Abstract

We demonstrate, for the first time to our knowledge, the switching of optical solitons. We observe switching of 93% of the total reflected energy in a partially transmitting integrated fiber loop mirror that makes up the interferometer. This result demonstrates the potential of solitons as the natural bits in ultrafast optical processing.

© 1989 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. Hasegawa, F. Tappert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 142 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  3. N. J. Doran, K. J. Blow, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1883 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  4. L. F. Mollenauer, K. Smith, Opt. Lett. 13, 675 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. D. Anderson, Phys. Rev. A 27, 3135 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. J. Blow, N. J. Doran, D. Wood, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1301 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  7. K. J. Blow, N. J. Doran, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 526 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  8. K. Ikeda, Opt. Commun. 30, 257 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. Morioka, M. Saruwatari, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-6, 1186 (1988).
  10. R. V. Penty, I. H. White, A. R. L. Travis, Electron. Lett. 24, 1338 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. R. Friberg, A. M. Weiner, Y. Silberberg, B. G. Sfez, P. W. Smith, Opt. Lett. 13, 904 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. R. H. Stolen, C. Lin, Phys. Rev. A 17, 1448 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, J. A. Salehi, Opt. Lett. 13, 300 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. N. J. Doran, D. Wood, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1843 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  15. N. J. Doran, D. Wood, Opt. Lett. 13, 56 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. S. Trillo, S. Wabnitz, E. M. Wright, G. I. Stegeman, Opt. Lett. 13, 672 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. K. Otsuka, Opt. Lett. 8, 471 (1983).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, Opt. Lett. 9, 13 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. N. J. Doran, K. J. Blow, D. Wood, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 836, 238 (1987).
  20. V. E. Zakharov, A. B. Shabat, Sov. Phys. JETP 34, 62 (1972).
  21. J. Satsuma, N. Yajima, Progr. Theor. Phys. Suppl. 55, 284 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  22. N. J. Doran, D. S. Forrester, B. K. Nayar, Electron. Lett. 25, 267 (1989).
    [CrossRef]

1989 (1)

N. J. Doran, D. S. Forrester, B. K. Nayar, Electron. Lett. 25, 267 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (8)

1987 (2)

N. J. Doran, D. Wood, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1843 (1987).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Doran, K. J. Blow, D. Wood, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 836, 238 (1987).

1984 (2)

K. J. Blow, N. J. Doran, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 526 (1984).
[CrossRef]

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, Opt. Lett. 9, 13 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1983 (3)

D. Anderson, Phys. Rev. A 27, 3135 (1983).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Doran, K. J. Blow, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1883 (1983).
[CrossRef]

K. Otsuka, Opt. Lett. 8, 471 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1980 (1)

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

K. Ikeda, Opt. Commun. 30, 257 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

R. H. Stolen, C. Lin, Phys. Rev. A 17, 1448 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

J. Satsuma, N. Yajima, Progr. Theor. Phys. Suppl. 55, 284 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

A. Hasegawa, F. Tappert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 142 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

V. E. Zakharov, A. B. Shabat, Sov. Phys. JETP 34, 62 (1972).

Anderson, D.

D. Anderson, Phys. Rev. A 27, 3135 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Blow, K. J.

K. J. Blow, N. J. Doran, D. Wood, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1301 (1988).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Doran, K. J. Blow, D. Wood, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 836, 238 (1987).

K. J. Blow, N. J. Doran, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 526 (1984).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Doran, K. J. Blow, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1883 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Doran, N. J.

N. J. Doran, D. S. Forrester, B. K. Nayar, Electron. Lett. 25, 267 (1989).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Blow, N. J. Doran, D. Wood, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1301 (1988).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Doran, D. Wood, Opt. Lett. 13, 56 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. J. Doran, D. Wood, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1843 (1987).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Doran, K. J. Blow, D. Wood, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 836, 238 (1987).

K. J. Blow, N. J. Doran, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 526 (1984).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Doran, K. J. Blow, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1883 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Forrester, D. S.

N. J. Doran, D. S. Forrester, B. K. Nayar, Electron. Lett. 25, 267 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Friberg, S. R.

