Abstract

All-optical switching with femtosecond and picosecond pulses is demonstrated in a single-fiber interferometer in which the role of the two arms is played by two mutually delayed versions of the same pulse. This technique eliminates thermal and acoustic imbalances of the interferometer.

© 1989 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. G. I. Stegeman, E. M. Wright, N. Finlayson, R. Zanoni, C. T. Seaton, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-6, 953 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Y. Silberberg, in Digest of Sixteenth International Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper WG5.
  3. N. J. Halas, D. Krökel, D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 886 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. Morioka, M. Saruwatari, A. Takada, Electron. Lett. 23, 453 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Morioka, M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 23, 1330 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. R. Friberg, Y. Silberberg, M. K. Oliver, M. J. Andrejco, M. A. Saifi, P. W. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1135 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. R. Friberg, A. M. Weiner, Y. Silberberg, B. G. Sfez, P. W. Smith, Opt. Lett. 13, 904 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. Lattes, H. A. Haus, F. J. Leonberger, E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1718 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Shirasaki, H. A. Haus, D. Liu Wong, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1987), paper THOL.
  10. J. D. Kafka, T. Baer, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 533, 38 (1985).
  11. W. J. Tomlinson, R. H. Stolen, C. V. Shank, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 1, 139 (1984).
    [CrossRef]

1988

G. I. Stegeman, E. M. Wright, N. Finlayson, R. Zanoni, C. T. Seaton, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-6, 953 (1988).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Friberg, A. M. Weiner, Y. Silberberg, B. G. Sfez, P. W. Smith, Opt. Lett. 13, 904 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987

N. J. Halas, D. Krökel, D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 886 (1987).
[CrossRef]

T. Morioka, M. Saruwatari, A. Takada, Electron. Lett. 23, 453 (1987).
[CrossRef]

T. Morioka, M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 23, 1330 (1987).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Friberg, Y. Silberberg, M. K. Oliver, M. J. Andrejco, M. A. Saifi, P. W. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1135 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1985

J. D. Kafka, T. Baer, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 533, 38 (1985).

1984

1983

A. Lattes, H. A. Haus, F. J. Leonberger, E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1718 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Andrejco, M. J.

S. R. Friberg, Y. Silberberg, M. K. Oliver, M. J. Andrejco, M. A. Saifi, P. W. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1135 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Baer, T.

J. D. Kafka, T. Baer, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 533, 38 (1985).

Finlayson, N.

G. I. Stegeman, E. M. Wright, N. Finlayson, R. Zanoni, C. T. Seaton, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-6, 953 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Friberg, S. R.

S. R. Friberg, A. M. Weiner, Y. Silberberg, B. G. Sfez, P. W. Smith, Opt. Lett. 13, 904 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. R. Friberg, Y. Silberberg, M. K. Oliver, M. J. Andrejco, M. A. Saifi, P. W. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1135 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Grischkowsky, D.

N. J. Halas, D. Krökel, D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 886 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Halas, N. J.

N. J. Halas, D. Krökel, D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 886 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

A. Lattes, H. A. Haus, F. J. Leonberger, E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1718 (1983).
[CrossRef]

M. Shirasaki, H. A. Haus, D. Liu Wong, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1987), paper THOL.

Ippen, E. P.

A. Lattes, H. A. Haus, F. J. Leonberger, E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1718 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Kafka, J. D.

J. D. Kafka, T. Baer, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 533, 38 (1985).

Krökel, D.

N. J. Halas, D. Krökel, D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 886 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Lattes, A.

A. Lattes, H. A. Haus, F. J. Leonberger, E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1718 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Leonberger, F. J.

A. Lattes, H. A. Haus, F. J. Leonberger, E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1718 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Liu Wong, D.

M. Shirasaki, H. A. Haus, D. Liu Wong, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1987), paper THOL.

Morioka, T.

