Abstract

The modal power distribution technique is applied to a multimode optical fiber embedded in a three-dimensional composite material for real-time characterization and monitoring of the structure. The measurements on the modal power distribution within these fibers, and the subsequent redistribution induced by external perturbation, indicate that the modal power distribution technique is more sensitive than the intensity-modulation technique for smart-structure characterization.

© 1990 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. F. K. Ko, in Engineering Materials Handbook. Vol. 1. Composites, T. J Reinhart, ed. (ASM International, Metal Park, Ohio, 1988), pp. 519–528.
  2. F. K. Ko, “Advanced performing concepts for structural composites,” presented at First International SAMPE Symposium and Exhibition, Chiba, JapanNovember 28–December 1, 1989.
  3. B. Grossman, T. Alavie, F. Ham, J. Franke, M. Thursby, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1170, 123 (1989).
  4. M. D. Barrick, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1170, 326 (1989).
  5. E. Udd, J. P. Theriault, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1170, 478 (1989).
  6. K. H. Wanser, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1170, 405 (1989).
  7. K. A. Murphy, M. S. Miller, A. M. Vengsarkar, R. O. Claus, N. E. Lewis, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1170, 566 (1989).
  8. M. El-Sherif, P. M. Shankar, P. Herczfeld, L. Bobb, H. Krumboltz, Appl. Opt. 25, 2469 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. El-Sherif, P. M. Shankar, P. Herczfeld, L. Bobb, H. Krumboltz, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 722, 59 (1986).
  10. M. Kieli, P. R. Herczfeld, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 839, 73 (1987).
  11. L. M. Akins, P. R. Herczfeld, J. F. Ryley, L. C. Bobb, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 922, 267 (1988).
  12. M. A. El-Sherif, P. M. Shankar, P. R. Herczfeld, L. Bobb, H. Krumboltz, in Technical Digest of IEEE Fourth International Conference on Solid-State Sensors and Actuators (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1987), pp. 200–203.
  13. F. K. Ko, in Textile Structural Composites, T. W. Chou, F. K. Ko, eds. (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1989), pp. 129–171.

1989 (5)

B. Grossman, T. Alavie, F. Ham, J. Franke, M. Thursby, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1170, 123 (1989).

M. D. Barrick, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1170, 326 (1989).

E. Udd, J. P. Theriault, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1170, 478 (1989).

K. H. Wanser, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1170, 405 (1989).

K. A. Murphy, M. S. Miller, A. M. Vengsarkar, R. O. Claus, N. E. Lewis, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1170, 566 (1989).

1988 (1)

L. M. Akins, P. R. Herczfeld, J. F. Ryley, L. C. Bobb, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 922, 267 (1988).

1987 (1)

M. Kieli, P. R. Herczfeld, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 839, 73 (1987).

1986 (2)

M. El-Sherif, P. M. Shankar, P. Herczfeld, L. Bobb, H. Krumboltz, Appl. Opt. 25, 2469 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. El-Sherif, P. M. Shankar, P. Herczfeld, L. Bobb, H. Krumboltz, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 722, 59 (1986).

Akins, L. M.

L. M. Akins, P. R. Herczfeld, J. F. Ryley, L. C. Bobb, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 922, 267 (1988).

Alavie, T.

B. Grossman, T. Alavie, F. Ham, J. Franke, M. Thursby, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1170, 123 (1989).

Barrick, M. D.

M. D. Barrick, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1170, 326 (1989).

Bobb, L.

M. El-Sherif, P. M. Shankar, P. Herczfeld, L. Bobb, H. Krumboltz, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 722, 59 (1986).

M. El-Sherif, P. M. Shankar, P. Herczfeld, L. Bobb, H. Krumboltz, Appl. Opt. 25, 2469 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. El-Sherif, P. M. Shankar, P. R. Herczfeld, L. Bobb, H. Krumboltz, in Technical Digest of IEEE Fourth International Conference on Solid-State Sensors and Actuators (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1987), pp. 200–203.

Bobb, L. C.

L. M. Akins, P. R. Herczfeld, J. F. Ryley, L. C. Bobb, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 922, 267 (1988).

Claus, R. O.

K. A. Murphy, M. S. Miller, A. M. Vengsarkar, R. O. Claus, N. E. Lewis, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1170, 566 (1989).

El-Sherif, M.

M. El-Sherif, P. M. Shankar, P. Herczfeld, L. Bobb, H. Krumboltz, Appl. Opt. 25, 2469 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. El-Sherif, P. M. Shankar, P. Herczfeld, L. Bobb, H. Krumboltz, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 722, 59 (1986).

El-Sherif, M. A.

M. A. El-Sherif, P. M. Shankar, P. R. Herczfeld, L. Bobb, H. Krumboltz, in Technical Digest of IEEE Fourth International Conference on Solid-State Sensors and Actuators (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1987), pp. 200–203.

Franke, J.

B. Grossman, T. Alavie, F. Ham, J. Franke, M. Thursby, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1170, 123 (1989).

Grossman, B.

B. Grossman, T. Alavie, F. Ham, J. Franke, M. Thursby, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1170, 123 (1989).

Ham, F.

B. Grossman, T. Alavie, F. Ham, J. Franke, M. Thursby, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1170, 123 (1989).

Herczfeld, P.

M. El-Sherif, P. M. Shankar, P. Herczfeld, L. Bobb, H. Krumboltz, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 722, 59 (1986).

