Abstract

We show that an external coupled cavity containing a nonlinear quantum-well reflector can continuously self-start a dispersion-compensated Ti:sapphire laser, which produces stable time-transform-limited pulses as short as 70 fs in a TEM00 mode. In this mode of operation, the quantum wells do not control the mode-locking process, as in previous research on the resonant passive mode-locked laser. By separating the mode-locking and starting processes, we show that the presence of higher-order spatial modes is not required to start or sustain mode locking.

© 1991 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. D. Kafka, A. J. Alfrey, T. Baer, in Ultrafast Phenomena VI, T. Yajima, K. Yoshihara, C. B. Harris, S. Shionoya, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988), p. 64.
    [Crossref]
  2. J. Goodberlet, J. Wang, J. G. Fujimoto, P. A. Schulz, Opt. Lett. 14, 1125 (1989).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. U. Keller, W. H. Knox, H. Roskos, Opt. Lett. 15, 1377 (1990).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. P. M. W. French, S. M. J. Kelly, J. R. Taylor, Opt. Lett. 15, 378 (1990).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. Y. Ishida, N. Sarukura, H. Nakano, in Digest of Ultrafast Phenomena VII (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), p. 75.
    [Crossref]
  6. N. Sarukura, Y. Ishida, T. Yanagawa, H. Nakano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 229 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  7. D. E. Spence, P. N. Kean, W. Sibbett, Opt. Lett. 16, 42 (1991).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. M. Piché, N. McCarthy, F. Salin, in Digest of Annual Meeting of the Optical Society of America (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper MB8.
  9. R. L. Fork, O. E. Martinez, J. P. Gorden, Opt. Lett. 9, 150 (1984).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. G. W. ’tHooft, U. Keller, W. H. Knox, J. E. Cunningham, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper JMA6.
  11. U. Keller, T. K. Woodward, D. L. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, Opt. Lett. 16, 390 (1991).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  13. W. H. Knox, F. A. Beisser, in Digest of Ultrafast Phenomena VII (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), p. 20, Fig. 2a.
    [Crossref]

1991 (3)

1990 (3)

1989 (1)

1984 (1)

’tHooft, G. W.

G. W. ’tHooft, U. Keller, W. H. Knox, J. E. Cunningham, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper JMA6.

Alfrey, A. J.

J. D. Kafka, A. J. Alfrey, T. Baer, in Ultrafast Phenomena VI, T. Yajima, K. Yoshihara, C. B. Harris, S. Shionoya, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988), p. 64.
[Crossref]

Baer, T.

J. D. Kafka, A. J. Alfrey, T. Baer, in Ultrafast Phenomena VI, T. Yajima, K. Yoshihara, C. B. Harris, S. Shionoya, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988), p. 64.
[Crossref]

Beisser, F. A.

W. H. Knox, F. A. Beisser, in Digest of Ultrafast Phenomena VII (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), p. 20, Fig. 2a.
[Crossref]

Cho, A. Y.

Cunningham, J. E.

G. W. ’tHooft, U. Keller, W. H. Knox, J. E. Cunningham, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper JMA6.

Fork, R. L.

French, P. M. W.

Fujimoto, J. G.

Goodberlet, J.

Gorden, J. P.

Haus, H. A.

Ishida, Y.

N. Sarukura, Y. Ishida, T. Yanagawa, H. Nakano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 229 (1990).
[Crossref]

Y. Ishida, N. Sarukura, H. Nakano, in Digest of Ultrafast Phenomena VII (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), p. 75.
[Crossref]

Kafka, J. D.

J. D. Kafka, A. J. Alfrey, T. Baer, in Ultrafast Phenomena VI, T. Yajima, K. Yoshihara, C. B. Harris, S. Shionoya, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988), p. 64.
[Crossref]

Kean, P. N.

Keller, U.

U. Keller, T. K. Woodward, D. L. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, Opt. Lett. 16, 390 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. A. Haus, U. Keller, W. H. Knox, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 1252 (1991).
[Crossref]

U. Keller, W. H. Knox, H. Roskos, Opt. Lett. 15, 1377 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. W. ’tHooft, U. Keller, W. H. Knox, J. E. Cunningham, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper JMA6.

Kelly, S. M. J.

Knox, W. H.

H. A. Haus, U. Keller, W. H. Knox, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 1252 (1991).
[Crossref]

U. Keller, W. H. Knox, H. Roskos, Opt. Lett. 15, 1377 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. H. Knox, F. A. Beisser, in Digest of Ultrafast Phenomena VII (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), p. 20, Fig. 2a.
[Crossref]

G. W. ’tHooft, U. Keller, W. H. Knox, J. E. Cunningham, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper JMA6.

Martinez, O. E.

McCarthy, N.

M. Piché, N. McCarthy, F. Salin, in Digest of Annual Meeting of the Optical Society of America (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper MB8.

Nakano, H.

N. Sarukura, Y. Ishida, T. Yanagawa, H. Nakano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 229 (1990).
[Crossref]

Y. Ishida, N. Sarukura, H. Nakano, in Digest of Ultrafast Phenomena VII (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), p. 75.
[Crossref]

Piché, M.

M. Piché, N. McCarthy, F. Salin, in Digest of Annual Meeting of the Optical Society of America (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper MB8.

Roskos, H.

Salin, F.

M. Piché, N. McCarthy, F. Salin, in Digest of Annual Meeting of the Optical Society of America (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper MB8.

Sarukura, N.

N. Sarukura, Y. Ishida, T. Yanagawa, H. Nakano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 229 (1990).
[Crossref]

Y. Ishida, N. Sarukura, H. Nakano, in Digest of Ultrafast Phenomena VII (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), p. 75.
[Crossref]

Schulz, P. A.

Sibbett, W.

Sivco, D. L.

Spence, D. E.

Taylor, J. R.

Wang, J.

Woodward, T. K.

Yanagawa, T.

N. Sarukura, Y. Ishida, T. Yanagawa, H. Nakano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 229 (1990).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

N. Sarukura, Y. Ishida, T. Yanagawa, H. Nakano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 229 (1990).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Other (5)

Y. Ishida, N. Sarukura, H. Nakano, in Digest of Ultrafast Phenomena VII (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), p. 75.
[Crossref]

G. W. ’tHooft, U. Keller, W. H. Knox, J. E. Cunningham, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper JMA6.

M. Piché, N. McCarthy, F. Salin, in Digest of Annual Meeting of the Optical Society of America (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper MB8.

J. D. Kafka, A. J. Alfrey, T. Baer, in Ultrafast Phenomena VI, T. Yajima, K. Yoshihara, C. B. Harris, S. Shionoya, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988), p. 64.
[Crossref]

W. H. Knox, F. A. Beisser, in Digest of Ultrafast Phenomena VII (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), p. 20, Fig. 2a.
[Crossref]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Cavity setup. MQW, multiple quantum well.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Autocorrelation for 73-fs pulse (sech2 pulse shape), (b) optical spectrum with 11.1 nm FWHM.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Scaling of pulse width (solid curve) and optical bandwidth (dashed curve) with relative intracavity dispersion (at zero translation of the prism the beam goes through the apex), (b) Pulse-width dependence for our Ti:sapphire laser (solid curve) and an infrared CPM laser (dashed curve, from Ref. 12).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Wavelength tuning range and quantum-well (QW) reflectivity.

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