Abstract

Self-pumped optical phase conjugation has been demonstrated for the first time to our knowledge in a resonant atomic system. This process was implemented by using a single cw pump beam to excite a sodium-vapor oscillator. The counterpropagating optical fields inside this oscillator then combine with the pump beam in an internal four-wave-mixing interaction to yield the phase conjugate of the incident (pump) beam.

© 1989 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. D. M. Pepper, in Laser Handbook 4, M. L. Stitch, M. Bass, eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1985), p. 333; Opt. Eng. 21, 156 (1982).
  2. R. C. Lind, G. J. Dunning, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1983), paper THC5.
  3. B. Ya. Zel’dovich, V. I. Popovichev, V. V. Ragul’skii, F. S. Faizullov, JETP Lett. 15, 109 (1972).
  4. D. M. Bloom, G. C. Bjorklund, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 592 (1977); R. L. Abrams, R. C. Lind, Opt. Lett. 2, 94 (1978); D. M. Bloom, P. F. Liao, N. P. Economou, Opt. Lett. 2, 58 (1978).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. Feinberg, R. W. Hellwarth, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 70, 599 (1980); B. Fischer, M. Cronin-Golomb, J. O. White, A. Yariv, Opt. Lett. 6, 519 (1981).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. Feinberg, Opt. Lett. 7, 486 (1982).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. O. White, M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 450 (1982); M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, J. O. White, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 689 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Haroche, F. Hartmann, Phys. Rev. A 6, 1280 (1972); M. T. Gruneisen, K. R. MacDonald, R. W. Boyd, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 123 (1988); G. Khitrova, P. R. Berman, M. Sargent, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 160 (1988); C. Cohen-Tannoudji, S. Reynaud, J. Phys. B 10, 345 (1977); B. R. Mollow, Phys. Rev. A 5, 2217 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  9. F. Y. Wu, S. Ezekiel, M. Ducloy, B. R. Mollow, Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 1077 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. M. Scott, P. Waggott, Opt. Lett. 12, 835 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. P. Kumar, J. H. Shapiro, Opt. Lett. 10, 226 (1985); G. Khitrova, J. F. Valley, H. M. Gibbs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 1126 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. G. Grynberg, E. Le Bihan, M. Pinard, J. Phys. (Paris) 47, 1321 (1986); D. Grandclément, G. Grynberg, M. Pinard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 40 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. D. Grandclément, G. Grynberg, M. Pinard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 44 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. F. Schuda, C. R. Stroud, M. Hercher, J. Phys. B 7, L198 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  15. P. R. Berman, G. Khitrova, J. F. Lam, in Spectral Line Shapes 3, F. Rostas, ed. (de Gruyter, Berlin, 1985), p. 337.

1987

D. Grandclément, G. Grynberg, M. Pinard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 44 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Scott, P. Waggott, Opt. Lett. 12, 835 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986

G. Grynberg, E. Le Bihan, M. Pinard, J. Phys. (Paris) 47, 1321 (1986); D. Grandclément, G. Grynberg, M. Pinard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 40 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1985

1982

J. Feinberg, Opt. Lett. 7, 486 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. O. White, M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 450 (1982); M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, J. O. White, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 689 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1980

J. Feinberg, R. W. Hellwarth, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 70, 599 (1980); B. Fischer, M. Cronin-Golomb, J. O. White, A. Yariv, Opt. Lett. 6, 519 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1977

F. Y. Wu, S. Ezekiel, M. Ducloy, B. R. Mollow, Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 1077 (1977).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Bloom, G. C. Bjorklund, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 592 (1977); R. L. Abrams, R. C. Lind, Opt. Lett. 2, 94 (1978); D. M. Bloom, P. F. Liao, N. P. Economou, Opt. Lett. 2, 58 (1978).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1974

F. Schuda, C. R. Stroud, M. Hercher, J. Phys. B 7, L198 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1972

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, V. I. Popovichev, V. V. Ragul’skii, F. S. Faizullov, JETP Lett. 15, 109 (1972).

S. Haroche, F. Hartmann, Phys. Rev. A 6, 1280 (1972); M. T. Gruneisen, K. R. MacDonald, R. W. Boyd, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 123 (1988); G. Khitrova, P. R. Berman, M. Sargent, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 160 (1988); C. Cohen-Tannoudji, S. Reynaud, J. Phys. B 10, 345 (1977); B. R. Mollow, Phys. Rev. A 5, 2217 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Berman, P. R.

