Abstract

A semiconductor laser with a linewidth of 7 Hz locking to a supercavity was achieved by using an optical–electrical double-feedback technique. The emitted power concentration within the stabilized field spectrum was 81%. The minimum value of the square root of the Allan variance for the frequency stability was 2.4 × 10−14 at the integration time of 70 msec.

© 1990 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (4)

H. R. Telle, D. Meschede, T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Lett. 15, 532 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. H. Shin, M. Tehsima, M. Ohtsu, T. Imai, J. Yoshida, K. Nishide, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 167 (1990).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Shin, M. Ohtsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 297 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. Ohtsu, M. Murata, M. Kourogi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 231 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (2)

Ph. Laurent, A. Clairon, Ch. Breant, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1131 (1989).
[CrossRef]

H. Li, H. R. Telle, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 257 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

1983 (1)

1971 (1)

J. A. Barnes, A. R. Chi, L. S. Cutler, D. J. Healey, D. B. Leeson, T. E. McGunigal, J. A. Mullen, W. L. Smith, R. F. C. Vessot, M. R. Winkler, IEEE Trans. In-strum. Meas. IM-20, 105 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, J. A.

J. A. Barnes, A. R. Chi, L. S. Cutler, D. J. Healey, D. B. Leeson, T. E. McGunigal, J. A. Mullen, W. L. Smith, R. F. C. Vessot, M. R. Winkler, IEEE Trans. In-strum. Meas. IM-20, 105 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Breant, Ch.

Ph. Laurent, A. Clairon, Ch. Breant, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1131 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Chan, V. W. S.

Chi, A. R.

J. A. Barnes, A. R. Chi, L. S. Cutler, D. J. Healey, D. B. Leeson, T. E. McGunigal, J. A. Mullen, W. L. Smith, R. F. C. Vessot, M. R. Winkler, IEEE Trans. In-strum. Meas. IM-20, 105 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Clairon, A.

Ph. Laurent, A. Clairon, Ch. Breant, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1131 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Cutler, L. S.

J. A. Barnes, A. R. Chi, L. S. Cutler, D. J. Healey, D. B. Leeson, T. E. McGunigal, J. A. Mullen, W. L. Smith, R. F. C. Vessot, M. R. Winkler, IEEE Trans. In-strum. Meas. IM-20, 105 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Dahmani, B.

Drullinger, R.

Hänsch, T. W.

Healey, D. J.

J. A. Barnes, A. R. Chi, L. S. Cutler, D. J. Healey, D. B. Leeson, T. E. McGunigal, J. A. Mullen, W. L. Smith, R. F. C. Vessot, M. R. Winkler, IEEE Trans. In-strum. Meas. IM-20, 105 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Hollberg, L.

Imai, T.

C. H. Shin, M. Tehsima, M. Ohtsu, T. Imai, J. Yoshida, K. Nishide, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 167 (1990).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Shin, M. Tehsima, M. Ohtsu, T. Imai, J. Yoshida, K. Nishide, in Digest of Seventh Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, Tokyo, 1989), paper 21D4-5.

Kourogi, M.

M. Ohtsu, M. Murata, M. Kourogi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 231 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Laurent, Ph.

Ph. Laurent, A. Clairon, Ch. Breant, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1131 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Leeson, D. B.

J. A. Barnes, A. R. Chi, L. S. Cutler, D. J. Healey, D. B. Leeson, T. E. McGunigal, J. A. Mullen, W. L. Smith, R. F. C. Vessot, M. R. Winkler, IEEE Trans. In-strum. Meas. IM-20, 105 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Li, H.

H. Li, H. R. Telle, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 257 (1989).
[CrossRef]

McGunigal, T. E.

J. A. Barnes, A. R. Chi, L. S. Cutler, D. J. Healey, D. B. Leeson, T. E. McGunigal, J. A. Mullen, W. L. Smith, R. F. C. Vessot, M. R. Winkler, IEEE Trans. In-strum. Meas. IM-20, 105 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Meschede, D.

Mullen, J. A.

J. A. Barnes, A. R. Chi, L. S. Cutler, D. J. Healey, D. B. Leeson, T. E. McGunigal, J. A. Mullen, W. L. Smith, R. F. C. Vessot, M. R. Winkler, IEEE Trans. In-strum. Meas. IM-20, 105 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Murata, M.

M. Ohtsu, M. Murata, M. Kourogi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 231 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Nishide, K.

C. H. Shin, M. Tehsima, M. Ohtsu, T. Imai, J. Yoshida, K. Nishide, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 167 (1990).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Shin, M. Tehsima, M. Ohtsu, T. Imai, J. Yoshida, K. Nishide, in Digest of Seventh Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, Tokyo, 1989), paper 21D4-5.

Ohtsu, M.

