Abstract

We have observed accurate correction of laser-induced thermal blooming by optical phase conjugation. The thermal blooming produced up to a 36-fold increase in the far-field spot diameter and up to a 60-fold decrease in the far-field peak intensity. Stimulated Brillouin scattering was used as the phase-conjugate mirror with a reflectivity of 35% to 65%. A previously published theory regarding phase-conjugate correction of intensity-dependent aberrations suggested that nonunity reflectivity would adversely affect the phase conjugate’s ability to compensate for thermal blooming. We found no evidence of this being the case.

© 1989 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. R. Whinnery, D. T. Miller, F. Dabby, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-3, 382 (1967).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. R. Kenemuth, C. B. Hogge, P. V. Avizonis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 220 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. M. Livingston, Appl. Opt. 10, 426 (1971).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. F. G. Gebhardt, D. C. Smith, Appl. Opt. 11, 244 (1972).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. N. Hayes, P. B. Ulrich, A. H. Aitken, Appl. Opt. 11, 257 (1972).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. N. Hayes, Appl. Opt. 11, 455 (1972).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. A. H. Aitken, J. N. Hayes, P. B. Ulrich, Appl. Opt. 12, 193 (1973).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. W. B. Bridges, J. E. Pearson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 539 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. R. Dunphy, D. C. Smith, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 295 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. A. Nahrstedt, Appl. Opt. 22, 244 (1983).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. J. S. Nichols, D. C. Duneman, Appl. Opt. 23, 2342 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. D. M. Pepper, A. Yariv, Opt. Lett. 5, 59 (1980).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. E. S. Voronin, V. V. Ivakhnik, V. M. Petnikova, V. S. Solomatin, V. V. Shuvalov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11, 273 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  14. E. S. Voronin, V. M. Petnikova, V. V. Shuvalov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11, 551 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  15. R. Y. Chiao, P. L. Kelley, E. Garmire, Phys. Rev. Lett. 17, 1158 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  16. L. P. Schelonka, M. A. Kramer, “Theory of thermal blooming correction by phase conjugation,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).

1984 (1)

1983 (1)

1981 (2)

E. S. Voronin, V. V. Ivakhnik, V. M. Petnikova, V. S. Solomatin, V. V. Shuvalov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11, 273 (1981).
[CrossRef]

E. S. Voronin, V. M. Petnikova, V. V. Shuvalov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11, 551 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

1977 (1)

1975 (1)

W. B. Bridges, J. E. Pearson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 539 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

1972 (3)

1971 (1)

1970 (1)

J. R. Kenemuth, C. B. Hogge, P. V. Avizonis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 220 (1970).
[CrossRef]

1967 (1)

J. R. Whinnery, D. T. Miller, F. Dabby, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-3, 382 (1967).
[CrossRef]

1966 (1)

R. Y. Chiao, P. L. Kelley, E. Garmire, Phys. Rev. Lett. 17, 1158 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Aitken, A. H.

Avizonis, P. V.

J. R. Kenemuth, C. B. Hogge, P. V. Avizonis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 220 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Bridges, W. B.

W. B. Bridges, J. E. Pearson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 539 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Chiao, R. Y.

R. Y. Chiao, P. L. Kelley, E. Garmire, Phys. Rev. Lett. 17, 1158 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Dabby, F.

J. R. Whinnery, D. T. Miller, F. Dabby, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-3, 382 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Duneman, D. C.

Dunphy, J. R.

Garmire, E.

R. Y. Chiao, P. L. Kelley, E. Garmire, Phys. Rev. Lett. 17, 1158 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Gebhardt, F. G.

Hayes, J. N.

Hogge, C. B.

J. R. Kenemuth, C. B. Hogge, P. V. Avizonis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 220 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Ivakhnik, V. V.

E. S. Voronin, V. V. Ivakhnik, V. M. Petnikova, V. S. Solomatin, V. V. Shuvalov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11, 273 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Kelley, P. L.

R. Y. Chiao, P. L. Kelley, E. Garmire, Phys. Rev. Lett. 17, 1158 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Kenemuth, J. R.

J. R. Kenemuth, C. B. Hogge, P. V. Avizonis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 220 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Kramer, M. A.

L. P. Schelonka, M. A. Kramer, “Theory of thermal blooming correction by phase conjugation,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).

Livingston, P. M.

Miller, D. T.

J. R. Whinnery, D. T. Miller, F. Dabby, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-3, 382 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Nahrstedt, D. A.

Nichols, J. S.

Pearson, J. E.

W. B. Bridges, J. E. Pearson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 539 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Pepper, D. M.

Petnikova, V. M.

E. S. Voronin, V. M. Petnikova, V. V. Shuvalov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11, 551 (1981).
[CrossRef]

E. S. Voronin, V. V. Ivakhnik, V. M. Petnikova, V. S. Solomatin, V. V. Shuvalov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11, 273 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Schelonka, L. P.

L. P. Schelonka, M. A. Kramer, “Theory of thermal blooming correction by phase conjugation,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).

Shuvalov, V. V.

E. S. Voronin, V. V. Ivakhnik, V. M. Petnikova, V. S. Solomatin, V. V. Shuvalov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11, 273 (1981).
[CrossRef]

E. S. Voronin, V. M. Petnikova, V. V. Shuvalov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11, 551 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. C.

Solomatin, V. S.

E. S. Voronin, V. V. Ivakhnik, V. M. Petnikova, V. S. Solomatin, V. V. Shuvalov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11, 273 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Ulrich, P. B.

Voronin, E. S.

E. S. Voronin, V. M. Petnikova, V. V. Shuvalov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11, 551 (1981).
[CrossRef]

E. S. Voronin, V. V. Ivakhnik, V. M. Petnikova, V. S. Solomatin, V. V. Shuvalov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11, 273 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Whinnery, J. R.

J. R. Whinnery, D. T. Miller, F. Dabby, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-3, 382 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

Appl. Opt. (7)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

W. B. Bridges, J. E. Pearson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 539 (1975).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Kenemuth, C. B. Hogge, P. V. Avizonis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 220 (1970).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. R. Whinnery, D. T. Miller, F. Dabby, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-3, 382 (1967).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

R. Y. Chiao, P. L. Kelley, E. Garmire, Phys. Rev. Lett. 17, 1158 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (2)

E. S. Voronin, V. V. Ivakhnik, V. M. Petnikova, V. S. Solomatin, V. V. Shuvalov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11, 273 (1981).
[CrossRef]

E. S. Voronin, V. M. Petnikova, V. V. Shuvalov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11, 551 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

L. P. Schelonka, M. A. Kramer, “Theory of thermal blooming correction by phase conjugation,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup. λ/4, Quarter-wave plate; λ/2, half-wave plate; L’s, lenses; W, wedge.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Far-field images of a beam with an average laser power of 180 mW. (a) The quality of the beam before it enters the thermal blooming cell, (b) the beam after two passes through thermal blooming cell, and (c) the SBS phase-conjugate return in the presence of thermal blooming.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Relative far-field spot diameter versus the average laser power showing the far-field spot diameter of the beam returned from an ordinary mirror (squares) and a SBS PCM (circles) for a 10−6 M concentration of Rhodamine 6G dye in methanol (filled symbols) and pure methanol (open symbols). The dashed line is the unbloomed spot diameter.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Relative far-field intensity versus the average laser power showing the far-field intensity of the beam returned from an ordinary mirror (squares) and a SBS PCM (circles) for 10−6 M concentration of Rhodamine 6G dye in methanol (filled symbols) and pure methanol (open symbols). The dashed line is the theoretically ideal peak intensity as a function of the laser power.

Metrics