Abstract

We have calculated the solar background rejection of the Mg atomic resonance filter operating at the b1 Fraunhofer wavelength (518.4 nm) as a function of the pressure-broadened filter linewidth. For pressure broadening induced by the noble gases the solar background rejection decreases from 93% at a 0.002-nm bandwidth to 82–84% at a 0.02-nm bandwidth. Solar background rejection was insensitive to buffer gas and was optimum for the noble gas with the smallest shift-to-broadening ratio.

© 1989 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. A. Gelbwachs, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 1266 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. B. Marling, J. Nilsen, L. C. West, L. L. Wood, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 610 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. A. Gelbwachs, C. F. Klein, J. E. Wessel, in Proceedings of Ninth International Laser Radar Conference (Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Munich, 1979), p. 36.
  4. T. M. Shay, Y. C. Chung, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1987), p. 64.
  5. H. Shimizu, S. A. Lee, C. Y. She, Appl. Opt. 22, 1373 (1983).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. F. J. Lehmann, S. A. Lee, C. Y. She, Opt. Lett. 11, 563 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. A. Gelbwachs, in Laser Spectroscopy VIII, W. Persson, S. Svanberg, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1987), p. 409.
  8. C. W. Allen, Astrophysical Quantities (Athlone, London, 1973), p. 168.
  9. E. L. Lewis, Phys. Rep. 58, 1 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. L. Kurucz, I. Furenlid, J. Brault, L. Testerman, Solar Flux Atlas From 296 to 1300 nm (National Solar Observatory, Sunspot, N.M., 1984), p. 103.
  11. J. A. Gelbwachs, “Broadening and shift of the magnesium intercombination line and first triplet line due to the presence of the noble gases,” Phys. Rev. A (to be published).
  12. B. H. Armstrong, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 7, 61 (1967).
    [CrossRef]

1988

J. A. Gelbwachs, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 1266 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1986

1983

1980

E. L. Lewis, Phys. Rep. 58, 1 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1979

J. B. Marling, J. Nilsen, L. C. West, L. L. Wood, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 610 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1967

B. H. Armstrong, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 7, 61 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Allen, C. W.

C. W. Allen, Astrophysical Quantities (Athlone, London, 1973), p. 168.

Armstrong, B. H.

B. H. Armstrong, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 7, 61 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Brault, J.

R. L. Kurucz, I. Furenlid, J. Brault, L. Testerman, Solar Flux Atlas From 296 to 1300 nm (National Solar Observatory, Sunspot, N.M., 1984), p. 103.

Chung, Y. C.

T. M. Shay, Y. C. Chung, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1987), p. 64.

Furenlid, I.

R. L. Kurucz, I. Furenlid, J. Brault, L. Testerman, Solar Flux Atlas From 296 to 1300 nm (National Solar Observatory, Sunspot, N.M., 1984), p. 103.

Gelbwachs, J. A.

J. A. Gelbwachs, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 1266 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Gelbwachs, C. F. Klein, J. E. Wessel, in Proceedings of Ninth International Laser Radar Conference (Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Munich, 1979), p. 36.

J. A. Gelbwachs, “Broadening and shift of the magnesium intercombination line and first triplet line due to the presence of the noble gases,” Phys. Rev. A (to be published).

J. A. Gelbwachs, in Laser Spectroscopy VIII, W. Persson, S. Svanberg, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1987), p. 409.

Klein, C. F.

J. A. Gelbwachs, C. F. Klein, J. E. Wessel, in Proceedings of Ninth International Laser Radar Conference (Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Munich, 1979), p. 36.

Kurucz, R. L.

R. L. Kurucz, I. Furenlid, J. Brault, L. Testerman, Solar Flux Atlas From 296 to 1300 nm (National Solar Observatory, Sunspot, N.M., 1984), p. 103.

Lee, S. A.

Lehmann, F. J.

Lewis, E. L.

E. L. Lewis, Phys. Rep. 58, 1 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Marling, J. B.

J. B. Marling, J. Nilsen, L. C. West, L. L. Wood, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 610 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Nilsen, J.

J. B. Marling, J. Nilsen, L. C. West, L. L. Wood, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 610 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Shay, T. M.

T. M. Shay, Y. C. Chung, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1987), p. 64.

She, C. Y.

Shimizu, H.

Testerman, L.

R. L. Kurucz, I. Furenlid, J. Brault, L. Testerman, Solar Flux Atlas From 296 to 1300 nm (National Solar Observatory, Sunspot, N.M., 1984), p. 103.

Wessel, J. E.

J. A. Gelbwachs, C. F. Klein, J. E. Wessel, in Proceedings of Ninth International Laser Radar Conference (Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Munich, 1979), p. 36.

West, L. C.

J. B. Marling, J. Nilsen, L. C. West, L. L. Wood, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 610 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Wood, L. L.

J. B. Marling, J. Nilsen, L. C. West, L. L. Wood, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 610 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

J. A. Gelbwachs, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 1266 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

J. B. Marling, J. Nilsen, L. C. West, L. L. Wood, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 610 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer

B. H. Armstrong, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 7, 61 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rep.

E. L. Lewis, Phys. Rep. 58, 1 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Other

R. L. Kurucz, I. Furenlid, J. Brault, L. Testerman, Solar Flux Atlas From 296 to 1300 nm (National Solar Observatory, Sunspot, N.M., 1984), p. 103.

J. A. Gelbwachs, “Broadening and shift of the magnesium intercombination line and first triplet line due to the presence of the noble gases,” Phys. Rev. A (to be published).

J. A. Gelbwachs, in Laser Spectroscopy VIII, W. Persson, S. Svanberg, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1987), p. 409.

C. W. Allen, Astrophysical Quantities (Athlone, London, 1973), p. 168.

J. A. Gelbwachs, C. F. Klein, J. E. Wessel, in Proceedings of Ninth International Laser Radar Conference (Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Munich, 1979), p. 36.

T. M. Shay, Y. C. Chung, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1987), p. 64.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Solar background spectrum in the vicinity of the b1 Fraunhofer dip near 518.4 nm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Solar background rejection of the Mg atomic resonance filter as a function of the pressure-broadened bandwidth. The calculations were performed for line broadening induced by five noble gases and an ideal gas.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Broadening and Shift Coefficients for the Mg (43S1–33P2) Transition

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