Abstract

The pulse-front distortion occurring in lenses and lens systems has been measured by a Michelson interferometer. In this technique the plane pulse front from one arm of the interferometer is used as a temporal reference level to map contour lines of equal propagation time on the pulse-front surface. The experimental arrangement is capable of detecting pulse-front distortion with a resolution of 20 fsec, and this can be improved to approximately 1 fsec. The measured value of pulse-front distortion in a telescope (1.1 psec) is in good agreement with the calculated data.

© 1989 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. Z. Bor, B. Racz, Opt. Commun. 54, 165 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  2. O. E. Martinez, J. P. Gordon, R. L. Fork, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 1, 1003 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. R. Topp, G. C. Orner, Opt. Commun. 13, 276 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Z. Bor, J. Mod. Opt. 35, 1907 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Z. Bor, Opt. Lett. 14, 119 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. Szatmari, G. Kühnle, Opt. Commun. 69, 60 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Ihlemann, A. Helmbold, H. Staerk, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 59, 2502 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. Staerk, J. Ihlemann, A. Helmbold, Laser Optoelektron. 20, 34 (1988).
  9. L. G. Cohen, J. Stone, Electron. Lett. 18, 564 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  10. W. H. Knox, N. M. Pearson, K. D. Li, C. A. Hirliman, Opt. Lett. 13, 574 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. N. Abramson, Appl. Opt. 22, 215 (1983).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. Catalogue of Schott Optical Glass Inc. (Mainz, Federal Republic of Germany, 1980).

1989 (1)

1988 (5)

Z. Bor, J. Mod. Opt. 35, 1907 (1988).
[CrossRef]

S. Szatmari, G. Kühnle, Opt. Commun. 69, 60 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Ihlemann, A. Helmbold, H. Staerk, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 59, 2502 (1988).
[CrossRef]

H. Staerk, J. Ihlemann, A. Helmbold, Laser Optoelektron. 20, 34 (1988).

W. H. Knox, N. M. Pearson, K. D. Li, C. A. Hirliman, Opt. Lett. 13, 574 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1985 (1)

Z. Bor, B. Racz, Opt. Commun. 54, 165 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

1983 (1)

1982 (1)

L. G. Cohen, J. Stone, Electron. Lett. 18, 564 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

M. R. Topp, G. C. Orner, Opt. Commun. 13, 276 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Abramson, N.

Bor, Z.

Z. Bor, Opt. Lett. 14, 119 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Bor, J. Mod. Opt. 35, 1907 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Z. Bor, B. Racz, Opt. Commun. 54, 165 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Cohen, L. G.

L. G. Cohen, J. Stone, Electron. Lett. 18, 564 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Fork, R. L.

Gordon, J. P.

Helmbold, A.

J. Ihlemann, A. Helmbold, H. Staerk, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 59, 2502 (1988).
[CrossRef]

H. Staerk, J. Ihlemann, A. Helmbold, Laser Optoelektron. 20, 34 (1988).

Hirliman, C. A.

Ihlemann, J.

J. Ihlemann, A. Helmbold, H. Staerk, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 59, 2502 (1988).
[CrossRef]

H. Staerk, J. Ihlemann, A. Helmbold, Laser Optoelektron. 20, 34 (1988).

Knox, W. H.

Kühnle, G.

S. Szatmari, G. Kühnle, Opt. Commun. 69, 60 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Li, K. D.

Martinez, O. E.

Orner, G. C.

M. R. Topp, G. C. Orner, Opt. Commun. 13, 276 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Pearson, N. M.

Racz, B.

Z. Bor, B. Racz, Opt. Commun. 54, 165 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Staerk, H.

J. Ihlemann, A. Helmbold, H. Staerk, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 59, 2502 (1988).
[CrossRef]

H. Staerk, J. Ihlemann, A. Helmbold, Laser Optoelektron. 20, 34 (1988).

Stone, J.

L. G. Cohen, J. Stone, Electron. Lett. 18, 564 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Szatmari, S.

S. Szatmari, G. Kühnle, Opt. Commun. 69, 60 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Topp, M. R.

M. R. Topp, G. C. Orner, Opt. Commun. 13, 276 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (1)

L. G. Cohen, J. Stone, Electron. Lett. 18, 564 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

Z. Bor, J. Mod. Opt. 35, 1907 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Laser Optoelektron. (1)

H. Staerk, J. Ihlemann, A. Helmbold, Laser Optoelektron. 20, 34 (1988).

Opt. Commun. (3)

S. Szatmari, G. Kühnle, Opt. Commun. 69, 60 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Z. Bor, B. Racz, Opt. Commun. 54, 165 (1985).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Topp, G. C. Orner, Opt. Commun. 13, 276 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

J. Ihlemann, A. Helmbold, H. Staerk, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 59, 2502 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

Catalogue of Schott Optical Glass Inc. (Mainz, Federal Republic of Germany, 1980).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Interferometer used for mapping the pulse-front distortion. Interference fringes are formed only where there is temporal and spatial overlap of the pulses coming from the reference and object arms.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Interference fringes observed at two different lengths of the reference arm. The interference fringes are formed only at those parts of the aperture where the propagation time difference between the object and reference arms does not exceed the coherence time of the illuminating beam, a, Arm shift: 0.072 mm; b, arm shift: 0.159 mm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Verification of Eq. (1). The pulse-front distortion is a parabolic function of the input radius.

Equations (1)

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Δ t ( r ) = λ d n d λ c f 1 ( n 1 ) ( 1 + f 2 f 1 ) r 2 ,

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