Abstract

Spectroscopic measurements of fluorescence and absorption in an erbium-doped fiber permit the evaluation of the Stark-level energies of the 4I15/2 and 4I13/2 manifolds in Er:glass. The data permit the allocation of the individual laser transitions associated with the room-temperature gain spectrum of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers operating near λ = 1.53 μm.

© 1990 Optical Society of America

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  1. L. Reekie, R. J. Mears, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 856 (1986).
  2. R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, I. M. Jauncey, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 1026 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  3. E. Desurvire, J. R. Simpson, P. C. Becker, Opt. Lett. 12, 888 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. E. Desurvire, C. R. Giles, J. L. Zyskind, J. R. Simpson, P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper FA1.
  5. E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tuminelli, B. C. McCollum, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper PD2.
  6. E. Desurvire, IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 1, 293 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  7. W. L. Barnes, P. R. Morkel, L. Reekie, D. N. Payne, Opt. Lett. 14, 1002 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. E. Desurvire, J. R. Simpson, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 835 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  9. E. Snitzer, Appl. Opt. 5, 1487 (1966).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. C. C. Robinson, J. Non-Cryst Solids 15, 1 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  11. E. Desurvire, J. L. Zyskind, J. R. Simpson, IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 2, 246 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  12. N. E. Alekseev, V. P. Gapontsev, M. E. Zhabotinskii, V. B. Kravchenko, Yu. P. Rudnitskii, in Laser Phosphate Glasses, M. E. Zhabotinskii, ed. (Nauka, Moscow, 1980).
  13. S. Zemon, G. Lambert, W. J. Miniscalco, L. J. Andrews, B. T. Hall, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1171, 219 (1989).
  14. J. B. Gruber, J. R. Henderson, M. Muramoto, K. Rajnak, J. G. Conway, J. Chem. Phys. 45, 477 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  15. K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, T. Hands, J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430 (1986).
    [CrossRef]

1990

E. Desurvire, J. L. Zyskind, J. R. Simpson, IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 2, 246 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989

S. Zemon, G. Lambert, W. J. Miniscalco, L. J. Andrews, B. T. Hall, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1171, 219 (1989).

E. Desurvire, J. R. Simpson, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 835 (1989).
[CrossRef]

E. Desurvire, IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 1, 293 (1989).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Barnes, P. R. Morkel, L. Reekie, D. N. Payne, Opt. Lett. 14, 1002 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, I. M. Jauncey, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 1026 (1987).
[CrossRef]

E. Desurvire, J. R. Simpson, P. C. Becker, Opt. Lett. 12, 888 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986

L. Reekie, R. J. Mears, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 856 (1986).

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, T. Hands, J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1974

C. C. Robinson, J. Non-Cryst Solids 15, 1 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1966

J. B. Gruber, J. R. Henderson, M. Muramoto, K. Rajnak, J. G. Conway, J. Chem. Phys. 45, 477 (1966).
[CrossRef]

E. Snitzer, Appl. Opt. 5, 1487 (1966).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alekseev, N. E.

N. E. Alekseev, V. P. Gapontsev, M. E. Zhabotinskii, V. B. Kravchenko, Yu. P. Rudnitskii, in Laser Phosphate Glasses, M. E. Zhabotinskii, ed. (Nauka, Moscow, 1980).

Andrews, L. J.

S. Zemon, G. Lambert, W. J. Miniscalco, L. J. Andrews, B. T. Hall, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1171, 219 (1989).

Arai, K.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, T. Hands, J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, W. L.

Becker, P. C.

E. Desurvire, J. R. Simpson, P. C. Becker, Opt. Lett. 12, 888 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Desurvire, C. R. Giles, J. L. Zyskind, J. R. Simpson, P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper FA1.

Conway, J. G.

J. B. Gruber, J. R. Henderson, M. Muramoto, K. Rajnak, J. G. Conway, J. Chem. Phys. 45, 477 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Desurvire, E.

