Abstract

A new single-shot phase-sensitive autocorrelator for picosecond and femtosecond measurements is presented. The experimental results show that this device is suitable for the study of chirp in single pulses.

© 1988 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. L. Fork, C. H. Brito Cruz, P. C. Becker, C. V. Shank, Opt. Lett. 12, 483 (1987).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. S. Szatmari, F. P. Schäfer, E. Müller-Horsche, W. Mückenheim, Opt. Commun. 63, 305 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  3. S. M. Saltiel, K. A. Stankov, P. D. Yankov, L. I. Telegin, Appl. Phys. B 40, 25 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  4. C. Froehly, B. Colombeau, M. Vampouille, in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1983), Vol. 20, p. 141.
    [Crossref]
  5. P. Yeh, Opt. Lett. 8, 330 (1983).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. K. L. Sala, G. A. Kenney-Wallace, G. E. Hall, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 990 (1980).
    [Crossref]
  7. E. P. Ippen, C. V. Shank, in Ultrashort Light Pulses, S. L. Shapiro, ed. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1977), p. 313.
  8. J.-C. Diels, J. J. Fontaine, I. C. McMichael, F. Simoni, Appl. Opt. 24, 1270 (1985).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. T. Mindl, P. Hefferle, S. Schneider, F. Dörr, Appl. Phys. B 31, 201 (1983).
    [Crossref]
  10. R. L. Fork, F. A. Beisser, Appl. Opt. 17, 3534 (1978).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. E. W. Van Stryland, Opt. Commun. 93, 31 (1979).
  12. The origin of this tilt can be understood as follows. According to Fermat’s principle a bundle of parallel rays propagates through a prism so that the optical paths between two arbitrary planes—perpendicular to the axis of the bundle—at either side of the prism are equal for any ray. Thus, there is no temporal delay between different parts of the bundle if it is propagating with a single phase velocity. In contrast, a short pulse travels with the group velocity, which is for most optical materials smaller than the phase velocity. Therefore, those parts of the bundle experiencing a longer path in glass suffer a temporal delay with respect to other parts.13
  13. J. Janszky, G. Corradi, R. N. Gyuzalian, Opt. Commun. 23, 293 (1977).
    [Crossref]
  14. G. Szabó, Z. Bor, A. Müller, Appl. Phys. B 31, 1 (1983).
    [Crossref]
  15. J. A. Giordmaine, P. M. Rentzepis, S. L. Shapiro, K. W. Wecht, Appl. Phys. Lett. 11, 216 (1967).
    [Crossref]
  16. R. Wyatt, E. E. Marinero, Appl. Phys. 25, 297 (1981).
    [Crossref]
  17. Z. Bor, B. Rácz, Opt. Commun. 54, 165 (1985).
    [Crossref]
  18. For details on the generation of ultrashort pulses by distributed-feedback dye lasers, sees Z. Bor, A. Müller, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 1524 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  19. M. A. Vasileva, J. Vishkakas, V. Gulbinas, V. I. Malyshev, A. V. Masalov, V. Kabelka, V. Syrus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 724 (1983).
    [Crossref]
  20. Z. Bor, G. Szabo, F. Raksi, in Proceedings of the Conference on Ultrafast Spectroscopy (World Scientific, Singapore, to be published).

1987 (2)

R. L. Fork, C. H. Brito Cruz, P. C. Becker, C. V. Shank, Opt. Lett. 12, 483 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Szatmari, F. P. Schäfer, E. Müller-Horsche, W. Mückenheim, Opt. Commun. 63, 305 (1987).
[Crossref]

1986 (2)

S. M. Saltiel, K. A. Stankov, P. D. Yankov, L. I. Telegin, Appl. Phys. B 40, 25 (1986).
[Crossref]

For details on the generation of ultrashort pulses by distributed-feedback dye lasers, sees Z. Bor, A. Müller, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 1524 (1986).
[Crossref]

1985 (2)

1983 (4)

T. Mindl, P. Hefferle, S. Schneider, F. Dörr, Appl. Phys. B 31, 201 (1983).
[Crossref]

P. Yeh, Opt. Lett. 8, 330 (1983).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Szabó, Z. Bor, A. Müller, Appl. Phys. B 31, 1 (1983).
[Crossref]