C. H. Shin, M. Tehsima, M. Ohtsu, T. Imai, J. Yoshida, K. Nishide, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 167 (1990).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Shin, M. Ohtsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 297 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. Ohtsu, M. Murata, M. Kourogi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 231 (1990).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Shin, M. Ohtsu, in Digest of Third Optoelectronics Conference (Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, Tokyo, 1990), paper 12C3-3.

C. H. Shin, M. Tehsima, M. Ohtsu, T. Imai, J. Yoshida, K. Nishide, in Digest of Seventh Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, Tokyo, 1989), paper 21D4-5.

Shin, C. H.

C. H. Shin, M. Tehsima, M. Ohtsu, T. Imai, J. Yoshida, K. Nishide, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 167 (1990).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Shin, M. Ohtsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 297 (1990).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Shin, M. Tehsima, M. Ohtsu, T. Imai, J. Yoshida, K. Nishide, in Digest of Seventh Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, Tokyo, 1989), paper 21D4-5.

C. H. Shin, M. Ohtsu, in Digest of Third Optoelectronics Conference (Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, Tokyo, 1990), paper 12C3-3.

Smith, W. L.

J. A. Barnes, A. R. Chi, L. S. Cutler, D. J. Healey, D. B. Leeson, T. E. McGunigal, J. A. Mullen, W. L. Smith, R. F. C. Vessot, M. R. Winkler, IEEE Trans. In-strum. Meas. IM-20, 105 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Tehsima, M.

C. H. Shin, M. Tehsima, M. Ohtsu, T. Imai, J. Yoshida, K. Nishide, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 167 (1990).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Shin, M. Tehsima, M. Ohtsu, T. Imai, J. Yoshida, K. Nishide, in Digest of Seventh Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, Tokyo, 1989), paper 21D4-5.

Telle, H. R.

Vessot, R. F. C.

J. A. Barnes, A. R. Chi, L. S. Cutler, D. J. Healey, D. B. Leeson, T. E. McGunigal, J. A. Mullen, W. L. Smith, R. F. C. Vessot, M. R. Winkler, IEEE Trans. In-strum. Meas. IM-20, 105 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Winkler, M. R.

J. A. Barnes, A. R. Chi, L. S. Cutler, D. J. Healey, D. B. Leeson, T. E. McGunigal, J. A. Mullen, W. L. Smith, R. F. C. Vessot, M. R. Winkler, IEEE Trans. In-strum. Meas. IM-20, 105 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, J.

C. H. Shin, M. Tehsima, M. Ohtsu, T. Imai, J. Yoshida, K. Nishide, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 167 (1990).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Shin, M. Tehsima, M. Ohtsu, T. Imai, J. Yoshida, K. Nishide, in Digest of Seventh Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, Tokyo, 1989), paper 21D4-5.

Yuen, H. Y.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

Ph. Laurent, A. Clairon, Ch. Breant, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1131 (1989).
[CrossRef]

H. Li, H. R. Telle, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 257 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. Ohtsu, M. Murata, M. Kourogi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 231 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

C. H. Shin, M. Tehsima, M. Ohtsu, T. Imai, J. Yoshida, K. Nishide, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 167 (1990).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Shin, M. Ohtsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 297 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. In-strum. Meas. (1)

J. A. Barnes, A. R. Chi, L. S. Cutler, D. J. Healey, D. B. Leeson, T. E. McGunigal, J. A. Mullen, W. L. Smith, R. F. C. Vessot, M. R. Winkler, IEEE Trans. In-strum. Meas. IM-20, 105 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (2)

C. H. Shin, M. Tehsima, M. Ohtsu, T. Imai, J. Yoshida, K. Nishide, in Digest of Seventh Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, Tokyo, 1989), paper 21D4-5.

C. H. Shin, M. Ohtsu, in Digest of Third Optoelectronics Conference (Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, Tokyo, 1990), paper 12C3-3.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup. PBS, polarization beam splitter; BS, beam splitter; DC Comp., dc compensation; PZT, piezoelectric transducer; S.A., spectrum analyzer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Power spectral density of frequency noise suppression ratio of the CFP-LD that was normalized to that of the free-running laser.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Electrically controlled power spectral densities of FM noise for the CFP-LD. The field spectral linewidth of the noncontrolled CFP-LD was less than 10 kHz. Solid curves C indicate the FM noise detection limit imposed by the intensity-modulated noise level of the CFP-LD. (a) Results for a lower gain and narrower bandwidth (curve A) and a higher gain and wider bandwidth (curve B) controls measured by an rf spectrum analyzer, (b) Extension of curve B in (a) for a lower Fourier frequency range measured by a fast-Fourier-transform spectrum analyzer.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Square root of the Allan variance. Curves A and B are the measured results for the free-running laser and the CFP-LD, respectively. Curve C is the calculated results for the CFP-LD electrically locked to a supercavity by using curves B of Figs. 3(a) and 3(b). The left scale of the y axis is normalized to the nominal optical frequency.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Calculated field spectral profile of the stabilized CFP-LD, in which curves B of Figs. 3(a) and 3(b) were used.

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