Abstract

The combined effects of positive group-velocity dispersion, self-phase modulation, and stimulated Raman scattering experienced by 85-psec pulses propagating along a 960-m-long single-mode fiber are experimentally studied. The use of a spectrograph followed by a streak camera provides measurements in the spectrotemporal domain of the induced frequency modulation of a pump pulse. As a result, optical wave breaking, depletion of the leading edge with symmetrical spectral broadening, and complex instantaneous frequency structures are observed when the peak power of the input pulse is gradually increased to 435 W. The experimental method is also adapted for single-shot event analysis.

© 1989 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. C. Lin, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 1103 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. Schadt, B. Jaskorzynska, U. Österberg, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 1257 (1986).
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  3. D. Schadt, B. Jaskorzynska, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 856 (1987).
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  4. E. M. Dianov, A. Ya. Karasik, P. G. Mamyshev, A. M. Prokhorov, V. N. Serkin, Sov. Phys. JETP 62, 448 (1985).
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    [CrossRef]
  6. P. N. Kean, K. Smith, W. Sibett, Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng. 134, 163 (1987).
  7. A. M. Johnson, R. H. Stolen, W. M. Simpson, in Ultrafast Phenomena V, G. R. Fleming, A. E. Siegman, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986), p. 160.
  8. A. S. L. Gomes, V. L. Da Silva, J. R. Taylor, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 373 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, R. H. Stolen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 364 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. P. Heritage, A. M. Weiner, R. J. Hawkins, O. E. Martinez, Opt. Commun. 67, 367 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Vampouille, A. Barthélémy, B. Colombeau, C. Froehly, J. Opt. (Paris) 15, 385 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. J. P. Hamaide, P. Emplit, Electron. Lett. 24, 818 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  15. D. Grischkowsky, A. C. Balant, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 1 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  16. E. Bourkoff, W. Zhao, R. I. Joseph, D. N. Christodoulides, Opt. Lett. 12, 272 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988 (4)

J. P. Heritage, A. M. Weiner, R. J. Hawkins, O. E. Martinez, Opt. Commun. 67, 367 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Hamaide, P. Emplit, Electron. Lett. 24, 818 (1988).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, R. H. Stolen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 364 (1988).
[CrossRef]

A. S. L. Gomes, V. L. Da Silva, J. R. Taylor, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 373 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (3)

1986 (4)

C. Lin, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 1103 (1986).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Stolen, A. M. Johnson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 2154 (1986).
[CrossRef]

D. Schadt, B. Jaskorzynska, U. Österberg, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 1257 (1986).
[CrossRef]

A. Gomes, A. Gouveia-Neto, J. R. Taylor, Electron. Lett. 22, 41 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (2)

W. J. Tomlinson, R. H. Stolen, A. M. Johnson, Opt. Lett. 10, 457 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, A. Ya. Karasik, P. G. Mamyshev, A. M. Prokhorov, V. N. Serkin, Sov. Phys. JETP 62, 448 (1985).

1984 (1)

M. Vampouille, A. Barthélémy, B. Colombeau, C. Froehly, J. Opt. (Paris) 15, 385 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

D. Grischkowsky, A. C. Balant, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 1 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Balant, A. C.

D. Grischkowsky, A. C. Balant, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 1 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Barthélémy, A.

M. Vampouille, A. Barthélémy, B. Colombeau, C. Froehly, J. Opt. (Paris) 15, 385 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Bourkoff, E.

Christodoulides, D. N.

Colombeau, B.

M. Vampouille, A. Barthélémy, B. Colombeau, C. Froehly, J. Opt. (Paris) 15, 385 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Da Silva, V. L.

Dianov, E. M.

E. M. Dianov, A. Ya. Karasik, P. G. Mamyshev, A. M. Prokhorov, V. N. Serkin, Sov. Phys. JETP 62, 448 (1985).

Emplit, P.

J. P. Hamaide, P. Emplit, Electron. Lett. 24, 818 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Froehly, C.

M. Vampouille, A. Barthélémy, B. Colombeau, C. Froehly, J. Opt. (Paris) 15, 385 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Gomes, A.

A. Gomes, A. Gouveia-Neto, J. R. Taylor, Electron. Lett. 22, 41 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Gomes, A. S. L.

Gouveia-Neto, A.

A. Gomes, A. Gouveia-Neto, J. R. Taylor, Electron. Lett. 22, 41 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Grischkowsky, D.

D. Grischkowsky, A. C. Balant, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 1 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Hamaide, J. P.

J. P. Hamaide, P. Emplit, Electron. Lett. 24, 818 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Hawkins, R. J.

J. P. Heritage, A. M. Weiner, R. J. Hawkins, O. E. Martinez, Opt. Commun. 67, 367 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Heritage, J. P.