M. A. Vasileva, J. Vishkakas, V. Gulbinas, V. I. Malyshev, A. V. Masalov, V. Kabelka, V. Syrus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 724 (1983).
[Crossref]

1981 (1)

R. Wyatt, E. E. Marinero, Appl. Phys. 25, 297 (1981).
[Crossref]

1980 (1)

K. L. Sala, G. A. Kenney-Wallace, G. E. Hall, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 990 (1980).
[Crossref]

1979 (1)

E. W. Van Stryland, Opt. Commun. 93, 31 (1979).

1978 (1)

1977 (1)

J. Janszky, G. Corradi, R. N. Gyuzalian, Opt. Commun. 23, 293 (1977).
[Crossref]

1967 (1)

J. A. Giordmaine, P. M. Rentzepis, S. L. Shapiro, K. W. Wecht, Appl. Phys. Lett. 11, 216 (1967).
[Crossref]

Becker, P. C.

Beisser, F. A.

Bor, Z.

For details on the generation of ultrashort pulses by distributed-feedback dye lasers, sees Z. Bor, A. Müller, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 1524 (1986).
[Crossref]

Z. Bor, B. Rácz, Opt. Commun. 54, 165 (1985).
[Crossref]

G. Szabó, Z. Bor, A. Müller, Appl. Phys. B 31, 1 (1983).
[Crossref]

Z. Bor, G. Szabo, F. Raksi, in Proceedings of the Conference on Ultrafast Spectroscopy (World Scientific, Singapore, to be published).

Brito Cruz, C. H.

Colombeau, B.

C. Froehly, B. Colombeau, M. Vampouille, in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1983), Vol. 20, p. 141.
[Crossref]

Corradi, G.

J. Janszky, G. Corradi, R. N. Gyuzalian, Opt. Commun. 23, 293 (1977).
[Crossref]

Diels, J.-C.

Dörr, F.

T. Mindl, P. Hefferle, S. Schneider, F. Dörr, Appl. Phys. B 31, 201 (1983).
[Crossref]

Fontaine, J. J.

Fork, R. L.

Froehly, C.

C. Froehly, B. Colombeau, M. Vampouille, in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1983), Vol. 20, p. 141.
[Crossref]

Giordmaine, J. A.

J. A. Giordmaine, P. M. Rentzepis, S. L. Shapiro, K. W. Wecht, Appl. Phys. Lett. 11, 216 (1967).
[Crossref]

Gulbinas, V.

M. A. Vasileva, J. Vishkakas, V. Gulbinas, V. I. Malyshev, A. V. Masalov, V. Kabelka, V. Syrus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 724 (1983).
[Crossref]

Gyuzalian, R. N.

J. Janszky, G. Corradi, R. N. Gyuzalian, Opt. Commun. 23, 293 (1977).
[Crossref]

Hall, G. E.

K. L. Sala, G. A. Kenney-Wallace, G. E. Hall, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 990 (1980).
[Crossref]

Hefferle, P.

T. Mindl, P. Hefferle, S. Schneider, F. Dörr, Appl. Phys. B 31, 201 (1983).
[Crossref]

Ippen, E. P.

E. P. Ippen, C. V. Shank, in Ultrashort Light Pulses, S. L. Shapiro, ed. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1977), p. 313.

Janszky, J.

J. Janszky, G. Corradi, R. N. Gyuzalian, Opt. Commun. 23, 293 (1977).
[Crossref]

Kabelka, V.

M. A. Vasileva, J. Vishkakas, V. Gulbinas, V. I. Malyshev, A. V. Masalov, V. Kabelka, V. Syrus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 724 (1983).
[Crossref]

Kenney-Wallace, G. A.

K. L. Sala, G. A. Kenney-Wallace, G. E. Hall, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 990 (1980).
[Crossref]

Malyshev, V. I.

M. A. Vasileva, J. Vishkakas, V. Gulbinas, V. I. Malyshev, A. V. Masalov, V. Kabelka, V. Syrus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 724 (1983).
[Crossref]

Marinero, E. E.

R. Wyatt, E. E. Marinero, Appl. Phys. 25, 297 (1981).
[Crossref]

Masalov, A. V.

M. A. Vasileva, J. Vishkakas, V. Gulbinas, V. I. Malyshev, A. V. Masalov, V. Kabelka, V. Syrus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 724 (1983).
[Crossref]

McMichael, I. C.

Mindl, T.

