Abstract

A monolithic doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator (OPO) fabricated from MgO:LiNbO3 was pumped by a cw, frequency-doubled, diode-laser-pumped Nd:YAG laser. The threshold for cw operation was 12 mW, and pump depletions of up to 78% were observed two times above threshold. The total OPO output power was 8.15 mW, with a conversion efficiency for the incident pump of 34% and combined conversion efficiency for the 1064-nm laser light of 14%. The OPO was temperature tuned from 1007 to 1129 nm, operated on a single-axial-mode pair over most of the range, and could be electric field tuned by as much as 38 nm near degeneracy.

© 1989 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. For reviews of OPO’s see R. L. Byer, in Treatise in Quantum Electronics, H. Rabin, C. L. Tang, eds. (Academic, New York, 1973), pp. 587–702, and R. G. Smith, in Advances in Lasers, A. K. Levine, A. J. DeMaria, eds. (Dekker, New York, 1976), Vol. 4, pp. 189–307.
  2. W. J. Kozlovsky, E. K. Gustafson, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 13, 1102 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. H. Suche, B. Hampel-Vogedes, R. Ricken, W. Sohler, H. Teichmann, in Digest of Conference on Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena: Physics and Applications (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper THA1.
  4. T. K. Minton, S. A. Reid, H. L. Kim, J. K. McDonald, Opt. Commun. 69, 289 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  6. W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, C. L. Tang, Appl. Phys Lett. 54, 13 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. C. Eckardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, C. L. Marquardt, M. E. Storm, L. Esterowitz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 608 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  8. L.-A. Wu, M. Xiao, H. J. Kimble, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1465 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Heidmann, R. J. Horowicz, S. Reynaud, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, G. Camy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2555 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. P. Grangier, R. E. Slusher, B. Yurke, A. LaPorta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2153 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. J. Falk, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 230 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. G. Smith, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 530 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  13. W. J. Kozlovsky, C. D. Nabors, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 14, 66 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. J. E. Bjorkholm, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 109 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  15. W. J. Kozlovsky, C. D. Nabors, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 913 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  16. G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  17. J. A. Giordmaine, R. C. Miller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 298 (1966).
    [CrossRef]

1989 (3)

T. K. Minton, S. A. Reid, H. L. Kim, J. K. McDonald, Opt. Commun. 69, 289 (1989).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, C. L. Tang, Appl. Phys Lett. 54, 13 (1989).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Kozlovsky, C. D. Nabors, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 14, 66 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988 (3)

W. J. Kozlovsky, C. D. Nabors, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 913 (1988).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Kozlovsky, E. K. Gustafson, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 13, 1102 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (3)

A. Heidmann, R. J. Horowicz, S. Reynaud, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, G. Camy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2555 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Grangier, R. E. Slusher, B. Yurke, A. LaPorta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2153 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L.-A. Wu, M. Xiao, H. J. Kimble, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1465 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

R. C. Eckardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, C. L. Marquardt, M. E. Storm, L. Esterowitz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 608 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

R. G. Smith, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 530 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1971 (2)

J. E. Bjorkholm, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 109 (1971).
[CrossRef]

J. Falk, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 230 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

1966 (1)

J. A. Giordmaine, R. C. Miller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 298 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Bjorkholm, J. E.

J. E. Bjorkholm, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 109 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Bosenberg, W. R.

W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, C. L. Tang, Appl. Phys Lett. 54, 13 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, G. D.

G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

W. J. Kozlovsky, C. D. Nabors, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 14, 66 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. J. Kozlovsky, E. K. Gustafson, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 13, 1102 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. J. Kozlovsky, C. D. Nabors, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 913 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014 (1988).
[CrossRef]

R. C. Eckardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, C. L. Marquardt, M. E. Storm, L. Esterowitz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 608 (1986).
[CrossRef]

For reviews of OPO’s see R. L. Byer, in Treatise in Quantum Electronics, H. Rabin, C. L. Tang, eds. (Academic, New York, 1973), pp. 587–702, and R. G. Smith, in Advances in Lasers, A. K. Levine, A. J. DeMaria, eds. (Dekker, New York, 1976), Vol. 4, pp. 189–307.

Camy, G.

A. Heidmann, R. J. Horowicz, S. Reynaud, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, G. Camy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2555 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cheng, L. K.

W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, C. L. Tang, Appl. Phys Lett. 54, 13 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Eckardt, R. C.

W. J. Kozlovsky, C. D. Nabors, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 14, 66 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. J. Kozlovsky, E. K. Gustafson, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 13, 1102 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014 (1988).
[CrossRef]

R. C. Eckardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, C. L. Marquardt, M. E. Storm, L. Esterowitz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 608 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Esterowitz, L.

R. C. Eckardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, C. L. Marquardt, M. E. Storm, L. Esterowitz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 608 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Fabre, C.

A. Heidmann, R. J. Horowicz, S. Reynaud, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, G. Camy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2555 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Falk, J.

J. Falk, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 230 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Fan, Y. X.

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014 (1988).
[CrossRef]

R. C. Eckardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, C. L. Marquardt, M. E. Storm, L. Esterowitz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 608 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Giacobino, E.

A. Heidmann, R. J. Horowicz, S. Reynaud, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, G. Camy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2555 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Giordmaine, J. A.

