Abstract

Using a potassium niobate crystal in a modified self-locking power-buildup cavity, we have frequency doubled the 865-nm output from a GaAlAs laser diode. With 12.4 mW of input power we have obtained a unidirectional output of 0.215 mW at 432 nm. In contrast to previous diode doubling experiments, the output was both single frequency and circular Gaussian. With better optics, substantially higher conversion efficiencies should be possible using this technique.

© 1989 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. J. Dixon, Z. M. Zhang, R. S. F. Chang, N. Djeu, Opt. Lett 13, 137 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. W. P. Risk, W. Lenth, Opt. Lett. 12, 993 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. W. P. Risk, J.-C. Baumert, G. C. Bjorklund, F. M. Schellenberg, W. Lenth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 85 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. J. Dixon, D. W. Anthon, F. Hilgers, M. Ressl, T. Pier, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper FE5.
  5. J. C. Baumert, J. Hoffnagle, P. Gunter, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 492, 374 (1984).
  6. M. K. Chun, L. Goldberg, J. F. Weller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1170 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. Taniuchi, K. Yamamoto, G. Tohmon, in Proceedings of 1988 LEOS Annual Meeting (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1988), paper VL2.4.
  8. A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, IEEE J. Quantum Electon. QE-2, 109 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  9. W. J. Kozlovsky, C. D. Nabors, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 913 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Hall, H. J. Kimble, S. F. Pereira, M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A. 38, 4931 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. C. E. Tanner, B. P. Masterson, C. E. Wieman, Opt. Lett. 13, 357 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. B. Dahmani, L. Hollberg, R. Drulhnger, Opt. Lett. 12, 876 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. Y. Uematsu, T. Fukuda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 12, 841 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  14. R. L. Byer, in Nonlinear Optics, P. G. Harper, B. S. Wherrett, eds. (Academic, San Francisco, Calif., 1977), p. 43.

1988 (6)

W. P. Risk, J.-C. Baumert, G. C. Bjorklund, F. M. Schellenberg, W. Lenth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 85 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. K. Chun, L. Goldberg, J. F. Weller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1170 (1988).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Kozlovsky, C. D. Nabors, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 913 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Hall, H. J. Kimble, S. F. Pereira, M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A. 38, 4931 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. J. Dixon, Z. M. Zhang, R. S. F. Chang, N. Djeu, Opt. Lett 13, 137 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. E. Tanner, B. P. Masterson, C. E. Wieman, Opt. Lett. 13, 357 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987 (2)

1984 (1)

J. C. Baumert, J. Hoffnagle, P. Gunter, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 492, 374 (1984).

1973 (1)

Y. Uematsu, T. Fukuda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 12, 841 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1966 (1)

A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, IEEE J. Quantum Electon. QE-2, 109 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Anthon, D. W.

G. J. Dixon, D. W. Anthon, F. Hilgers, M. Ressl, T. Pier, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper FE5.

Ashkin, A.

A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, IEEE J. Quantum Electon. QE-2, 109 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Baumert, J. C.

J. C. Baumert, J. Hoffnagle, P. Gunter, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 492, 374 (1984).

Baumert, J.-C.

W. P. Risk, J.-C. Baumert, G. C. Bjorklund, F. M. Schellenberg, W. Lenth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 85 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Bjorklund, G. C.

W. P. Risk, J.-C. Baumert, G. C. Bjorklund, F. M. Schellenberg, W. Lenth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 85 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, G. D.

A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, IEEE J. Quantum Electon. QE-2, 109 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

W. J. Kozlovsky, C. D. Nabors, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 913 (1988).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Byer, in Nonlinear Optics, P. G. Harper, B. S. Wherrett, eds. (Academic, San Francisco, Calif., 1977), p. 43.

Chang, R. S. F.

G. J. Dixon, Z. M. Zhang, R. S. F. Chang, N. Djeu, Opt. Lett 13, 137 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chun, M. K.

M. K. Chun, L. Goldberg, J. F. Weller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1170 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Dahmani, B.

Dixon, G. J.

G. J. Dixon, Z. M. Zhang, R. S. F. Chang, N. Djeu, Opt. Lett 13, 137 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. J. Dixon, D. W. Anthon, F. Hilgers, M. Ressl, T. Pier, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper FE5.

Djeu, N.

G. J. Dixon, Z. M. Zhang, R. S. F. Chang, N. Djeu, Opt. Lett 13, 137 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Drulhnger, R.

Dziedzic, J. M.

A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, IEEE J. Quantum Electon. QE-2, 109 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Fukuda, T.

Y. Uematsu, T. Fukuda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 12, 841 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Goldberg, L.

