Abstract

A method is presented that permits the determination of atmospheric aerosol extinction profiles from measured Raman lidar signals. No critical input parameters are needed, which could cause large uncertainties of the solution, as is the case in the Klett method for the inversion of elastic lidar returns.

© 1990 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. D. Klett, Appl. Opt. 20, 211 (1981).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. F. G. Fernald, Appl. Opt. 23, 652 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. Y. Sasano, E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, Appl. Opt. 24, 3929 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S. H. Melfi, “Remote measurement of atmospheric transmissivity,” in Proceedings of the Fourth International Laser Radar Conference (American Meteorological Society, Boston, Mass., 1972).
  5. Y. A. Arshinov, S. M. Bobrovnikov, U. E. Zuev, in Proceedings of Twelfth International Laser Radar Conference (Service d’Aéronomie, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Verrières-le-Buisson, France, 1984), p. 63.
  6. R. A. Ferrare, S. H. Melfi, D. Whiteman, in Proceedings of Fourteenth International Laser Radar Conference (Istituto di Ricerca Sulle Onde Elettromagnetiche, Comitato Nazionale per le Scienze Fisiche, Florence, Italy, 1988), p. 159.
  7. L. V. Kravets, Atmos. Opt. 2, 146 (1989).
  8. L. Elterman, Rep. AFCRL-68-0153, Environmental Research Papers No. 285 (Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratories, Bedford, Mass., 1968).
  9. M. Griggs, J. Chem. Phys. 49, 857 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  10. C. Weitkamp, M. Riebesell, E. Voss, W. Lahmann, W. Michaelis, in Remote Sensing of Atmosphere and Oceans (Austrialian Defence Force Academy, Canberra, Australia, 1988), Vol. 2, p. 66; Rep. GKSS 88/E/ (GKSS-Forschungszentrum Geesthacht, Geesthacht, Federal Republic of Germany, 1988).

1989 (1)

L. V. Kravets, Atmos. Opt. 2, 146 (1989).

1985 (1)

1984 (1)

1981 (1)

1968 (1)

M. Griggs, J. Chem. Phys. 49, 857 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Arshinov, Y. A.

Y. A. Arshinov, S. M. Bobrovnikov, U. E. Zuev, in Proceedings of Twelfth International Laser Radar Conference (Service d’Aéronomie, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Verrières-le-Buisson, France, 1984), p. 63.

Bobrovnikov, S. M.

Y. A. Arshinov, S. M. Bobrovnikov, U. E. Zuev, in Proceedings of Twelfth International Laser Radar Conference (Service d’Aéronomie, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Verrières-le-Buisson, France, 1984), p. 63.

Browell, E. V.

Elterman, L.

L. Elterman, Rep. AFCRL-68-0153, Environmental Research Papers No. 285 (Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratories, Bedford, Mass., 1968).

Fernald, F. G.

Ferrare, R. A.

R. A. Ferrare, S. H. Melfi, D. Whiteman, in Proceedings of Fourteenth International Laser Radar Conference (Istituto di Ricerca Sulle Onde Elettromagnetiche, Comitato Nazionale per le Scienze Fisiche, Florence, Italy, 1988), p. 159.

Griggs, M.

M. Griggs, J. Chem. Phys. 49, 857 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Ismail, S.

Klett, J. D.

Kravets, L. V.

L. V. Kravets, Atmos. Opt. 2, 146 (1989).

Lahmann, W.

C. Weitkamp, M. Riebesell, E. Voss, W. Lahmann, W. Michaelis, in Remote Sensing of Atmosphere and Oceans (Austrialian Defence Force Academy, Canberra, Australia, 1988), Vol. 2, p. 66; Rep. GKSS 88/E/ (GKSS-Forschungszentrum Geesthacht, Geesthacht, Federal Republic of Germany, 1988).

Melfi, S. H.

S. H. Melfi, “Remote measurement of atmospheric transmissivity,” in Proceedings of the Fourth International Laser Radar Conference (American Meteorological Society, Boston, Mass., 1972).

R. A. Ferrare, S. H. Melfi, D. Whiteman, in Proceedings of Fourteenth International Laser Radar Conference (Istituto di Ricerca Sulle Onde Elettromagnetiche, Comitato Nazionale per le Scienze Fisiche, Florence, Italy, 1988), p. 159.

Michaelis, W.

C. Weitkamp, M. Riebesell, E. Voss, W. Lahmann, W. Michaelis, in Remote Sensing of Atmosphere and Oceans (Austrialian Defence Force Academy, Canberra, Australia, 1988), Vol. 2, p. 66; Rep. GKSS 88/E/ (GKSS-Forschungszentrum Geesthacht, Geesthacht, Federal Republic of Germany, 1988).

Riebesell, M.

