Abstract

We used power-spectrum techniques to measure both amplitude noise and timing jitter of two femtosecond color-center lasers in the near infrared: a passively mode-locked laser and an additive-pulse mode-locked laser. The cw pumped passively mode-locked color-center laser showed better noise performance than the feedback-controlled, much more complex additive-pulse mode-locked color-center laser. For both laser systems, we observed unexpected drastic increases of amplitude noise under certain operation conditions. In the low-noise operation regime, the amplitude noise of the passively mode-locked color-center laser is entirely dominated by its pump laser, whereas the additive-pulse mode-locked laser exhibits >10 dB of excess noise up to 200 kHz and tended to break up in the subhertz regime. The timing jitter for both lasers was approximately 9 psec rms for jitter rates above 130 Hz.

© 1990 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. N. Islam, E. R. Sunderman, C. E. Soccolich, I. Bar-Joseph, N. Sauer, T. Y. Chang, B. I. Miller, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2454 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  2. L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, Opt. Lett. 9, 13 (1984).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. P. N. Kean, X. Zhu, D. W. Crust, R. S. Grant, N. Langford, W. Sibbett, Opt. Lett. 14, 39 (1989).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. J. Mark, L. Y. Liu, K. L. Hall, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, Opt. Lett. 14, 48 (1989).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. B 39, 201 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  6. U. Keller, K. D. Li, M. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 280 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  7. M. J. W. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, K. J. Weingarten, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 817 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  8. K. J. Weingarten, M. J. W. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 198 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  9. Ref. 8, Eqs. (20)–(24).
  10. C. P. Yakymyshyn, J. F. Pinto, C. R. Pollock, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper FQ3.
  11. G. T. Harvey, M. S. Heutmaker, P. R. Smith, M. C. Nuss, U. Keller, J. A. Valdmanis, “Timing jitter and pump-induced spurious modulation in the colliding-pulse mode-locked laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).
  12. M. C. Nuss, U. Keller, G. T. Harvey, M. S. Heutmaker, P. R. Smith, “50-dB amplitude noise reduction of colliding-pulse mode-locking dye lasers,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).
  13. A. Finch, X. N. Zhu, P. N. Kean, W. Sibbett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1114 (1990).
    [Crossref]

1990 (1)

A. Finch, X. N. Zhu, P. N. Kean, W. Sibbett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1114 (1990).
[Crossref]

1989 (5)

U. Keller, K. D. Li, M. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 280 (1989).
[Crossref]

M. J. W. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, K. J. Weingarten, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 817 (1989).
[Crossref]

M. N. Islam, E. R. Sunderman, C. E. Soccolich, I. Bar-Joseph, N. Sauer, T. Y. Chang, B. I. Miller, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2454 (1989).
[Crossref]

P. N. Kean, X. Zhu, D. W. Crust, R. S. Grant, N. Langford, W. Sibbett, Opt. Lett. 14, 39 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Mark, L. Y. Liu, K. L. Hall, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, Opt. Lett. 14, 48 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

K. J. Weingarten, M. J. W. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 198 (1988).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. B 39, 201 (1986).
[Crossref]

1984 (1)

Bar-Joseph, I.

M. N. Islam, E. R. Sunderman, C. E. Soccolich, I. Bar-Joseph, N. Sauer, T. Y. Chang, B. I. Miller, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2454 (1989).
[Crossref]

Bloom, D. M.

U. Keller, K. D. Li, M. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 280 (1989).
[Crossref]

M. J. W. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, K. J. Weingarten, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 817 (1989).
[Crossref]

K. J. Weingarten, M. J. W. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 198 (1988).
[Crossref]

Chang, T. Y.

M. N. Islam, E. R. Sunderman, C. E. Soccolich, I. Bar-Joseph, N. Sauer, T. Y. Chang, B. I. Miller, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2454 (1989).
[Crossref]

Crust, D. W.

Finch, A.

A. Finch, X. N. Zhu, P. N. Kean, W. Sibbett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1114 (1990).
[Crossref]

Grant, R. S.

Hall, K. L.

Harvey, G. T.

M. C. Nuss, U. Keller, G. T. Harvey, M. S. Heutmaker, P. R. Smith, “50-dB amplitude noise reduction of colliding-pulse mode-locking dye lasers,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).

G. T. Harvey, M. S. Heutmaker, P. R. Smith, M. C. Nuss, U. Keller, J. A. Valdmanis, “Timing jitter and pump-induced spurious modulation in the colliding-pulse mode-locked laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Haus, H. A.

Heutmaker, M. S.

G. T. Harvey, M. S. Heutmaker, P. R. Smith, M. C. Nuss, U. Keller, J. A. Valdmanis, “Timing jitter and pump-induced spurious modulation in the colliding-pulse mode-locked laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

M. C. Nuss, U. Keller, G. T. Harvey, M. S. Heutmaker, P. R. Smith, “50-dB amplitude noise reduction of colliding-pulse mode-locking dye lasers,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).

Ippen, E. P.

Islam, M. N.

M. N. Islam, E. R. Sunderman, C. E. Soccolich, I. Bar-Joseph, N. Sauer, T. Y. Chang, B. I. Miller, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2454 (1989).
[Crossref]

Kean, P. N.

A. Finch, X. N. Zhu, P. N. Kean, W. Sibbett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1114 (1990).
[Crossref]

P. N. Kean, X. Zhu, D. W. Crust, R. S. Grant, N. Langford, W. Sibbett, Opt. Lett. 14, 39 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Keller, U.