E. Desurvire, J. L. Zyskind, J. R. Simpson, IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 2, 246 (1990).
[CrossRef]

E. Desurvire, IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 1, 293 (1989).
[CrossRef]

E. Desurvire, J. R. Simpson, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 835 (1989).
[CrossRef]

E. Desurvire, J. R. Simpson, P. C. Becker, Opt. Lett. 12, 888 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Desurvire, C. R. Giles, J. L. Zyskind, J. R. Simpson, P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper FA1.

Gapontsev, V. P.

N. E. Alekseev, V. P. Gapontsev, M. E. Zhabotinskii, V. B. Kravchenko, Yu. P. Rudnitskii, in Laser Phosphate Glasses, M. E. Zhabotinskii, ed. (Nauka, Moscow, 1980).

Giles, C. R.

E. Desurvire, C. R. Giles, J. L. Zyskind, J. R. Simpson, P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper FA1.

Gruber, J. B.

J. B. Gruber, J. R. Henderson, M. Muramoto, K. Rajnak, J. G. Conway, J. Chem. Phys. 45, 477 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Hakimi, F.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tuminelli, B. C. McCollum, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper PD2.

Hall, B. T.

S. Zemon, G. Lambert, W. J. Miniscalco, L. J. Andrews, B. T. Hall, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1171, 219 (1989).

Hands, T.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, T. Hands, J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Henderson, J. R.

J. B. Gruber, J. R. Henderson, M. Muramoto, K. Rajnak, J. G. Conway, J. Chem. Phys. 45, 477 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Honda, T.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, T. Hands, J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Ishii, Y.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, T. Hands, J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Jauncey, I. M.

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, I. M. Jauncey, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 1026 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Kravchenko, V. B.

N. E. Alekseev, V. P. Gapontsev, M. E. Zhabotinskii, V. B. Kravchenko, Yu. P. Rudnitskii, in Laser Phosphate Glasses, M. E. Zhabotinskii, ed. (Nauka, Moscow, 1980).

Kumata, K.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, T. Hands, J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Lambert, G.

S. Zemon, G. Lambert, W. J. Miniscalco, L. J. Andrews, B. T. Hall, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1171, 219 (1989).

McCollum, B. C.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tuminelli, B. C. McCollum, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper PD2.

Mears, R. J.

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, I. M. Jauncey, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 1026 (1987).
[CrossRef]

L. Reekie, R. J. Mears, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 856 (1986).

Miniscalco, W. J.

S. Zemon, G. Lambert, W. J. Miniscalco, L. J. Andrews, B. T. Hall, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1171, 219 (1989).

Morkel, P. R.

Muramoto, M.

J. B. Gruber, J. R. Henderson, M. Muramoto, K. Rajnak, J. G. Conway, J. Chem. Phys. 45, 477 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Namikawa, H.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, T. Hands, J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Olsson, N. A.

E. Desurvire, C. R. Giles, J. L. Zyskind, J. R. Simpson, P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper FA1.

Payne, D. N.

W. L. Barnes, P. R. Morkel, L. Reekie, D. N. Payne, Opt. Lett. 14, 1002 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, I. M. Jauncey, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 1026 (1987).
[CrossRef]

L. Reekie, R. J. Mears, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 856 (1986).

Po, H.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tuminelli, B. C. McCollum, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper PD2.

Poole, S. B.

L. Reekie, R. J. Mears, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 856 (1986).

Rajnak, K.

J. B. Gruber, J. R. Henderson, M. Muramoto, K. Rajnak, J. G. Conway, J. Chem. Phys. 45, 477 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Reekie, L.

W. L. Barnes, P. R. Morkel, L. Reekie, D. N. Payne, Opt. Lett. 14, 1002 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, I. M. Jauncey, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 1026 (1987).
[CrossRef]

L. Reekie, R. J. Mears, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 856 (1986).

Robinson, C. C.

