Abstract

Pump-and-probe methods of laser spectroscopy with time resolution were used to study fluorescence and excitation spectra arising from transitions involving the 1u(41P), 3g(43P), and Xg+1(41S)states for the Zn2 excimer. An analysis of the vibrational bands yielded vibrational constants, relative energies, and relative internuclear separations for the 1u and 3g states.

© 1989 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. G. Winans, Phil. Mag. 7, 202 (1929).
  2. J. G. Winans, Phys. Rev. 37, 902 (1931).
    [Crossref]
  3. H. Hamada, Phil. Mag. 12, 50 (1931).
  4. W. Finkelnburg, Kontinuierliche Spektren (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1938), p. 193.
  5. K. D. Carlson, K. R. Kuschnir, J. Phys. Chem. 68, 1566 (1964).
    [Crossref]
  6. W. W. Duley, Proc. Phys. Soc. 91, 976 (1967).
    [Crossref]
  7. B. S. Ault, L. Andrews, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 65, 102 (1977).
    [Crossref]
  8. W. F. Cooper, G. A. Clarke, C. R. Hare, J. Phys. Chem. 76, 2268 (1972).
    [Crossref]
  9. P. J. Hay, T. H. Dunning, R. C. Raffenetti, J. Chem. Phys. 65, 2679 (1976).
    [Crossref]
  10. H. H. Schmidtke, A. Wolf, Chem. Phys. Lett. 50, 451 (1977).
    [Crossref]
  11. C. F. Bender, T. N. Rescigno, H. F. Shaefer, A. E. Orel, J. Chem. Phys. 71, 1122 (1979).
    [Crossref]
  12. M. Tomonari, H. Tatewaki, T. Nakamura, J. Chem. Phys. 80, 344 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  13. H. Tatewaki, M. Tomonari, T. Nakamura, J. Chem. Phys. 82, 5608 (1985).
    [Crossref]
  14. W. Kedzierski, R. W. Berends, J. B. Atkinson, L. Krause, J. Phys. E 21, 796 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  15. R. J. Niefer, J. Supronowicz, J. B. Atkinson, L. Krause, Phys. Rev. A 34, 1137 (1986).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

W. Kedzierski, R. W. Berends, J. B. Atkinson, L. Krause, J. Phys. E 21, 796 (1988).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

R. J. Niefer, J. Supronowicz, J. B. Atkinson, L. Krause, Phys. Rev. A 34, 1137 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1985 (1)

H. Tatewaki, M. Tomonari, T. Nakamura, J. Chem. Phys. 82, 5608 (1985).
[Crossref]

1984 (1)

M. Tomonari, H. Tatewaki, T. Nakamura, J. Chem. Phys. 80, 344 (1984).
[Crossref]

1979 (1)

C. F. Bender, T. N. Rescigno, H. F. Shaefer, A. E. Orel, J. Chem. Phys. 71, 1122 (1979).
[Crossref]

1977 (2)

H. H. Schmidtke, A. Wolf, Chem. Phys. Lett. 50, 451 (1977).
[Crossref]

B. S. Ault, L. Andrews, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 65, 102 (1977).
[Crossref]

1976 (1)

P. J. Hay, T. H. Dunning, R. C. Raffenetti, J. Chem. Phys. 65, 2679 (1976).
[Crossref]

1972 (1)

W. F. Cooper, G. A. Clarke, C. R. Hare, J. Phys. Chem. 76, 2268 (1972).
[Crossref]

1967 (1)

W. W. Duley, Proc. Phys. Soc. 91, 976 (1967).
[Crossref]

1964 (1)

K. D. Carlson, K. R. Kuschnir, J. Phys. Chem. 68, 1566 (1964).
[Crossref]

1931 (2)

J. G. Winans, Phys. Rev. 37, 902 (1931).
[Crossref]

H. Hamada, Phil. Mag. 12, 50 (1931).

1929 (1)

J. G. Winans, Phil. Mag. 7, 202 (1929).

Andrews, L.

