Abstract

Significant improvements in the operation of Er3+-doped silica fiber lasers operating at wavelengths between 1.5 and 1.6 μm are reported. The use of 980 nm as the pump wavelength provides an output that is limited mainly by the quantum efficiency of the lasing process. It is thus considerably more efficient than previous results using ~810-nm pumping, where excited-state absorption degrades the lasing performance. Operation at three discrete output wavelengths is observed and is accounted for by studying gain across the lasing bandwidth.

© 1989 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R. I. Laming, L. Reekie, D. N. Payne, P. L. Scrivener, F. Fontana, A. Righetti, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1988), Pt. 2, p. 25.
  2. L. Reekie, I. M. Jauncey, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 1076 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. Wyatt, B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, Electron. Lett. 24, 1362 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. I. Laming, S. B. Poole, E. J. Tarbox, Opt. Lett. 13, 1084 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. E. Snitzer, R. Woodcock, Appl. Phys. Lett. 6, 45 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  6. W. L. Barnes, S. B. Poole, J. E. Townsend, L. Reekie, D. J. Taylor, D. N. Payne, “Er3+–Yb3+ and Er3+ doped fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).
  7. D. C. Hanna, P. M. Percival, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, A. C. Tropper, Electron. Lett. 24, 1068 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  8. W. Streifer, D. S. Scifres, G. L. Harnagel, D. F. Welch, J. Berger, M. Sakamoto, IEEE J. Quantum Eletron. QE-24, 883 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. E. Townsend, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 329 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  10. B. J. Ainslie, J. R. Armitage, S. P. Craig, B. Wakefield, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1988), Pt. 1, p. 62.
  11. Y. Kimura, M. Nakazawa, J. Appl. Phys. 64, 516 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. N. Sandoe, P. H. Sharkies, S. Parke, J. Phys. D 5, 1788 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  13. P. R. Morkel, M. C. Farries, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 24, 92 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  14. K. Kubodera, K. Otsuka, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 653 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  15. K. Iwatsuki, A. Takada, K. Hagimoto, M. Saruwatari, Y. Kimura, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper PD5.
  16. M. Nakazawa, Y. Kimura, K. Suziki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 295 (1989).
    [CrossRef]

1989 (1)

M. Nakazawa, Y. Kimura, K. Suziki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 295 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (6)

R. Wyatt, B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, Electron. Lett. 24, 1362 (1988).
[CrossRef]

R. I. Laming, S. B. Poole, E. J. Tarbox, Opt. Lett. 13, 1084 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. C. Hanna, P. M. Percival, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, A. C. Tropper, Electron. Lett. 24, 1068 (1988).
[CrossRef]

W. Streifer, D. S. Scifres, G. L. Harnagel, D. F. Welch, J. Berger, M. Sakamoto, IEEE J. Quantum Eletron. QE-24, 883 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kimura, M. Nakazawa, J. Appl. Phys. 64, 516 (1988).
[CrossRef]

P. R. Morkel, M. C. Farries, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 24, 92 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (2)

J. E. Townsend, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 329 (1987).
[CrossRef]

L. Reekie, I. M. Jauncey, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 1076 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

K. Kubodera, K. Otsuka, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 653 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

J. N. Sandoe, P. H. Sharkies, S. Parke, J. Phys. D 5, 1788 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

E. Snitzer, R. Woodcock, Appl. Phys. Lett. 6, 45 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Ainslie, B. J.

R. Wyatt, B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, Electron. Lett. 24, 1362 (1988).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Ainslie, J. R. Armitage, S. P. Craig, B. Wakefield, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1988), Pt. 1, p. 62.

Armitage, J. R.

B. J. Ainslie, J. R. Armitage, S. P. Craig, B. Wakefield, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1988), Pt. 1, p. 62.

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, S. B. Poole, J. E. Townsend, L. Reekie, D. J. Taylor, D. N. Payne, “Er3+–Yb3+ and Er3+ doped fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Berger, J.

W. Streifer, D. S. Scifres, G. L. Harnagel, D. F. Welch, J. Berger, M. Sakamoto, IEEE J. Quantum Eletron. QE-24, 883 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Craig, S. P.

R. Wyatt, B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, Electron. Lett. 24, 1362 (1988).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Ainslie, J. R. Armitage, S. P. Craig, B. Wakefield, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1988), Pt. 1, p. 62.

Farries, M. C.

P. R. Morkel, M. C. Farries, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 24, 92 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Fontana, F.

