Abstract

The role of spectral shaping in the production of subpicosecond, high-contrast pulses by using chirped-pulse amplification in Nd:glass lasers is described. Spectral shaping has been used to produce 3.2-TW pulses at 750 fsec with an energy contrast of better than 103:1. In the absence of shaping, compression of the 1053-nm pulses yielded only 1.5 psec and a contrast ratio of approximately 10:1.

© 1990 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. G. E. Cook, Proc. IRE 48, 310 (1960).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Glownia, D. Grischkowsky, IBM, Yorktown Heights, New York 10598 (personal communication, 1984).
  3. D. Strickland, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  4. O. E. Martinez, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 59 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. H. Stolen, C. Lin, Phys. Rev. A 17, 1448 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. Grischkowsky, A. C. Balant, App. Phys. Lett. 41, 1 (1982); W. J. Tomlinson, R. H. Stolen, C. V. Shank, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 1, 139 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. P. Heritage, A. M. Weiner, R. J. Hawkins, O. E. Martinez, Opt. Commun. 67, 367 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. Shiraga, K. Yamakawa, C. P. J. Barty, M. Nishio, Y. Kato, in Digest of Conference on High-Energy Density Physics with Subpicosecond Laser Pulses (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper T1; R. Wilcox, D. Browning, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (personal communication, 1989).
  10. J. P. Heritage, R. N. Thruston, W. J. Tomlinson, A. M. Weiner, R. H. Stolen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 87 (1985); R. N. Thurston, J. P. Heritage, A. M. Weiner, W. J. Tomlinson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 682 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  11. F. G. Patterson, M. D. Perry, Rep. UCRL 103203 (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif., 1990).

1988 (2)

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Heritage, A. M. Weiner, R. J. Hawkins, O. E. Martinez, Opt. Commun. 67, 367 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

O. E. Martinez, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 59 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1985 (2)

J. P. Heritage, R. N. Thruston, W. J. Tomlinson, A. M. Weiner, R. H. Stolen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 87 (1985); R. N. Thurston, J. P. Heritage, A. M. Weiner, W. J. Tomlinson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 682 (1986).
[CrossRef]

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

D. Grischkowsky, A. C. Balant, App. Phys. Lett. 41, 1 (1982); W. J. Tomlinson, R. H. Stolen, C. V. Shank, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 1, 139 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

R. H. Stolen, C. Lin, Phys. Rev. A 17, 1448 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1960 (1)

G. E. Cook, Proc. IRE 48, 310 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Bado, P.

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Balant, A. C.

D. Grischkowsky, A. C. Balant, App. Phys. Lett. 41, 1 (1982); W. J. Tomlinson, R. H. Stolen, C. V. Shank, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 1, 139 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Barty, C. P. J.

H. Shiraga, K. Yamakawa, C. P. J. Barty, M. Nishio, Y. Kato, in Digest of Conference on High-Energy Density Physics with Subpicosecond Laser Pulses (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper T1; R. Wilcox, D. Browning, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (personal communication, 1989).

Cook, G. E.

G. E. Cook, Proc. IRE 48, 310 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Glownia, J.

J. Glownia, D. Grischkowsky, IBM, Yorktown Heights, New York 10598 (personal communication, 1984).

Grischkowsky, D.

D. Grischkowsky, A. C. Balant, App. Phys. Lett. 41, 1 (1982); W. J. Tomlinson, R. H. Stolen, C. V. Shank, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 1, 139 (1984).
[CrossRef]

J. Glownia, D. Grischkowsky, IBM, Yorktown Heights, New York 10598 (personal communication, 1984).

Hawkins, R. J.

J. P. Heritage, A. M. Weiner, R. J. Hawkins, O. E. Martinez, Opt. Commun. 67, 367 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Heritage, J. P.

J. P. Heritage, A. M. Weiner, R. J. Hawkins, O. E. Martinez, Opt. Commun. 67, 367 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Heritage, R. N. Thruston, W. J. Tomlinson, A. M. Weiner, R. H. Stolen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 87 (1985); R. N. Thurston, J. P. Heritage, A. M. Weiner, W. J. Tomlinson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 682 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Kato, Y.

H. Shiraga, K. Yamakawa, C. P. J. Barty, M. Nishio, Y. Kato, in Digest of Conference on High-Energy Density Physics with Subpicosecond Laser Pulses (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper T1; R. Wilcox, D. Browning, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (personal communication, 1989).

Lin, C.

R. H. Stolen, C. Lin, Phys. Rev. A 17, 1448 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Maine, P.

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Martinez, O. E.

J. P. Heritage, A. M. Weiner, R. J. Hawkins, O. E. Martinez, Opt. Commun. 67, 367 (1988).
[CrossRef]

O. E. Martinez, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 59 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Mourou, G.

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Nishio, M.