C. C. Robinson, J. Non-Cryst Solids 15, 1 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Rudnitskii, Yu. P.

N. E. Alekseev, V. P. Gapontsev, M. E. Zhabotinskii, V. B. Kravchenko, Yu. P. Rudnitskii, in Laser Phosphate Glasses, M. E. Zhabotinskii, ed. (Nauka, Moscow, 1980).

Simpson, J. R.

E. Desurvire, J. L. Zyskind, J. R. Simpson, IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 2, 246 (1990).
[CrossRef]

E. Desurvire, J. R. Simpson, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 835 (1989).
[CrossRef]

E. Desurvire, J. R. Simpson, P. C. Becker, Opt. Lett. 12, 888 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Desurvire, C. R. Giles, J. L. Zyskind, J. R. Simpson, P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper FA1.

Snitzer, E.

E. Snitzer, Appl. Opt. 5, 1487 (1966).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tuminelli, B. C. McCollum, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper PD2.

Tuminelli, R.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tuminelli, B. C. McCollum, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper PD2.

Zemon, S.

S. Zemon, G. Lambert, W. J. Miniscalco, L. J. Andrews, B. T. Hall, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1171, 219 (1989).

Zhabotinskii, M. E.

N. E. Alekseev, V. P. Gapontsev, M. E. Zhabotinskii, V. B. Kravchenko, Yu. P. Rudnitskii, in Laser Phosphate Glasses, M. E. Zhabotinskii, ed. (Nauka, Moscow, 1980).

Zyskind, J. L.

E. Desurvire, J. L. Zyskind, J. R. Simpson, IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 2, 246 (1990).
[CrossRef]

E. Desurvire, C. R. Giles, J. L. Zyskind, J. R. Simpson, P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper FA1.

Appl. Opt.

Electron. Lett.

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, I. M. Jauncey, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 1026 (1987).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol.

E. Desurvire, J. R. Simpson, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 835 (1989).
[CrossRef]

L. Reekie, R. J. Mears, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 856 (1986).

IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett.

E. Desurvire, IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 1, 293 (1989).
[CrossRef]

E. Desurvire, J. L. Zyskind, J. R. Simpson, IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 2, 246 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, T. Hands, J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys.

J. B. Gruber, J. R. Henderson, M. Muramoto, K. Rajnak, J. G. Conway, J. Chem. Phys. 45, 477 (1966).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst Solids

C. C. Robinson, J. Non-Cryst Solids 15, 1 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.

S. Zemon, G. Lambert, W. J. Miniscalco, L. J. Andrews, B. T. Hall, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1171, 219 (1989).

Other

N. E. Alekseev, V. P. Gapontsev, M. E. Zhabotinskii, V. B. Kravchenko, Yu. P. Rudnitskii, in Laser Phosphate Glasses, M. E. Zhabotinskii, ed. (Nauka, Moscow, 1980).

E. Desurvire, C. R. Giles, J. L. Zyskind, J. R. Simpson, P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper FA1.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tuminelli, B. C. McCollum, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper PD2.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Absorption and fluorescence cross sections of the Er-doped fiber sample calculated from spectral data recorded at T = 4.2 K [resolution 2 nm (absorption) and 0.1 nm (fluorescence)].

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Same as in Fig. 1 with T = 77 K [resolution 2 nm (absorption) and 1 nm (fluorescence)].

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Same as in Fig. 1 with T = 295 K (resolution 1 nm).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Energy diagram showing the Stark components of the 4I15/2 and 4I13/2 manifolds and the assignment of observed absorption transitions.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Energy diagram showing the Stark components of the 4I15/2 and 4I13/2 manifolds and the assignment of observed fluorescence transitions.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Stark-Level Energies (in cm−1) of 4I15/2 and 4I13/2 Manifolds Measured in Different Types of Er:Silica Glass (Refs. 10, 12, 13) and in Crystal Er2O3 (Ref. 14)

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