C. Weitkamp, M. Riebesell, E. Voss, W. Lahmann, W. Michaelis, in Remote Sensing of Atmosphere and Oceans (Austrialian Defence Force Academy, Canberra, Australia, 1988), Vol. 2, p. 66; Rep. GKSS 88/E/ (GKSS-Forschungszentrum Geesthacht, Geesthacht, Federal Republic of Germany, 1988).

Sasano, Y.

Voss, E.

C. Weitkamp, M. Riebesell, E. Voss, W. Lahmann, W. Michaelis, in Remote Sensing of Atmosphere and Oceans (Austrialian Defence Force Academy, Canberra, Australia, 1988), Vol. 2, p. 66; Rep. GKSS 88/E/ (GKSS-Forschungszentrum Geesthacht, Geesthacht, Federal Republic of Germany, 1988).

Weitkamp, C.

C. Weitkamp, M. Riebesell, E. Voss, W. Lahmann, W. Michaelis, in Remote Sensing of Atmosphere and Oceans (Austrialian Defence Force Academy, Canberra, Australia, 1988), Vol. 2, p. 66; Rep. GKSS 88/E/ (GKSS-Forschungszentrum Geesthacht, Geesthacht, Federal Republic of Germany, 1988).

Whiteman, D.

R. A. Ferrare, S. H. Melfi, D. Whiteman, in Proceedings of Fourteenth International Laser Radar Conference (Istituto di Ricerca Sulle Onde Elettromagnetiche, Comitato Nazionale per le Scienze Fisiche, Florence, Italy, 1988), p. 159.

Zuev, U. E.

Y. A. Arshinov, S. M. Bobrovnikov, U. E. Zuev, in Proceedings of Twelfth International Laser Radar Conference (Service d’Aéronomie, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Verrières-le-Buisson, France, 1984), p. 63.

Appl. Opt. (3)

Atmos. Opt. (1)

L. V. Kravets, Atmos. Opt. 2, 146 (1989).

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

M. Griggs, J. Chem. Phys. 49, 857 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

C. Weitkamp, M. Riebesell, E. Voss, W. Lahmann, W. Michaelis, in Remote Sensing of Atmosphere and Oceans (Austrialian Defence Force Academy, Canberra, Australia, 1988), Vol. 2, p. 66; Rep. GKSS 88/E/ (GKSS-Forschungszentrum Geesthacht, Geesthacht, Federal Republic of Germany, 1988).

L. Elterman, Rep. AFCRL-68-0153, Environmental Research Papers No. 285 (Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratories, Bedford, Mass., 1968).

S. H. Melfi, “Remote measurement of atmospheric transmissivity,” in Proceedings of the Fourth International Laser Radar Conference (American Meteorological Society, Boston, Mass., 1972).

Y. A. Arshinov, S. M. Bobrovnikov, U. E. Zuev, in Proceedings of Twelfth International Laser Radar Conference (Service d’Aéronomie, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Verrières-le-Buisson, France, 1984), p. 63.

R. A. Ferrare, S. H. Melfi, D. Whiteman, in Proceedings of Fourteenth International Laser Radar Conference (Istituto di Ricerca Sulle Onde Elettromagnetiche, Comitato Nazionale per le Scienze Fisiche, Florence, Italy, 1988), p. 159.

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Figures (1)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Atmospheric aerosol extinction coefficient saer and statistical error δsaer measured with a Raman lidar at 308-nm primary and 323-nm Raman (O2) wavelengths. The measurement was taken on May 17, 1988, at 00:12:01 hours local time in Geesthacht, Federal Republic of Germany. Measurement time is 19 min, and the total number of laser shots is 234,142. Ground values for the standard atmosphere model are 100.8 kPa and 15°C. The discontinuity at 3700 m reflects the change from 360 to 1440 m of averaging height at this level. The molecular extinction coefficient smol is also shown for comparison (the dashed curve).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 GKSS Raman Lidar Technical Data

Equations (7)

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P ( z , λ L , λ R ) = B O ( z ) z 2 β ( z , λ L , λ R ) × exp { 0 z [ a ( λ L , ζ ) + α ( λ R , ζ ) ] d ζ } .
β ( z , λ L , λ R ) = N ( z ) d σ ( λ L , λ R , π ) d Ω .
α ( λ L , z ) + α ( λ R , z ) = d d z [ ln O ( z ) N ( z ) z 2 P ( z ) ] .
α ( λ L , R , z ) s mol ( λ L , R , z ) + s aer ( λ L , R , z ) ,
s aer ( λ L , z ) + s aer ( λ R , z ) = d d z [ ln N ( z ) z 2 P ( z ) ] s mol ( λ L , z ) s mol ( λ R , z ) .
s aer ( λ L ) s aer ( λ R ) = λ R λ L ,
s aer ( λ L , z ) = d d z [ ln N ( z ) z 2 P ( z ) ] s mol ( λ L , z ) s mol ( λ R , z ) 1 + λ L λ R .

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