R. I. Laming, L. Reekie, D. N. Payne, P. L. Scrivener, F. Fontana, A. Righetti, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1988), Pt. 2, p. 25.

Hagimoto, K.

K. Iwatsuki, A. Takada, K. Hagimoto, M. Saruwatari, Y. Kimura, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper PD5.

Hanna, D. C.

D. C. Hanna, P. M. Percival, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, A. C. Tropper, Electron. Lett. 24, 1068 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Harnagel, G. L.

W. Streifer, D. S. Scifres, G. L. Harnagel, D. F. Welch, J. Berger, M. Sakamoto, IEEE J. Quantum Eletron. QE-24, 883 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Iwatsuki, K.

K. Iwatsuki, A. Takada, K. Hagimoto, M. Saruwatari, Y. Kimura, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper PD5.

Jauncey, I. M.

L. Reekie, I. M. Jauncey, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 1076 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Kimura, Y.

M. Nakazawa, Y. Kimura, K. Suziki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 295 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kimura, M. Nakazawa, J. Appl. Phys. 64, 516 (1988).
[CrossRef]

K. Iwatsuki, A. Takada, K. Hagimoto, M. Saruwatari, Y. Kimura, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper PD5.

Kubodera, K.

K. Kubodera, K. Otsuka, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 653 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Laming, R. I.

R. I. Laming, S. B. Poole, E. J. Tarbox, Opt. Lett. 13, 1084 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. I. Laming, L. Reekie, D. N. Payne, P. L. Scrivener, F. Fontana, A. Righetti, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1988), Pt. 2, p. 25.

Morkel, P. R.

P. R. Morkel, M. C. Farries, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 24, 92 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Nakazawa, M.

M. Nakazawa, Y. Kimura, K. Suziki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 295 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kimura, M. Nakazawa, J. Appl. Phys. 64, 516 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Otsuka, K.

K. Kubodera, K. Otsuka, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 653 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Parke, S.

J. N. Sandoe, P. H. Sharkies, S. Parke, J. Phys. D 5, 1788 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

P. R. Morkel, M. C. Farries, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 24, 92 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Townsend, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 329 (1987).
[CrossRef]

L. Reekie, I. M. Jauncey, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 1076 (1987).
[CrossRef]

R. I. Laming, L. Reekie, D. N. Payne, P. L. Scrivener, F. Fontana, A. Righetti, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1988), Pt. 2, p. 25.

W. L. Barnes, S. B. Poole, J. E. Townsend, L. Reekie, D. J. Taylor, D. N. Payne, “Er3+–Yb3+ and Er3+ doped fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Percival, P. M.

D. C. Hanna, P. M. Percival, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, A. C. Tropper, Electron. Lett. 24, 1068 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Perry, I. R.

D. C. Hanna, P. M. Percival, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, A. C. Tropper, Electron. Lett. 24, 1068 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Poole, S. B.

R. I. Laming, S. B. Poole, E. J. Tarbox, Opt. Lett. 13, 1084 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Reekie, I. M. Jauncey, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 1076 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Townsend, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 329 (1987).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Barnes, S. B. Poole, J. E. Townsend, L. Reekie, D. J. Taylor, D. N. Payne, “Er3+–Yb3+ and Er3+ doped fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Reekie, L.

L. Reekie, I. M. Jauncey, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 1076 (1987).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Barnes, S. B. Poole, J. E. Townsend, L. Reekie, D. J. Taylor, D. N. Payne, “Er3+–Yb3+ and Er3+ doped fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

R. I. Laming, L. Reekie, D. N. Payne, P. L. Scrivener, F. Fontana, A. Righetti, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1988), Pt. 2, p. 25.

Righetti, A.

R. I. Laming, L. Reekie, D. N. Payne, P. L. Scrivener, F. Fontana, A. Righetti, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1988), Pt. 2, p. 25.

Sakamoto, M.

W. Streifer, D. S. Scifres, G. L. Harnagel, D. F. Welch, J. Berger, M. Sakamoto, IEEE J. Quantum Eletron. QE-24, 883 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sandoe, J. N.

J. N. Sandoe, P. H. Sharkies, S. Parke, J. Phys. D 5, 1788 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Saruwatari, M.

K. Iwatsuki, A. Takada, K. Hagimoto, M. Saruwatari, Y. Kimura, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper PD5.

Scifres, D. S.

W. Streifer, D. S. Scifres, G. L. Harnagel, D. F. Welch, J. Berger, M. Sakamoto, IEEE J. Quantum Eletron. QE-24, 883 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Scrivener, P. L.

