Abstract

An interferometric technique for measuring with picosecond resolution the time evolution of the real and imaginary components of optical nonlinearities in channel waveguides is described. Characteristics of the technique are illustrated with measurements of band-filling optical nonlinearities in CdSxSe1−x-doped glass channel waveguides.

© 1989 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S. R. Friberg, P. W. Smith, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 2089 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. I. Stegeman, E. M. Wright, N. Finlayson, R. Zanoni, C. T. Seaton, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-6, 953 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, J. Lukasik, C. Flytzanis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 5 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. R. Olbright, N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1184 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. N. Ironside, T. J. Cullen, B. S. Bhumbra, J. Bell, W. C. Banyai, N. Finlayson, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 492 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  6. E. M. Wright, S. W. Koch, J. E. Ehrlich, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 2157 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. M. Halbout, C. L. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 765 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. Cotter, B. J. Ainslie, H. P. Girdlestone, C. N. Ironside, in Technical Digest of Sixteenth International Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1988), paper WG-3.
  9. T. J. Cullen, C. N. Ironside, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1403 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  10. N. Finlayson, W. C. Banyai, E. M. Wright, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, T. J. Cullen, C. N. Ironside, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1144 (1988).
    [CrossRef]

1988 (4)

G. I. Stegeman, E. M. Wright, N. Finlayson, R. Zanoni, C. T. Seaton, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-6, 953 (1988).
[CrossRef]

C. N. Ironside, T. J. Cullen, B. S. Bhumbra, J. Bell, W. C. Banyai, N. Finlayson, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 492 (1988).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Wright, S. W. Koch, J. E. Ehrlich, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 2157 (1988).
[CrossRef]

N. Finlayson, W. C. Banyai, E. M. Wright, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, T. J. Cullen, C. N. Ironside, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1144 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (2)

S. R. Friberg, P. W. Smith, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 2089 (1987).
[CrossRef]

P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, J. Lukasik, C. Flytzanis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 5 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (2)

G. R. Olbright, N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1184 (1986).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Cullen, C. N. Ironside, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1403 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

J. M. Halbout, C. L. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 765 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Ainslie, B. J.

D. Cotter, B. J. Ainslie, H. P. Girdlestone, C. N. Ironside, in Technical Digest of Sixteenth International Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1988), paper WG-3.

Banyai, W. C.

C. N. Ironside, T. J. Cullen, B. S. Bhumbra, J. Bell, W. C. Banyai, N. Finlayson, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 492 (1988).
[CrossRef]

N. Finlayson, W. C. Banyai, E. M. Wright, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, T. J. Cullen, C. N. Ironside, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1144 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Bell, J.

Bhumbra, B. S.

Cotter, D.

D. Cotter, B. J. Ainslie, H. P. Girdlestone, C. N. Ironside, in Technical Digest of Sixteenth International Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1988), paper WG-3.

Cullen, T. J.

C. N. Ironside, T. J. Cullen, B. S. Bhumbra, J. Bell, W. C. Banyai, N. Finlayson, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 492 (1988).
[CrossRef]

N. Finlayson, W. C. Banyai, E. M. Wright, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, T. J. Cullen, C. N. Ironside, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1144 (1988).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Cullen, C. N. Ironside, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1403 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Ehrlich, J. E.

E. M. Wright, S. W. Koch, J. E. Ehrlich, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 2157 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Finlayson, N.

C. N. Ironside, T. J. Cullen, B. S. Bhumbra, J. Bell, W. C. Banyai, N. Finlayson, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 492 (1988).
[CrossRef]

G. I. Stegeman, E. M. Wright, N. Finlayson, R. Zanoni, C. T. Seaton, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-6, 953 (1988).
[CrossRef]

N. Finlayson, W. C. Banyai, E. M. Wright, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, T. J. Cullen, C. N. Ironside, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1144 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Flytzanis, C.

Friberg, S. R.

S. R. Friberg, P. W. Smith, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 2089 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Girdlestone, H. P.

D. Cotter, B. J. Ainslie, H. P. Girdlestone, C. N. Ironside, in Technical Digest of Sixteenth International Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1988), paper WG-3.

Halbout, J. M.

J. M. Halbout, C. L. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 765 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Ironside, C. N.

