Abstract

We describe a phase-conjugate interferometer that consists of a partially transmitting conventional mirror placed in front of and in close proximity to a phase-conjugate mirror. The interferometer is self-referencing, compact, and insensitive to environmental disturbances, provides twice the sensitivity of conventional (nonphase-conjugate) interferometers, and produces a direct representation of an incident wave front. We have constructed such a device using internally self-pumped phase conjugation in barium titanate and have used the device to characterize the wave front produced by an aberrated optical system.

© 1989 Optical Society of America

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References

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  7. Manufactured by Sanders Associates, 95 Canal Street, Nashua, N.H.
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Boyd, R. W.

Dainty, J. C.

I. Lindsay, J. C. Dainty, Opt. Commun. 59, 405 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Drummond, P. D.

Feinberg, J.

Fizeau, H.

H. Fizeau, Ann. Chim. Phys. 66, 429 (1862).

Friberg, A. T.

Gauthier, D. J.

Habashy, T. M.

Hopf, F. A.

Jacobs, A. A.

Kingslake, R.

R. Kingslake, Lens Design Fundamentals (Academic, New York, 1978); D. Malacara, ed., Optical Shop Testing (Wiley, New York, 1978).

Lindsay, I.

I. Lindsay, J. C. Dainty, Opt. Commun. 59, 405 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Mandel, L.

Narum, P.

Nieto-Vesperinas, M.

Pepper, D. M.

D. M. Pepper, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1001 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Tompkin, W. R.

Wolf, E.

Ann. Chim. Phys. (1)

H. Fizeau, Ann. Chim. Phys. 66, 429 (1862).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. M. Pepper, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1001 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (2)

Opt. Commun. (1)

I. Lindsay, J. C. Dainty, Opt. Commun. 59, 405 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (2)

R. Kingslake, Lens Design Fundamentals (Academic, New York, 1978); D. Malacara, ed., Optical Shop Testing (Wiley, New York, 1978).

Manufactured by Sanders Associates, 95 Canal Street, Nashua, N.H.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic representation of the wave front reflected by (a) a conventional mirror and (b) a PCM. The two reflected waves are subsequently allowed to interfere in a phase-conjugate interferometer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The phase-conjugate Fizeau interferometer.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Interferograms produced by the phase-conjugate Fizeau interferometer for (a) a nearly unaberrated wave front and (b) a wave front containing approximately 1.5 waves of spherical aberration. For comparison, interferograms produced by (c) a conventional Mach–Zehnder interferometer and (d) a conventional shearing interferometer are shown. The interferogram produced by the phase-conjugate Fizeau interferometer for a wave front containing two waves of astigmatism is shown in (e).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Single-element phase-conjugate Fizeau interferometer. (b) The interferogram. produced by this device for the case of a nearly unaberrated wave front.

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