Gordon, J. P.

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Hasegawa, A.

A. Hasegawa, F. Tappert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 142 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Heritage, J. P.

Ikeda, K.

K. Ikeda, Opt. Commun. 30, 257 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.

R. H. Stolen, C. Lin, Phys. Rev. A 17, 1448 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Mollenauer, L. F.

Morioka, T.

T. Morioka, M. Saruwatari, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-6, 1186 (1988).

Nayar, B. K.

N. J. Doran, D. S. Forrester, B. K. Nayar, Electron. Lett. 25, 267 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Otsuka, K.

Penty, R. V.

R. V. Penty, I. H. White, A. R. L. Travis, Electron. Lett. 24, 1338 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Salehi, J. A.

Saruwatari, M.

T. Morioka, M. Saruwatari, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-6, 1186 (1988).

Satsuma, J.

J. Satsuma, N. Yajima, Progr. Theor. Phys. Suppl. 55, 284 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Sfez, B. G.

Shabat, A. B.

V. E. Zakharov, A. B. Shabat, Sov. Phys. JETP 34, 62 (1972).

Silberberg, Y.

Smith, K.

Smith, P. W.

Stegeman, G. I.

Stolen, R. H.

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, Opt. Lett. 9, 13 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Stolen, C. Lin, Phys. Rev. A 17, 1448 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Tappert, F.

A. Hasegawa, F. Tappert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 142 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Travis, A. R. L.

R. V. Penty, I. H. White, A. R. L. Travis, Electron. Lett. 24, 1338 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Trillo, S.

Wabnitz, S.

Weiner, A. M.

White, I. H.

R. V. Penty, I. H. White, A. R. L. Travis, Electron. Lett. 24, 1338 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Wood, D.

Wright, E. M.

Yajima, N.

J. Satsuma, N. Yajima, Progr. Theor. Phys. Suppl. 55, 284 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Zakharov, V. E.

V. E. Zakharov, A. B. Shabat, Sov. Phys. JETP 34, 62 (1972).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Hasegawa, F. Tappert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 142 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

R. V. Penty, I. H. White, A. R. L. Travis, Electron. Lett. 24, 1338 (1988).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Doran, D. S. Forrester, B. K. Nayar, Electron. Lett. 25, 267 (1989).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

T. Morioka, M. Saruwatari, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-6, 1186 (1988).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

N. J. Doran, K. J. Blow, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1883 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Commun. (1)

K. Ikeda, Opt. Commun. 30, 257 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (7)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

D. Anderson, Phys. Rev. A 27, 3135 (1983).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Stolen, C. Lin, Phys. Rev. A 17, 1448 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

K. J. Blow, N. J. Doran, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 526 (1984).
[CrossRef]

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (1)

N. J. Doran, K. J. Blow, D. Wood, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 836, 238 (1987).

Progr. Theor. Phys. Suppl. (1)

J. Satsuma, N. Yajima, Progr. Theor. Phys. Suppl. 55, 284 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Phys. JETP (1)

V. E. Zakharov, A. B. Shabat, Sov. Phys. JETP 34, 62 (1972).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental arrangement; polzn, polarization.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmitted energy through the interferometer as a function of input energy (values in picojoules). Asterisks, 1.5-μm wavelength; crosses, 1.52-μm wavelength.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Theoretical transmission functions for soliton, nonsoliton, and cw square pulses.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

T c w = 1 4 α ( 1 α ) ,
ϕ s = 2 ( A 1 / 2 ) 2 L , A > 1 / 2 , ϕ s = 0 , A < 1 / 2 ,
T s = 1 2 α ( 1 α ) [ 1 + cos ( 2 L { ( 2 α 1 ) A 2 A [ α 1 / 2 ( 1 α ) 1 / 2 ] } ) ] ,
T c w = 1 2 α ( 1 α ) { 1 + cos [ 2 L ( 2 α 1 ) A 2 ] } ,
T p = 1 / 2 sech 2 ( t ) T c w [ A sech ( t ) ] d t .

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