Abstract

A design for optoelectronic multiple-value logic circuits that uses bistable laser diodes or light-emitting diodes is reported. In this multiple-valued logic design, an optoelectronic tristable switching circuit, or light-current mirror, in which two bistable light-emitting diodes are connected in parallel serves as the basic logic element. Five ternary logic implementations: Complement, Max(x, y), Min(x, y), Cycle, and Literals, have been demonstrated experimentally. Furthermore, any ternary logic function can be generated with the light-current mirror and the logic primitives.

© 1989 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. T. Dao, D. M. Cambell, Opt. Eng. 25, 14 (1986).
  2. G. Abraham, Opt. Eng. 25, 3 (1986).
  3. S. Kozaitis, R. Arrathoon, Appl. Opt. 24, 3312 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. R. Arrathoon, S. Kozaitis, Opt. Eng. 25, 29 (1986).
  5. S. Kozaitis, R. Arrathoon, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 625, 35 (1986).
  6. M. M. Mirsalehi, T. K. Gaylord, in Digest of Topical Meeting on Optical Computing (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1985), paper WB1.
  7. B. L. Drake, R. P. Bocker, M. E. Lasher, R. H. Patterson, W. J. Miceli, Opt. Eng. 25, 38 (1986).
  8. D. S. Chemla, D. A. B. Miller, P. W. Smith, Opt. Eng. 24, 556 (1985).
  9. Y. Ogawa, H. Ito, H. Inaba, Appl. Opt. 21, 1878 (1982).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. K. Okumura, Y. Ogawa, H. Ito, H. Inaba, Opt. Lett. 9, 519 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. C. Li, S. Liu, J. Wu, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1987), paper ThK35.
  12. N. Bar-Chaim, K. Y. Lau, I. Ury, A. Yariv, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 466, 65 (1984).
  13. H. D. Law, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 466, 69 (1984).

1986 (5)

R. Arrathoon, S. Kozaitis, Opt. Eng. 25, 29 (1986).

S. Kozaitis, R. Arrathoon, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 625, 35 (1986).

B. L. Drake, R. P. Bocker, M. E. Lasher, R. H. Patterson, W. J. Miceli, Opt. Eng. 25, 38 (1986).

T. T. Dao, D. M. Cambell, Opt. Eng. 25, 14 (1986).

G. Abraham, Opt. Eng. 25, 3 (1986).

1985 (2)

D. S. Chemla, D. A. B. Miller, P. W. Smith, Opt. Eng. 24, 556 (1985).

S. Kozaitis, R. Arrathoon, Appl. Opt. 24, 3312 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1984 (3)

N. Bar-Chaim, K. Y. Lau, I. Ury, A. Yariv, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 466, 65 (1984).

H. D. Law, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 466, 69 (1984).

K. Okumura, Y. Ogawa, H. Ito, H. Inaba, Opt. Lett. 9, 519 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1982 (1)

Abraham, G.

G. Abraham, Opt. Eng. 25, 3 (1986).

Arrathoon, R.

S. Kozaitis, R. Arrathoon, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 625, 35 (1986).

R. Arrathoon, S. Kozaitis, Opt. Eng. 25, 29 (1986).

S. Kozaitis, R. Arrathoon, Appl. Opt. 24, 3312 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bar-Chaim, N.

N. Bar-Chaim, K. Y. Lau, I. Ury, A. Yariv, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 466, 65 (1984).

Bocker, R. P.

B. L. Drake, R. P. Bocker, M. E. Lasher, R. H. Patterson, W. J. Miceli, Opt. Eng. 25, 38 (1986).

Cambell, D. M.

T. T. Dao, D. M. Cambell, Opt. Eng. 25, 14 (1986).

Chemla, D. S.

D. S. Chemla, D. A. B. Miller, P. W. Smith, Opt. Eng. 24, 556 (1985).

Dao, T. T.

T. T. Dao, D. M. Cambell, Opt. Eng. 25, 14 (1986).

Drake, B. L.

B. L. Drake, R. P. Bocker, M. E. Lasher, R. H. Patterson, W. J. Miceli, Opt. Eng. 25, 38 (1986).

Gaylord, T. K.

