Abstract

Room-temperature continuous-wave laser action in chromium-activated forsterite (Cr:Mg2SiO4) has been achieved for longitudinal pumping in a nearly concentric cavity by the 1064-nm radiation from a cw Nd:YAG laser. The laser emission is centered at 1244 nm and has a spectral bandwidth of 12 nm. An output-power slope efficiency of 6.8% is measured. The effective emission cross section is estimated to be ∼1.1 × 10−19 cm2.

© 1989 Optical Society of America

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  1. For a list of tunable solid-state lasers see J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron QE-24, 1077 (1988), and references therein.
    [CrossRef]
  2. V. Petričević, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, K. Yamagishi, H. Anzai, Y. Yamaguchi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1040 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  3. V. Petričević, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, Photon. Spectra 22 (3), 95 (1988).
  4. V. Petričević, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, K. Yamagishi, K. Moriya, in Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers '87, F. J. Duarte, ed. (STS, McLean, Va., 1988), p. 423.
  5. V. Petričević, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, Appl. Opt. 27, 4162 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  6. V. Petričević, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, Appl. Opt. 28, 1610 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. C. Walling, O. G. Peterson, H. P. Jenssen, R. C. Morris, E. W. O'Dell, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 1302 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. L. Shand, J. C. Walling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1829 (1982);J. Buchert, A. Katz, R. R. Alfano, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1477 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  9. B. Struve, G. Huber, V. V. Laptev, I. A. Shcherbakov, E. V. Zharikov, Appl. Phys. B 30, 117 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  10. P. F. Moulton, J. Opt. Soc. Am B 3, 125 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. G. Danielmeyer, in Lasers, A. K. Levine, A. De-Maria, eds. (Dekker, New York, 1975), Vol. IV.
  12. P. F. Moulton, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-12, 1582 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  13. V. Petričević, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2590 (1988).
    [CrossRef]

1989

V. Petričević, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, Appl. Opt. 28, 1610 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988

For a list of tunable solid-state lasers see J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron QE-24, 1077 (1988), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

V. Petričević, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, K. Yamagishi, H. Anzai, Y. Yamaguchi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1040 (1988).
[CrossRef]

V. Petričević, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, Photon. Spectra 22 (3), 95 (1988).

V. Petričević, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2590 (1988).
[CrossRef]

V. Petričević, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, Appl. Opt. 27, 4162 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1986

P. F. Moulton, J. Opt. Soc. Am B 3, 125 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985

P. F. Moulton, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-12, 1582 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1983

B. Struve, G. Huber, V. V. Laptev, I. A. Shcherbakov, E. V. Zharikov, Appl. Phys. B 30, 117 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1982

M. L. Shand, J. C. Walling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1829 (1982);J. Buchert, A. Katz, R. R. Alfano, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1477 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1980

J. C. Walling, O. G. Peterson, H. P. Jenssen, R. C. Morris, E. W. O'Dell, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 1302 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Alfano, R. R.

V. Petričević, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, Appl. Opt. 28, 1610 (1989).
[CrossRef]

V. Petričević, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, K. Yamagishi, H. Anzai, Y. Yamaguchi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1040 (1988).
[CrossRef]

V. Petričević, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, Photon. Spectra 22 (3), 95 (1988).

V. Petričević, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2590 (1988).
[CrossRef]

V. Petričević, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, Appl. Opt. 27, 4162 (1988).
[CrossRef]

V. Petričević, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, K. Yamagishi, K. Moriya, in Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers '87, F. J. Duarte, ed. (STS, McLean, Va., 1988), p. 423.

Anzai, H.

V. Petričević, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, K. Yamagishi, H. Anzai, Y. Yamaguchi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1040 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Caird, J. A.

For a list of tunable solid-state lasers see J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron QE-24, 1077 (1988), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Chase, L. L.

For a list of tunable solid-state lasers see J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron QE-24, 1077 (1988), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Danielmeyer, H. G.

H. G. Danielmeyer, in Lasers, A. K. Levine, A. De-Maria, eds. (Dekker, New York, 1975), Vol. IV.

Gayen, S. K.

V. Petričević, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, Appl. Opt. 28, 1610 (1989).
[CrossRef]

V. Petričević, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, K. Yamagishi, H. Anzai, Y. Yamaguchi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1040 (1988).
[CrossRef]

V. Petričević, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, Photon. Spectra 22 (3), 95 (1988).

V. Petričević, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2590 (1988).
[CrossRef]

V. Petričević, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, Appl. Opt. 27, 4162 (1988).
[CrossRef]

V. Petričević, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, K. Yamagishi, K. Moriya, in Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers '87, F. J. Duarte, ed. (STS, McLean, Va., 1988), p. 423.

Huber, G.

B. Struve, G. Huber, V. V. Laptev, I. A. Shcherbakov, E. V. Zharikov, Appl. Phys. B 30, 117 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Jenssen, H. P.

J. C. Walling, O. G. Peterson, H. P. Jenssen, R. C. Morris, E. W. O'Dell, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 1302 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Krupke, W. F.

For a list of tunable solid-state lasers see J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron QE-24, 1077 (1988), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Laptev, V. V.

B. Struve, G. Huber, V. V. Laptev, I. A. Shcherbakov, E. V. Zharikov, Appl. Phys. B 30, 117 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Moriya, K.