U. Keller, K. D. Li, M. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 280 (1989).
[Crossref]

G. T. Harvey, M. S. Heutmaker, P. R. Smith, M. C. Nuss, U. Keller, J. A. Valdmanis, “Timing jitter and pump-induced spurious modulation in the colliding-pulse mode-locked laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

M. C. Nuss, U. Keller, G. T. Harvey, M. S. Heutmaker, P. R. Smith, “50-dB amplitude noise reduction of colliding-pulse mode-locking dye lasers,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).

Langford, N.

Li, K. D.

U. Keller, K. D. Li, M. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 280 (1989).
[Crossref]

Liu, L. Y.

Mark, J.

Miller, B. I.

M. N. Islam, E. R. Sunderman, C. E. Soccolich, I. Bar-Joseph, N. Sauer, T. Y. Chang, B. I. Miller, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2454 (1989).
[Crossref]

Mollenauer, L. F.

Nuss, M. C.

G. T. Harvey, M. S. Heutmaker, P. R. Smith, M. C. Nuss, U. Keller, J. A. Valdmanis, “Timing jitter and pump-induced spurious modulation in the colliding-pulse mode-locked laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

M. C. Nuss, U. Keller, G. T. Harvey, M. S. Heutmaker, P. R. Smith, “50-dB amplitude noise reduction of colliding-pulse mode-locking dye lasers,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).

Pinto, J. F.

C. P. Yakymyshyn, J. F. Pinto, C. R. Pollock, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper FQ3.

Pollock, C. R.

C. P. Yakymyshyn, J. F. Pinto, C. R. Pollock, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper FQ3.

Rodwell, M.

U. Keller, K. D. Li, M. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 280 (1989).
[Crossref]

Rodwell, M. J. W.

M. J. W. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, K. J. Weingarten, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 817 (1989).
[Crossref]

K. J. Weingarten, M. J. W. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 198 (1988).
[Crossref]

Sauer, N.

M. N. Islam, E. R. Sunderman, C. E. Soccolich, I. Bar-Joseph, N. Sauer, T. Y. Chang, B. I. Miller, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2454 (1989).
[Crossref]

Sibbett, W.

A. Finch, X. N. Zhu, P. N. Kean, W. Sibbett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1114 (1990).
[Crossref]

P. N. Kean, X. Zhu, D. W. Crust, R. S. Grant, N. Langford, W. Sibbett, Opt. Lett. 14, 39 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smith, P. R.

M. C. Nuss, U. Keller, G. T. Harvey, M. S. Heutmaker, P. R. Smith, “50-dB amplitude noise reduction of colliding-pulse mode-locking dye lasers,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).

G. T. Harvey, M. S. Heutmaker, P. R. Smith, M. C. Nuss, U. Keller, J. A. Valdmanis, “Timing jitter and pump-induced spurious modulation in the colliding-pulse mode-locked laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Soccolich, C. E.

M. N. Islam, E. R. Sunderman, C. E. Soccolich, I. Bar-Joseph, N. Sauer, T. Y. Chang, B. I. Miller, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2454 (1989).
[Crossref]

Stolen, R. H.

Sunderman, E. R.

M. N. Islam, E. R. Sunderman, C. E. Soccolich, I. Bar-Joseph, N. Sauer, T. Y. Chang, B. I. Miller, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2454 (1989).
[Crossref]

Valdmanis, J. A.

G. T. Harvey, M. S. Heutmaker, P. R. Smith, M. C. Nuss, U. Keller, J. A. Valdmanis, “Timing jitter and pump-induced spurious modulation in the colliding-pulse mode-locked laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

von der Linde, D.

D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. B 39, 201 (1986).
[Crossref]

Weingarten, K. J.

M. J. W. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, K. J. Weingarten, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 817 (1989).
[Crossref]

K. J. Weingarten, M. J. W. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 198 (1988).
[Crossref]

Yakymyshyn, C. P.

C. P. Yakymyshyn, J. F. Pinto, C. R. Pollock, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper FQ3.

Zhu, X.

Zhu, X. N.

A. Finch, X. N. Zhu, P. N. Kean, W. Sibbett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1114 (1990).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. B 39, 201 (1986).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (5)

U. Keller, K. D. Li, M. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 280 (1989).
[Crossref]

M. J. W. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, K. J. Weingarten, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 817 (1989).
[Crossref]

K. J. Weingarten, M. J. W. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 198 (1988).
[Crossref]

M. N. Islam, E. R. Sunderman, C. E. Soccolich, I. Bar-Joseph, N. Sauer, T. Y. Chang, B. I. Miller, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2454 (1989).
[Crossref]

A. Finch, X. N. Zhu, P. N. Kean, W. Sibbett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1114 (1990).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (4)

Ref. 8, Eqs. (20)–(24).

C. P. Yakymyshyn, J. F. Pinto, C. R. Pollock, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper FQ3.

G. T. Harvey, M. S. Heutmaker, P. R. Smith, M. C. Nuss, U. Keller, J. A. Valdmanis, “Timing jitter and pump-induced spurious modulation in the colliding-pulse mode-locked laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

M. C. Nuss, U. Keller, G. T. Harvey, M. S. Heutmaker, P. R. Smith, “50-dB amplitude noise reduction of colliding-pulse mode-locking dye lasers,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Amplitude noise of the PM NaCl color-center laser at two different operation conditions [curves (a) and (c)] and of its cw Nd:YAG pump laser [curve (b)].

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Amplitude noise of the APM KCl:Tl color-center laser [curve (a)] and its cw mode-locked Nd:YLF pump laser [curve (b)].

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Timing jitter of the PM NaCl color-center laser, 9 psec rms above 130 Hz.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Timing jitter of the APM KCl:Tl color-center laser, 9 psec rms above 130 Hz [curve (a)], and of its pump laser, 0.9 psec rms above 130 Hz [curve (b)].

Equations (1)

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σ J = 1 2 π f L [ 2 f low f high L 1 ( f ) d f ] 1 / 2 ,

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