B. S. Ault, L. Andrews, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 65, 102 (1977).
[Crossref]

Atkinson, J. B.

W. Kedzierski, R. W. Berends, J. B. Atkinson, L. Krause, J. Phys. E 21, 796 (1988).
[Crossref]

R. J. Niefer, J. Supronowicz, J. B. Atkinson, L. Krause, Phys. Rev. A 34, 1137 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ault, B. S.

B. S. Ault, L. Andrews, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 65, 102 (1977).
[Crossref]

Bender, C. F.

C. F. Bender, T. N. Rescigno, H. F. Shaefer, A. E. Orel, J. Chem. Phys. 71, 1122 (1979).
[Crossref]

Berends, R. W.

W. Kedzierski, R. W. Berends, J. B. Atkinson, L. Krause, J. Phys. E 21, 796 (1988).
[Crossref]

Carlson, K. D.

K. D. Carlson, K. R. Kuschnir, J. Phys. Chem. 68, 1566 (1964).
[Crossref]

Clarke, G. A.

W. F. Cooper, G. A. Clarke, C. R. Hare, J. Phys. Chem. 76, 2268 (1972).
[Crossref]

Cooper, W. F.

W. F. Cooper, G. A. Clarke, C. R. Hare, J. Phys. Chem. 76, 2268 (1972).
[Crossref]

Duley, W. W.

W. W. Duley, Proc. Phys. Soc. 91, 976 (1967).
[Crossref]

Dunning, T. H.

P. J. Hay, T. H. Dunning, R. C. Raffenetti, J. Chem. Phys. 65, 2679 (1976).
[Crossref]

Finkelnburg, W.

W. Finkelnburg, Kontinuierliche Spektren (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1938), p. 193.

Hamada, H.

H. Hamada, Phil. Mag. 12, 50 (1931).

Hare, C. R.

W. F. Cooper, G. A. Clarke, C. R. Hare, J. Phys. Chem. 76, 2268 (1972).
[Crossref]

Hay, P. J.

P. J. Hay, T. H. Dunning, R. C. Raffenetti, J. Chem. Phys. 65, 2679 (1976).
[Crossref]

Kedzierski, W.

W. Kedzierski, R. W. Berends, J. B. Atkinson, L. Krause, J. Phys. E 21, 796 (1988).
[Crossref]

Krause, L.

W. Kedzierski, R. W. Berends, J. B. Atkinson, L. Krause, J. Phys. E 21, 796 (1988).
[Crossref]

R. J. Niefer, J. Supronowicz, J. B. Atkinson, L. Krause, Phys. Rev. A 34, 1137 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kuschnir, K. R.

K. D. Carlson, K. R. Kuschnir, J. Phys. Chem. 68, 1566 (1964).
[Crossref]

Nakamura, T.

H. Tatewaki, M. Tomonari, T. Nakamura, J. Chem. Phys. 82, 5608 (1985).
[Crossref]

M. Tomonari, H. Tatewaki, T. Nakamura, J. Chem. Phys. 80, 344 (1984).
[Crossref]

Niefer, R. J.

R. J. Niefer, J. Supronowicz, J. B. Atkinson, L. Krause, Phys. Rev. A 34, 1137 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Orel, A. E.

C. F. Bender, T. N. Rescigno, H. F. Shaefer, A. E. Orel, J. Chem. Phys. 71, 1122 (1979).
[Crossref]

Raffenetti, R. C.

P. J. Hay, T. H. Dunning, R. C. Raffenetti, J. Chem. Phys. 65, 2679 (1976).
[Crossref]

Rescigno, T. N.

C. F. Bender, T. N. Rescigno, H. F. Shaefer, A. E. Orel, J. Chem. Phys. 71, 1122 (1979).
[Crossref]

Schmidtke, H. H.

H. H. Schmidtke, A. Wolf, Chem. Phys. Lett. 50, 451 (1977).
[Crossref]

Shaefer, H. F.

C. F. Bender, T. N. Rescigno, H. F. Shaefer, A. E. Orel, J. Chem. Phys. 71, 1122 (1979).
[Crossref]

Supronowicz, J.