M. K. Chun, L. Goldberg, J. F. Weller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1170 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Gunter, P.

J. C. Baumert, J. Hoffnagle, P. Gunter, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 492, 374 (1984).

Hall, J.

J. Hall, H. J. Kimble, S. F. Pereira, M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A. 38, 4931 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hilgers, F.

G. J. Dixon, D. W. Anthon, F. Hilgers, M. Ressl, T. Pier, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper FE5.

Hoffnagle, J.

J. C. Baumert, J. Hoffnagle, P. Gunter, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 492, 374 (1984).

Hollberg, L.

Kimble, H. J.

J. Hall, H. J. Kimble, S. F. Pereira, M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A. 38, 4931 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kozlovsky, W. J.

W. J. Kozlovsky, C. D. Nabors, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 913 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Lenth, W.

W. P. Risk, J.-C. Baumert, G. C. Bjorklund, F. M. Schellenberg, W. Lenth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 85 (1988).
[CrossRef]

W. P. Risk, W. Lenth, Opt. Lett. 12, 993 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Masterson, B. P.

Nabors, C. D.

W. J. Kozlovsky, C. D. Nabors, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 913 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Pereira, S. F.

J. Hall, H. J. Kimble, S. F. Pereira, M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A. 38, 4931 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pier, T.

G. J. Dixon, D. W. Anthon, F. Hilgers, M. Ressl, T. Pier, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper FE5.

Ressl, M.

G. J. Dixon, D. W. Anthon, F. Hilgers, M. Ressl, T. Pier, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper FE5.

Risk, W. P.

W. P. Risk, J.-C. Baumert, G. C. Bjorklund, F. M. Schellenberg, W. Lenth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 85 (1988).
[CrossRef]

W. P. Risk, W. Lenth, Opt. Lett. 12, 993 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schellenberg, F. M.

W. P. Risk, J.-C. Baumert, G. C. Bjorklund, F. M. Schellenberg, W. Lenth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 85 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Taniuchi, T.

T. Taniuchi, K. Yamamoto, G. Tohmon, in Proceedings of 1988 LEOS Annual Meeting (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1988), paper VL2.4.

Tanner, C. E.

Tohmon, G.

T. Taniuchi, K. Yamamoto, G. Tohmon, in Proceedings of 1988 LEOS Annual Meeting (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1988), paper VL2.4.

Uematsu, Y.

Y. Uematsu, T. Fukuda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 12, 841 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Weller, J. F.

M. K. Chun, L. Goldberg, J. F. Weller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1170 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Wieman, C. E.

Xiao, M.

J. Hall, H. J. Kimble, S. F. Pereira, M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A. 38, 4931 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamamoto, K.

T. Taniuchi, K. Yamamoto, G. Tohmon, in Proceedings of 1988 LEOS Annual Meeting (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1988), paper VL2.4.

Zhang, Z. M.

G. J. Dixon, Z. M. Zhang, R. S. F. Chang, N. Djeu, Opt. Lett 13, 137 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

W. P. Risk, J.-C. Baumert, G. C. Bjorklund, F. M. Schellenberg, W. Lenth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 85 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. K. Chun, L. Goldberg, J. F. Weller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1170 (1988).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electon. (1)

A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, IEEE J. Quantum Electon. QE-2, 109 (1966).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

W. J. Kozlovsky, C. D. Nabors, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 913 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Uematsu, T. Fukuda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 12, 841 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett (1)

G. J. Dixon, Z. M. Zhang, R. S. F. Chang, N. Djeu, Opt. Lett 13, 137 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. A. (1)

J. Hall, H. J. Kimble, S. F. Pereira, M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A. 38, 4931 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (1)

J. C. Baumert, J. Hoffnagle, P. Gunter, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 492, 374 (1984).

Other (3)

T. Taniuchi, K. Yamamoto, G. Tohmon, in Proceedings of 1988 LEOS Annual Meeting (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1988), paper VL2.4.

G. J. Dixon, D. W. Anthon, F. Hilgers, M. Ressl, T. Pier, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper FE5.

R. L. Byer, in Nonlinear Optics, P. G. Harper, B. S. Wherrett, eds. (Academic, San Francisco, Calif., 1977), p. 43.

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Figures (1)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the self-locking, external, resonantly doubled diode.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

P 2 w = γ SH ( P c ) 2 ,
P c = M P 1 T 1 ( 1 R 1 R m ) 2 ,
R m = ( 1 L SH ) 2 ( 1 L C ) 2 R 2 .
P 2 w = ( 0.25 ) ( P w ) 2 ( 2 L ) ( 2 ω 2 d 32 2 k w ) / ( π 0 n w 3 c 3 ) ,

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