Abstract

Two 10-channel integrated-optic device modules have been constructed and tested. The architecture common to both modules consists of a LiNbO3 composite waveguide 1.0 cm × 2.0 cm in size in which a channel-waveguide array, a planar waveguide, a linear microlens array, an electro-optic Bragg modulator array or an acousto-optic and electro-optic Bragg modulator array, and a large-aperture lens are integrated. A novel scheme that employs a linear ion-milled planar microlens array was devised to excite the entire channel-waveguide array simultaneously, and thus greatly facilitate testing and application of the two device modules. The performance characteristics obtained in programmable correlation of binary sequences are also presented.

© 1989 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  3. C. S. Tsai, IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. CAS-26, 1072 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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1987

1985

D. Y. Zang, C. S. Tsai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 703 (1985).
[CrossRef]

C. S. Tsai, D. Y Zang, P. Le, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 549 (1985).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Bicknell, D. Psaltis, A. R. Tanguay, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2(13), 8 (1985).

1984

C. M. Verber, Proc. IEEE 72, 942 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1983

1982

M. Tur, J. W. Goodman, B. Moslichi, J. E. Bowers, J. H. Shaw, Opt. Lett. 7, 463 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Oikawa, K. Iga, Appl. Opt. 21, 1052 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Casasent, Appl. Opt. 21, 1859 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. L. Jackel, C. E. Rice, J. J. Veslka, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 607 (1982); M. DeMicheli, J. Botineau, P. Sibillot, D. B. Ostrowsky, M. Papuchon, Opt. Commun. 42, 101 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1981

H. J. Caulfield, W. J. Rhodes, M. J. Foster, S. Horvitz, Opt. Commun. 40, 86 (1981).
[CrossRef]

T. Fujita, H. Nishihara, J. Koyama, Opt. Lett. 6, 613 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1979

C. S. Tsai, IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. CAS-26, 1072 (1979).
[CrossRef]

R. V. Schmidt, R. C. Alferness, IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. CAS-26, 1099 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1974

H. F. Taylor, A. Yariv, Proc. IEEE 62, 1044 (1974); H. Kogelnik, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. MTT-23, 2 (1975); I. P. Kaminow, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. MTT-23, 57 (1975); P. K. Tien, Rev. Mod. Phys. 49, 361 (1977).
[CrossRef]

R. V. Schmidt, I. P. Kaminow, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 458 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1971

H. I. Smith, F. J. Bachner, N. Efremow, J. Electrochem. Soc. 118, 821 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1968

See, for example, J. F. St. Ledger, E. A. Ash, Electron. Lett. 4, 99 (1968); J. N. Polky, J. H. Harris, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 307 (1972); J. M. Hammer, W. Phillips, Appl. Phys. Lett. 24, 545 (1974); Y. K. Lee, S. Wang, Appl. Opt. 15, 1565 (1976); X. Cheng, C. S. Tsai, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-6, 809 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alferness, R. C.

R. V. Schmidt, R. C. Alferness, IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. CAS-26, 1099 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Ash, E. A.

See, for example, J. F. St. Ledger, E. A. Ash, Electron. Lett. 4, 99 (1968); J. N. Polky, J. H. Harris, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 307 (1972); J. M. Hammer, W. Phillips, Appl. Phys. Lett. 24, 545 (1974); Y. K. Lee, S. Wang, Appl. Opt. 15, 1565 (1976); X. Cheng, C. S. Tsai, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-6, 809 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Athale, R. A.

Bachner, F. J.

H. I. Smith, F. J. Bachner, N. Efremow, J. Electrochem. Soc. 118, 821 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Bicknell, T. J.

T. J. Bicknell, D. Psaltis, A. R. Tanguay, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2(13), 8 (1985).

Bocker, R. P.

R. P. Bocker, S. R. Clayton, K. Bromley, Appl. Opt. 22, 2019 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. P. Bocker, W. J. Miceli, in Digest of Topical Meeting on Optical Computing (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1985), paper TuD3.

