Abstract

A derivative of the linear tricyclic compound, acridine, is shown to be useful as a saturable absorber for short-pulse KrF lasers. The saturation characteristics and absorption recovery of a methanol solution of acridine for a 20-psec KrF laser pulse are reported. We obtain a saturation fluence of 1.2 mJ/cm2 and a ratio of the primary to the excited absorption cross section of 6.25:1.

© 1989 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. S. Szatmari, F. P. Schafer, Opt. Commun. 68, 196 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. P. Schwarzenbach, T. S. Luk, I. A. Mcintyre, U. Johann, A. McPherson, K. Boyer, C. K. Rhodes, Opt. Lett. 11, 499(1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. P. Roberts, A. J. Taylor, P. H. Y. Lee, R. B. Gibson, Opt. Lett. 13, 734 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. Endoh, M. Watanabe, S. Watanabe, Opt. Lett. 12, 906 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. C. G. Christov, I. V. Tomov, I. V. Chaltakov, V. L. Lyuskanov, Opt. Commun. 52, 211 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C. S. Sexton, W. H. Steier, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 1114 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. S. Taylor, S. Mihailov, Appl. Phys. B 38, 131 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Kaschke, N. P. Ernsting, F. P. Schafer, Opt. Commun. 66, 211 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Watanabe, A. Endoh, N. Sakura, S. Watanabe, J. Appl. Phys. 65, 428 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. S. Huo, J. Glinski, X. J. Gu, R. F. Code, Opt. Commun. 51, 181 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D. F. Muller, M. Rotheschild, K. Boyer, C. K. Rhodes, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1865 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  12. I. B. Berlman, Handbook of Fluorescence Spectra of Aromatic Molecules, 2nd ed. (Academic, New York, 1971).
  13. H. Nishioka, H. Kuranishi, K. Ueda, H. Takuma, in Digest of Ninth Annual Meeting of the Laser Society of Japan (Laser Society of Japan, Tokyo, 1989), paper 26a.

1989 (1)

M. Watanabe, A. Endoh, N. Sakura, S. Watanabe, J. Appl. Phys. 65, 428 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (3)

J. P. Roberts, A. J. Taylor, P. H. Y. Lee, R. B. Gibson, Opt. Lett. 13, 734 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Szatmari, F. P. Schafer, Opt. Commun. 68, 196 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. Kaschke, N. P. Ernsting, F. P. Schafer, Opt. Commun. 66, 211 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

1986 (1)

1985 (1)

R. S. Taylor, S. Mihailov, Appl. Phys. B 38, 131 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1984 (3)

C. G. Christov, I. V. Tomov, I. V. Chaltakov, V. L. Lyuskanov, Opt. Commun. 52, 211 (1984).
[CrossRef]

C. S. Sexton, W. H. Steier, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 1114 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Y. S. Huo, J. Glinski, X. J. Gu, R. F. Code, Opt. Commun. 51, 181 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

D. F. Muller, M. Rotheschild, K. Boyer, C. K. Rhodes, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1865 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Berlman, I. B.

I. B. Berlman, Handbook of Fluorescence Spectra of Aromatic Molecules, 2nd ed. (Academic, New York, 1971).

Boyer, K.

A. P. Schwarzenbach, T. S. Luk, I. A. Mcintyre, U. Johann, A. McPherson, K. Boyer, C. K. Rhodes, Opt. Lett. 11, 499(1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. F. Muller, M. Rotheschild, K. Boyer, C. K. Rhodes, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1865 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Chaltakov, I. V.

C. G. Christov, I. V. Tomov, I. V. Chaltakov, V. L. Lyuskanov, Opt. Commun. 52, 211 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Christov, C. G.

C. G. Christov, I. V. Tomov, I. V. Chaltakov, V. L. Lyuskanov, Opt. Commun. 52, 211 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Code, R. F.

Y. S. Huo, J. Glinski, X. J. Gu, R. F. Code, Opt. Commun. 51, 181 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Endoh, A.

M. Watanabe, A. Endoh, N. Sakura, S. Watanabe, J. Appl. Phys. 65, 428 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Endoh, M. Watanabe, S. Watanabe, Opt. Lett. 12, 906 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ernsting, N. P.

M. Kaschke, N. P. Ernsting, F. P. Schafer, Opt. Commun. 66, 211 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Gibson, R. B.

Glinski, J.

Y. S. Huo, J. Glinski, X. J. Gu, R. F. Code, Opt. Commun. 51, 181 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Gu, X. J.

Y. S. Huo, J. Glinski, X. J. Gu, R. F. Code, Opt. Commun. 51, 181 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Huo, Y. S.

Y. S. Huo, J. Glinski, X. J. Gu, R. F. Code, Opt. Commun. 51, 181 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Johann, U.

Kaschke, M.

M. Kaschke, N. P. Ernsting, F. P. Schafer, Opt. Commun. 66, 211 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kuranishi, H.

H. Nishioka, H. Kuranishi, K. Ueda, H. Takuma, in Digest of Ninth Annual Meeting of the Laser Society of Japan (Laser Society of Japan, Tokyo, 1989), paper 26a.

Lee, P. H. Y.

Luk, T. S.

Lyuskanov, V. L.

