Abstract

An experimental study on the effects of high hydrostatic pressure of as much as 100 MPa on mode propagation in a highly birefringent two-mode bow-tie fiber is presented. Hydrostatic pressure is found to produce a large phase shift between both orthogonal polarizations in fundamental and second-order modes and also between the two lowest-order spatial modes in the highly birefringent two-mode bow-tie fiber. The pressure-induced effects are expressed in terms of birefringence changes and pressure phase sensitivity, both described by the experimental parameter Tp. The results indicate that pressure phase sensitivity between the two spatial modes, ~1.3 rad/MPa-m, is approximately one order lower than for polarization modes.

© 1990 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. B. Y. Kim, J. N. Blake, S. Y. Huang, H. J. Shaw, Opt. Lett. 12, 729 (1987).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. A. W. Snyder, W. R. Young, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 68, 297 (1978).
    [Crossref]
  3. S. Y. Huang, J. N. Blake, B. Y. Kim, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 23 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  4. W. J. Bock, T. R. Woliński, A. Barwicz, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 39, 715 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  5. W. J. Bock, A. W. Domański, T. R. Woliński, Appl. Opt. 29, 3483 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  6. W. J. Bock, J. Chrostowski, J. Phys. E 21, 839 (1988).
    [Crossref]

1990 (3)

S. Y. Huang, J. N. Blake, B. Y. Kim, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 23 (1990).
[Crossref]

W. J. Bock, T. R. Woliński, A. Barwicz, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 39, 715 (1990).
[Crossref]

W. J. Bock, A. W. Domański, T. R. Woliński, Appl. Opt. 29, 3483 (1990).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

W. J. Bock, J. Chrostowski, J. Phys. E 21, 839 (1988).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

1978 (1)

Barwicz, A.

W. J. Bock, T. R. Woliński, A. Barwicz, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 39, 715 (1990).
[Crossref]

Blake, J. N.

S. Y. Huang, J. N. Blake, B. Y. Kim, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 23 (1990).
[Crossref]

B. Y. Kim, J. N. Blake, S. Y. Huang, H. J. Shaw, Opt. Lett. 12, 729 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bock, W. J.

W. J. Bock, T. R. Woliński, A. Barwicz, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 39, 715 (1990).
[Crossref]

W. J. Bock, A. W. Domański, T. R. Woliński, Appl. Opt. 29, 3483 (1990).
[Crossref]

W. J. Bock, J. Chrostowski, J. Phys. E 21, 839 (1988).
[Crossref]

Chrostowski, J.

W. J. Bock, J. Chrostowski, J. Phys. E 21, 839 (1988).
[Crossref]

Domanski, A. W.

W. J. Bock, A. W. Domański, T. R. Woliński, Appl. Opt. 29, 3483 (1990).
[Crossref]

Huang, S. Y.

S. Y. Huang, J. N. Blake, B. Y. Kim, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 23 (1990).
[Crossref]

B. Y. Kim, J. N. Blake, S. Y. Huang, H. J. Shaw, Opt. Lett. 12, 729 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, B. Y.

S. Y. Huang, J. N. Blake, B. Y. Kim, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 23 (1990).
[Crossref]

B. Y. Kim, J. N. Blake, S. Y. Huang, H. J. Shaw, Opt. Lett. 12, 729 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shaw, H. J.

Snyder, A. W.

Wolinski, T. R.

W. J. Bock, T. R. Woliński, A. Barwicz, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 39, 715 (1990).
[Crossref]

W. J. Bock, A. W. Domański, T. R. Woliński, Appl. Opt. 29, 3483 (1990).
[Crossref]

Young, W. R.

Appl. Opt. (1)

W. J. Bock, A. W. Domański, T. R. Woliński, Appl. Opt. 29, 3483 (1990).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

S. Y. Huang, J. N. Blake, B. Y. Kim, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 23 (1990).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. (1)

W. J. Bock, T. R. Woliński, A. Barwicz, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 39, 715 (1990).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Phys. E (1)

W. J. Bock, J. Chrostowski, J. Phys. E 21, 839 (1988).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup to investigate high hydrostatic pressure effects in HB TM bow-tie fibers.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Far-field radiation patterns from a HB-800 bow-tie fiber as a result of superposition of LP01 and LP 11 even modes under the influence of hydrostatic pressure. There is a Δϕ3 = π phase shift between the side patterns corresponding (in a pressure scale) to half the Tp3 parameter. Stress-applying parts of the fiber are situated perpendicularly to the lobe orientation.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Far-field radiation patterns from the HB-800 bow-tie fiber when a Wollaston prism was placed between the fiber and the screen to permit splitting of the pattern into two linear polarizations. Depending on the launching conditions, three types of beating under hydrostatic pressure are observed: (a) in the fundamental LP01 mode, (b) in the second-order LP 11 even mode, and (c) between both spatial modes (LP01 LP 11 even).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Pressure-induced polarization δβ1) and modal δ(Δβ3) birefringences plotted against pressure as calculated by using experimental parameters Tp1 and Tp3.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δ β i ( p ) = Δ β 0 i + p 2 π / ( L T p i ) ,
Δ ϕ i = Δ β i L , i = 1 , 2 , 3 .
d Δ ϕ i d p = 2 π T p i + Δ β 0 i L p .
d Δ ϕ i d p = 2 π T p i .

Metrics