V. Petričević, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, K. Yamagishi, K. Moriya, in Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers '87, F. J. Duarte, ed. (STS, McLean, Va., 1988), p. 423.

Morris, R. C.

J. C. Walling, O. G. Peterson, H. P. Jenssen, R. C. Morris, E. W. O'Dell, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 1302 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Moulton, P. F.

P. F. Moulton, J. Opt. Soc. Am B 3, 125 (1986).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Moulton, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-12, 1582 (1985).
[CrossRef]

O'Dell, E. W.

J. C. Walling, O. G. Peterson, H. P. Jenssen, R. C. Morris, E. W. O'Dell, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 1302 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Payne, S. A.

For a list of tunable solid-state lasers see J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron QE-24, 1077 (1988), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Peterson, O. G.

J. C. Walling, O. G. Peterson, H. P. Jenssen, R. C. Morris, E. W. O'Dell, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 1302 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Petricevic, V.

V. Petričević, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, Appl. Opt. 28, 1610 (1989).
[CrossRef]

V. Petričević, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, K. Yamagishi, H. Anzai, Y. Yamaguchi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1040 (1988).
[CrossRef]

V. Petričević, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, Photon. Spectra 22 (3), 95 (1988).

V. Petričević, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2590 (1988).
[CrossRef]

V. Petričević, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, Appl. Opt. 27, 4162 (1988).
[CrossRef]

V. Petričević, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, K. Yamagishi, K. Moriya, in Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers '87, F. J. Duarte, ed. (STS, McLean, Va., 1988), p. 423.

Ramponi, A. J.

For a list of tunable solid-state lasers see J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron QE-24, 1077 (1988), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Shand, M. L.

M. L. Shand, J. C. Walling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1829 (1982);J. Buchert, A. Katz, R. R. Alfano, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1477 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Shcherbakov, I. A.

B. Struve, G. Huber, V. V. Laptev, I. A. Shcherbakov, E. V. Zharikov, Appl. Phys. B 30, 117 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Staver, P. R.

For a list of tunable solid-state lasers see J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron QE-24, 1077 (1988), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Struve, B.

B. Struve, G. Huber, V. V. Laptev, I. A. Shcherbakov, E. V. Zharikov, Appl. Phys. B 30, 117 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Walling, J. C.

M. L. Shand, J. C. Walling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1829 (1982);J. Buchert, A. Katz, R. R. Alfano, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1477 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Walling, O. G. Peterson, H. P. Jenssen, R. C. Morris, E. W. O'Dell, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 1302 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Yamagishi, K.

V. Petričević, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, K. Yamagishi, H. Anzai, Y. Yamaguchi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1040 (1988).
[CrossRef]

V. Petričević, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, K. Yamagishi, K. Moriya, in Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers '87, F. J. Duarte, ed. (STS, McLean, Va., 1988), p. 423.

Yamaguchi, Y.

V. Petričević, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, K. Yamagishi, H. Anzai, Y. Yamaguchi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1040 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Zharikov, E. V.

B. Struve, G. Huber, V. V. Laptev, I. A. Shcherbakov, E. V. Zharikov, Appl. Phys. B 30, 117 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

V. Petričević, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, Appl. Opt. 28, 1610 (1989).
[CrossRef]

V. Petričević, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, Appl. Opt. 27, 4162 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

B. Struve, G. Huber, V. V. Laptev, I. A. Shcherbakov, E. V. Zharikov, Appl. Phys. B 30, 117 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

V. Petričević, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2590 (1988).
[CrossRef]

V. Petričević, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, K. Yamagishi, H. Anzai, Y. Yamaguchi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1040 (1988).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron

For a list of tunable solid-state lasers see J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron QE-24, 1077 (1988), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

J. C. Walling, O. G. Peterson, H. P. Jenssen, R. C. Morris, E. W. O'Dell, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 1302 (1980).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Shand, J. C. Walling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1829 (1982);J. Buchert, A. Katz, R. R. Alfano, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1477 (1983).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Moulton, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-12, 1582 (1985).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am B

P. F. Moulton, J. Opt. Soc. Am B 3, 125 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Photon. Spectra

V. Petričević, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, Photon. Spectra 22 (3), 95 (1988).

Other

V. Petričević, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, K. Yamagishi, K. Moriya, in Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers '87, F. J. Duarte, ed. (STS, McLean, Va., 1988), p. 423.

H. G. Danielmeyer, in Lasers, A. K. Levine, A. De-Maria, eds. (Dekker, New York, 1975), Vol. IV.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the experimental arrangement for investigating cw laser action in Cr:forsterite: C, light chopper; F1, variable neutral-density filter; L, focusing lens; M1, input mirror; M2, output coupler; S, sample; F2, 1064-nm cutoff, Cnforsterite laser light-transmitting filter; M, monochromator; D, germanium or PbS detector.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Temporal behavior of the cw Cr:forsterite laser emission over the entire duration of the pump pulse (scale: 1 msec/cm).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectrum of the free-running cw Cr:forsterite laser.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output power of the cw Cr:forsterite laser as a function of absorbed pump power.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Properties of cw Emission from a Cr:Forsterite Laser

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

η = ( λ p T ) / λ L ( T + L ) ,
P t = π E p w L 2 ( L + T ) ( a 2 + 1 ) 4 σ τ [ 1 exp ( α l ) ] ,
2 σ N t l = L + T .

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