T. Mindl, P. Hefferle, S. Schneider, F. Dörr, Appl. Phys. B 31, 201 (1983).
[Crossref]

Mückenheim, W.

S. Szatmari, F. P. Schäfer, E. Müller-Horsche, W. Mückenheim, Opt. Commun. 63, 305 (1987).
[Crossref]

Müller, A.

For details on the generation of ultrashort pulses by distributed-feedback dye lasers, sees Z. Bor, A. Müller, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 1524 (1986).
[Crossref]

G. Szabó, Z. Bor, A. Müller, Appl. Phys. B 31, 1 (1983).
[Crossref]

Müller-Horsche, E.

S. Szatmari, F. P. Schäfer, E. Müller-Horsche, W. Mückenheim, Opt. Commun. 63, 305 (1987).
[Crossref]

Rácz, B.

Z. Bor, B. Rácz, Opt. Commun. 54, 165 (1985).
[Crossref]

Raksi, F.

Z. Bor, G. Szabo, F. Raksi, in Proceedings of the Conference on Ultrafast Spectroscopy (World Scientific, Singapore, to be published).

Rentzepis, P. M.

J. A. Giordmaine, P. M. Rentzepis, S. L. Shapiro, K. W. Wecht, Appl. Phys. Lett. 11, 216 (1967).
[Crossref]

Sala, K. L.

K. L. Sala, G. A. Kenney-Wallace, G. E. Hall, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 990 (1980).
[Crossref]

Saltiel, S. M.

S. M. Saltiel, K. A. Stankov, P. D. Yankov, L. I. Telegin, Appl. Phys. B 40, 25 (1986).
[Crossref]

Schäfer, F. P.

S. Szatmari, F. P. Schäfer, E. Müller-Horsche, W. Mückenheim, Opt. Commun. 63, 305 (1987).
[Crossref]

Schneider, S.

T. Mindl, P. Hefferle, S. Schneider, F. Dörr, Appl. Phys. B 31, 201 (1983).
[Crossref]

Shank, C. V.

R. L. Fork, C. H. Brito Cruz, P. C. Becker, C. V. Shank, Opt. Lett. 12, 483 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. P. Ippen, C. V. Shank, in Ultrashort Light Pulses, S. L. Shapiro, ed. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1977), p. 313.

Shapiro, S. L.

J. A. Giordmaine, P. M. Rentzepis, S. L. Shapiro, K. W. Wecht, Appl. Phys. Lett. 11, 216 (1967).
[Crossref]

Simoni, F.

Stankov, K. A.

S. M. Saltiel, K. A. Stankov, P. D. Yankov, L. I. Telegin, Appl. Phys. B 40, 25 (1986).
[Crossref]

Syrus, V.

M. A. Vasileva, J. Vishkakas, V. Gulbinas, V. I. Malyshev, A. V. Masalov, V. Kabelka, V. Syrus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 724 (1983).
[Crossref]

Szabo, G.

Z. Bor, G. Szabo, F. Raksi, in Proceedings of the Conference on Ultrafast Spectroscopy (World Scientific, Singapore, to be published).

Szabó, G.

G. Szabó, Z. Bor, A. Müller, Appl. Phys. B 31, 1 (1983).
[Crossref]

Szatmari, S.

S. Szatmari, F. P. Schäfer, E. Müller-Horsche, W. Mückenheim, Opt. Commun. 63, 305 (1987).
[Crossref]

Telegin, L. I.

S. M. Saltiel, K. A. Stankov, P. D. Yankov, L. I. Telegin, Appl. Phys. B 40, 25 (1986).
[Crossref]

Vampouille, M.

C. Froehly, B. Colombeau, M. Vampouille, in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1983), Vol. 20, p. 141.
[Crossref]

Van Stryland, E. W.

E. W. Van Stryland, Opt. Commun. 93, 31 (1979).

Vasileva, M. A.

M. A. Vasileva, J. Vishkakas, V. Gulbinas, V. I. Malyshev, A. V. Masalov, V. Kabelka, V. Syrus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 724 (1983).
[Crossref]

Vishkakas, J.

M. A. Vasileva, J. Vishkakas, V. Gulbinas, V. I. Malyshev, A. V. Masalov, V. Kabelka, V. Syrus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 724 (1983).
[Crossref]

Wecht, K. W.