R. I. Laming, L. Reekie, D. N. Payne, P. L. Scrivener, F. Fontana, A. Righetti, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1988), Pt. 2, p. 25.

Sharkies, P. H.

J. N. Sandoe, P. H. Sharkies, S. Parke, J. Phys. D 5, 1788 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Smart, R. G.

D. C. Hanna, P. M. Percival, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, A. C. Tropper, Electron. Lett. 24, 1068 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Snitzer, E.

E. Snitzer, R. Woodcock, Appl. Phys. Lett. 6, 45 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Streifer, W.

W. Streifer, D. S. Scifres, G. L. Harnagel, D. F. Welch, J. Berger, M. Sakamoto, IEEE J. Quantum Eletron. QE-24, 883 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Suziki, K.

M. Nakazawa, Y. Kimura, K. Suziki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 295 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Takada, A.

K. Iwatsuki, A. Takada, K. Hagimoto, M. Saruwatari, Y. Kimura, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper PD5.

Tarbox, E. J.

Taylor, D. J.

W. L. Barnes, S. B. Poole, J. E. Townsend, L. Reekie, D. J. Taylor, D. N. Payne, “Er3+–Yb3+ and Er3+ doped fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Townsend, J. E.

J. E. Townsend, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 329 (1987).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Barnes, S. B. Poole, J. E. Townsend, L. Reekie, D. J. Taylor, D. N. Payne, “Er3+–Yb3+ and Er3+ doped fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Tropper, A. C.

D. C. Hanna, P. M. Percival, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, A. C. Tropper, Electron. Lett. 24, 1068 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Wakefield, B.

B. J. Ainslie, J. R. Armitage, S. P. Craig, B. Wakefield, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1988), Pt. 1, p. 62.

Welch, D. F.

W. Streifer, D. S. Scifres, G. L. Harnagel, D. F. Welch, J. Berger, M. Sakamoto, IEEE J. Quantum Eletron. QE-24, 883 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Woodcock, R.

E. Snitzer, R. Woodcock, Appl. Phys. Lett. 6, 45 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Wyatt, R.

R. Wyatt, B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, Electron. Lett. 24, 1362 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

E. Snitzer, R. Woodcock, Appl. Phys. Lett. 6, 45 (1965).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, Y. Kimura, K. Suziki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 295 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (5)

P. R. Morkel, M. C. Farries, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 24, 92 (1988).
[CrossRef]

L. Reekie, I. M. Jauncey, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 1076 (1987).
[CrossRef]

R. Wyatt, B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, Electron. Lett. 24, 1362 (1988).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Hanna, P. M. Percival, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, A. C. Tropper, Electron. Lett. 24, 1068 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Townsend, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 329 (1987).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Eletron. (1)

W. Streifer, D. S. Scifres, G. L. Harnagel, D. F. Welch, J. Berger, M. Sakamoto, IEEE J. Quantum Eletron. QE-24, 883 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

K. Kubodera, K. Otsuka, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 653 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kimura, M. Nakazawa, J. Appl. Phys. 64, 516 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D (1)

J. N. Sandoe, P. H. Sharkies, S. Parke, J. Phys. D 5, 1788 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (4)

W. L. Barnes, S. B. Poole, J. E. Townsend, L. Reekie, D. J. Taylor, D. N. Payne, “Er3+–Yb3+ and Er3+ doped fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

B. J. Ainslie, J. R. Armitage, S. P. Craig, B. Wakefield, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1988), Pt. 1, p. 62.

K. Iwatsuki, A. Takada, K. Hagimoto, M. Saruwatari, Y. Kimura, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper PD5.

R. I. Laming, L. Reekie, D. N. Payne, P. L. Scrivener, F. Fontana, A. Righetti, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1988), Pt. 2, p. 25.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Lasing characteristics for Er3+ fiber lasers pumped at 980 nm. The fiber length was 0.9 m, and the output coupler had reflectivities of 83% at 1.60 μm., 41% at 1.56 μm, and 3.5% at 1.53 μm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Fluorescence and attenuation data at 77 and 300 K (not to scale). Attenuation at 300 K is shown with the change observed in going from 77 to 300 K.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Energy-level scheme for Er3+ in a silica fiber codoped with Al2O3 and P2O5.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental arrangement used to measure the small-signal gain as a function of the wavelength.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Gain as a function of wavelength for various pump powers (in millwatts). The fiber length was 1.3 m.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Gain for the three lasing wavelengths as a function of the pump power.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

δ = P a ( T T + L ) h ν L h ν p η QE ,

Metrics