Abstract

We have constructed a new interferometer that uses two phase-conjugate mirrors. This device allows for the measurement of the relative phase shift and the ratio of the nonlinear susceptibilities of materials. We have been able to measure weak reflectivity signals not detectable by normal degenerate four-wave mixing methods. It has been determined that the χ(3) value of colloid semiconductor glass OG530 at 532 nm is 7 × 10−12 esu.

© 1989 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. C. Flytzanis, J. L. Oudar, eds., Nonlinear Optics: Materials and Devices (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986).
    [CrossRef]
  2. E. S. Bliss, D. R. Speck, W. W. Simmons, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 728 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. J. Moran, C. She, R. L. Carman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 259 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. Nattermann, B. Danielzik, D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. A 44, 111 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. A. Akhmanov, L. B. Meisner, S. T. Parinov, S. M. Saltiel, V. G. Tunkin, Sov. Phys. JETP 46, 898 (1977).
  6. I. McMichael, P. Yeh, M. Khoshnevisan, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 613, 32 (1986).
  7. G. R. Olbright, N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1184 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  8. B. Va. Zel’dovich, N. F. Pilipetsky, V. V. Shkunov, in Principles of Phase Conjugation (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1983).
  9. S. M. Saltiel, B. Van Wonterghem, T. E. Dutton, J. A. Hutchinson, P. M. Rentzepis, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 2302 (1988).
  10. S M. Saltiel, B. Van Wonterghem, P. M. Rentzepis, “Effect of laser irradiation on the phase conjugation efficiency of semiconductor-doped glasses,” submitted to J. Appl. Phys.
  11. T. Catunda, J. P. Andreeta, J. C. Castro. Appl. Opt. 25, 2391 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  12. I. McMichael, P. Yeh, P. Beckwith, Opt. Lett. 13, 500 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, C. Flytzanis, Appl. Phys. A 44, 285 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  14. P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, J. Lukasik, C. Flytzanis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 5 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. Gabel, K. W. DeLong, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stege-man, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1682 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  16. R. W. Hellwarth, Progr. Quantum Electron. 5, 1 (1977).
    [CrossRef]

1988 (2)

S. M. Saltiel, B. Van Wonterghem, T. E. Dutton, J. A. Hutchinson, P. M. Rentzepis, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 2302 (1988).

I. McMichael, P. Yeh, P. Beckwith, Opt. Lett. 13, 500 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987 (4)

P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, J. Lukasik, C. Flytzanis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 5 (1987).
[CrossRef]

P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, C. Flytzanis, Appl. Phys. A 44, 285 (1987).
[CrossRef]

A. Gabel, K. W. DeLong, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stege-man, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1682 (1987).
[CrossRef]

K. Nattermann, B. Danielzik, D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. A 44, 111 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (3)

T. Catunda, J. P. Andreeta, J. C. Castro. Appl. Opt. 25, 2391 (1986).
[CrossRef]

I. McMichael, P. Yeh, M. Khoshnevisan, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 613, 32 (1986).

G. R. Olbright, N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1184 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1977 (2)

S. A. Akhmanov, L. B. Meisner, S. T. Parinov, S. M. Saltiel, V. G. Tunkin, Sov. Phys. JETP 46, 898 (1977).

R. W. Hellwarth, Progr. Quantum Electron. 5, 1 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

M. J. Moran, C. She, R. L. Carman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 259 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

E. S. Bliss, D. R. Speck, W. W. Simmons, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 728 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Akhmanov, S. A.

S. A. Akhmanov, L. B. Meisner, S. T. Parinov, S. M. Saltiel, V. G. Tunkin, Sov. Phys. JETP 46, 898 (1977).

Andreeta, J. P.

T. Catunda, J. P. Andreeta, J. C. Castro. Appl. Opt. 25, 2391 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Beckwith, P.

Bliss, E. S.

E. S. Bliss, D. R. Speck, W. W. Simmons, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 728 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Carman, R. L.

M. J. Moran, C. She, R. L. Carman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 259 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Catunda, T.

T. Catunda, J. P. Andreeta, J. C. Castro. Appl. Opt. 25, 2391 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Danielzik, B.

K. Nattermann, B. Danielzik, D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. A 44, 111 (1987).
[CrossRef]

DeLong, K. W.

