Abstract

High-efficiency single-order grating coupling between an optical waveguided mode and a volume wave is achieved by means of a double-sided corrugated cover film that has phase-shifted undulations. A greater than 90% outcoupling ratio into air is demonstrated for weakly guiding ion-exchanged waveguides. The conditions for efficient coupling and the tolerances on them are established.

© 1990 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M. T. Gale, R. E. Kunz, B. J. Curtis, O. Parriaux, G. Voirin, in Proceedings of Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Communication (Japan Society of Applied Physics, Kobe, Japan, 1989), paper 18D1-2.
  2. R. I. McDonald, K. O. Hill, Opt. Quantum Electron. 9, 249 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. C. Chang, T. Tamir, Opt. Commun. 26, 327 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. S. Svakhin, V. A. Sychugov, T. V. Tulaikova, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 8, 2254 (1981).
  5. R. V. Ramaswamy, R. Srivastava, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 984 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  6. I. A. Avrutsky, A. S. Svakhin, V. A. Sychugov, J. Mod. Opt. 36, 1303 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  7. I. A. Avrutsky, A. S. Svakhin, V. A. Sychugov, Sov. J. Tech. Phys. 59, 61 (1989).
  8. P. Roth, O. Parriaux, in Proceedings of Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Communication (Japan Society of Applied Physics, Kobe, Japan, 1989), paper 20B2-17.
  9. V. A. Sychugov, A. Tishchenko, M. Klimov, O. Parriaux, presented at Microsystem Technologies ’90, Berlin, September10-13, 1990.

1989

I. A. Avrutsky, A. S. Svakhin, V. A. Sychugov, J. Mod. Opt. 36, 1303 (1989).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Avrutsky, A. S. Svakhin, V. A. Sychugov, Sov. J. Tech. Phys. 59, 61 (1989).

1988

R. V. Ramaswamy, R. Srivastava, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 984 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1981

A. S. Svakhin, V. A. Sychugov, T. V. Tulaikova, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 8, 2254 (1981).

1978

K. C. Chang, T. Tamir, Opt. Commun. 26, 327 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1977

R. I. McDonald, K. O. Hill, Opt. Quantum Electron. 9, 249 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Avrutsky, I. A.

I. A. Avrutsky, A. S. Svakhin, V. A. Sychugov, J. Mod. Opt. 36, 1303 (1989).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Avrutsky, A. S. Svakhin, V. A. Sychugov, Sov. J. Tech. Phys. 59, 61 (1989).

Chang, K. C.

K. C. Chang, T. Tamir, Opt. Commun. 26, 327 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Curtis, B. J.

M. T. Gale, R. E. Kunz, B. J. Curtis, O. Parriaux, G. Voirin, in Proceedings of Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Communication (Japan Society of Applied Physics, Kobe, Japan, 1989), paper 18D1-2.

Gale, M. T.

M. T. Gale, R. E. Kunz, B. J. Curtis, O. Parriaux, G. Voirin, in Proceedings of Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Communication (Japan Society of Applied Physics, Kobe, Japan, 1989), paper 18D1-2.

Hill, K. O.

R. I. McDonald, K. O. Hill, Opt. Quantum Electron. 9, 249 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Klimov, M.

V. A. Sychugov, A. Tishchenko, M. Klimov, O. Parriaux, presented at Microsystem Technologies ’90, Berlin, September10-13, 1990.

Kunz, R. E.

M. T. Gale, R. E. Kunz, B. J. Curtis, O. Parriaux, G. Voirin, in Proceedings of Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Communication (Japan Society of Applied Physics, Kobe, Japan, 1989), paper 18D1-2.

McDonald, R. I.

R. I. McDonald, K. O. Hill, Opt. Quantum Electron. 9, 249 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Parriaux, O.

M. T. Gale, R. E. Kunz, B. J. Curtis, O. Parriaux, G. Voirin, in Proceedings of Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Communication (Japan Society of Applied Physics, Kobe, Japan, 1989), paper 18D1-2.

P. Roth, O. Parriaux, in Proceedings of Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Communication (Japan Society of Applied Physics, Kobe, Japan, 1989), paper 20B2-17.

V. A. Sychugov, A. Tishchenko, M. Klimov, O. Parriaux, presented at Microsystem Technologies ’90, Berlin, September10-13, 1990.