M. El-Sherif, P. M. Shankar, P. Herczfeld, L. Bobb, H. Krumboltz, Appl. Opt. 25, 2469 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Herczfeld, P. R.

L. M. Akins, P. R. Herczfeld, J. F. Ryley, L. C. Bobb, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 922, 267 (1988).

M. Kieli, P. R. Herczfeld, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 839, 73 (1987).

M. A. El-Sherif, P. M. Shankar, P. R. Herczfeld, L. Bobb, H. Krumboltz, in Technical Digest of IEEE Fourth International Conference on Solid-State Sensors and Actuators (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1987), pp. 200–203.

Kieli, M.

M. Kieli, P. R. Herczfeld, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 839, 73 (1987).

Ko, F. K.

F. K. Ko, in Engineering Materials Handbook. Vol. 1. Composites, T. J Reinhart, ed. (ASM International, Metal Park, Ohio, 1988), pp. 519–528.

F. K. Ko, “Advanced performing concepts for structural composites,” presented at First International SAMPE Symposium and Exhibition, Chiba, JapanNovember 28–December 1, 1989.

F. K. Ko, in Textile Structural Composites, T. W. Chou, F. K. Ko, eds. (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1989), pp. 129–171.

Krumboltz, H.

M. El-Sherif, P. M. Shankar, P. Herczfeld, L. Bobb, H. Krumboltz, Appl. Opt. 25, 2469 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. El-Sherif, P. M. Shankar, P. Herczfeld, L. Bobb, H. Krumboltz, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 722, 59 (1986).

M. A. El-Sherif, P. M. Shankar, P. R. Herczfeld, L. Bobb, H. Krumboltz, in Technical Digest of IEEE Fourth International Conference on Solid-State Sensors and Actuators (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1987), pp. 200–203.

Lewis, N. E.

K. A. Murphy, M. S. Miller, A. M. Vengsarkar, R. O. Claus, N. E. Lewis, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1170, 566 (1989).

Miller, M. S.

K. A. Murphy, M. S. Miller, A. M. Vengsarkar, R. O. Claus, N. E. Lewis, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1170, 566 (1989).

Murphy, K. A.

K. A. Murphy, M. S. Miller, A. M. Vengsarkar, R. O. Claus, N. E. Lewis, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1170, 566 (1989).

Ryley, J. F.

L. M. Akins, P. R. Herczfeld, J. F. Ryley, L. C. Bobb, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 922, 267 (1988).

Shankar, P. M.

M. El-Sherif, P. M. Shankar, P. Herczfeld, L. Bobb, H. Krumboltz, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 722, 59 (1986).

M. El-Sherif, P. M. Shankar, P. Herczfeld, L. Bobb, H. Krumboltz, Appl. Opt. 25, 2469 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. El-Sherif, P. M. Shankar, P. R. Herczfeld, L. Bobb, H. Krumboltz, in Technical Digest of IEEE Fourth International Conference on Solid-State Sensors and Actuators (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1987), pp. 200–203.

Theriault, J. P.

E. Udd, J. P. Theriault, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1170, 478 (1989).

Thursby, M.

B. Grossman, T. Alavie, F. Ham, J. Franke, M. Thursby, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1170, 123 (1989).

Udd, E.

E. Udd, J. P. Theriault, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1170, 478 (1989).

Vengsarkar, A. M.

K. A. Murphy, M. S. Miller, A. M. Vengsarkar, R. O. Claus, N. E. Lewis, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1170, 566 (1989).

Wanser, K. H.

K. H. Wanser, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1170, 405 (1989).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (8)

M. El-Sherif, P. M. Shankar, P. Herczfeld, L. Bobb, H. Krumboltz, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 722, 59 (1986).

M. Kieli, P. R. Herczfeld, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 839, 73 (1987).

L. M. Akins, P. R. Herczfeld, J. F. Ryley, L. C. Bobb, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 922, 267 (1988).

B. Grossman, T. Alavie, F. Ham, J. Franke, M. Thursby, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1170, 123 (1989).

M. D. Barrick, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1170, 326 (1989).

E. Udd, J. P. Theriault, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1170, 478 (1989).

K. H. Wanser, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1170, 405 (1989).

K. A. Murphy, M. S. Miller, A. M. Vengsarkar, R. O. Claus, N. E. Lewis, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1170, 566 (1989).

Other (4)

M. A. El-Sherif, P. M. Shankar, P. R. Herczfeld, L. Bobb, H. Krumboltz, in Technical Digest of IEEE Fourth International Conference on Solid-State Sensors and Actuators (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1987), pp. 200–203.

F. K. Ko, in Textile Structural Composites, T. W. Chou, F. K. Ko, eds. (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1989), pp. 129–171.

F. K. Ko, in Engineering Materials Handbook. Vol. 1. Composites, T. J Reinhart, ed. (ASM International, Metal Park, Ohio, 1988), pp. 519–528.

F. K. Ko, “Advanced performing concepts for structural composites,” presented at First International SAMPE Symposium and Exhibition, Chiba, JapanNovember 28–December 1, 1989.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Structural geometry of the embedded optical fiber in the three-dimensional fabric.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

General block diagram of the experimental setup, where the computer control system is connected to input/output devices (I/O).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Normalized intensity profile of the far-field pattern for different applied stresses versus the scanning angles.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Normalized total intensity output versus the applied stress.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Comparator output, showing the ratio of the optical intensity at 0° to that at 10°, for different applied stresses.

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