T. Morioka, M. Saruwatari, A. Takada, Electron. Lett. 23, 453 (1987).
[CrossRef]

T. Morioka, M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 23, 1330 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Oliver, M. K.

S. R. Friberg, Y. Silberberg, M. K. Oliver, M. J. Andrejco, M. A. Saifi, P. W. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1135 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Saifi, M. A.

S. R. Friberg, Y. Silberberg, M. K. Oliver, M. J. Andrejco, M. A. Saifi, P. W. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1135 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Saruwatari, M.

T. Morioka, M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 23, 1330 (1987).
[CrossRef]

T. Morioka, M. Saruwatari, A. Takada, Electron. Lett. 23, 453 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Seaton, C. T.

G. I. Stegeman, E. M. Wright, N. Finlayson, R. Zanoni, C. T. Seaton, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-6, 953 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sfez, B. G.

Shank, C. V.

Shirasaki, M.

M. Shirasaki, H. A. Haus, D. Liu Wong, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1987), paper THOL.

Silberberg, Y.

S. R. Friberg, A. M. Weiner, Y. Silberberg, B. G. Sfez, P. W. Smith, Opt. Lett. 13, 904 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. R. Friberg, Y. Silberberg, M. K. Oliver, M. J. Andrejco, M. A. Saifi, P. W. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1135 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Y. Silberberg, in Digest of Sixteenth International Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper WG5.

Smith, P. W.

S. R. Friberg, A. M. Weiner, Y. Silberberg, B. G. Sfez, P. W. Smith, Opt. Lett. 13, 904 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. R. Friberg, Y. Silberberg, M. K. Oliver, M. J. Andrejco, M. A. Saifi, P. W. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1135 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Stegeman, G. I.

G. I. Stegeman, E. M. Wright, N. Finlayson, R. Zanoni, C. T. Seaton, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-6, 953 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Stolen, R. H.

Takada, A.

T. Morioka, M. Saruwatari, A. Takada, Electron. Lett. 23, 453 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Tomlinson, W. J.

Weiner, A. M.

Wright, E. M.

G. I. Stegeman, E. M. Wright, N. Finlayson, R. Zanoni, C. T. Seaton, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-6, 953 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Zanoni, R.

G. I. Stegeman, E. M. Wright, N. Finlayson, R. Zanoni, C. T. Seaton, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-6, 953 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

N. J. Halas, D. Krökel, D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 886 (1987).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Friberg, Y. Silberberg, M. K. Oliver, M. J. Andrejco, M. A. Saifi, P. W. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1135 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

T. Morioka, M. Saruwatari, A. Takada, Electron. Lett. 23, 453 (1987).
[CrossRef]

T. Morioka, M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 23, 1330 (1987).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol.

G. I. Stegeman, E. M. Wright, N. Finlayson, R. Zanoni, C. T. Seaton, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-6, 953 (1988).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

A. Lattes, H. A. Haus, F. J. Leonberger, E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1718 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Lett.

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.

J. D. Kafka, T. Baer, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 533, 38 (1985).

Other

M. Shirasaki, H. A. Haus, D. Liu Wong, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1987), paper THOL.

Y. Silberberg, in Digest of Sixteenth International Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper WG5.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the single-fiber interferometer. The interferometer measures pump-induced nonlinear index changes while suppressing thermal artifacts. PBS, polarized beam splitter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Switching level versus the pump–probe delay. The trace demonstrates switching of femtosecond pulses. From the OFF state a 70% switching to the ON state is achieved.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Transient interferometric response as a function of the pump intensity. Multiple π phase shifts are observed for peak powers of 8.5 W. Switching is still present for powers as low as 0.5 W.

Equations (2)

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Δ ϕ ( t - τ ) = 2 π L λ n 2 I pump ( t - τ ) ,
s ( τ ) ~ - I probe ( t ) sin 2 Δ ϕ ( t - τ ) / 2 d t .

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