Abstract

A novel atomic resonance filter with powerful solar background rejection is proposed. The filter wavelength matches the g Fraunhofer line at 422.7 nm. Atomic filtering occurs within the singlet manifold of neutral calcium. Superior sunlight discrimination arises mainly from two factors: overlay with an intense Fraunhofer line and signal levels devoid of fine and hyperfine structures. The new filter should exhibit high throughput and low noise.

© 1990 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. A. Gelbwachs, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1266 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. A. Gelbwachs, C. F. Klein, J. E. Wessel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 14, 77 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. B. Marling, J. Nilsen, L. C. West, L. L. Wood, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 610 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y. C. Chung, T. M. Shay, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 709 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. S. Liu, P. J. Chantry, C. L. Chen, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 709, 132 (1986).
  6. T. M. Shay, in Digest of Lasers and Electro-Optics (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1988), p. 243.
  7. J. A. Gelbwachs, in Laser Spectroscopy VIII, W. Persson, S. Svanberg, eds. (Spring-Verlag, Berlin, 1987), p. 409.
  8. L. Goldberg, M. K. Chun, Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 218 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  9. R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, Appl. Opt. 20, 177 (1981).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. R. H. Stavn, A. D. Weidemann, Appl. Opt. 27, 4002 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. C. W. Allen, Astrophysical Quantities (Athlone, London, 1973), p. 168.
  12. R. L. Kurucz, I. Furenlid, J. Brault, L. Testerman, Solar Flux Atlas from 296 to 1300 nm (National Solar Observatory, Sunspot, N.M., 1984).
  13. A. A. Radzig, B. M. Smirnov, Reference Data on Atoms, Molecules, and Ions (Springer-Verlag,Berlin1985), p. 200.
  14. Y. C. Chan, M. D. Tabat, J. A. Gelbwachs, Opt. Lett. 14, 722 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. W. L. Wolfe, G. J. Zissis, eds., The Infrared Handbook (Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich., 1978), pp. 3–37.

1989

1988

R. H. Stavn, A. D. Weidemann, Appl. Opt. 27, 4002 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Gelbwachs, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1266 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Y. C. Chung, T. M. Shay, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 709 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1986

C. S. Liu, P. J. Chantry, C. L. Chen, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 709, 132 (1986).

1981

1979

J. B. Marling, J. Nilsen, L. C. West, L. L. Wood, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 610 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1978

J. A. Gelbwachs, C. F. Klein, J. E. Wessel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 14, 77 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Allen, C. W.

C. W. Allen, Astrophysical Quantities (Athlone, London, 1973), p. 168.

Baker, K. S.

Brault, J.

R. L. Kurucz, I. Furenlid, J. Brault, L. Testerman, Solar Flux Atlas from 296 to 1300 nm (National Solar Observatory, Sunspot, N.M., 1984).

Chan, Y. C.

Chantry, P. J.

C. S. Liu, P. J. Chantry, C. L. Chen, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 709, 132 (1986).

Chen, C. L.

C. S. Liu, P. J. Chantry, C. L. Chen, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 709, 132 (1986).

Chun, M. K.

L. Goldberg, M. K. Chun, Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 218 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Chung, Y. C.

Y. C. Chung, T. M. Shay, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 709 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Furenlid, I.

R. L. Kurucz, I. Furenlid, J. Brault, L. Testerman, Solar Flux Atlas from 296 to 1300 nm (National Solar Observatory, Sunspot, N.M., 1984).

Gelbwachs, J. A.

Y. C. Chan, M. D. Tabat, J. A. Gelbwachs, Opt. Lett. 14, 722 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Gelbwachs, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1266 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Gelbwachs, C. F. Klein, J. E. Wessel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 14, 77 (1978).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Gelbwachs, in Laser Spectroscopy VIII, W. Persson, S. Svanberg, eds. (Spring-Verlag, Berlin, 1987), p. 409.

Goldberg, L.

L. Goldberg, M. K. Chun, Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 218 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Klein, C. F.

J. A. Gelbwachs, C. F. Klein, J. E. Wessel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 14, 77 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Kurucz, R. L.

R. L. Kurucz, I. Furenlid, J. Brault, L. Testerman, Solar Flux Atlas from 296 to 1300 nm (National Solar Observatory, Sunspot, N.M., 1984).

Liu, C. S.

C. S. Liu, P. J. Chantry, C. L. Chen, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 709, 132 (1986).

Marling, J. B.

J. B. Marling, J. Nilsen, L. C. West, L. L. Wood, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 610 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Nilsen, J.

J. B. Marling, J. Nilsen, L. C. West, L. L. Wood, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 610 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Radzig, A. A.

A. A. Radzig, B. M. Smirnov, Reference Data on Atoms, Molecules, and Ions (Springer-Verlag,Berlin1985), p. 200.

Shay, T. M.

Y. C. Chung, T. M. Shay, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 709 (1988).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Shay, in Digest of Lasers and Electro-Optics (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1988), p. 243.

Smirnov, B. M.

A. A. Radzig, B. M. Smirnov, Reference Data on Atoms, Molecules, and Ions (Springer-Verlag,Berlin1985), p. 200.

Smith, R. C.

Stavn, R. H.

Tabat, M. D.

Testerman, L.

R. L. Kurucz, I. Furenlid, J. Brault, L. Testerman, Solar Flux Atlas from 296 to 1300 nm (National Solar Observatory, Sunspot, N.M., 1984).

Weidemann, A. D.

Wessel, J. E.

J. A. Gelbwachs, C. F. Klein, J. E. Wessel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 14, 77 (1978).
[CrossRef]

West, L. C.

J. B. Marling, J. Nilsen, L. C. West, L. L. Wood, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 610 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Wood, L. L.

J. B. Marling, J. Nilsen, L. C. West, L. L. Wood, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 610 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

L. Goldberg, M. K. Chun, Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 218 (1989).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

Y. C. Chung, T. M. Shay, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 709 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Gelbwachs, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1266 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Gelbwachs, C. F. Klein, J. E. Wessel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 14, 77 (1978).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

J. B. Marling, J. Nilsen, L. C. West, L. L. Wood, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 610 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.

C. S. Liu, P. J. Chantry, C. L. Chen, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 709, 132 (1986).

Other

T. M. Shay, in Digest of Lasers and Electro-Optics (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1988), p. 243.

J. A. Gelbwachs, in Laser Spectroscopy VIII, W. Persson, S. Svanberg, eds. (Spring-Verlag, Berlin, 1987), p. 409.

C. W. Allen, Astrophysical Quantities (Athlone, London, 1973), p. 168.

R. L. Kurucz, I. Furenlid, J. Brault, L. Testerman, Solar Flux Atlas from 296 to 1300 nm (National Solar Observatory, Sunspot, N.M., 1984).

A. A. Radzig, B. M. Smirnov, Reference Data on Atoms, Molecules, and Ions (Springer-Verlag,Berlin1985), p. 200.

W. L. Wolfe, G. J. Zissis, eds., The Infrared Handbook (Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich., 1978), pp. 3–37.

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Figures (1)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Energy-level diagram of the lower singlet levels of neutral calcium.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Solar Background Rejection of Select Atomic Filters

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