A. Gabel, K. W. DeLong, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stege-man, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1682 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Dutton, T. E.

S. M. Saltiel, B. Van Wonterghem, T. E. Dutton, J. A. Hutchinson, P. M. Rentzepis, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 2302 (1988).

Flytzanis, C.

P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, C. Flytzanis, Appl. Phys. A 44, 285 (1987).
[CrossRef]

P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, J. Lukasik, C. Flytzanis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 5 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Gabel, A.

A. Gabel, K. W. DeLong, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stege-man, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1682 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Hellwarth, R. W.

R. W. Hellwarth, Progr. Quantum Electron. 5, 1 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Hutchinson, J. A.

S. M. Saltiel, B. Van Wonterghem, T. E. Dutton, J. A. Hutchinson, P. M. Rentzepis, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 2302 (1988).

Khoshnevisan, M.

I. McMichael, P. Yeh, M. Khoshnevisan, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 613, 32 (1986).

Lukasik, J.

McMichael, I.

I. McMichael, P. Yeh, P. Beckwith, Opt. Lett. 13, 500 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. McMichael, P. Yeh, M. Khoshnevisan, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 613, 32 (1986).

Meisner, L. B.

S. A. Akhmanov, L. B. Meisner, S. T. Parinov, S. M. Saltiel, V. G. Tunkin, Sov. Phys. JETP 46, 898 (1977).

Moran, M. J.

M. J. Moran, C. She, R. L. Carman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 259 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Nattermann, K.

K. Nattermann, B. Danielzik, D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. A 44, 111 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Olbright, G. R.

G. R. Olbright, N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1184 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Parinov, S. T.

S. A. Akhmanov, L. B. Meisner, S. T. Parinov, S. M. Saltiel, V. G. Tunkin, Sov. Phys. JETP 46, 898 (1977).

Peyghambarian, N.

G. R. Olbright, N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1184 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Pilipetsky, N. F.

B. Va. Zel’dovich, N. F. Pilipetsky, V. V. Shkunov, in Principles of Phase Conjugation (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1983).

Rentzepis, P. M.

S. M. Saltiel, B. Van Wonterghem, T. E. Dutton, J. A. Hutchinson, P. M. Rentzepis, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 2302 (1988).

S M. Saltiel, B. Van Wonterghem, P. M. Rentzepis, “Effect of laser irradiation on the phase conjugation efficiency of semiconductor-doped glasses,” submitted to J. Appl. Phys.

Ricard, D.

P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, J. Lukasik, C. Flytzanis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 5 (1987).
[CrossRef]

P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, C. Flytzanis, Appl. Phys. A 44, 285 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Roussignol, P.

P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, C. Flytzanis, Appl. Phys. A 44, 285 (1987).
[CrossRef]

P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, J. Lukasik, C. Flytzanis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 5 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Saltiel, S M.

S M. Saltiel, B. Van Wonterghem, P. M. Rentzepis, “Effect of laser irradiation on the phase conjugation efficiency of semiconductor-doped glasses,” submitted to J. Appl. Phys.

Saltiel, S. M.

S. M. Saltiel, B. Van Wonterghem, T. E. Dutton, J. A. Hutchinson, P. M. Rentzepis, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 2302 (1988).

S. A. Akhmanov, L. B. Meisner, S. T. Parinov, S. M. Saltiel, V. G. Tunkin, Sov. Phys. JETP 46, 898 (1977).

Seaton, C. T.

A. Gabel, K. W. DeLong, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stege-man, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1682 (1987).
[CrossRef]

She, C.

M. J. Moran, C. She, R. L. Carman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 259 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Shkunov, V. V.

B. Va. Zel’dovich, N. F. Pilipetsky, V. V. Shkunov, in Principles of Phase Conjugation (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1983).

Simmons, W. W.

E. S. Bliss, D. R. Speck, W. W. Simmons, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 728 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Speck, D. R.

E. S. Bliss, D. R. Speck, W. W. Simmons, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 728 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Stege-man, G. I.

A. Gabel, K. W. DeLong, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stege-man, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1682 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Tunkin, V. G.

S. A. Akhmanov, L. B. Meisner, S. T. Parinov, S. M. Saltiel, V. G. Tunkin, Sov. Phys. JETP 46, 898 (1977).

Van Wonterghem, B.

