Abstract

We report experimental results that demonstrate for the first time, to our knowledge, more than 20 holograms stored and recalled with equal diffraction efficiency in photorefractive LiNbO3. A physical explanation for this new recording procedure is presented, and a comparison is made with previous exposure methods that shows an order-of-magnitude increase in diffraction efficiency with the order of exposure for optically erasable holograms. The procedure holds for recording times much less than the saturation exposure time.

© 1989 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. Valley, M. Klein, Opt. Eng. 22, 704 (1983).
  2. P. Yeh, A. Chiou, Opt. Lett. 12, 138 (1987).
  3. G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 700, 202 (1986).
  4. R. McRuer, J. Wilde, L. Hesselink, J. W. Goodman, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 881, 192 (1988).
  5. J. Wilde, R. McRuer, L. Hesselink, J. W. Goodman, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 752, 200 (1987).
  6. D. Z. Anderson, D. M. Lininger, Appl. Opt. 26, 5031 (1987).
  7. K. Wagner, D. Psaltis, Appl. Opt. 26, 5061 (1987).
  8. D. Psaltis, D. Brady, K. Wagner, Appl. Opt. 27, 1752 (1988).
  9. D. L. Staebler, J. W. Burke, W. Phillips, J. J. Amodei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 183 (1975).
  10. W. J. Burke, P. Sheng, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 681 (1977).
  11. K. M. Johnson, L. Hesselink, J. W. Goodman, Appl. Opt. 23, 218 (1984).
  12. R. W. Bunsen, H. E. Roscoe, Pogg. Ann. 117, 529 (1862).
  13. E. Katz, J. Chem. Phys. 17, 1132 (1944).
  14. A. M. Glass, Opt. Eng. 17, 470 (1978).
  15. H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).
  16. D. Z. Anderson, Opt. Lett. 11, 56 (1986).
  17. B. H. Soffer, G. J. Dunning, Y. Owechko, E. Marom, Opt. Lett. 11, 118 (1986).
  18. A. Yariv, S. Kwong, Opt. Lett. 11, 186 (1986).
  19. H. Akahari, K. Sakurai, App. Opt. 10, 665 (1971).
  20. N. Nishida, M. Sakaguchi, Appl. Opt. 10, 439 (1971).
  21. P. Zimbardo, F. Ruch, Psychology and Life, 9th ed. (Scott, Foresman, Glenview, Ill., 1975).

1988 (2)

R. McRuer, J. Wilde, L. Hesselink, J. W. Goodman, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 881, 192 (1988).

D. Psaltis, D. Brady, K. Wagner, Appl. Opt. 27, 1752 (1988).

1987 (4)

J. Wilde, R. McRuer, L. Hesselink, J. W. Goodman, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 752, 200 (1987).

P. Yeh, A. Chiou, Opt. Lett. 12, 138 (1987).

D. Z. Anderson, D. M. Lininger, Appl. Opt. 26, 5031 (1987).

K. Wagner, D. Psaltis, Appl. Opt. 26, 5061 (1987).

1986 (4)

1984 (1)

1983 (1)

G. Valley, M. Klein, Opt. Eng. 22, 704 (1983).

1978 (1)

A. M. Glass, Opt. Eng. 17, 470 (1978).

1977 (1)

W. J. Burke, P. Sheng, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 681 (1977).

1975 (1)

D. L. Staebler, J. W. Burke, W. Phillips, J. J. Amodei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 183 (1975).

1971 (2)

N. Nishida, M. Sakaguchi, Appl. Opt. 10, 439 (1971).

H. Akahari, K. Sakurai, App. Opt. 10, 665 (1971).

1969 (1)

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).

1944 (1)

E. Katz, J. Chem. Phys. 17, 1132 (1944).

1862 (1)

R. W. Bunsen, H. E. Roscoe, Pogg. Ann. 117, 529 (1862).

Akahari, H.

H. Akahari, K. Sakurai, App. Opt. 10, 665 (1971).

Amodei, J. J.

D. L. Staebler, J. W. Burke, W. Phillips, J. J. Amodei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 183 (1975).

Anderson, D. Z.

Brady, D.

Bunsen, R. W.

R. W. Bunsen, H. E. Roscoe, Pogg. Ann. 117, 529 (1862).

Burke, J. W.

D. L. Staebler, J. W. Burke, W. Phillips, J. J. Amodei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 183 (1975).

Burke, W. J.

W. J. Burke, P. Sheng, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 681 (1977).

Chiou, A.

Dunning, G. J.

Glass, A. M.

A. M. Glass, Opt. Eng. 17, 470 (1978).

Goodman, J. W.

