Abstract

Using BaTiO3 crystals doped with cobalt, we have measured the reflectivity of self-pumped phase-conjugate mirrors operating in the total-internal-reflection geometry as a function of wavelength in the range between 633 and 933 nm. We find that for cobalt concentrations above 25 parts in 106, the reflectivity is higher than 50% for all the investigated wavelengths. At a wavelength of 800 nm the reflectivity is independent of incident power over a range of 12 to 600 mW.

© 1990 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. O. White, M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 689 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  4. P. Günter, E. Voit, M. Z. Zha, J. Albers, Opt. Commun. 55, 210 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Cronin-Golomb, K. Y. Lau, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 56 (1985).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  18. S. McCormack, R. W. Eason, in Technical Digest of the Topical Meeting on Photorefractive Materials, Effects and Devices (Société Française d’Optique, Aussois, France, 1990), p. J2.
  19. D. Rytz, B. A. Wechsler, M. H. Garrett, C. C. Nelson, in Technical Digest of the Topical Meeting on Photorefractive Materials, Effects and Devices (Société Française d’Optique, Aussois, France, 1990), p. A2.

1989 (3)

1988 (1)

1987 (1)

R. R. Stephens, R. C. Lind, C. R. Giuliano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 647 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (2)

M. Cronin-Golomb, A. Yariv, I. Ury, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1240 (1986).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Pepper, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1001 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (3)

M. Cronin-Golomb, K. Y. Lau, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 56 (1985).

B. T. Anderson, P. R. Forman, F. C. Jahoda, Opt. Lett. 10, 627 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Günter, E. Voit, M. Z. Zha, J. Albers, Opt. Commun. 55, 210 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, J. O. White, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 919 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1982 (2)

J. O. White, M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 689 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. Feinberg, Opt. Lett. 7, 486 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Albers, J.

P. Günter, E. Voit, M. Z. Zha, J. Albers, Opt. Commun. 55, 210 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, B. T.

Beckwith, P. H.

Champagne, Y.

A. Maillard, P. Jullien, G. Ormancey, A. Lahlafi, N. McCarthy, Y. Champagne, “BaTiO3 single crystals as SPPCM at 514 nm and RPPCM at 840 nm,” Ferroe-lectrics (to be published).

Christian, W. R.

Cronin-Golomb, M.

M. Cronin-Golomb, A. Yariv, I. Ury, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1240 (1986).
[CrossRef]

M. Cronin-Golomb, K. Y. Lau, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 56 (1985).

M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, J. O. White, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 919 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. O. White, M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 689 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Eason, R. W.

S. McCormack, R. W. Eason, in Technical Digest of the Topical Meeting on Photorefractive Materials, Effects and Devices (Société Française d’Optique, Aussois, France, 1990), p. J2.

Fainman, Y.

Feinberg, J.

J. Feinberg, Opt. Lett. 7, 486 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Feinberg, K. R. McDonald, in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications II, P. Gunter, J.-P. Huignard, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1989), p. 151.
[CrossRef]

Fischer, B.

M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, J. O. White, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 919 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. O. White, M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 689 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Ford, J. E.

Forman, P. R.

Garrett, M. H.

D. Rytz, B. A. Wechsler, M. H. Garrett, C. C. Nelson, in Technical Digest of the Topical Meeting on Photorefractive Materials, Effects and Devices (Société Française d’Optique, Aussois, France, 1990), p. A2.

Giuliano, C. R.

R. R. Stephens, R. C. Lind, C. R. Giuliano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 647 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Günter, P.

P. Günter, E. Voit, M. Z. Zha, J. Albers, Opt. Commun. 55, 210 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Huignard, J.-P.

J. M. Verdiell, H. Rajbenbach, J.-P. Huignard, in Technical Digest of the Topical Meeting on Photorefractive Materials, Effects and Devices (Société Française d’Optique, Aussois, France, 1990), p. JP10.

Jahoda, F. C.

Jullien, P.

A. Maillard, P. Jullien, G. Ormancey, A. Lahlafi, N. McCarthy, Y. Champagne, “BaTiO3 single crystals as SPPCM at 514 nm and RPPCM at 840 nm,” Ferroe-lectrics (to be published).

Lahlafi, A.

A. Maillard, P. Jullien, G. Ormancey, A. Lahlafi, N. McCarthy, Y. Champagne, “BaTiO3 single crystals as SPPCM at 514 nm and RPPCM at 840 nm,” Ferroe-lectrics (to be published).

Lau, K. Y.

M. Cronin-Golomb, K. Y. Lau, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 56 (1985).

Lee, S. H.

Lind, R. C.

R. R. Stephens, R. C. Lind, C. R. Giuliano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 647 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Maillard, A.

A. Maillard, P. Jullien, G. Ormancey, A. Lahlafi, N. McCarthy, Y. Champagne, “BaTiO3 single crystals as SPPCM at 514 nm and RPPCM at 840 nm,” Ferroe-lectrics (to be published).

McCarthy, N.

A. Maillard, P. Jullien, G. Ormancey, A. Lahlafi, N. McCarthy, Y. Champagne, “BaTiO3 single crystals as SPPCM at 514 nm and RPPCM at 840 nm,” Ferroe-lectrics (to be published).

McCormack, S.

S. McCormack, R. W. Eason, in Technical Digest of the Topical Meeting on Photorefractive Materials, Effects and Devices (Société Française d’Optique, Aussois, France, 1990), p. J2.