S. M. Saltiel, B. Van Wonterghem, T. E. Dutton, J. A. Hutchinson, P. M. Rentzepis, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 2302 (1988).

S M. Saltiel, B. Van Wonterghem, P. M. Rentzepis, “Effect of laser irradiation on the phase conjugation efficiency of semiconductor-doped glasses,” submitted to J. Appl. Phys.

von der Linde, D.

K. Nattermann, B. Danielzik, D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. A 44, 111 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, P.

I. McMichael, P. Yeh, P. Beckwith, Opt. Lett. 13, 500 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. McMichael, P. Yeh, M. Khoshnevisan, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 613, 32 (1986).

Zel’dovich, B. Va.

B. Va. Zel’dovich, N. F. Pilipetsky, V. V. Shkunov, in Principles of Phase Conjugation (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1983).

Appl. Phys. A (2)

K. Nattermann, B. Danielzik, D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. A 44, 111 (1987).
[CrossRef]

P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, C. Flytzanis, Appl. Phys. A 44, 285 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

A. Gabel, K. W. DeLong, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stege-man, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1682 (1987).
[CrossRef]

E. S. Bliss, D. R. Speck, W. W. Simmons, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 728 (1974).
[CrossRef]

G. R. Olbright, N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1184 (1986).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

M. J. Moran, C. She, R. L. Carman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 259 (1975).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Saltiel, B. Van Wonterghem, T. E. Dutton, J. A. Hutchinson, P. M. Rentzepis, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 2302 (1988).

J. C. Castro. Appl. Opt. (1)

T. Catunda, J. P. Andreeta, J. C. Castro. Appl. Opt. 25, 2391 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (1)

I. McMichael, P. Yeh, M. Khoshnevisan, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 613, 32 (1986).

Progr. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. W. Hellwarth, Progr. Quantum Electron. 5, 1 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Phys. JETP (1)

S. A. Akhmanov, L. B. Meisner, S. T. Parinov, S. M. Saltiel, V. G. Tunkin, Sov. Phys. JETP 46, 898 (1977).

Other (3)

C. Flytzanis, J. L. Oudar, eds., Nonlinear Optics: Materials and Devices (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986).
[CrossRef]

B. Va. Zel’dovich, N. F. Pilipetsky, V. V. Shkunov, in Principles of Phase Conjugation (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1983).

S M. Saltiel, B. Van Wonterghem, P. M. Rentzepis, “Effect of laser irradiation on the phase conjugation efficiency of semiconductor-doped glasses,” submitted to J. Appl. Phys.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental system used for measurements of phase shift and χ(3) ratio. HR’s, highly reflecting mirrors; D’s, diaphragms.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Interference signal at PI output (○) and CI output (■): (a) when OG530 is used as phase conjugator in both interferometer arms and (b) when OG530 is PC1 and ruby crystal is PC2.

Equations (10)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I PI = I 1 + I 2 2 I 1 I 2 cos [ 4 π λ ( l 2 l 1 ) + α ] ,
φ c , 1 = φ 0 , 1 + φ f , 1 + φ b , 1 φ pr 2 π λ d 1
φ c , 2 = φ 0 , 2 + φ f , 2 + φ b , 2 φ pr 2 π λ d 2 ,
φ b , 1 + φ f , 1 = 4 π λ l 1 , φ b , 2 + φ f , 2 = 4 π λ l 2 + α .
I CI = I C , 1 + I C , 2 2 I C , 1 I C , 2 cos [ 4 π λ ( l 2 l 1 ) + α + φ 0 , 2 φ 0 , 1 ] .
A c , i = γ i S i G i A p , i 2 A pr , i , i = 1 , 2 ,
M = I max I min = ( 1 + A c , 2 / A c , 1 1 A c , 2 / A c , 1 ) 2 .
χ 2 ( 3 ) = χ 1 ( 3 ) M 1 M + 1 ( n 1 n 2 ) ( S 1 S 2 ) ( G 1 G 2 ) F 1 , 2 ,
F 1 , 2 = A p , 1 2 A pr , 1 A p , 2 2 A pr , 2 .
F 1 , 2 = M id + 1 M id 1 .

Metrics