Abstract

We report an observed quantum noise reduction of 86% (8.5 dB) near 3 MHz in the intensity difference between the twin beams generated by a nondegenerate type II optical parametric oscillator operating above threshold.

© 1991 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. Reynaud, C. Fabre, E. Giacobino, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1520 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. C. Burnham, D. L. Weinberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 84 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. Friberg, C. K. Hong, L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 2011 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, in International Conference on Quantum Electronics, Vol. 8 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), p. 8.
  5. I. Abram, R. K. Raj, J. L. Oudar, G. Dolique, Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2516 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  6. O. Aytur, P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1551 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. A. Heidmann, R. J. Horowicz, S. Reynaud, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, G. Camy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2555 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. T. Debuisschert, S. Reynaud, A. Heidmann, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, Quantum Opt. 1, 3 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  9. N. C. Wong, K. W. Leong, J. H. Shapiro, Opt. Lett. 15, 891 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. C. D. Nabors, R. M. Shelby, Phys. Rev. A 40, 1428 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Vallet, M. Pinard, G. Grynberg, Europhys. Lett. 11, 739 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  12. C. Fabre, E. Giacobino, A. Heidmann, S. Reynaud, J. Phys. 50, 1209 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  13. W. H. Richardson, S. Machida, Y. Yamamoto, in International Conference on Quantum Electronics, Vol. 8 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), p. 395.
  14. J. J. Snyder, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, A. Heidmann, M. Ducloy, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 2132 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. Mertz, A. Heidmann, C. Fabre, E. Giacobino, S. Reynaud, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2897 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (4)

1989 (4)

T. Debuisschert, S. Reynaud, A. Heidmann, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, Quantum Opt. 1, 3 (1989).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Nabors, R. M. Shelby, Phys. Rev. A 40, 1428 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. Vallet, M. Pinard, G. Grynberg, Europhys. Lett. 11, 739 (1989).
[CrossRef]

C. Fabre, E. Giacobino, A. Heidmann, S. Reynaud, J. Phys. 50, 1209 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1987 (3)

S. Reynaud, C. Fabre, E. Giacobino, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1520 (1987).
[CrossRef]

I. Abram, R. K. Raj, J. L. Oudar, G. Dolique, Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2516 (1987).
[CrossRef]

A. Heidmann, R. J. Horowicz, S. Reynaud, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, G. Camy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2555 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1984 (1)

S. Friberg, C. K. Hong, L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 2011 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

D. C. Burnham, D. L. Weinberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 84 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Abram, I.

I. Abram, R. K. Raj, J. L. Oudar, G. Dolique, Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2516 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Aytur, O.

O. Aytur, P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1551 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Burnham, D. C.

D. C. Burnham, D. L. Weinberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 84 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Camy, G.

A. Heidmann, R. J. Horowicz, S. Reynaud, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, G. Camy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2555 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Debuisschert, T.

T. Debuisschert, S. Reynaud, A. Heidmann, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, Quantum Opt. 1, 3 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Dolique, G.

I. Abram, R. K. Raj, J. L. Oudar, G. Dolique, Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2516 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Ducloy, M.

Fabre, C.

J. Mertz, A. Heidmann, C. Fabre, E. Giacobino, S. Reynaud, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2897 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Snyder, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, A. Heidmann, M. Ducloy, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 2132 (1990).
[CrossRef]

T. Debuisschert, S. Reynaud, A. Heidmann, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, Quantum Opt. 1, 3 (1989).
[CrossRef]

C. Fabre, E. Giacobino, A. Heidmann, S. Reynaud, J. Phys. 50, 1209 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Heidmann, R. J. Horowicz, S. Reynaud, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, G. Camy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2555 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Reynaud, C. Fabre, E. Giacobino, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1520 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Friberg, S.

S. Friberg, C. K. Hong, L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 2011 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Giacobino, E.

J. Mertz, A. Heidmann, C. Fabre, E. Giacobino, S. Reynaud, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2897 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Snyder, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, A. Heidmann, M. Ducloy, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 2132 (1990).
[CrossRef]

T. Debuisschert, S. Reynaud, A. Heidmann, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, Quantum Opt. 1, 3 (1989).
[CrossRef]

C. Fabre, E. Giacobino, A. Heidmann, S. Reynaud, J. Phys. 50, 1209 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Heidmann, R. J. Horowicz, S. Reynaud, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, G. Camy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2555 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Reynaud, C. Fabre, E. Giacobino, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1520 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Grynberg, G.

M. Vallet, M. Pinard, G. Grynberg, Europhys. Lett. 11, 739 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Heidmann, A.

J. J. Snyder, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, A. Heidmann, M. Ducloy, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 2132 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Mertz, A. Heidmann, C. Fabre, E. Giacobino, S. Reynaud, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2897 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Debuisschert, S. Reynaud, A. Heidmann, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, Quantum Opt. 1, 3 (1989).
[CrossRef]

C. Fabre, E. Giacobino, A. Heidmann, S. Reynaud, J. Phys. 50, 1209 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Heidmann, R. J. Horowicz, S. Reynaud, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, G. Camy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2555 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hong, C. K.

