Abstract

A series of discrete emission peaks is detected from single micrometer-sized droplets. The series starts at the blue third harmonic of the input IR radiation and extends to the red as a result of four-wave mixing of the input radiation and the multiorder stimulated-Raman-scattering radiation. The detected third-harmonic intensity from a single liquid droplet is several orders of magnitude larger than that from an optical cell containing the same liquid.

© 1989 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S.-X. Qian, J. B. Snow, R. K. Chang, in Laser Spectroscopy VII, T. W. Hänsch, Y. R. Shen, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1985), p. 204.
  2. J. B. Snow, S.-X. Qian, R. K. Chang, Opt. Lett. 10, 37 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S.-X. Qian, R. K. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 926 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. P. D. Maker, R. W. Terhune, Phys. Rev. 137, A801 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  5. W. P. Acker, B. Yip, D. H. Leach, R. K. Chang, J. Appl. Phys. 64, 2263 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. A. Curcio, C. C. Petty, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 41, 302 (1951).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. S. Benincasa, P. W. Barber, J.-Z. Zhang, W.-F. Hsieh, R. K. Chang, Appl. Opt. 26, 1348 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. H. Chew, M. Sculley, M. Kerker, P. J. McNulty, D. D. Cooke, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 68, 1686 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  9. R. H. Stolen, J. E. Bjorkholm, A. Ashkin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 24, 308 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. Gloge, Appl. Opt. 10, 2252 (1971).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. S. C. Hill, R. E. Benner, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 1509 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. C. Hill, R. E. Benner, in Optical Effects Associated with Small Particles, P. W. Barber, R. K. Chang, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1988), p. 3.

1988

W. P. Acker, B. Yip, D. H. Leach, R. K. Chang, J. Appl. Phys. 64, 2263 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987

1986

1985

1978

1974

R. H. Stolen, J. E. Bjorkholm, A. Ashkin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 24, 308 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1971

1965

P. D. Maker, R. W. Terhune, Phys. Rev. 137, A801 (1965).
[CrossRef]

1951

Acker, W. P.

W. P. Acker, B. Yip, D. H. Leach, R. K. Chang, J. Appl. Phys. 64, 2263 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Ashkin, A.

R. H. Stolen, J. E. Bjorkholm, A. Ashkin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 24, 308 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Barber, P. W.

Benincasa, D. S.

Benner, R. E.

S. C. Hill, R. E. Benner, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 1509 (1986).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Hill, R. E. Benner, in Optical Effects Associated with Small Particles, P. W. Barber, R. K. Chang, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1988), p. 3.

Bjorkholm, J. E.

R. H. Stolen, J. E. Bjorkholm, A. Ashkin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 24, 308 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Chang, R. K.

W. P. Acker, B. Yip, D. H. Leach, R. K. Chang, J. Appl. Phys. 64, 2263 (1988).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Benincasa, P. W. Barber, J.-Z. Zhang, W.-F. Hsieh, R. K. Chang, Appl. Opt. 26, 1348 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S.-X. Qian, R. K. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 926 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Snow, S.-X. Qian, R. K. Chang, Opt. Lett. 10, 37 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S.-X. Qian, J. B. Snow, R. K. Chang, in Laser Spectroscopy VII, T. W. Hänsch, Y. R. Shen, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1985), p. 204.

Chew, H.

Cooke, D. D.

Curcio, J. A.

Gloge, D.

Hill, S. C.

S. C. Hill, R. E. Benner, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 1509 (1986).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Hill, R. E. Benner, in Optical Effects Associated with Small Particles, P. W. Barber, R. K. Chang, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1988), p. 3.

Hsieh, W.-F.

Kerker, M.

Leach, D. H.

W. P. Acker, B. Yip, D. H. Leach, R. K. Chang, J. Appl. Phys. 64, 2263 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Maker, P. D.

P. D. Maker, R. W. Terhune, Phys. Rev. 137, A801 (1965).
[CrossRef]

McNulty, P. J.

Petty, C. C.

Qian, S.-X.

S.-X. Qian, R. K. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 926 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Snow, S.-X. Qian, R. K. Chang, Opt. Lett. 10, 37 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S.-X. Qian, J. B. Snow, R. K. Chang, in Laser Spectroscopy VII, T. W. Hänsch, Y. R. Shen, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1985), p. 204.

Sculley, M.

Snow, J. B.

J. B. Snow, S.-X. Qian, R. K. Chang, Opt. Lett. 10, 37 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S.-X. Qian, J. B. Snow, R. K. Chang, in Laser Spectroscopy VII, T. W. Hänsch, Y. R. Shen, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1985), p. 204.

Stolen, R. H.

R. H. Stolen, J. E. Bjorkholm, A. Ashkin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 24, 308 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Terhune, R. W.

P. D. Maker, R. W. Terhune, Phys. Rev. 137, A801 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Yip, B.

W. P. Acker, B. Yip, D. H. Leach, R. K. Chang, J. Appl. Phys. 64, 2263 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.-Z.

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

R. H. Stolen, J. E. Bjorkholm, A. Ashkin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 24, 308 (1974).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

W. P. Acker, B. Yip, D. H. Leach, R. K. Chang, J. Appl. Phys. 64, 2263 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev.

P. D. Maker, R. W. Terhune, Phys. Rev. 137, A801 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

S.-X. Qian, R. K. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 926 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

S.-X. Qian, J. B. Snow, R. K. Chang, in Laser Spectroscopy VII, T. W. Hänsch, Y. R. Shen, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1985), p. 204.

S. C. Hill, R. E. Benner, in Optical Effects Associated with Small Particles, P. W. Barber, R. K. Chang, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1988), p. 3.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the third-order sum-frequency generation involving the input laser at ωL and the first-order Stokes SRS at ω1s due to a vibrational mode with frequency shift Δ. The THG and SHG of the input radiation are indicated along with the third-order sum-frequency peaks, which are successively shifted from the THG peak by mΔ.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Detected third-order sum-frequency generation in the visible range from CCl4 droplets irradiated by a laser pulse with λ = 1.064 μm. The third-order sum-frequency-generated peaks, involving the input beam at ωL and the various orders of internally generated Stokes SRS at ωns in the IR, are labeled according to the mΔ Stokes shift from the THG peak, where Δ = 459 cm−1 for CCl4 droplets.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Detected third-order sum-frequency generation in the visible range from (a) benzene, (b) cyclohexane, and (c) dodecane droplets. The wavelengths of THG and SHG are indicated by the arrows. The horizontal axis is scaled in the wavelength (top axis) and in the shift from the THG peak at 3ωL (bottom axis). The satellite peaks of cyclohexane droplets with a δ shift from the m peaks are indicated.

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