P. R. Berman, G. Khitrova, J. F. Lam, in Spectral Line Shapes 3, F. Rostas, ed. (de Gruyter, Berlin, 1985), p. 337.

Bjorklund, G. C.

D. M. Bloom, G. C. Bjorklund, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 592 (1977); R. L. Abrams, R. C. Lind, Opt. Lett. 2, 94 (1978); D. M. Bloom, P. F. Liao, N. P. Economou, Opt. Lett. 2, 58 (1978).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bloom, D. M.

D. M. Bloom, G. C. Bjorklund, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 592 (1977); R. L. Abrams, R. C. Lind, Opt. Lett. 2, 94 (1978); D. M. Bloom, P. F. Liao, N. P. Economou, Opt. Lett. 2, 58 (1978).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cronin-Golomb, M.

J. O. White, M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 450 (1982); M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, J. O. White, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 689 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Ducloy, M.

F. Y. Wu, S. Ezekiel, M. Ducloy, B. R. Mollow, Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 1077 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Dunning, G. J.

R. C. Lind, G. J. Dunning, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1983), paper THC5.

Ezekiel, S.

F. Y. Wu, S. Ezekiel, M. Ducloy, B. R. Mollow, Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 1077 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Faizullov, F. S.

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, V. I. Popovichev, V. V. Ragul’skii, F. S. Faizullov, JETP Lett. 15, 109 (1972).

Feinberg, J.

J. Feinberg, Opt. Lett. 7, 486 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Feinberg, R. W. Hellwarth, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 70, 599 (1980); B. Fischer, M. Cronin-Golomb, J. O. White, A. Yariv, Opt. Lett. 6, 519 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fischer, B.

J. O. White, M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 450 (1982); M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, J. O. White, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 689 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Grandclément, D.

D. Grandclément, G. Grynberg, M. Pinard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 44 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grynberg, G.

D. Grandclément, G. Grynberg, M. Pinard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 44 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Grynberg, E. Le Bihan, M. Pinard, J. Phys. (Paris) 47, 1321 (1986); D. Grandclément, G. Grynberg, M. Pinard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 40 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haroche, S.

S. Haroche, F. Hartmann, Phys. Rev. A 6, 1280 (1972); M. T. Gruneisen, K. R. MacDonald, R. W. Boyd, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 123 (1988); G. Khitrova, P. R. Berman, M. Sargent, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 160 (1988); C. Cohen-Tannoudji, S. Reynaud, J. Phys. B 10, 345 (1977); B. R. Mollow, Phys. Rev. A 5, 2217 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Hartmann, F.

S. Haroche, F. Hartmann, Phys. Rev. A 6, 1280 (1972); M. T. Gruneisen, K. R. MacDonald, R. W. Boyd, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 123 (1988); G. Khitrova, P. R. Berman, M. Sargent, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 160 (1988); C. Cohen-Tannoudji, S. Reynaud, J. Phys. B 10, 345 (1977); B. R. Mollow, Phys. Rev. A 5, 2217 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Hellwarth, R. W.

J. Feinberg, R. W. Hellwarth, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 70, 599 (1980); B. Fischer, M. Cronin-Golomb, J. O. White, A. Yariv, Opt. Lett. 6, 519 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hercher, M.

F. Schuda, C. R. Stroud, M. Hercher, J. Phys. B 7, L198 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Khitrova, G.

P. R. Berman, G. Khitrova, J. F. Lam, in Spectral Line Shapes 3, F. Rostas, ed. (de Gruyter, Berlin, 1985), p. 337.

Kumar, P.

Lam, J. F.

P. R. Berman, G. Khitrova, J. F. Lam, in Spectral Line Shapes 3, F. Rostas, ed. (de Gruyter, Berlin, 1985), p. 337.

Le Bihan, E.

G. Grynberg, E. Le Bihan, M. Pinard, J. Phys. (Paris) 47, 1321 (1986); D. Grandclément, G. Grynberg, M. Pinard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 40 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lind, R. C.

R. C. Lind, G. J. Dunning, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1983), paper THC5.

Mollow, B. R.