H. Shiraga, K. Yamakawa, C. P. J. Barty, M. Nishio, Y. Kato, in Digest of Conference on High-Energy Density Physics with Subpicosecond Laser Pulses (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper T1; R. Wilcox, D. Browning, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (personal communication, 1989).

Patterson, F. G.

F. G. Patterson, M. D. Perry, Rep. UCRL 103203 (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif., 1990).

Perry, M. D.

F. G. Patterson, M. D. Perry, Rep. UCRL 103203 (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif., 1990).

Pessot, M.

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Shiraga, H.

H. Shiraga, K. Yamakawa, C. P. J. Barty, M. Nishio, Y. Kato, in Digest of Conference on High-Energy Density Physics with Subpicosecond Laser Pulses (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper T1; R. Wilcox, D. Browning, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (personal communication, 1989).

Stolen, R. H.

J. P. Heritage, R. N. Thruston, W. J. Tomlinson, A. M. Weiner, R. H. Stolen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 87 (1985); R. N. Thurston, J. P. Heritage, A. M. Weiner, W. J. Tomlinson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 682 (1986).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Stolen, C. Lin, Phys. Rev. A 17, 1448 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Strickland, D.

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Thruston, R. N.

J. P. Heritage, R. N. Thruston, W. J. Tomlinson, A. M. Weiner, R. H. Stolen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 87 (1985); R. N. Thurston, J. P. Heritage, A. M. Weiner, W. J. Tomlinson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 682 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Tomlinson, W. J.

J. P. Heritage, R. N. Thruston, W. J. Tomlinson, A. M. Weiner, R. H. Stolen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 87 (1985); R. N. Thurston, J. P. Heritage, A. M. Weiner, W. J. Tomlinson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 682 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Weiner, A. M.

J. P. Heritage, A. M. Weiner, R. J. Hawkins, O. E. Martinez, Opt. Commun. 67, 367 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Heritage, R. N. Thruston, W. J. Tomlinson, A. M. Weiner, R. H. Stolen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 87 (1985); R. N. Thurston, J. P. Heritage, A. M. Weiner, W. J. Tomlinson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 682 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Yamakawa, K.

H. Shiraga, K. Yamakawa, C. P. J. Barty, M. Nishio, Y. Kato, in Digest of Conference on High-Energy Density Physics with Subpicosecond Laser Pulses (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper T1; R. Wilcox, D. Browning, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (personal communication, 1989).

App. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. Grischkowsky, A. C. Balant, App. Phys. Lett. 41, 1 (1982); W. J. Tomlinson, R. H. Stolen, C. V. Shank, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 1, 139 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. P. Heritage, R. N. Thruston, W. J. Tomlinson, A. M. Weiner, R. H. Stolen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 87 (1985); R. N. Thurston, J. P. Heritage, A. M. Weiner, W. J. Tomlinson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 682 (1986).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

O. E. Martinez, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 59 (1987).
[CrossRef]

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

J. P. Heritage, A. M. Weiner, R. J. Hawkins, O. E. Martinez, Opt. Commun. 67, 367 (1988).
[CrossRef]

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

R. H. Stolen, C. Lin, Phys. Rev. A 17, 1448 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IRE (1)

G. E. Cook, Proc. IRE 48, 310 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

J. Glownia, D. Grischkowsky, IBM, Yorktown Heights, New York 10598 (personal communication, 1984).

H. Shiraga, K. Yamakawa, C. P. J. Barty, M. Nishio, Y. Kato, in Digest of Conference on High-Energy Density Physics with Subpicosecond Laser Pulses (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper T1; R. Wilcox, D. Browning, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (personal communication, 1989).

F. G. Patterson, M. D. Perry, Rep. UCRL 103203 (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif., 1990).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Spectrum out of the fiber with a 0.8-W input, (b) the calculated compressed pulse, and (c) the calculated (solid curve) and experimental (dotted curve) autocorrelation traces (deconvolution of the autocorrelation yields a 1.0 ± 0.1-psec pulse).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Calculated and experimental spectra obtained at the output of the regenerative amplifier with a net gain of 5 × 106 (total gain 1.6 × 1011) for (a) APG laser glass (peak wavelength 1053.5 nm) and (b) HAP laser glass (peak wavelength 1052.7 nm).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Calculated and experimental results for a shaped 2.5-J pulse (net gain 8.33 × 109, total gain 2.1 × 1014): (a) the spectrum, (b) the single-shot autocorrelation trace of a 750 ± 65-fsec compressed pulse (autocorrelation FWHM 1.10 psec), and (c) the expanded autocorrelation trace illustrating the absence of wings (the point at −4 psec is a calibration marker). The time–bandwidth product is 0.48 ± 0.06.

Equations (1)

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I out ( ω ) = I in ( ω ) [ 1 B ( ω ) ] N G 0 ( ω ) N ,

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