C. N. Ironside, T. J. Cullen, B. S. Bhumbra, J. Bell, W. C. Banyai, N. Finlayson, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 492 (1988).
[CrossRef]

N. Finlayson, W. C. Banyai, E. M. Wright, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, T. J. Cullen, C. N. Ironside, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1144 (1988).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Cullen, C. N. Ironside, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1403 (1986).
[CrossRef]

D. Cotter, B. J. Ainslie, H. P. Girdlestone, C. N. Ironside, in Technical Digest of Sixteenth International Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1988), paper WG-3.

Koch, S. W.

E. M. Wright, S. W. Koch, J. E. Ehrlich, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 2157 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Lukasik, J.

Olbright, G. R.

G. R. Olbright, N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1184 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Peyghambarian, N.

G. R. Olbright, N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1184 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Ricard, D.

Roussignol, P.

Seaton, C. T.

G. I. Stegeman, E. M. Wright, N. Finlayson, R. Zanoni, C. T. Seaton, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-6, 953 (1988).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Wright, S. W. Koch, J. E. Ehrlich, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 2157 (1988).
[CrossRef]

C. N. Ironside, T. J. Cullen, B. S. Bhumbra, J. Bell, W. C. Banyai, N. Finlayson, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 492 (1988).
[CrossRef]

N. Finlayson, W. C. Banyai, E. M. Wright, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, T. J. Cullen, C. N. Ironside, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1144 (1988).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Cullen, C. N. Ironside, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1403 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Smith, P. W.

S. R. Friberg, P. W. Smith, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 2089 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Stegeman, G. I.

G. I. Stegeman, E. M. Wright, N. Finlayson, R. Zanoni, C. T. Seaton, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-6, 953 (1988).
[CrossRef]

C. N. Ironside, T. J. Cullen, B. S. Bhumbra, J. Bell, W. C. Banyai, N. Finlayson, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 492 (1988).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Wright, S. W. Koch, J. E. Ehrlich, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 2157 (1988).
[CrossRef]

N. Finlayson, W. C. Banyai, E. M. Wright, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, T. J. Cullen, C. N. Ironside, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1144 (1988).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Cullen, C. N. Ironside, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1403 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Tang, C. L.

J. M. Halbout, C. L. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 765 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Wright, E. M.

E. M. Wright, S. W. Koch, J. E. Ehrlich, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 2157 (1988).
[CrossRef]

G. I. Stegeman, E. M. Wright, N. Finlayson, R. Zanoni, C. T. Seaton, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-6, 953 (1988).
[CrossRef]

N. Finlayson, W. C. Banyai, E. M. Wright, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, T. J. Cullen, C. N. Ironside, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1144 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Zanoni, R.

G. I. Stegeman, E. M. Wright, N. Finlayson, R. Zanoni, C. T. Seaton, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-6, 953 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

G. R. Olbright, N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1184 (1986).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Wright, S. W. Koch, J. E. Ehrlich, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 2157 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Halbout, C. L. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 765 (1982).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Cullen, C. N. Ironside, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1403 (1986).
[CrossRef]

N. Finlayson, W. C. Banyai, E. M. Wright, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, T. J. Cullen, C. N. Ironside, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1144 (1988).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

G. I. Stegeman, E. M. Wright, N. Finlayson, R. Zanoni, C. T. Seaton, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-6, 953 (1988).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. R. Friberg, P. W. Smith, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 2089 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Other (1)

D. Cotter, B. J. Ainslie, H. P. Girdlestone, C. N. Ironside, in Technical Digest of Sixteenth International Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1988), paper WG-3.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The experimental apparatus. M’s, mirrors; BS’s, beam splitters; PBS’s, polarizing beam splitters; P’s, polarizers; HWP, half-wave plate; DL’s, delay lines; L’s, lenses.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmission changes of a semiconductor-doped glass waveguide as a function of the optical fluence.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Fringe pattern dependence on the time delay. Each fringe is normalized to a peak value of unity.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Phase shift and the corresponding refractive-index change as a function of the probe delay.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Transmission change as a function of the probe delay.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I = I 1 + I 2 ( α ) + 2 I 1 I 2 ( α ) cos [ ϕ ( n ) ] ,
Δ ϕ = ( 2 π / λ ) 0 L Δ n ( z ) d z ,
Δ ϕ sat = ( 2 π / λ ) Δ n sat L .
Δ T / T 0 = T - T 0 T 0 = I 2 ( α ) - I 2 ( α 0 ) / I 2 ( α 0 )
Δ T / T 0 = ( A 2 - A 0 2 ) / A 0 2 ,

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