F. Y. Wu, S. Ezekiel, M. Ducloy, B. R. Mollow, Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 1077 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Pepper, D. M.

D. M. Pepper, in Laser Handbook 4, M. L. Stitch, M. Bass, eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1985), p. 333; Opt. Eng. 21, 156 (1982).

Pinard, M.

D. Grandclément, G. Grynberg, M. Pinard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 44 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Grynberg, E. Le Bihan, M. Pinard, J. Phys. (Paris) 47, 1321 (1986); D. Grandclément, G. Grynberg, M. Pinard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 40 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Popovichev, V. I.

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, V. I. Popovichev, V. V. Ragul’skii, F. S. Faizullov, JETP Lett. 15, 109 (1972).

Ragul’skii, V. V.

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, V. I. Popovichev, V. V. Ragul’skii, F. S. Faizullov, JETP Lett. 15, 109 (1972).

Schuda, F.

F. Schuda, C. R. Stroud, M. Hercher, J. Phys. B 7, L198 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Scott, A. M.

Shapiro, J. H.

Stroud, C. R.

F. Schuda, C. R. Stroud, M. Hercher, J. Phys. B 7, L198 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Waggott, P.

White, J. O.

J. O. White, M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 450 (1982); M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, J. O. White, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 689 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Wu, F. Y.

F. Y. Wu, S. Ezekiel, M. Ducloy, B. R. Mollow, Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 1077 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

J. O. White, M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 450 (1982); M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, J. O. White, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 689 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Zel’dovich, B. Ya.

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, V. I. Popovichev, V. V. Ragul’skii, F. S. Faizullov, JETP Lett. 15, 109 (1972).

Appl. Phys. Lett.

D. M. Bloom, G. C. Bjorklund, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 592 (1977); R. L. Abrams, R. C. Lind, Opt. Lett. 2, 94 (1978); D. M. Bloom, P. F. Liao, N. P. Economou, Opt. Lett. 2, 58 (1978).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. O. White, M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 450 (1982); M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, J. O. White, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 689 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

J. Feinberg, R. W. Hellwarth, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 70, 599 (1980); B. Fischer, M. Cronin-Golomb, J. O. White, A. Yariv, Opt. Lett. 6, 519 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Phys. (Paris)

G. Grynberg, E. Le Bihan, M. Pinard, J. Phys. (Paris) 47, 1321 (1986); D. Grandclément, G. Grynberg, M. Pinard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 40 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Phys. B

F. Schuda, C. R. Stroud, M. Hercher, J. Phys. B 7, L198 (1974).
[CrossRef]

JETP Lett.

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, V. I. Popovichev, V. V. Ragul’skii, F. S. Faizullov, JETP Lett. 15, 109 (1972).

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

S. Haroche, F. Hartmann, Phys. Rev. A 6, 1280 (1972); M. T. Gruneisen, K. R. MacDonald, R. W. Boyd, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 123 (1988); G. Khitrova, P. R. Berman, M. Sargent, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 160 (1988); C. Cohen-Tannoudji, S. Reynaud, J. Phys. B 10, 345 (1977); B. R. Mollow, Phys. Rev. A 5, 2217 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

F. Y. Wu, S. Ezekiel, M. Ducloy, B. R. Mollow, Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 1077 (1977).
[CrossRef]

D. Grandclément, G. Grynberg, M. Pinard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 44 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

D. M. Pepper, in Laser Handbook 4, M. L. Stitch, M. Bass, eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1985), p. 333; Opt. Eng. 21, 156 (1982).

R. C. Lind, G. J. Dunning, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1983), paper THC5.

P. R. Berman, G. Khitrova, J. F. Lam, in Spectral Line Shapes 3, F. Rostas, ed. (de Gruyter, Berlin, 1985), p. 337.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Basic experimental setup. M1 and M2, mirrors.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Far-field patterns of the return signal using (a) a flat mirror and (b) a sodium cell with an aberrator present. The pattern using (c) a flat mirror with no aberrator in the system is included for comparison.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Variation of (a) the phase-conjugate reflectivity and (b) the output of the sodium oscillator as a function of the pump laser frequency.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Longitudinal mode spectra of (a) the output of the sodium oscillator, (b) the return signal, and (c) the input laser field.

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