Abstract

We demonstrate a laser that permits self-phase modulation to be controlled independently of other parameters in a colliding-pulse mode-locked laser system. With this laser system, pulse compression by a factor of 1.5 was observed, and a stronger soliton effect was found.

© 1990 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. L. Fork, B. L. Green, C. V. Shank, Appl. Phys. Lett. 38, 671 (1981).
    [Crossref]
  2. W. Dietel, J. J. Fontaine, J.-C. Diels, Opt. Lett. 8, 4 (1983).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. J. A. Valdmanis, R. L. Fork, J. P. Gordon, Opt. Lett. 10, 131 (1985).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. H. A. Haus, Y. Siberberg, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 325 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  5. N. Jamsshi, J.-C. Diels, L. Sarger, J. Mod. Opt. 35, 1891 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  6. M. Yamashita, K. Torizuka, T. Sato, Opt. Lett. 13, 24 (1988).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. C. Y. Wang, P. L. Baldeck, Y. Budensky, R. R. Alfano, Opt. Lett. 14, 497 (1989).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. S. R. Friberg, P. W. Smith, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 2089 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  9. A. Watanabe, H. Saito, Y. Ishida, T. Yajima, Opt. Commun. 69, 402 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  10. W. Rudolph, B. Wilhelmi, Appl. Phys. B 35, 37 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  11. J.-C. Diels, W. Dietel, J. J. Fontaine, W. Rudolph, B. Wilhelmi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 680 (1985).
    [Crossref]
  12. H. Avramopoulos, P. M. W. French, J. A. R. Williams, G. H. C. New, J. R. Taylor, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1884 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  13. F. Salin, P. Grangier, G. Roger, A. Brun, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1132 (1986).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. W. L. Nighan, T. Gong, P. M. Fauchet, Opt. Lett. 14, 447 (1989).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. F. W. Wise, I. A. Walmsley, C. L. Tang, Opt. Lett. 13, 129 (1988).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. A. Watanabe, H. Saito, Y. Ishida, M. Nakamoto, T. Yajima, Opt. Commun. 71, 301 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  17. W. Dietel, E. Döpel, D. Kuhlke, B. Wilhelmi, Opt. Commun. 43, 433 (1982).
    [Crossref]

1989 (4)

C. Y. Wang, P. L. Baldeck, Y. Budensky, R. R. Alfano, Opt. Lett. 14, 497 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Watanabe, H. Saito, Y. Ishida, T. Yajima, Opt. Commun. 69, 402 (1989).
[Crossref]

W. L. Nighan, T. Gong, P. M. Fauchet, Opt. Lett. 14, 447 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Watanabe, H. Saito, Y. Ishida, M. Nakamoto, T. Yajima, Opt. Commun. 71, 301 (1989).
[Crossref]

1988 (4)

F. W. Wise, I. A. Walmsley, C. L. Tang, Opt. Lett. 13, 129 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Avramopoulos, P. M. W. French, J. A. R. Williams, G. H. C. New, J. R. Taylor, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1884 (1988).
[Crossref]

N. Jamsshi, J.-C. Diels, L. Sarger, J. Mod. Opt. 35, 1891 (1988).
[Crossref]

M. Yamashita, K. Torizuka, T. Sato, Opt. Lett. 13, 24 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1987 (1)

S. R. Friberg, P. W. Smith, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 2089 (1987).
[Crossref]

1986 (2)

H. A. Haus, Y. Siberberg, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 325 (1986).
[Crossref]

F. Salin, P. Grangier, G. Roger, A. Brun, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1132 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1985 (2)

1984 (1)

W. Rudolph, B. Wilhelmi, Appl. Phys. B 35, 37 (1984).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

1982 (1)

W. Dietel, E. Döpel, D. Kuhlke, B. Wilhelmi, Opt. Commun. 43, 433 (1982).
[Crossref]

1981 (1)

R. L. Fork, B. L. Green, C. V. Shank, Appl. Phys. Lett. 38, 671 (1981).
[Crossref]

Alfano, R. R.

Avramopoulos, H.