Bowers, J. E.

Bromley, K.

Busch, J. R.

C. M. Verber, R. P. Kenan, J. R. Busch, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-1, 256 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Casasent, D.

Caulfield, H. J.

H. J. Caulfield, W. J. Rhodes, M. J. Foster, S. Horvitz, Opt. Commun. 40, 86 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Clayton, S. R.

Collins, W. C.

Efremow, N.

H. I. Smith, F. J. Bachner, N. Efremow, J. Electrochem. Soc. 118, 821 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Foster, M. J.

H. J. Caulfield, W. J. Rhodes, M. J. Foster, S. Horvitz, Opt. Commun. 40, 86 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Fujita, T.

Goodman, J. W.

Horvitz, S.

H. J. Caulfield, W. J. Rhodes, M. J. Foster, S. Horvitz, Opt. Commun. 40, 86 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Iga, K.

Jackel, J. L.

J. L. Jackel, C. E. Rice, J. J. Veslka, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 607 (1982); M. DeMicheli, J. Botineau, P. Sibillot, D. B. Ostrowsky, M. Papuchon, Opt. Commun. 42, 101 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Kaminow, I. P.

R. V. Schmidt, I. P. Kaminow, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 458 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Kenan, R. P.

C. M. Verber, R. P. Kenan, J. R. Busch, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-1, 256 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Koyama, J.

Le, P.

C. S. Tsai, D. Y Zang, P. Le, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 549 (1985).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Zang, P. Le, C. S. Tsai, in Digest of Topical Meeting on Optical Computing (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1987), p. 193.

Ledger, J. F. St.

See, for example, J. F. St. Ledger, E. A. Ash, Electron. Lett. 4, 99 (1968); J. N. Polky, J. H. Harris, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 307 (1972); J. M. Hammer, W. Phillips, Appl. Phys. Lett. 24, 545 (1974); Y. K. Lee, S. Wang, Appl. Opt. 15, 1565 (1976); X. Cheng, C. S. Tsai, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-6, 809 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miceli, W. J.

R. P. Bocker, W. J. Miceli, in Digest of Topical Meeting on Optical Computing (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1985), paper TuD3.

Moslichi, B.

Nishihara, H.

Oikawa, M.

Psaltis, D.

T. J. Bicknell, D. Psaltis, A. R. Tanguay, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2(13), 8 (1985).

Rhodes, W. J.

H. J. Caulfield, W. J. Rhodes, M. J. Foster, S. Horvitz, Opt. Commun. 40, 86 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Rice, C. E.

J. L. Jackel, C. E. Rice, J. J. Veslka, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 607 (1982); M. DeMicheli, J. Botineau, P. Sibillot, D. B. Ostrowsky, M. Papuchon, Opt. Commun. 42, 101 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, R. V.

R. V. Schmidt, R. C. Alferness, IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. CAS-26, 1099 (1979).
[CrossRef]

R. V. Schmidt, I. P. Kaminow, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 458 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Setsune, K.

Shaw, J. H.

Shiono, T.

Smith, H. I.

H. I. Smith, F. J. Bachner, N. Efremow, J. Electrochem. Soc. 118, 821 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Stilwell, P. D.

Tanguay, A. R.

T. J. Bicknell, D. Psaltis, A. R. Tanguay, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2(13), 8 (1985).

Taylor, H. F.

H. F. Taylor, Proc. IEEE 75, 1524 (1987).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Taylor, A. Yariv, Proc. IEEE 62, 1044 (1974); H. Kogelnik, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. MTT-23, 2 (1975); I. P. Kaminow, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. MTT-23, 57 (1975); P. K. Tien, Rev. Mod. Phys. 49, 361 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, C. S.

D. Y. Zang, C. S. Tsai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 703 (1985).
[CrossRef]

C. S. Tsai, D. Y Zang, P. Le, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 549 (1985).
[CrossRef]

C. S. Tsai, IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. CAS-26, 1072 (1979).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Zang, P. Le, C. S. Tsai, in Digest of Topical Meeting on Optical Computing (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1987), p. 193.