R. J. Niefer, J. Supronowicz, J. B. Atkinson, L. Krause, Phys. Rev. A 34, 1137 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tatewaki, H.

H. Tatewaki, M. Tomonari, T. Nakamura, J. Chem. Phys. 82, 5608 (1985).
[Crossref]

M. Tomonari, H. Tatewaki, T. Nakamura, J. Chem. Phys. 80, 344 (1984).
[Crossref]

Tomonari, M.

H. Tatewaki, M. Tomonari, T. Nakamura, J. Chem. Phys. 82, 5608 (1985).
[Crossref]

M. Tomonari, H. Tatewaki, T. Nakamura, J. Chem. Phys. 80, 344 (1984).
[Crossref]

Winans, J. G.

J. G. Winans, Phys. Rev. 37, 902 (1931).
[Crossref]

J. G. Winans, Phil. Mag. 7, 202 (1929).

Wolf, A.

H. H. Schmidtke, A. Wolf, Chem. Phys. Lett. 50, 451 (1977).
[Crossref]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. H. Schmidtke, A. Wolf, Chem. Phys. Lett. 50, 451 (1977).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (4)

C. F. Bender, T. N. Rescigno, H. F. Shaefer, A. E. Orel, J. Chem. Phys. 71, 1122 (1979).
[Crossref]

M. Tomonari, H. Tatewaki, T. Nakamura, J. Chem. Phys. 80, 344 (1984).
[Crossref]

H. Tatewaki, M. Tomonari, T. Nakamura, J. Chem. Phys. 82, 5608 (1985).
[Crossref]

P. J. Hay, T. H. Dunning, R. C. Raffenetti, J. Chem. Phys. 65, 2679 (1976).
[Crossref]

J. Mol. Spectrosc. (1)

B. S. Ault, L. Andrews, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 65, 102 (1977).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. (2)

W. F. Cooper, G. A. Clarke, C. R. Hare, J. Phys. Chem. 76, 2268 (1972).
[Crossref]

K. D. Carlson, K. R. Kuschnir, J. Phys. Chem. 68, 1566 (1964).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. E (1)

W. Kedzierski, R. W. Berends, J. B. Atkinson, L. Krause, J. Phys. E 21, 796 (1988).
[Crossref]

Phil. Mag. (2)

J. G. Winans, Phil. Mag. 7, 202 (1929).

H. Hamada, Phil. Mag. 12, 50 (1931).

Phys. Rev. (1)

J. G. Winans, Phys. Rev. 37, 902 (1931).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

R. J. Niefer, J. Supronowicz, J. B. Atkinson, L. Krause, Phys. Rev. A 34, 1137 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Proc. Phys. Soc. (1)

W. W. Duley, Proc. Phys. Soc. 91, 976 (1967).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

W. Finkelnburg, Kontinuierliche Spektren (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1938), p. 193.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Partial potential-energy diagram for Zn2,9 showing the observed transitions.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic diagram of the apparatus: L's, lasers; C's, stepper motor controllers; KDP ‘C’, doubling crystal; D, delay box; PD, photodiode; M, monochromator, PM, photo-multiplier tube; TD, transient digitizer; COMP, microcomputer.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Zn2 fluorescence spectrum emitted in the decay of the 1u state excited with 638-nm (υ′ = 0) and 632-nm (υ′ = 1) probe radiation, showing Condon internal diffraction patterns.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The 1u3g excitation spectrum showing vibrational (υ′υ″) components.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Comparison of Experimental Results with Data Taken from Potential-Energy Curves

Equations (4)

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Zn ( 4 1 S 0 ) + h v Zn ( 4 3 P 1 ) ,
Zn ( 4 3 P 1 ) + 2 Zn ( 4 1 S 0 ) Zn 2 ( 3 Π g ) + Zn ( 4 1 S 0 ) .
2 Zn ( 4 1 S 0 ) + h v Zn 2 ( 3 Π g ) ,
Π 1 u ( υ = 0 ) g + 1

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