R. McRuer, J. Wilde, L. Hesselink, J. W. Goodman, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 881, 192 (1988).

J. Wilde, R. McRuer, L. Hesselink, J. W. Goodman, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 752, 200 (1987).

K. M. Johnson, L. Hesselink, J. W. Goodman, Appl. Opt. 23, 218 (1984).

Hesselink, L.

R. McRuer, J. Wilde, L. Hesselink, J. W. Goodman, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 881, 192 (1988).

J. Wilde, R. McRuer, L. Hesselink, J. W. Goodman, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 752, 200 (1987).

K. M. Johnson, L. Hesselink, J. W. Goodman, Appl. Opt. 23, 218 (1984).

Johnson, K. M.

Katz, E.

E. Katz, J. Chem. Phys. 17, 1132 (1944).

Klein, M.

G. Valley, M. Klein, Opt. Eng. 22, 704 (1983).

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).

Kwong, S.

Lininger, D. M.

Marom, E.

McRuer, R.

R. McRuer, J. Wilde, L. Hesselink, J. W. Goodman, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 881, 192 (1988).

J. Wilde, R. McRuer, L. Hesselink, J. W. Goodman, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 752, 200 (1987).

Nishida, N.

Owechko, Y.

Pauliat, G.

G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 700, 202 (1986).

Phillips, W.

D. L. Staebler, J. W. Burke, W. Phillips, J. J. Amodei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 183 (1975).

Psaltis, D.

Roosen, G.

G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 700, 202 (1986).

Roscoe, H. E.

R. W. Bunsen, H. E. Roscoe, Pogg. Ann. 117, 529 (1862).

Ruch, F.

P. Zimbardo, F. Ruch, Psychology and Life, 9th ed. (Scott, Foresman, Glenview, Ill., 1975).

Sakaguchi, M.

Sakurai, K.

H. Akahari, K. Sakurai, App. Opt. 10, 665 (1971).

Sheng, P.

W. J. Burke, P. Sheng, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 681 (1977).

Soffer, B. H.

Staebler, D. L.

D. L. Staebler, J. W. Burke, W. Phillips, J. J. Amodei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 183 (1975).

Valley, G.

G. Valley, M. Klein, Opt. Eng. 22, 704 (1983).

Wagner, K.

Wilde, J.

R. McRuer, J. Wilde, L. Hesselink, J. W. Goodman, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 881, 192 (1988).

J. Wilde, R. McRuer, L. Hesselink, J. W. Goodman, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 752, 200 (1987).

Yariv, A.

Yeh, P.

Zimbardo, P.

P. Zimbardo, F. Ruch, Psychology and Life, 9th ed. (Scott, Foresman, Glenview, Ill., 1975).

App. Opt. (1)

H. Akahari, K. Sakurai, App. Opt. 10, 665 (1971).

Appl. Opt. (5)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. L. Staebler, J. W. Burke, W. Phillips, J. J. Amodei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 183 (1975).

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

W. J. Burke, P. Sheng, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 681 (1977).

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

E. Katz, J. Chem. Phys. 17, 1132 (1944).

Opt. Eng. (2)

A. M. Glass, Opt. Eng. 17, 470 (1978).

G. Valley, M. Klein, Opt. Eng. 22, 704 (1983).

Opt. Lett. (4)

Pogg. Ann. (1)

R. W. Bunsen, H. E. Roscoe, Pogg. Ann. 117, 529 (1862).

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (3)

G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 700, 202 (1986).

R. McRuer, J. Wilde, L. Hesselink, J. W. Goodman, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 881, 192 (1988).

J. Wilde, R. McRuer, L. Hesselink, J. W. Goodman, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 752, 200 (1987).

Other (1)

P. Zimbardo, F. Ruch, Psychology and Life, 9th ed. (Scott, Foresman, Glenview, Ill., 1975).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental arrangement for recording and reconstructing multiple-exposure holograms in photorefractive LiNbO3. ND, neutral density.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Diffraction efficiency versus the order of exposure, N, before compensation. The reference-to-object beam ratio K = 1.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Diffraction efficiency versus the order of exposure after compensation, with K = 1.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Diffraction efficiency versus the order of exposure after compensation, with K = 100.

Equations (11)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

t N = t 1 1 + ( N 1 ) β ,
t N = t 1 N .
t N = τ e N ,
I ( x ) = | R 2 | + | O 2 | + 2 R O cos ( 2 π α x ) ,
Δ n = 1 2 n 3 r 33 E sc ,
η = sin 2 ( π Δ n d λ cos θ ) ,
η 1 = η 0 exp [ ( N 1 ) t r τ e ] ,
η N = η 1 exp [ ( N 1 ) t r τ e ] .
t N = t 1 exp [ ( N 1 ) t r 2 τ e ] .
η N = η 1 exp [ 0 . 14 ( N 1 ) ] ,
t N = t 1 exp [ 0 . 07 ( N 1 ) ] .

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