Abstract

Substantial pulse deformation of picosecond pulses at λ = 4.3 μm in air is observed, resulting from strong coherent interaction with 10 nearly equidistant rovibrational lines of the asymmetric ν3 stretching mode of CO2. The coherent reemissions of the different states interfere constructively after times of Δt = 19 and 38 psec as expected from the frequency separation of two neighboring states of Δν̃ = 1.75 cm−1 according to the equation Δt = (c × Δν̃)−1.

© 1989 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. Yariv, Quantum Electronics (Wiley, New York, 1975).
  2. K. L. Foster, S. Stenholm, R. G. Brewer, Phys. Rev. A 10, 2318 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. C. Chen, K. Chiang, S. R. Hartmann, Phys. Rev. B 21, 40 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. P. Grieneisen, J. Goldhar, N. A. Kurnit, A. Javan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 559 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. M. Hamadani, J. Goldhar, N. A. Kurnit, A. Javan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 160 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. J. Hartmann, A. Laubereau, J. Chem. Phys. 80, 4663 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. J. Hartmann, A. Laubereau, Opt. Commun. 47, 117 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Seilmeier, M. Woerner, H.-J. Huebner, W. Kaiser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2468 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. E. Rothenberg, D. Grischkowsky, A. C. Balant, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 552 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  10. T. Elsaesser, H. J. Polland, A. Seilmeier, W. Kaiser, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 191 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  11. T. Elsaesser, H. Lobentanzer, A. Seilmeier, Opt. Commun. 52, 355 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  12. G. Herzberg, Molecular Spectra and Molecular Structure. II. Infrared and Raman Spectra of Polyatomic Molecules (Van Nostrand, New York, 1945).
  13. M. D. Grisp, Phys. Rev. A 1, 1604 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  14. G. L. Lamb, Rev. Mod. Phys. 43, 99 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. Laubereau, W. Kaiser, Rev. Mod. Phys. 50, 607 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  16. For references see R. N. Thurston, J. P. Heritage, A. M. Weiner, W. J. Tomlinson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 682 (1986).
    [CrossRef]

1988 (1)

A. Seilmeier, M. Woerner, H.-J. Huebner, W. Kaiser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2468 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

For references see R. N. Thurston, J. P. Heritage, A. M. Weiner, W. J. Tomlinson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 682 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

T. Elsaesser, H. Lobentanzer, A. Seilmeier, Opt. Commun. 52, 355 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1984 (3)

J. E. Rothenberg, D. Grischkowsky, A. C. Balant, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 552 (1984).
[CrossRef]

T. Elsaesser, H. J. Polland, A. Seilmeier, W. Kaiser, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 191 (1984).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Hartmann, A. Laubereau, J. Chem. Phys. 80, 4663 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

H. J. Hartmann, A. Laubereau, Opt. Commun. 47, 117 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

Y. C. Chen, K. Chiang, S. R. Hartmann, Phys. Rev. B 21, 40 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

A. Laubereau, W. Kaiser, Rev. Mod. Phys. 50, 607 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1974 (2)

K. L. Foster, S. Stenholm, R. G. Brewer, Phys. Rev. A 10, 2318 (1974).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Hamadani, J. Goldhar, N. A. Kurnit, A. Javan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 160 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

H. P. Grieneisen, J. Goldhar, N. A. Kurnit, A. Javan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 559 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

G. L. Lamb, Rev. Mod. Phys. 43, 99 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

M. D. Grisp, Phys. Rev. A 1, 1604 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Balant, A. C.

J. E. Rothenberg, D. Grischkowsky, A. C. Balant, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 552 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Brewer, R. G.

K. L. Foster, S. Stenholm, R. G. Brewer, Phys. Rev. A 10, 2318 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. C.

Y. C. Chen, K. Chiang, S. R. Hartmann, Phys. Rev. B 21, 40 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Chiang, K.

Y. C. Chen, K. Chiang, S. R. Hartmann, Phys. Rev. B 21, 40 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Elsaesser, T.

T. Elsaesser, H. Lobentanzer, A. Seilmeier, Opt. Commun. 52, 355 (1985).
[CrossRef]

T. Elsaesser, H. J. Polland, A. Seilmeier, W. Kaiser, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 191 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Foster, K. L.

K. L. Foster, S. Stenholm, R. G. Brewer, Phys. Rev. A 10, 2318 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Goldhar, J.

S. M. Hamadani, J. Goldhar, N. A. Kurnit, A. Javan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 160 (1974).
[CrossRef]

H. P. Grieneisen, J. Goldhar, N. A. Kurnit, A. Javan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 559 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Grieneisen, H. P.

H. P. Grieneisen, J. Goldhar, N. A. Kurnit, A. Javan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 559 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Grischkowsky, D.

J. E. Rothenberg, D. Grischkowsky, A. C. Balant, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 552 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Grisp, M. D.

M. D. Grisp, Phys. Rev. A 1, 1604 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Hamadani, S. M.

S. M. Hamadani, J. Goldhar, N. A. Kurnit, A. Javan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 160 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Hartmann, H. J.

H. J. Hartmann, A. Laubereau, J. Chem. Phys. 80, 4663 (1984).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Hartmann, A. Laubereau, Opt. Commun. 47, 117 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Hartmann, S. R.

Y. C. Chen, K. Chiang, S. R. Hartmann, Phys. Rev. B 21, 40 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Heritage, J. P.

For references see R. N. Thurston, J. P. Heritage, A. M. Weiner, W. J. Tomlinson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 682 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Herzberg, G.

G. Herzberg, Molecular Spectra and Molecular Structure. II. Infrared and Raman Spectra of Polyatomic Molecules (Van Nostrand, New York, 1945).

