Abstract

We report what is to our knowledge the first observation of phase-conjugate waves by degenerate four-wave mixing in Ba vapor near its 6s2 1S0 → 6s6p 1P1 resonance transition. A maximum reflectivity of 36% at 10 mbars of Ar buffer gas pressure is observed together with a temporal pulse shortening of 50%. Conical emission in the two pump waves after their passage through the nonlinear medium is also observed. The dependence of the phase-conjugate signal on the pressure of the Ar buffer gas shows a small state-changing collisional decay rate.

© 1990 Optical Society of America

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