Abstract

Second-order nonlinear susceptibility gratings are induced in optical fibers by mode interference of high-intensity blue light in the presence of an external dc electric poling field. As a result, efficient second-harmonic generation can be obtained for any infrared design wavelength.

© 1989 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M.-V. Bergot, M. C. Farries, M. E. Fermann, L. Li, L. J. Poyntz-Wright, P. St. J. Russell, A. Smithson, Opt. Lett. 13, 592 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. E. Fermann, L. Li, M. C. Farries, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 24, 894 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. H. Stolen, H. W. K. Tom, Opt. Lett. 12, 585 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. E. Fermann, M. C. Farries, P. St. J. Russell, L. J. Poyntz-Wright, Opt. Lett. 13, 282 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. E. A. J. Marcatili, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2071 (1969).
  7. L. J. Poyntz-Wright, M. E. Fermann, P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 13, 1023 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. F. Oullette, K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, Opt. Lett. 13, 515 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. E. Fermann, L. Li, M. C. Farries, D. N. Payne, P. St. J. Russell, in Digest of Meeting on Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena: Physics and Applications (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper PD6.
  10. R. Kashyap, in Digest of Meeting on Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena: Physics and Applications (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper SB3.

1988 (5)

1987 (1)

1978 (1)

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

E. A. J. Marcatili, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2071 (1969).

Bergot, M.-V.

Farries, M. C.

M.-V. Bergot, M. C. Farries, M. E. Fermann, L. Li, L. J. Poyntz-Wright, P. St. J. Russell, A. Smithson, Opt. Lett. 13, 592 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. E. Fermann, L. Li, M. C. Farries, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 24, 894 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Fermann, M. C. Farries, P. St. J. Russell, L. J. Poyntz-Wright, Opt. Lett. 13, 282 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. E. Fermann, L. Li, M. C. Farries, D. N. Payne, P. St. J. Russell, in Digest of Meeting on Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena: Physics and Applications (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper PD6.

Fermann, M. E.

L. J. Poyntz-Wright, M. E. Fermann, P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 13, 1023 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. E. Fermann, M. C. Farries, P. St. J. Russell, L. J. Poyntz-Wright, Opt. Lett. 13, 282 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. E. Fermann, L. Li, M. C. Farries, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 24, 894 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M.-V. Bergot, M. C. Farries, M. E. Fermann, L. Li, L. J. Poyntz-Wright, P. St. J. Russell, A. Smithson, Opt. Lett. 13, 592 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. E. Fermann, L. Li, M. C. Farries, D. N. Payne, P. St. J. Russell, in Digest of Meeting on Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena: Physics and Applications (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper PD6.

Fujii, Y.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Hill, K. O.

F. Oullette, K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, Opt. Lett. 13, 515 (1988).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, D. C.

F. Oullette, K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, Opt. Lett. 13, 515 (1988).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Kashyap, R.

R. Kashyap, in Digest of Meeting on Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena: Physics and Applications (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper SB3.

Kawasaki, B. S.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Li, L.

M.-V. Bergot, M. C. Farries, M. E. Fermann, L. Li, L. J. Poyntz-Wright, P. St. J. Russell, A. Smithson, Opt. Lett. 13, 592 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. E. Fermann, L. Li, M. C. Farries, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 24, 894 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Fermann, L. Li, M. C. Farries, D. N. Payne, P. St. J. Russell, in Digest of Meeting on Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena: Physics and Applications (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper PD6.

Marcatili, E. A. J.

E. A. J. Marcatili, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2071 (1969).

Oullette, F.

Payne, D. N.

M. E. Fermann, L. Li, M. C. Farries, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 24, 894 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Fermann, L. Li, M. C. Farries, D. N. Payne, P. St. J. Russell, in Digest of Meeting on Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena: Physics and Applications (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper PD6.

Poyntz-Wright, L. J.

Russell, P. St. J.

Smithson, A.

Stolen, R. H.

Tom, H. W. K.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

E. A. J. Marcatili, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2071 (1969).

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. E. Fermann, L. Li, M. C. Farries, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 24, 894 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Other (2)

M. E. Fermann, L. Li, M. C. Farries, D. N. Payne, P. St. J. Russell, in Digest of Meeting on Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena: Physics and Applications (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper PD6.

R. Kashyap, in Digest of Meeting on Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena: Physics and Applications (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper SB3.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Representation of a χ(2) grating induced by blue-light mode interference between the E11 and E21 modes in a fiber of core diameter d.The poling field is applied along the y axis. The χ(2) grating represents exactly the power flow inside the fiber core, which also follows a zigzag line. The arrows represent the aligned dipoles inside the fiber.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

SH conversion efficiency as a function of the pump wavelength in a fiber with a MIG. Phase matching from an infrared E11 mode to the SH E12 and E14 modes is obtained. Note the splitting of their respective phase-match peaks due to the two polarization orientations possible for each blue mode pair. Owing to fiber birefringence, two χ(2) gratings of slightly different periods are then produced. These χ(2) gratings have the same orientation.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Position of the Phase-Match Peaksa

Equations (9)

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E a = ψ a ( x , y ) exp ( i β a z )
E b = ψ b ( x , y ) exp ( i β b z ) ,
I ( x , y , z ) = | E a + E b | 2
= | ψ a | 2 + | ψ b | 2 + 2 ψ a ψ b * cos ( G z ) ,
χ ( 2 ) ( x , y , z ) = χ 0 ( 2 ) ( x , y ) + χ m ( 2 ) ( x , y ) × [ exp ( iGz ) + exp ( iGz ) ] ,
χ 0 ( 2 ) = α ( | ψ a | 2 + | ψ b | 2 )
χ m ( 2 ) = α ψ a ψ b *
P sh 2 ω ( z ) = 32 π 3 ω 2 z 2 ( P p ω ) 2 n ( 2 ω ) [ n ( ω ) ] 2 c 3 A [ x ̅ 0 ( 2 ) O m ] 2 sinc 2 [ ½ ( G Δ β ) z ] ,
O m = A x ̅ 0 ( 2 ) + { χ m ( 2 ) ( x , y ) [ ψ p ( x , y ) ] 2 } * ψ sh ( x , y ) d x d y .

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