Ramaswamy, R. V.

R. V. Ramaswamy, R. Srivastava, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 984 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Roth, P.

P. Roth, O. Parriaux, in Proceedings of Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Communication (Japan Society of Applied Physics, Kobe, Japan, 1989), paper 20B2-17.

Srivastava, R.

R. V. Ramaswamy, R. Srivastava, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 984 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Svakhin, A. S.

I. A. Avrutsky, A. S. Svakhin, V. A. Sychugov, J. Mod. Opt. 36, 1303 (1989).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Avrutsky, A. S. Svakhin, V. A. Sychugov, Sov. J. Tech. Phys. 59, 61 (1989).

A. S. Svakhin, V. A. Sychugov, T. V. Tulaikova, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 8, 2254 (1981).

Sychugov, V. A.

I. A. Avrutsky, A. S. Svakhin, V. A. Sychugov, J. Mod. Opt. 36, 1303 (1989).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Avrutsky, A. S. Svakhin, V. A. Sychugov, Sov. J. Tech. Phys. 59, 61 (1989).

A. S. Svakhin, V. A. Sychugov, T. V. Tulaikova, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 8, 2254 (1981).

V. A. Sychugov, A. Tishchenko, M. Klimov, O. Parriaux, presented at Microsystem Technologies ’90, Berlin, September10-13, 1990.

Tamir, T.

K. C. Chang, T. Tamir, Opt. Commun. 26, 327 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Tishchenko, A.

V. A. Sychugov, A. Tishchenko, M. Klimov, O. Parriaux, presented at Microsystem Technologies ’90, Berlin, September10-13, 1990.

Tulaikova, T. V.

A. S. Svakhin, V. A. Sychugov, T. V. Tulaikova, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 8, 2254 (1981).

Voirin, G.

M. T. Gale, R. E. Kunz, B. J. Curtis, O. Parriaux, G. Voirin, in Proceedings of Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Communication (Japan Society of Applied Physics, Kobe, Japan, 1989), paper 18D1-2.

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol.

R. V. Ramaswamy, R. Srivastava, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 984 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt.

I. A. Avrutsky, A. S. Svakhin, V. A. Sychugov, J. Mod. Opt. 36, 1303 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

K. C. Chang, T. Tamir, Opt. Commun. 26, 327 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Quantum Electron.

R. I. McDonald, K. O. Hill, Opt. Quantum Electron. 9, 249 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron.

A. S. Svakhin, V. A. Sychugov, T. V. Tulaikova, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 8, 2254 (1981).

Sov. J. Tech. Phys.

I. A. Avrutsky, A. S. Svakhin, V. A. Sychugov, Sov. J. Tech. Phys. 59, 61 (1989).

Other

P. Roth, O. Parriaux, in Proceedings of Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Communication (Japan Society of Applied Physics, Kobe, Japan, 1989), paper 20B2-17.

V. A. Sychugov, A. Tishchenko, M. Klimov, O. Parriaux, presented at Microsystem Technologies ’90, Berlin, September10-13, 1990.

M. T. Gale, R. E. Kunz, B. J. Curtis, O. Parriaux, G. Voirin, in Proceedings of Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Communication (Japan Society of Applied Physics, Kobe, Japan, 1989), paper 18D1-2.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Waveguide with double-corrugation film. The index profile n(Z) of the structure is shown here for a high-index grating film on an ion-exchanged waveguide.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optimal ratio of grating depths (σ1/σ2)opt versus film thickness kh (k = 2π/λ) for a cover film of low refractive index (SiO2-on-glass waveguide).

Equations (4)

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( σ 1 / σ 2 ) opt = | E 2 ( n 2 2 n 3 2 ) / E 1 ( n 2 2 n 1 2 ) | ,
Ψ opt = 2 π / λ cos θ 2 n 2 h { 0 if n 3 < n 2 π if n 3 > n 2 ,
δ = [ ( σ 1 / σ 2 ) ( σ 1 / σ 2 ) opt ] 2 + 2 ( σ 1 / σ 2 ) opt × [ 1 cos ( Ψ Ψ opt ) ] ,
E 1 / E 2 exp [ 2 π / λ ( n * 2 n 2 2 ) 1 / 2 h ] ,

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