C. G. Christov, I. V. Tomov, I. V. Chaltakov, V. L. Lyuskanov, Opt. Commun. 52, 211 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Mcintyre, I. A.

McPherson, A.

Mihailov, S.

R. S. Taylor, S. Mihailov, Appl. Phys. B 38, 131 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Muller, D. F.

D. F. Muller, M. Rotheschild, K. Boyer, C. K. Rhodes, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1865 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Nishioka, H.

H. Nishioka, H. Kuranishi, K. Ueda, H. Takuma, in Digest of Ninth Annual Meeting of the Laser Society of Japan (Laser Society of Japan, Tokyo, 1989), paper 26a.

Rhodes, C. K.

A. P. Schwarzenbach, T. S. Luk, I. A. Mcintyre, U. Johann, A. McPherson, K. Boyer, C. K. Rhodes, Opt. Lett. 11, 499(1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. F. Muller, M. Rotheschild, K. Boyer, C. K. Rhodes, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1865 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Roberts, J. P.

Rotheschild, M.

D. F. Muller, M. Rotheschild, K. Boyer, C. K. Rhodes, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1865 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Sakura, N.

M. Watanabe, A. Endoh, N. Sakura, S. Watanabe, J. Appl. Phys. 65, 428 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Schafer, F. P.

M. Kaschke, N. P. Ernsting, F. P. Schafer, Opt. Commun. 66, 211 (1988).
[CrossRef]

S. Szatmari, F. P. Schafer, Opt. Commun. 68, 196 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Schwarzenbach, A. P.

Sexton, C. S.

C. S. Sexton, W. H. Steier, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 1114 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Steier, W. H.

C. S. Sexton, W. H. Steier, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 1114 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Szatmari, S.

S. Szatmari, F. P. Schafer, Opt. Commun. 68, 196 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Takuma, H.

H. Nishioka, H. Kuranishi, K. Ueda, H. Takuma, in Digest of Ninth Annual Meeting of the Laser Society of Japan (Laser Society of Japan, Tokyo, 1989), paper 26a.

Taylor, A. J.

Taylor, R. S.

R. S. Taylor, S. Mihailov, Appl. Phys. B 38, 131 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Tomov, I. V.

C. G. Christov, I. V. Tomov, I. V. Chaltakov, V. L. Lyuskanov, Opt. Commun. 52, 211 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Ueda, K.

H. Nishioka, H. Kuranishi, K. Ueda, H. Takuma, in Digest of Ninth Annual Meeting of the Laser Society of Japan (Laser Society of Japan, Tokyo, 1989), paper 26a.

Watanabe, M.

M. Watanabe, A. Endoh, N. Sakura, S. Watanabe, J. Appl. Phys. 65, 428 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Endoh, M. Watanabe, S. Watanabe, Opt. Lett. 12, 906 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Watanabe, S.

M. Watanabe, A. Endoh, N. Sakura, S. Watanabe, J. Appl. Phys. 65, 428 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Endoh, M. Watanabe, S. Watanabe, Opt. Lett. 12, 906 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

R. S. Taylor, S. Mihailov, Appl. Phys. B 38, 131 (1985).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

C. S. Sexton, W. H. Steier, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 1114 (1984).
[CrossRef]

D. F. Muller, M. Rotheschild, K. Boyer, C. K. Rhodes, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1865 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. Watanabe, A. Endoh, N. Sakura, S. Watanabe, J. Appl. Phys. 65, 428 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (4)

Y. S. Huo, J. Glinski, X. J. Gu, R. F. Code, Opt. Commun. 51, 181 (1984).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Christov, I. V. Tomov, I. V. Chaltakov, V. L. Lyuskanov, Opt. Commun. 52, 211 (1984).
[CrossRef]

M. Kaschke, N. P. Ernsting, F. P. Schafer, Opt. Commun. 66, 211 (1988).
[CrossRef]

S. Szatmari, F. P. Schafer, Opt. Commun. 68, 196 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (2)

I. B. Berlman, Handbook of Fluorescence Spectra of Aromatic Molecules, 2nd ed. (Academic, New York, 1971).

H. Nishioka, H. Kuranishi, K. Ueda, H. Takuma, in Digest of Ninth Annual Meeting of the Laser Society of Japan (Laser Society of Japan, Tokyo, 1989), paper 26a.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Absorption spectrum of the acridine–methanol solution.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for measurement of the saturation energy.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Absorption saturation of the acridine–methanol solution. The solid curves represent calculated transmittance curves for (a) Γ = 3.0, (b) Γ = 6.25, and (c) Γ = 10. The saturation energy Es = 1.2 mJ/cm2.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Laser waveform (a) before and (b) after the saturable absorber.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Residual absorption of the acridine–methanol solution as a function of the small-signal absorption.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Absorption recovery of the acridine–methanol solution for (a) the fast and (b) the slow components. The small-signal transmittance of the sample is 4 × 10−3.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

d E d z = α 0 E s [ 1 exp ( E in / E s ) ] α e E in [ 1 exp ( E in / E s ) ] ,
d E d z = α 0 E s ( 1 + E in E s Γ ) [ 1 exp ( E in / E s ) ] ,
σ e = σ 0 ln ( T e / T 0 ) = ( 6.8 × 10 16 ) 0.16 = 1.1 ± 0.12 × 10 16 cm 2 ,

Metrics