J. P. Heritage, A. M. Weiner, R. J. Hawkins, O. E. Martinez, Opt. Commun. 67, 367 (1988).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, R. H. Stolen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 364 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Jaskorzynska, B.

Johnson, A. M.

R. H. Stolen, A. M. Johnson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 2154 (1986).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Tomlinson, R. H. Stolen, A. M. Johnson, Opt. Lett. 10, 457 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Johnson, R. H. Stolen, W. M. Simpson, in Ultrafast Phenomena V, G. R. Fleming, A. E. Siegman, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986), p. 160.

Joseph, R. I.

Karasik, A. Ya.

E. M. Dianov, A. Ya. Karasik, P. G. Mamyshev, A. M. Prokhorov, V. N. Serkin, Sov. Phys. JETP 62, 448 (1985).

Kean, P. N.

P. N. Kean, K. Smith, W. Sibett, Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng. 134, 163 (1987).

Lin, C.

C. Lin, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 1103 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Mamyshev, P. G.

E. M. Dianov, A. Ya. Karasik, P. G. Mamyshev, A. M. Prokhorov, V. N. Serkin, Sov. Phys. JETP 62, 448 (1985).

Martinez, O. E.

J. P. Heritage, A. M. Weiner, R. J. Hawkins, O. E. Martinez, Opt. Commun. 67, 367 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Österberg, U.

Prokhorov, A. M.

E. M. Dianov, A. Ya. Karasik, P. G. Mamyshev, A. M. Prokhorov, V. N. Serkin, Sov. Phys. JETP 62, 448 (1985).

Schadt, D.

Serkin, V. N.

E. M. Dianov, A. Ya. Karasik, P. G. Mamyshev, A. M. Prokhorov, V. N. Serkin, Sov. Phys. JETP 62, 448 (1985).

Sibett, W.

P. N. Kean, K. Smith, W. Sibett, Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng. 134, 163 (1987).

Simpson, W. M.

A. M. Johnson, R. H. Stolen, W. M. Simpson, in Ultrafast Phenomena V, G. R. Fleming, A. E. Siegman, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986), p. 160.

Smith, K.

P. N. Kean, K. Smith, W. Sibett, Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng. 134, 163 (1987).

Stolen, R. H.

A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, R. H. Stolen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 364 (1988).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Stolen, A. M. Johnson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 2154 (1986).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Tomlinson, R. H. Stolen, A. M. Johnson, Opt. Lett. 10, 457 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Johnson, R. H. Stolen, W. M. Simpson, in Ultrafast Phenomena V, G. R. Fleming, A. E. Siegman, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986), p. 160.

Taylor, J. R.

A. S. L. Gomes, V. L. Da Silva, J. R. Taylor, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 373 (1988).
[CrossRef]

A. Gomes, A. Gouveia-Neto, J. R. Taylor, Electron. Lett. 22, 41 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Tomlinson, W. J.

Vampouille, M.

M. Vampouille, A. Barthélémy, B. Colombeau, C. Froehly, J. Opt. (Paris) 15, 385 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Weiner, A. M.

J. P. Heritage, A. M. Weiner, R. J. Hawkins, O. E. Martinez, Opt. Commun. 67, 367 (1988).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, R. H. Stolen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 364 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, W.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. Grischkowsky, A. C. Balant, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 1 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

A. Gomes, A. Gouveia-Neto, J. R. Taylor, Electron. Lett. 22, 41 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Hamaide, P. Emplit, Electron. Lett. 24, 818 (1988).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

C. Lin, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 1103 (1986).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. H. Stolen, A. M. Johnson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 2154 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. (Paris) (1)

M. Vampouille, A. Barthélémy, B. Colombeau, C. Froehly, J. Opt. (Paris) 15, 385 (1984).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (4)

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. P. Heritage, A. M. Weiner, R. J. Hawkins, O. E. Martinez, Opt. Commun. 67, 367 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng. (1)

P. N. Kean, K. Smith, W. Sibett, Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng. 134, 163 (1987).

Sov. Phys. JETP (1)

E. M. Dianov, A. Ya. Karasik, P. G. Mamyshev, A. M. Prokhorov, V. N. Serkin, Sov. Phys. JETP 62, 448 (1985).

Other (1)

A. M. Johnson, R. H. Stolen, W. M. Simpson, in Ultrafast Phenomena V, G. R. Fleming, A. E. Siegman, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986), p. 160.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Synchroscan streak-camera spectrotemporal images of output pump pulses after they traverse 960 m of a single-mode fiber. The temporal and spectral resolutions are 14 psec and 0.28 nm, respectively. The input peak powers in (a)–(e) are 1.6, 28.4, 102, 166, and 435 W, respectively. The traces on the left-hand side of the figures are the temporal pulse shapes spectrally integrated by image processing (the signal-to-noise ratio is poor for low-power profiles). The vertical fringes are artifacts due to the streak camera's input optics.

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