H. Avramopoulos, P. M. W. French, J. A. R. Williams, G. H. C. New, J. R. Taylor, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1884 (1988).
[Crossref]

Baldeck, P. L.

Brun, A.

F. Salin, P. Grangier, G. Roger, A. Brun, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1132 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Budensky, Y.

Diels, J.-C.

Dietel, W.

Döpel, E.

W. Dietel, E. Döpel, D. Kuhlke, B. Wilhelmi, Opt. Commun. 43, 433 (1982).
[Crossref]

Fauchet, P. M.

Fontaine, J. J.

Fork, R. L.

J. A. Valdmanis, R. L. Fork, J. P. Gordon, Opt. Lett. 10, 131 (1985).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. L. Fork, B. L. Green, C. V. Shank, Appl. Phys. Lett. 38, 671 (1981).
[Crossref]

French, P. M. W.

H. Avramopoulos, P. M. W. French, J. A. R. Williams, G. H. C. New, J. R. Taylor, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1884 (1988).
[Crossref]

Friberg, S. R.

S. R. Friberg, P. W. Smith, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 2089 (1987).
[Crossref]

Gong, T.

Gordon, J. P.

Grangier, P.

F. Salin, P. Grangier, G. Roger, A. Brun, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1132 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Green, B. L.

R. L. Fork, B. L. Green, C. V. Shank, Appl. Phys. Lett. 38, 671 (1981).
[Crossref]

Haus, H. A.

H. A. Haus, Y. Siberberg, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 325 (1986).
[Crossref]

Ishida, Y.

A. Watanabe, H. Saito, Y. Ishida, T. Yajima, Opt. Commun. 69, 402 (1989).
[Crossref]

A. Watanabe, H. Saito, Y. Ishida, M. Nakamoto, T. Yajima, Opt. Commun. 71, 301 (1989).
[Crossref]

Jamsshi, N.

N. Jamsshi, J.-C. Diels, L. Sarger, J. Mod. Opt. 35, 1891 (1988).
[Crossref]

Kuhlke, D.

W. Dietel, E. Döpel, D. Kuhlke, B. Wilhelmi, Opt. Commun. 43, 433 (1982).
[Crossref]

Nakamoto, M.

A. Watanabe, H. Saito, Y. Ishida, M. Nakamoto, T. Yajima, Opt. Commun. 71, 301 (1989).
[Crossref]

New, G. H. C.

H. Avramopoulos, P. M. W. French, J. A. R. Williams, G. H. C. New, J. R. Taylor, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1884 (1988).
[Crossref]

Nighan, W. L.

Roger, G.

F. Salin, P. Grangier, G. Roger, A. Brun, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1132 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rudolph, W.

Saito, H.

A. Watanabe, H. Saito, Y. Ishida, T. Yajima, Opt. Commun. 69, 402 (1989).
[Crossref]

A. Watanabe, H. Saito, Y. Ishida, M. Nakamoto, T. Yajima, Opt. Commun. 71, 301 (1989).
[Crossref]

Salin, F.

F. Salin, P. Grangier, G. Roger, A. Brun, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1132 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sarger, L.

N. Jamsshi, J.-C. Diels, L. Sarger, J. Mod. Opt. 35, 1891 (1988).
[Crossref]

Sato, T.

Shank, C. V.

R. L. Fork, B. L. Green, C. V. Shank, Appl. Phys. Lett. 38, 671 (1981).
[Crossref]

Siberberg, Y.

H. A. Haus, Y. Siberberg, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 325 (1986).
[Crossref]

Smith, P. W.

S. R. Friberg, P. W. Smith, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 2089 (1987).
[Crossref]

Tang, C. L.

Taylor, J. R.

H. Avramopoulos, P. M. W. French, J. A. R. Williams, G. H. C. New, J. R. Taylor, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1884 (1988).
[Crossref]

Torizuka, K.

Valdmanis, J. A.

Walmsley, I. A.

Wang, C. Y.

Watanabe, A.

A. Watanabe, H. Saito, Y. Ishida, M. Nakamoto, T. Yajima, Opt. Commun. 71, 301 (1989).
[Crossref]

A. Watanabe, H. Saito, Y. Ishida, T. Yajima, Opt. Commun. 69, 402 (1989).
[Crossref]

Wilhelmi, B.

