K. V. Gratsianov, A. N. Kolesnikov, Yu. I. Kruzhilin, V. V. Lyubimov, S. A. Markosov, V. G. Pankov, A. I. Stepanov, S. V. Shklyarik, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1641 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Gross, R. W. F.

Kertes, I.

B. I. Denker, I. Kertes, P. P. Pashinin, V. S. Sidorin, E. I. Shklovskii, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 770 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kolesnikov, A. N.

V. M. Volykin, K. V. Gratsianov, A. N. Kolesnikov, Yu. I. Kruzhilin, V. V. Lyubimov, S. A. Markosov, V. G. Pankov, A. I. Stepanov, S. V. Shklyarik, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1641 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Kovalev, V. I.

A. I. Erokhin, V. I. Kovalev, F. S. Faizullov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1267 (1990).

Kruzhilin, Yu. I.

V. M. Volykin, K. V. Gratsianov, A. N. Kolesnikov, Yu. I. Kruzhilin, V. V. Lyubimov, S. A. Markosov, V. G. Pankov, A. I. Stepanov, S. V. Shklyarik, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1641 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Lyubimov, V. V.

V. M. Volykin, K. V. Gratsianov, A. N. Kolesnikov, Yu. I. Kruzhilin, V. V. Lyubimov, S. A. Markosov, V. G. Pankov, A. I. Stepanov, S. V. Shklyarik, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1641 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Markosov, S. A.

V. M. Volykin, K. V. Gratsianov, A. N. Kolesnikov, Yu. I. Kruzhilin, V. V. Lyubimov, S. A. Markosov, V. G. Pankov, A. I. Stepanov, S. V. Shklyarik, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1641 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Pankov, V. G.

V. M. Volykin, K. V. Gratsianov, A. N. Kolesnikov, Yu. I. Kruzhilin, V. V. Lyubimov, S. A. Markosov, V. G. Pankov, A. I. Stepanov, S. V. Shklyarik, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1641 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Pashinin, P. P.

B. I. Denker, I. Kertes, P. P. Pashinin, V. S. Sidorin, E. I. Shklovskii, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 770 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Pasmanik, G. A.

G. A. Pasmanik, Institute of Applied Physics (IPFAN), Academy of Sciences of the USSR, 603600 Nizhni Novgorod (Gorki), USSR (personal communication, September 1990).

V. I. Bespalov, G. A. Pasmanik, Nenlineinaya Op-tika i Adaptivanie Lazernie Sistemy (Nonlinear Optics and Adaptive Laser Systems) (Nauka, Moscow, 1986).

Ridley, K. D.

D. E. Watkins, A. M. Scott, K. D. Ridley, Opt. Lett. 15, 1267 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Scott, K. D. Ridley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 438 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Scott, A. M.

D. E. Watkins, A. M. Scott, K. D. Ridley, Opt. Lett. 15, 1267 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Scott, K. D. Ridley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 438 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Shklovskii, E. I.

B. I. Denker, I. Kertes, P. P. Pashinin, V. S. Sidorin, E. I. Shklovskii, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 770 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Shklyarik, S. V.

V. M. Volykin, K. V. Gratsianov, A. N. Kolesnikov, Yu. I. Kruzhilin, V. V. Lyubimov, S. A. Markosov, V. G. Pankov, A. I. Stepanov, S. V. Shklyarik, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1641 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Sidorin, V. S.

B. I. Denker, I. Kertes, P. P. Pashinin, V. S. Sidorin, E. I. Shklovskii, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 770 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Stepanov, A. I.

V. M. Volykin, K. V. Gratsianov, A. N. Kolesnikov, Yu. I. Kruzhilin, V. V. Lyubimov, S. A. Markosov, V. G. Pankov, A. I. Stepanov, S. V. Shklyarik, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1641 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Volykin, V. M.

V. M. Volykin, K. V. Gratsianov, A. N. Kolesnikov, Yu. I. Kruzhilin, V. V. Lyubimov, S. A. Markosov, V. G. Pankov, A. I. Stepanov, S. V. Shklyarik, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1641 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Watkins, D. E.

Wolf, E.

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, New York, 1980), p. 338.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. M. Scott, K. D. Ridley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 438 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (3)

A. I. Erokhin, V. I. Kovalev, F. S. Faizullov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1267 (1990).

V. M. Volykin, K. V. Gratsianov, A. N. Kolesnikov, Yu. I. Kruzhilin, V. V. Lyubimov, S. A. Markosov, V. G. Pankov, A. I. Stepanov, S. V. Shklyarik, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1641 (1965).
[CrossRef]

B. I. Denker, I. Kertes, P. P. Pashinin, V. S. Sidorin, E. I. Shklovskii, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 770 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

G. A. Pasmanik, Institute of Applied Physics (IPFAN), Academy of Sciences of the USSR, 603600 Nizhni Novgorod (Gorki), USSR (personal communication, September 1990).

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, New York, 1980), p. 338.

V. I. Bespalov, G. A. Pasmanik, Nenlineinaya Op-tika i Adaptivanie Lazernie Sistemy (Nonlinear Optics and Adaptive Laser Systems) (Nauka, Moscow, 1986).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Optical layout of the experiment: SBS, SBS cell and AMP, SBS amplifier (both filled with SnCl4); P's, polarizers; DET's, energy detectors; DUMP's, beam dumps; ATTEN, calibrated attenuators; λ/4's, quarter-wave plates; λ/2's, half-wave plates; BS's, beam splitters.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Frequency dependence of the small-signal gain coefficient of a Brillouin amplifier. Frequency tuning of the probe beam was achieved thermally by heating the SBS cell.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

g 0 = ln ( E out / E in ) / L I p ( 0 ) = A t p ln ( E out / E in ) / 2 L E p ,

Metrics