J. A. Giordmaine, R. C. Miller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 298 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Grangier, P.

P. Grangier, R. E. Slusher, B. Yurke, A. LaPorta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2153 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gustafson, E. K.

Hampel-Vogedes, B.

H. Suche, B. Hampel-Vogedes, R. Ricken, W. Sohler, H. Teichmann, in Digest of Conference on Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena: Physics and Applications (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper THA1.

Heidmann, A.

A. Heidmann, R. J. Horowicz, S. Reynaud, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, G. Camy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2555 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Horowicz, R. J.

A. Heidmann, R. J. Horowicz, S. Reynaud, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, G. Camy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2555 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, H. L.

T. K. Minton, S. A. Reid, H. L. Kim, J. K. McDonald, Opt. Commun. 69, 289 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kimble, H. J.

Kleinman, D. A.

G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Kozlovsky, W. J.

LaPorta, A.

P. Grangier, R. E. Slusher, B. Yurke, A. LaPorta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2153 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marquardt, C. L.

R. C. Eckardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, C. L. Marquardt, M. E. Storm, L. Esterowitz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 608 (1986).
[CrossRef]

McDonald, J. K.

T. K. Minton, S. A. Reid, H. L. Kim, J. K. McDonald, Opt. Commun. 69, 289 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Miller, R. C.

J. A. Giordmaine, R. C. Miller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 298 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Minton, T. K.

T. K. Minton, S. A. Reid, H. L. Kim, J. K. McDonald, Opt. Commun. 69, 289 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Nabors, C. D.

W. J. Kozlovsky, C. D. Nabors, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 14, 66 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. J. Kozlovsky, C. D. Nabors, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 913 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Nolting, J.

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Reid, S. A.

T. K. Minton, S. A. Reid, H. L. Kim, J. K. McDonald, Opt. Commun. 69, 289 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Reynaud, S.

A. Heidmann, R. J. Horowicz, S. Reynaud, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, G. Camy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2555 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ricken, R.

H. Suche, B. Hampel-Vogedes, R. Ricken, W. Sohler, H. Teichmann, in Digest of Conference on Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena: Physics and Applications (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper THA1.

Slusher, R. E.

P. Grangier, R. E. Slusher, B. Yurke, A. LaPorta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2153 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, R. G.

R. G. Smith, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 530 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Sohler, W.

H. Suche, B. Hampel-Vogedes, R. Ricken, W. Sohler, H. Teichmann, in Digest of Conference on Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena: Physics and Applications (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper THA1.

Storm, M. E.

R. C. Eckardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, C. L. Marquardt, M. E. Storm, L. Esterowitz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 608 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Suche, H.

H. Suche, B. Hampel-Vogedes, R. Ricken, W. Sohler, H. Teichmann, in Digest of Conference on Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena: Physics and Applications (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper THA1.

Tang, C. L.

W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, C. L. Tang, Appl. Phys Lett. 54, 13 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Teichmann, H.

H. Suche, B. Hampel-Vogedes, R. Ricken, W. Sohler, H. Teichmann, in Digest of Conference on Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena: Physics and Applications (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper THA1.

Wallenstein, R.

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Wu, L.-A.

Xiao, M.

Yurke, B.

P. Grangier, R. E. Slusher, B. Yurke, A. LaPorta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2153 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys Lett. (1)

W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, C. L. Tang, Appl. Phys Lett. 54, 13 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

R. C. Eckardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, C. L. Marquardt, M. E. Storm, L. Esterowitz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 608 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Giordmaine, R. C. Miller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 298 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014 (1988).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (4)

J. Falk, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 230 (1971).
[CrossRef]

R. G. Smith, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 530 (1973).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Bjorkholm, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 109 (1971).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Kozlovsky, C. D. Nabors, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 913 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

T. K. Minton, S. A. Reid, H. L. Kim, J. K. McDonald, Opt. Commun. 69, 289 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

A. Heidmann, R. J. Horowicz, S. Reynaud, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, G. Camy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2555 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Grangier, R. E. Slusher, B. Yurke, A. LaPorta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2153 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

H. Suche, B. Hampel-Vogedes, R. Ricken, W. Sohler, H. Teichmann, in Digest of Conference on Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena: Physics and Applications (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper THA1.

For reviews of OPO’s see R. L. Byer, in Treatise in Quantum Electronics, H. Rabin, C. L. Tang, eds. (Academic, New York, 1973), pp. 587–702, and R. G. Smith, in Advances in Lasers, A. K. Levine, A. J. DeMaria, eds. (Dekker, New York, 1976), Vol. 4, pp. 189–307.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Pump depletion of the cw DRO versus the number of times above threshold (pump power divided by threshold power).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Scanning interferometer trace of the DRO output light. The higher peaks are signal, the lower peaks are idler. The difference is attributed to the wavelength dependence of detector sensitivity.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Temperature tuning of the DRO showing signal and idler wavelengths. The bars represent the extent over which the DRO could be tuned at a fixed temperature by the applied electric field (Vmax = 1100 V). The solid curve shows the gain center as determined by the temperature-tuned phase-matching condition, and the dashed curves are drawn at plus and minus one cluster spacing away from the gain center.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Voltage tuning of the DRO showing the signal wavelengths only. At a fixed temperature several different clusters are able to oscillate.

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