McDonald, K. R.

J. Feinberg, K. R. McDonald, in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications II, P. Gunter, J.-P. Huignard, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1989), p. 151.
[CrossRef]

McMichael, I.

Nelson, C. C.

D. Rytz, B. A. Wechsler, M. H. Garrett, C. C. Nelson, in Technical Digest of the Topical Meeting on Photorefractive Materials, Effects and Devices (Société Française d’Optique, Aussois, France, 1990), p. A2.

Ormancey, G.

A. Maillard, P. Jullien, G. Ormancey, A. Lahlafi, N. McCarthy, Y. Champagne, “BaTiO3 single crystals as SPPCM at 514 nm and RPPCM at 840 nm,” Ferroe-lectrics (to be published).

Pepper, D. M.

D. M. Pepper, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1001 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Pollak, T. M.

Rajbenbach, H.

J. M. Verdiell, H. Rajbenbach, J.-P. Huignard, in Technical Digest of the Topical Meeting on Photorefractive Materials, Effects and Devices (Société Française d’Optique, Aussois, France, 1990), p. JP10.

Rytz, D.

D. Rytz, B. A. Wechsler, M. H. Garrett, C. C. Nelson, in Technical Digest of the Topical Meeting on Photorefractive Materials, Effects and Devices (Société Française d’Optique, Aussois, France, 1990), p. A2.

Schunemann, P. G.

Stephens, R. R.

R. R. Stephens, R. C. Lind, C. R. Giuliano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 647 (1987).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Stephens, J. O. White, Hughes Research Laboratories, Malibu, California 90265 (personal communication, 1990).

Teng, Y. Y.

Ury, I.

M. Cronin-Golomb, A. Yariv, I. Ury, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1240 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Verdiell, J. M.

J. M. Verdiell, H. Rajbenbach, J.-P. Huignard, in Technical Digest of the Topical Meeting on Photorefractive Materials, Effects and Devices (Société Française d’Optique, Aussois, France, 1990), p. JP10.

Voit, E.

P. Günter, E. Voit, M. Z. Zha, J. Albers, Opt. Commun. 55, 210 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Wechsler, B. A.

D. Rytz, B. A. Wechsler, M. H. Garrett, C. C. Nelson, in Technical Digest of the Topical Meeting on Photorefractive Materials, Effects and Devices (Société Française d’Optique, Aussois, France, 1990), p. A2.

White, J. O.

M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, J. O. White, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 919 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. O. White, M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 689 (1982).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Stephens, J. O. White, Hughes Research Laboratories, Malibu, California 90265 (personal communication, 1990).

Wong, E.

Yang, Y.

Yariv, A.

M. Cronin-Golomb, A. Yariv, I. Ury, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1240 (1986).
[CrossRef]

M. Cronin-Golomb, K. Y. Lau, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 56 (1985).

M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, J. O. White, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 919 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. O. White, M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 689 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Zha, M. Z.

P. Günter, E. Voit, M. Z. Zha, J. Albers, Opt. Commun. 55, 210 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

D. M. Pepper, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1001 (1986).
[CrossRef]

M. Cronin-Golomb, K. Y. Lau, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 56 (1985).

J. O. White, M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 689 (1982).
[CrossRef]

M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, J. O. White, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 919 (1983).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Stephens, R. C. Lind, C. R. Giuliano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 647 (1987).
[CrossRef]

M. Cronin-Golomb, A. Yariv, I. Ury, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1240 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

P. Günter, E. Voit, M. Z. Zha, J. Albers, Opt. Commun. 55, 210 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Other (6)

J. M. Verdiell, H. Rajbenbach, J.-P. Huignard, in Technical Digest of the Topical Meeting on Photorefractive Materials, Effects and Devices (Société Française d’Optique, Aussois, France, 1990), p. JP10.

S. McCormack, R. W. Eason, in Technical Digest of the Topical Meeting on Photorefractive Materials, Effects and Devices (Société Française d’Optique, Aussois, France, 1990), p. J2.

D. Rytz, B. A. Wechsler, M. H. Garrett, C. C. Nelson, in Technical Digest of the Topical Meeting on Photorefractive Materials, Effects and Devices (Société Française d’Optique, Aussois, France, 1990), p. A2.

R. R. Stephens, J. O. White, Hughes Research Laboratories, Malibu, California 90265 (personal communication, 1990).

A. Maillard, P. Jullien, G. Ormancey, A. Lahlafi, N. McCarthy, Y. Champagne, “BaTiO3 single crystals as SPPCM at 514 nm and RPPCM at 840 nm,” Ferroe-lectrics (to be published).

J. Feinberg, K. R. McDonald, in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications II, P. Gunter, J.-P. Huignard, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1989), p. 151.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Reflectivity versus wavelength for three cobalt-doped BaTiO3 crystals. The error bars take into account the variations between measurements performed under nominally identical conditions and the instabilities of the phase-conjugate signal. The straight lines are visual guides.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Reflectivity versus power for a BaTiO3 crystal doped with 100 ppm of cobalt, measured at 800 and 633 nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Response time (defined as the time interval elapsed between the 10% and 90% levels of the saturated phase-conjugate signal) as a function of power at 800 nm. The experimental conditions are the same as in Fig. 2. The straight line is a fit to a power law Ix, with x = 0.94.

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