Huebner, H.-J.

A. Seilmeier, M. Woerner, H.-J. Huebner, W. Kaiser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2468 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Javan, A.

S. M. Hamadani, J. Goldhar, N. A. Kurnit, A. Javan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 160 (1974).
[CrossRef]

H. P. Grieneisen, J. Goldhar, N. A. Kurnit, A. Javan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 559 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Kaiser, W.

A. Seilmeier, M. Woerner, H.-J. Huebner, W. Kaiser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2468 (1988).
[CrossRef]

T. Elsaesser, H. J. Polland, A. Seilmeier, W. Kaiser, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 191 (1984).
[CrossRef]

A. Laubereau, W. Kaiser, Rev. Mod. Phys. 50, 607 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Kurnit, N. A.

S. M. Hamadani, J. Goldhar, N. A. Kurnit, A. Javan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 160 (1974).
[CrossRef]

H. P. Grieneisen, J. Goldhar, N. A. Kurnit, A. Javan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 559 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Lamb, G. L.

G. L. Lamb, Rev. Mod. Phys. 43, 99 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Laubereau, A.

H. J. Hartmann, A. Laubereau, J. Chem. Phys. 80, 4663 (1984).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Hartmann, A. Laubereau, Opt. Commun. 47, 117 (1983).
[CrossRef]

A. Laubereau, W. Kaiser, Rev. Mod. Phys. 50, 607 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Lobentanzer, H.

T. Elsaesser, H. Lobentanzer, A. Seilmeier, Opt. Commun. 52, 355 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Polland, H. J.

T. Elsaesser, H. J. Polland, A. Seilmeier, W. Kaiser, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 191 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Rothenberg, J. E.

J. E. Rothenberg, D. Grischkowsky, A. C. Balant, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 552 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Seilmeier, A.

A. Seilmeier, M. Woerner, H.-J. Huebner, W. Kaiser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2468 (1988).
[CrossRef]

T. Elsaesser, H. Lobentanzer, A. Seilmeier, Opt. Commun. 52, 355 (1985).
[CrossRef]

T. Elsaesser, H. J. Polland, A. Seilmeier, W. Kaiser, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 191 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Stenholm, S.

K. L. Foster, S. Stenholm, R. G. Brewer, Phys. Rev. A 10, 2318 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Thurston, R. N.

For references see R. N. Thurston, J. P. Heritage, A. M. Weiner, W. J. Tomlinson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 682 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Tomlinson, W. J.

For references see R. N. Thurston, J. P. Heritage, A. M. Weiner, W. J. Tomlinson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 682 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Weiner, A. M.

For references see R. N. Thurston, J. P. Heritage, A. M. Weiner, W. J. Tomlinson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 682 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Woerner, M.

A. Seilmeier, M. Woerner, H.-J. Huebner, W. Kaiser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2468 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

A. Yariv, Quantum Electronics (Wiley, New York, 1975).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

H. P. Grieneisen, J. Goldhar, N. A. Kurnit, A. Javan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 559 (1972).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Hamadani, J. Goldhar, N. A. Kurnit, A. Javan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 160 (1974).
[CrossRef]

A. Seilmeier, M. Woerner, H.-J. Huebner, W. Kaiser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2468 (1988).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

T. Elsaesser, H. J. Polland, A. Seilmeier, W. Kaiser, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 191 (1984).
[CrossRef]

For references see R. N. Thurston, J. P. Heritage, A. M. Weiner, W. J. Tomlinson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 682 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

H. J. Hartmann, A. Laubereau, J. Chem. Phys. 80, 4663 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

H. J. Hartmann, A. Laubereau, Opt. Commun. 47, 117 (1983).
[CrossRef]

T. Elsaesser, H. Lobentanzer, A. Seilmeier, Opt. Commun. 52, 355 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (2)

M. D. Grisp, Phys. Rev. A 1, 1604 (1970).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Foster, S. Stenholm, R. G. Brewer, Phys. Rev. A 10, 2318 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

Y. C. Chen, K. Chiang, S. R. Hartmann, Phys. Rev. B 21, 40 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

J. E. Rothenberg, D. Grischkowsky, A. C. Balant, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 552 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (2)

G. L. Lamb, Rev. Mod. Phys. 43, 99 (1971).
[CrossRef]

A. Laubereau, W. Kaiser, Rev. Mod. Phys. 50, 607 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

G. Herzberg, Molecular Spectra and Molecular Structure. II. Infrared and Raman Spectra of Polyatomic Molecules (Van Nostrand, New York, 1945).

A. Yariv, Quantum Electronics (Wiley, New York, 1975).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

IR absorption of laboratory air near 4.3 μm. (a) Rovibrational lines of the asymmetric ν3 stretching vibration of CO2 between 2300 and 2400 cm−1. The frequency position and bandwidth of the interacting IR pulse at ν̃ = 2335 cm−1 are indicated by the dashed curve. (b) Three rovibrational lines on an expanded frequency scale taken with the high spectral resolution of 0.04 cm−1.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Cross-correlation (sum-frequency) data of IR pulses (2-psec duration at ν̃ = 2335 cm−1) after traversing 80 cm of laboratory air with a visible pulse (4 psec at ν̃ = 18 992 cm−1). Solid points, the experimental data; solid curve, the signal calculated as outlined in the text with an absorption length αl = 10 and a dephasing time T2 = 80 psec.

Equations (2)

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( x + 1 c t ) E = i ( 2 πω / c ) Σ P j ,
( t + 1 T 2 j i Δ ω j ) P j = i μ j 2 N j E .

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