M. M. Mirsalehi, T. K. Gaylord, in Digest of Topical Meeting on Optical Computing (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1985), paper WB1.

Inaba, H.

Ito, H.

Kozaitis, S.

S. Kozaitis, R. Arrathoon, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 625, 35 (1986).

R. Arrathoon, S. Kozaitis, Opt. Eng. 25, 29 (1986).

S. Kozaitis, R. Arrathoon, Appl. Opt. 24, 3312 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lasher, M. E.

B. L. Drake, R. P. Bocker, M. E. Lasher, R. H. Patterson, W. J. Miceli, Opt. Eng. 25, 38 (1986).

Lau, K. Y.

N. Bar-Chaim, K. Y. Lau, I. Ury, A. Yariv, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 466, 65 (1984).

Law, H. D.

H. D. Law, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 466, 69 (1984).

Li, C.

C. Li, S. Liu, J. Wu, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1987), paper ThK35.

Liu, S.

C. Li, S. Liu, J. Wu, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1987), paper ThK35.

Miceli, W. J.

B. L. Drake, R. P. Bocker, M. E. Lasher, R. H. Patterson, W. J. Miceli, Opt. Eng. 25, 38 (1986).

Miller, D. A. B.

D. S. Chemla, D. A. B. Miller, P. W. Smith, Opt. Eng. 24, 556 (1985).

Mirsalehi, M. M.

M. M. Mirsalehi, T. K. Gaylord, in Digest of Topical Meeting on Optical Computing (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1985), paper WB1.

Ogawa, Y.

Okumura, K.

Patterson, R. H.

B. L. Drake, R. P. Bocker, M. E. Lasher, R. H. Patterson, W. J. Miceli, Opt. Eng. 25, 38 (1986).

Smith, P. W.

D. S. Chemla, D. A. B. Miller, P. W. Smith, Opt. Eng. 24, 556 (1985).

Ury, I.

N. Bar-Chaim, K. Y. Lau, I. Ury, A. Yariv, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 466, 65 (1984).

Wu, J.

C. Li, S. Liu, J. Wu, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1987), paper ThK35.

Yariv, A.

N. Bar-Chaim, K. Y. Lau, I. Ury, A. Yariv, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 466, 65 (1984).

Appl. Opt. (2)

Opt. Eng. (5)

R. Arrathoon, S. Kozaitis, Opt. Eng. 25, 29 (1986).

T. T. Dao, D. M. Cambell, Opt. Eng. 25, 14 (1986).

G. Abraham, Opt. Eng. 25, 3 (1986).

B. L. Drake, R. P. Bocker, M. E. Lasher, R. H. Patterson, W. J. Miceli, Opt. Eng. 25, 38 (1986).

D. S. Chemla, D. A. B. Miller, P. W. Smith, Opt. Eng. 24, 556 (1985).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (3)

N. Bar-Chaim, K. Y. Lau, I. Ury, A. Yariv, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 466, 65 (1984).

H. D. Law, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 466, 69 (1984).

S. Kozaitis, R. Arrathoon, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 625, 35 (1986).

Other (2)

M. M. Mirsalehi, T. K. Gaylord, in Digest of Topical Meeting on Optical Computing (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1985), paper WB1.

C. Li, S. Liu, J. Wu, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1987), paper ThK35.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic diagram of a tristable circuit or a light-current mirror. (b) Characteristic loop of the output Po versus a triangle wave input Pi.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Schematic diagram of a complement gate. (b) Output response Po with a ternary input signal X.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Block diagram of a Max(x, y) gate. (b) Truth table. (c) Experimental results of Max(x, y) implementation.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Block diagram of a Min(x, y) gate. (b) Truth table. (c) Input and output signal waveforms for a Min(x, y) gate.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Five Basic Multiple-Valued Logic Implementations for the Radix R = 3

Equations (3)

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0 < Pon 1 < 1 , 1 < Pon 2 < 2 ,
0 < Pon 1 = Pon 2 < 1 , 1 < Pon 3 = Pon 4 < 2 .
X b a = { 2 if a X b 0 otherwise

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