S. Friberg, C. K. Hong, L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 2011 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Horowicz, R. J.

A. Heidmann, R. J. Horowicz, S. Reynaud, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, G. Camy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2555 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kumar, P.

O. Aytur, P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1551 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leong, K. W.

Machida, S.

W. H. Richardson, S. Machida, Y. Yamamoto, in International Conference on Quantum Electronics, Vol. 8 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), p. 395.

Mandel, L.

S. Friberg, C. K. Hong, L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 2011 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Mertz, J.

J. Mertz, A. Heidmann, C. Fabre, E. Giacobino, S. Reynaud, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2897 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nabors, C. D.

C. D. Nabors, R. M. Shelby, Phys. Rev. A 40, 1428 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Oudar, J. L.

I. Abram, R. K. Raj, J. L. Oudar, G. Dolique, Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2516 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Pinard, M.

M. Vallet, M. Pinard, G. Grynberg, Europhys. Lett. 11, 739 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Raj, R. K.

I. Abram, R. K. Raj, J. L. Oudar, G. Dolique, Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2516 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Rarity, J. G.

J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, in International Conference on Quantum Electronics, Vol. 8 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), p. 8.

Reynaud, S.

J. Mertz, A. Heidmann, C. Fabre, E. Giacobino, S. Reynaud, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2897 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Fabre, E. Giacobino, A. Heidmann, S. Reynaud, J. Phys. 50, 1209 (1989).
[CrossRef]

T. Debuisschert, S. Reynaud, A. Heidmann, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, Quantum Opt. 1, 3 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. Reynaud, C. Fabre, E. Giacobino, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1520 (1987).
[CrossRef]

A. Heidmann, R. J. Horowicz, S. Reynaud, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, G. Camy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2555 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Richardson, W. H.

W. H. Richardson, S. Machida, Y. Yamamoto, in International Conference on Quantum Electronics, Vol. 8 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), p. 395.

Shapiro, J. H.

Shelby, R. M.

C. D. Nabors, R. M. Shelby, Phys. Rev. A 40, 1428 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Snyder, J. J.

Tapster, P. R.

J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, in International Conference on Quantum Electronics, Vol. 8 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), p. 8.

Vallet, M.

M. Vallet, M. Pinard, G. Grynberg, Europhys. Lett. 11, 739 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Weinberg, D. L.

D. C. Burnham, D. L. Weinberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 84 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Wong, N. C.

Yamamoto, Y.

W. H. Richardson, S. Machida, Y. Yamamoto, in International Conference on Quantum Electronics, Vol. 8 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), p. 395.

Europhys. Lett. (1)

M. Vallet, M. Pinard, G. Grynberg, Europhys. Lett. 11, 739 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

J. Phys. (1)

C. Fabre, E. Giacobino, A. Heidmann, S. Reynaud, J. Phys. 50, 1209 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

C. D. Nabors, R. M. Shelby, Phys. Rev. A 40, 1428 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (6)

J. Mertz, A. Heidmann, C. Fabre, E. Giacobino, S. Reynaud, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2897 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. C. Burnham, D. L. Weinberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 84 (1970).
[CrossRef]

S. Friberg, C. K. Hong, L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 2011 (1984).
[CrossRef]

I. Abram, R. K. Raj, J. L. Oudar, G. Dolique, Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2516 (1987).
[CrossRef]

O. Aytur, P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1551 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Heidmann, R. J. Horowicz, S. Reynaud, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, G. Camy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2555 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Quantum Opt. (1)

T. Debuisschert, S. Reynaud, A. Heidmann, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, Quantum Opt. 1, 3 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, in International Conference on Quantum Electronics, Vol. 8 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), p. 8.

W. H. Richardson, S. Machida, Y. Yamamoto, in International Conference on Quantum Electronics, Vol. 8 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), p. 395.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental layout: an OPO is pumped by an intracavity-doubled YAG laser. F, dichroic filter; HW, half-wave plate; BS, polarizing beam splitter; PA and PB, tilted photodiodes; SA, spectrum analyzer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental results: curve (a), the twin-beam intensity difference power spectrum; curve (b), the associated shot-noise power spectrum; curve (c), a single-beam power spectrum; curve (d), the electrical noise floor.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Progressive increase in quantum noise reduction: curve (a), our results from 1987 (ξ = 0.57, η = 0.90); curve (b), our results from 1989 (ξ = 0.77, η = 0.90); curve (c), our present results (ξ = 0.91, η = 0.94).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Intensity difference noise spectrum presented without [curve (a)] and with [curve (b)] 50% attenuation of twin beams. The intensity incident upon the photodiodes is held constant.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Intensity difference noise spectrum at 10 MHz as a function of the attenuation of twin beams. The points are experimental data, and the solid line is a linear fit. OPO parameters are held constant.

Equations (1)

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S ( Ω ) = 1 ξ η 1 + Ω 2 ,

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