Abstract

We report the successful operation of a visible optical parametric oscillator (OPO) that uses urea as the nonlinear medium and is pumped in the near field of an injection-seeded pulsed XeCl excimer laser operating at 308 nm The OPO can generate continuously tunable radiation from 537 to 720 nm with a single set of dichroic mirrors and conversion efficiencies as high as 37% have been achieved in a 15-mm-long crystal at 90° phase matching. The influence of crystal double refraction (and hence beam walk-off) on the conversion efficiency across the OPO tuning range is discussed, and some oscillator parameters, including spectral linewidth and temporal behavior are characterized.

© 1989 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. A. Giordmaine, R. C. Miller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 14, 973 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. E. Harris, Proc. IEEE 57, 2096 (1969);R. L. Byer, in Quantum Electronics: A Treatise, H. Rabin, C. L. Tang, eds. (Academic, New York, 1973), Vol. I, Pt. B, pp. 587–702.
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. J. Roskar, C. L. Tang, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 691 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  5. W. L. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, C. L. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 13 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Ebrahimzadeh, M. H. Dunn, Opt. Commun. 69, 161 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. Komine, Opt. Lett. 13, 643 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. D. J. Kuizenga, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 570 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  9. R. Basu, W. H. Steier, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 693 (1972).
    [CrossRef]

1989 (1)

W. L. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, C. L. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 13 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (3)

M. Ebrahimzadeh, M. H. Dunn, Opt. Commun. 69, 161 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014 (1988).
[CrossRef]

H. Komine, Opt. Lett. 13, 643 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1985 (1)

1972 (2)

D. J. Kuizenga, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 570 (1972).
[CrossRef]

R. Basu, W. H. Steier, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 693 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

S. E. Harris, Proc. IEEE 57, 2096 (1969);R. L. Byer, in Quantum Electronics: A Treatise, H. Rabin, C. L. Tang, eds. (Academic, New York, 1973), Vol. I, Pt. B, pp. 587–702.
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

J. A. Giordmaine, R. C. Miller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 14, 973 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Basu, R.

R. Basu, W. H. Steier, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 693 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Bosenberg, W. L.

W. L. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, C. L. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 13 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, L. K.

W. L. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, C. L. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 13 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Dunn, M. H.

M. Ebrahimzadeh, M. H. Dunn, Opt. Commun. 69, 161 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Ebrahimzadeh, M.

M. Ebrahimzadeh, M. H. Dunn, Opt. Commun. 69, 161 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Eckardt, R. C.

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Fan, Y. X.

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Giordmaine, J. A.

J. A. Giordmaine, R. C. Miller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 14, 973 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Harris, S. E.

S. E. Harris, Proc. IEEE 57, 2096 (1969);R. L. Byer, in Quantum Electronics: A Treatise, H. Rabin, C. L. Tang, eds. (Academic, New York, 1973), Vol. I, Pt. B, pp. 587–702.
[CrossRef]

Komine, H.

Kuizenga, D. J.

D. J. Kuizenga, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 570 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Miller, R. C.

J. A. Giordmaine, R. C. Miller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 14, 973 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Nolting, J.

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Roskar, M. J.

Steier, W. H.

R. Basu, W. H. Steier, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 693 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Tang, C. L.

W. L. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, C. L. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 13 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Roskar, C. L. Tang, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 691 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Wallenstein, R.

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014 (1988).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, C. L. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 13 (1989).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Kuizenga, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 570 (1972).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. Basu, W. H. Steier, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 693 (1972).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. Ebrahimzadeh, M. H. Dunn, Opt. Commun. 69, 161 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

J. A. Giordmaine, R. C. Miller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 14, 973 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IEEE (1)

S. E. Harris, Proc. IEEE 57, 2096 (1969);R. L. Byer, in Quantum Electronics: A Treatise, H. Rabin, C. L. Tang, eds. (Academic, New York, 1973), Vol. I, Pt. B, pp. 587–702.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the urea OPO pumped by an injection-seeded XeCl excimer laser at 308 nm. M's, mirrors; E's, etalons; A, aperture; L's, lenses.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Tuning range of the urea OPO pumped by a XeCl laser at 308 nm with type II interaction (oo + e). The data points indicate the measured tunable output from the OPO in the two polarizations.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured OPO conversion efficiency η (squares) as a function of the internal phase-match angle θ. The solid curve represents the variation in the double-refraction angle ρ across the tuning range of the oscillator.

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