J.-C. Diels, W. Dietel, J. J. Fontaine, W. Rudolph, B. Wilhelmi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 680 (1985).
[Crossref]

W. Rudolph, B. Wilhelmi, Appl. Phys. B 35, 37 (1984).
[Crossref]

W. Dietel, E. Döpel, D. Kuhlke, B. Wilhelmi, Opt. Commun. 43, 433 (1982).
[Crossref]

Williams, J. A. R.

H. Avramopoulos, P. M. W. French, J. A. R. Williams, G. H. C. New, J. R. Taylor, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1884 (1988).
[Crossref]

Wise, F. W.

Yajima, T.

A. Watanabe, H. Saito, Y. Ishida, M. Nakamoto, T. Yajima, Opt. Commun. 71, 301 (1989).
[Crossref]

A. Watanabe, H. Saito, Y. Ishida, T. Yajima, Opt. Commun. 69, 402 (1989).
[Crossref]

Yamashita, M.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

W. Rudolph, B. Wilhelmi, Appl. Phys. B 35, 37 (1984).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. L. Fork, B. L. Green, C. V. Shank, Appl. Phys. Lett. 38, 671 (1981).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

S. R. Friberg, P. W. Smith, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 2089 (1987).
[Crossref]

H. A. Haus, Y. Siberberg, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 325 (1986).
[Crossref]

H. Avramopoulos, P. M. W. French, J. A. R. Williams, G. H. C. New, J. R. Taylor, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1884 (1988).
[Crossref]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

N. Jamsshi, J.-C. Diels, L. Sarger, J. Mod. Opt. 35, 1891 (1988).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (3)

A. Watanabe, H. Saito, Y. Ishida, M. Nakamoto, T. Yajima, Opt. Commun. 71, 301 (1989).
[Crossref]

W. Dietel, E. Döpel, D. Kuhlke, B. Wilhelmi, Opt. Commun. 43, 433 (1982).
[Crossref]

A. Watanabe, H. Saito, Y. Ishida, T. Yajima, Opt. Commun. 69, 402 (1989).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

F. Salin, P. Grangier, G. Roger, A. Brun, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1132 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the SPMC dye laser. G, gain medium of Rhodamine 590 (concentration 2 × 10−3 M); A, saturable absorber of DODCI (concentration ∼0.4−6 × 10−3 M); N, SF-57 glass with thickness of 0.2 or 0.5 mm; M2, M3, M4, M5, M6, M7, focusing mirrors with radii of curvature of 10, 10, 10, 10, 5, and 3 cm, respectively. The spacing between prisms P1 and P2 is 48 cm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Autocorrelation traces (a) without SF-57 glass and (b) with SF-57 glass. The thickness of SF-57 glass is 0.5 mm, the thickness of the absorber jet is 60 μm, and mirror M7 has a radius of curvature of 3 cm. The pulse width is reduced from 91 fsec in (a) to 59 fsec in (b), which is a factor of 1.5, assuming a sech2 pulse shape. The time scale is 145 fsec/division.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Autocorrelation traces and spectra for different locations of SF-57 glass. The left-hand column of (a), (b), and (c) shows the autocorelation traces for locations 5.80, 3.09, and 1.35 mm from the beam waist, respectively. The right-hand column shows the corresponding spectra. The pulse durations for the left-hand column are 84, 72, and 65 fsec, respectively, assuming a sech2 pulse shape. The spectrum widths (FWHM) for the right-hand column are 3.8, 4.4, and 6.5 nm, respectively. The experimental conditions are the same as in Fig. 2. The time scale is 145 fsec/division, and the spectral scale is 5.9 nm/division.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Autocorrelation traces. The thickness of the SF-57 glass is 0.2 mm, the thickness of absorber jet is less than 5 μm, and mirror M7 has a radius of curvature of 5 cm. The pulse durations are 62, 73, 203, and 237 fsec corresponding to SF-57 plate locations of 6, 4, 2, and 0 mm from the beam waist for (a), (b), (c), and (d), respectively, assuming a sech2 pulse shape. The time scale is 145 fsec/division.

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