Tur, M.

Verber, C. M.

C. M. Verber, Proc. IEEE 72, 942 (1984).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Verber, R. P. Kenan, J. R. Busch, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-1, 256 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Veslka, J. J.

J. L. Jackel, C. E. Rice, J. J. Veslka, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 607 (1982); M. DeMicheli, J. Botineau, P. Sibillot, D. B. Ostrowsky, M. Papuchon, Opt. Commun. 42, 101 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Wasa, K.

Yamazaki, O.

Yariv, A.

H. F. Taylor, A. Yariv, Proc. IEEE 62, 1044 (1974); H. Kogelnik, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. MTT-23, 2 (1975); I. P. Kaminow, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. MTT-23, 57 (1975); P. K. Tien, Rev. Mod. Phys. 49, 361 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Zang, D. Y

C. S. Tsai, D. Y Zang, P. Le, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 549 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Zang, D. Y.

D. Y. Zang, C. S. Tsai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 703 (1985).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Zang, P. Le, C. S. Tsai, in Digest of Topical Meeting on Optical Computing (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1987), p. 193.

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

D. Y. Zang, C. S. Tsai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 703 (1985).
[CrossRef]

C. S. Tsai, D. Y Zang, P. Le, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 549 (1985).
[CrossRef]

R. V. Schmidt, I. P. Kaminow, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 458 (1974).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Jackel, C. E. Rice, J. J. Veslka, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 607 (1982); M. DeMicheli, J. Botineau, P. Sibillot, D. B. Ostrowsky, M. Papuchon, Opt. Commun. 42, 101 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

See, for example, J. F. St. Ledger, E. A. Ash, Electron. Lett. 4, 99 (1968); J. N. Polky, J. H. Harris, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 307 (1972); J. M. Hammer, W. Phillips, Appl. Phys. Lett. 24, 545 (1974); Y. K. Lee, S. Wang, Appl. Opt. 15, 1565 (1976); X. Cheng, C. S. Tsai, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-6, 809 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol.

C. M. Verber, R. P. Kenan, J. R. Busch, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-1, 256 (1983).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst.

R. V. Schmidt, R. C. Alferness, IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. CAS-26, 1099 (1979).
[CrossRef]

C. S. Tsai, IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. CAS-26, 1072 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Electrochem. Soc.

H. I. Smith, F. J. Bachner, N. Efremow, J. Electrochem. Soc. 118, 821 (1971).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A

T. J. Bicknell, D. Psaltis, A. R. Tanguay, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2(13), 8 (1985).

Opt. Commun.

H. J. Caulfield, W. J. Rhodes, M. J. Foster, S. Horvitz, Opt. Commun. 40, 86 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Proc. IEEE

H. F. Taylor, Proc. IEEE 75, 1524 (1987).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Taylor, A. Yariv, Proc. IEEE 62, 1044 (1974); H. Kogelnik, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. MTT-23, 2 (1975); I. P. Kaminow, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. MTT-23, 57 (1975); P. K. Tien, Rev. Mod. Phys. 49, 361 (1977).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Verber, Proc. IEEE 72, 942 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Other

D. Y. Zang, P. Le, C. S. Tsai, in Digest of Topical Meeting on Optical Computing (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1987), p. 193.

R. P. Bocker, W. J. Miceli, in Digest of Topical Meeting on Optical Computing (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1985), paper TuD3.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Multichannel integrated EO module in Y-cut LiNbO3.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Multichannel integrated AO–EO module in Y-cut LiNbO3.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Arrangement for simultaneous excitation of the channel-waveguide array and programmable correlation of binary sequences.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Autocorrelation and (b) cross-correlation waveforms of 10-bit binary sequences obtained using the integrated EO module.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Autocorrelation and (b) cross-correlation waveforms of 8-bit binary sequences obtained using the integrated AO–EO module.

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