Abstract

We observe all-optical, ultrafast switching at an energy of ∼55 pJ in a fiber nonlinear-optical loop mirror. The entire 310-fsec soliton waveform switches with 90% peak transmission. The soliton self-frequency shift lowers the peak transmission and splits the output pulse at higher powers, in agreement with numerical simulations.

© 1989 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. N. J. Doran, D. Wood, Opt. Lett. 13, 56 (1988).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. M. N. Islam, E. R. Sunderman, R. H. Stolen, W. Pleibel, J. R. Simpson, in Digest of Conference on Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena: Physics and Applications (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper PD8;K. J. Blow, N. J. Doran, B. K. Nayar, in Digest of Conference on Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena: Physics and Applications (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paperPD7.
  3. S. R. Friberg, A. M. Weiner, Y. Silberberg, B. G. Sfez, P. W. Smith, Opt. Lett. 13, 904 (1988).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. N. J. Doran, D. Wood, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1843 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  5. M. N. Islam, E. R. Sunderman, I. Bar-Joseph, N. Sauer, T. Y. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1203 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  6. J. P. Gordon, Opt. Lett. 11, 662 (1986).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. H. A. Haus, M. N. Islam, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1172 (1985).
    [Crossref]
  8. C. R. Menyuk, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 174 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  9. R. H. Stolen, Phys. Chem. Glasses 11, 83 (1970).

1989 (1)

M. N. Islam, E. R. Sunderman, I. Bar-Joseph, N. Sauer, T. Y. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1203 (1989).
[Crossref]

1988 (2)

1987 (2)

N. J. Doran, D. Wood, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1843 (1987).
[Crossref]

C. R. Menyuk, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 174 (1987).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

1985 (1)

H. A. Haus, M. N. Islam, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1172 (1985).
[Crossref]

1970 (1)

R. H. Stolen, Phys. Chem. Glasses 11, 83 (1970).

Bar-Joseph, I.

M. N. Islam, E. R. Sunderman, I. Bar-Joseph, N. Sauer, T. Y. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1203 (1989).
[Crossref]

Chang, T. Y.

M. N. Islam, E. R. Sunderman, I. Bar-Joseph, N. Sauer, T. Y. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1203 (1989).
[Crossref]

Doran, N. J.

Friberg, S. R.

Gordon, J. P.

Haus, H. A.

H. A. Haus, M. N. Islam, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1172 (1985).
[Crossref]

Islam, M. N.

M. N. Islam, E. R. Sunderman, I. Bar-Joseph, N. Sauer, T. Y. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1203 (1989).
[Crossref]

H. A. Haus, M. N. Islam, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1172 (1985).
[Crossref]

M. N. Islam, E. R. Sunderman, R. H. Stolen, W. Pleibel, J. R. Simpson, in Digest of Conference on Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena: Physics and Applications (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper PD8;K. J. Blow, N. J. Doran, B. K. Nayar, in Digest of Conference on Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena: Physics and Applications (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paperPD7.

Menyuk, C. R.

C. R. Menyuk, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 174 (1987).
[Crossref]

Pleibel, W.

M. N. Islam, E. R. Sunderman, R. H. Stolen, W. Pleibel, J. R. Simpson, in Digest of Conference on Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena: Physics and Applications (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper PD8;K. J. Blow, N. J. Doran, B. K. Nayar, in Digest of Conference on Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena: Physics and Applications (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paperPD7.

Sauer, N.

M. N. Islam, E. R. Sunderman, I. Bar-Joseph, N. Sauer, T. Y. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1203 (1989).
[Crossref]

Sfez, B. G.

Silberberg, Y.

Simpson, J. R.

M. N. Islam, E. R. Sunderman, R. H. Stolen, W. Pleibel, J. R. Simpson, in Digest of Conference on Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena: Physics and Applications (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper PD8;K. J. Blow, N. J. Doran, B. K. Nayar, in Digest of Conference on Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena: Physics and Applications (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paperPD7.

Smith, P. W.

Stolen, R. H.

R. H. Stolen, Phys. Chem. Glasses 11, 83 (1970).

M. N. Islam, E. R. Sunderman, R. H. Stolen, W. Pleibel, J. R. Simpson, in Digest of Conference on Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena: Physics and Applications (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper PD8;K. J. Blow, N. J. Doran, B. K. Nayar, in Digest of Conference on Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena: Physics and Applications (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paperPD7.

Sunderman, E. R.

M. N. Islam, E. R. Sunderman, I. Bar-Joseph, N. Sauer, T. Y. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1203 (1989).
[Crossref]

M. N. Islam, E. R. Sunderman, R. H. Stolen, W. Pleibel, J. R. Simpson, in Digest of Conference on Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena: Physics and Applications (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper PD8;K. J. Blow, N. J. Doran, B. K. Nayar, in Digest of Conference on Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena: Physics and Applications (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paperPD7.

Weiner, A. M.

Wood, D.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. N. Islam, E. R. Sunderman, I. Bar-Joseph, N. Sauer, T. Y. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1203 (1989).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

H. A. Haus, M. N. Islam, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1172 (1985).
[Crossref]

C. R. Menyuk, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 174 (1987).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Chem. Glasses (1)

R. H. Stolen, Phys. Chem. Glasses 11, 83 (1970).

Other (1)

M. N. Islam, E. R. Sunderman, R. H. Stolen, W. Pleibel, J. R. Simpson, in Digest of Conference on Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena: Physics and Applications (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper PD8;K. J. Blow, N. J. Doran, B. K. Nayar, in Digest of Conference on Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena: Physics and Applications (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paperPD7.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental configuration for the fiber NOLM.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured transfer characteristics of the NOLM. (a) EOUT/(EOUT+ EREFL), (b) EOUT, and (c) EREFL versus EIN. The numbers in (b) correspond to the plots in Fig. 3. All energies are normalized to the fundamental soliton energy E1 = 33.2 pJ.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Autocorrelations of the transmitted output for different input powers. The numbers correspond to the power levels shown in Fig. 2(b). The insets are intensity curves versus time from the numerical simulations.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Computed transfer characteristics for the NOLM. (a) EOUT/(EOUT + EREFL), (b) EOUT, and (c) EREFL versus EIN. All energies are normalized to the fundamental soliton energy E1 = 33.2 pJ.

Equations (1)

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i u z = ½ 2 u t 2 + u ( | u | 2 t d | u | 2 t ) .

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