J. A. Giordmaine, P. M. Rentzepis, S. L. Shapiro, K. W. Wecht, Appl. Phys. Lett. 11, 216 (1967).
[Crossref]

Wyatt, R.

R. Wyatt, E. E. Marinero, Appl. Phys. 25, 297 (1981).
[Crossref]

Yankov, P. D.

S. M. Saltiel, K. A. Stankov, P. D. Yankov, L. I. Telegin, Appl. Phys. B 40, 25 (1986).
[Crossref]

Yeh, P.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. (1)

R. Wyatt, E. E. Marinero, Appl. Phys. 25, 297 (1981).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (3)

G. Szabó, Z. Bor, A. Müller, Appl. Phys. B 31, 1 (1983).
[Crossref]

T. Mindl, P. Hefferle, S. Schneider, F. Dörr, Appl. Phys. B 31, 201 (1983).
[Crossref]

S. M. Saltiel, K. A. Stankov, P. D. Yankov, L. I. Telegin, Appl. Phys. B 40, 25 (1986).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. A. Giordmaine, P. M. Rentzepis, S. L. Shapiro, K. W. Wecht, Appl. Phys. Lett. 11, 216 (1967).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

K. L. Sala, G. A. Kenney-Wallace, G. E. Hall, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 990 (1980).
[Crossref]

For details on the generation of ultrashort pulses by distributed-feedback dye lasers, sees Z. Bor, A. Müller, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 1524 (1986).
[Crossref]

M. A. Vasileva, J. Vishkakas, V. Gulbinas, V. I. Malyshev, A. V. Masalov, V. Kabelka, V. Syrus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 724 (1983).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (4)

S. Szatmari, F. P. Schäfer, E. Müller-Horsche, W. Mückenheim, Opt. Commun. 63, 305 (1987).
[Crossref]

Z. Bor, B. Rácz, Opt. Commun. 54, 165 (1985).
[Crossref]

E. W. Van Stryland, Opt. Commun. 93, 31 (1979).

J. Janszky, G. Corradi, R. N. Gyuzalian, Opt. Commun. 23, 293 (1977).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (4)

C. Froehly, B. Colombeau, M. Vampouille, in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1983), Vol. 20, p. 141.
[Crossref]

E. P. Ippen, C. V. Shank, in Ultrashort Light Pulses, S. L. Shapiro, ed. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1977), p. 313.

The origin of this tilt can be understood as follows. According to Fermat’s principle a bundle of parallel rays propagates through a prism so that the optical paths between two arbitrary planes—perpendicular to the axis of the bundle—at either side of the prism are equal for any ray. Thus, there is no temporal delay between different parts of the bundle if it is propagating with a single phase velocity. In contrast, a short pulse travels with the group velocity, which is for most optical materials smaller than the phase velocity. Therefore, those parts of the bundle experiencing a longer path in glass suffer a temporal delay with respect to other parts.13

Z. Bor, G. Szabo, F. Raksi, in Proceedings of the Conference on Ultrafast Spectroscopy (World Scientific, Singapore, to be published).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental arrangement of the phase-sensitive single-pulse correlator. SHG XTAL, second-harmonic crystal.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Detected phase-sensitive autocorrelation traces (solid lines) with their theoretical fits (dashed lines). (a) Represents a fully coherent pulse, while (b) corresponds to a pulse with considerable chirp.

Equations (6)

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I SH ( x ) - [ E 1 ( t , x ) + E 2 ( t , x ) ] 4 d t ,
E 1 ( t , x ) = A ( x ) exp ( - 2 ln 2 { [ t + x 2 tan ( γ ) / c ] τ } 2 ) × exp [ i ( { ω + a [ t + x 2 tan ( γ ) / c ] } t - k 1 x x ) ] + c . c . ,
E 2 ( t , x ) = A ( x ) exp ( - 2 ln 2 { [ t - x 2 tan ( γ ) / c ] / τ } 2 ) × exp [ i ( { ω + a [ t - x 2 tan ( γ ) / c ] } t - k 2 x x ) ] + c . c . ,
k 1 x = ( { ω + a [ t + x 2 tan ( γ ) / c ] } / c ) sin Θ ,
k 2 x = - ( { ω + a [ t + x 2 tan ( γ ) / c ] } / c ) sin Θ .
tan ( γ ) = λ ( d / d λ ) ,

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