Abstract

The nonlinear refractive index n2 of CS2 at 10.6 μm, the value of which is a subject of a recent controversy, is measured by an external self-focusing method. We found that n2 = (2.1 ± 0.7) × 10−11 esu, similar to the accepted value of n2 in the visible. Self-bending of spatially asymmetric CO2 laser beam in CS2 due to an ultrafast Kerr effect is observed, and the deduced value of n2 is in agreement with our results.

© 1988 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. K. C. Jungling, O. L. Gaddy, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 97 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. C. Owen, L. W. Coleman, T. J. Burgess, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 272 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Mohebi, P. F. Aiello, G. Reali, M. J. Soileau, E. W. Van Stryland, Opt. Lett. 10, 396 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. E. Kaplan, Radiophys. Quantum Electron. 12, 692 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  5. V. V. Bertsev, M. O. Bulanin, I. A. Popov, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 51, 178 (1981).
  6. Y. Beaudoin, P. Galarneau, A. Normandin, S. L. Chin, Appl. Phys. B 42, 225 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. E. Kaplan, JETP Lett. 9, 33 (1969).
  8. J. H. Marburger, Progress in Quantum Electronics (Pergamon, London, 1977), pp. 35–110.
  9. W. Kaiser, A. Laubereau, M. Maier, J. A. Giordmaine, Phys. Lett. 22, 60 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  10. C. C. Wang, G. W. Racette, Appl. Phys. Lett. 8, 256 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  11. V. S. Butylkin, A. E. Kaplan, Y. G. Khronopulo, Sov. Phys. JETP 34, 276 (1972).
  12. P. L. Kelley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 15, 1005 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  13. K. J. Witte, M. Galanti, R. Volk, Opt. Commun. 34, 278 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. J. Soileau, W. E. Williams, E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 731 (1983); W. E. Williams, M. J. Soileau, E. W. Van Stryland, Opt. Commun. 50, 256 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  15. Y. R. Shen, Phys. Lett. 20, 378 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. Owyoung, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 1064 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  17. Y. Beaudoin, I. Golub, S. L. Chin, Opt. Commun. 63, 325 (1987).
    [CrossRef]

1987 (2)

Y. Beaudoin, P. Galarneau, A. Normandin, S. L. Chin, Appl. Phys. B 42, 225 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Y. Beaudoin, I. Golub, S. L. Chin, Opt. Commun. 63, 325 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

1983 (1)

M. J. Soileau, W. E. Williams, E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 731 (1983); W. E. Williams, M. J. Soileau, E. W. Van Stryland, Opt. Commun. 50, 256 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

V. V. Bertsev, M. O. Bulanin, I. A. Popov, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 51, 178 (1981).

1980 (1)

K. J. Witte, M. Galanti, R. Volk, Opt. Commun. 34, 278 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1973 (2)

A. Owyoung, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 1064 (1973).
[CrossRef]

T. C. Owen, L. W. Coleman, T. J. Burgess, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 272 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

V. S. Butylkin, A. E. Kaplan, Y. G. Khronopulo, Sov. Phys. JETP 34, 276 (1972).

1971 (1)

K. C. Jungling, O. L. Gaddy, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 97 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1969 (2)

A. E. Kaplan, Radiophys. Quantum Electron. 12, 692 (1969).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Kaplan, JETP Lett. 9, 33 (1969).

1966 (3)

W. Kaiser, A. Laubereau, M. Maier, J. A. Giordmaine, Phys. Lett. 22, 60 (1966).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Wang, G. W. Racette, Appl. Phys. Lett. 8, 256 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Y. R. Shen, Phys. Lett. 20, 378 (1966).
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

P. L. Kelley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 15, 1005 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Aiello, P. F.

Beaudoin, Y.

Y. Beaudoin, P. Galarneau, A. Normandin, S. L. Chin, Appl. Phys. B 42, 225 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Y. Beaudoin, I. Golub, S. L. Chin, Opt. Commun. 63, 325 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Bertsev, V. V.

V. V. Bertsev, M. O. Bulanin, I. A. Popov, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 51, 178 (1981).

Bulanin, M. O.

V. V. Bertsev, M. O. Bulanin, I. A. Popov, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 51, 178 (1981).

Burgess, T. J.

T. C. Owen, L. W. Coleman, T. J. Burgess, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 272 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Butylkin, V. S.

V. S. Butylkin, A. E. Kaplan, Y. G. Khronopulo, Sov. Phys. JETP 34, 276 (1972).

Chin, S. L.

Y. Beaudoin, P. Galarneau, A. Normandin, S. L. Chin, Appl. Phys. B 42, 225 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Y. Beaudoin, I. Golub, S. L. Chin, Opt. Commun. 63, 325 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Coleman, L. W.

T. C. Owen, L. W. Coleman, T. J. Burgess, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 272 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Gaddy, O. L.

K. C. Jungling, O. L. Gaddy, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 97 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Galanti, M.

K. J. Witte, M. Galanti, R. Volk, Opt. Commun. 34, 278 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Galarneau, P.

Y. Beaudoin, P. Galarneau, A. Normandin, S. L. Chin, Appl. Phys. B 42, 225 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Giordmaine, J. A.

W. Kaiser, A. Laubereau, M. Maier, J. A. Giordmaine, Phys. Lett. 22, 60 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Golub, I.

Y. Beaudoin, I. Golub, S. L. Chin, Opt. Commun. 63, 325 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Jungling, K. C.

K. C. Jungling, O. L. Gaddy, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 97 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Kaiser, W.

W. Kaiser, A. Laubereau, M. Maier, J. A. Giordmaine, Phys. Lett. 22, 60 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Kaplan, A. E.

V. S. Butylkin, A. E. Kaplan, Y. G. Khronopulo, Sov. Phys. JETP 34, 276 (1972).

A. E. Kaplan, Radiophys. Quantum Electron. 12, 692 (1969).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Kaplan, JETP Lett. 9, 33 (1969).

Kelley, P. L.

P. L. Kelley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 15, 1005 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Khronopulo, Y. G.

V. S. Butylkin, A. E. Kaplan, Y. G. Khronopulo, Sov. Phys. JETP 34, 276 (1972).

Laubereau, A.

W. Kaiser, A. Laubereau, M. Maier, J. A. Giordmaine, Phys. Lett. 22, 60 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Maier, M.

W. Kaiser, A. Laubereau, M. Maier, J. A. Giordmaine, Phys. Lett. 22, 60 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Marburger, J. H.

J. H. Marburger, Progress in Quantum Electronics (Pergamon, London, 1977), pp. 35–110.

Mohebi, M.

Normandin, A.

Y. Beaudoin, P. Galarneau, A. Normandin, S. L. Chin, Appl. Phys. B 42, 225 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Owen, T. C.

T. C. Owen, L. W. Coleman, T. J. Burgess, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 272 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Owyoung, A.

A. Owyoung, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 1064 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Popov, I. A.

V. V. Bertsev, M. O. Bulanin, I. A. Popov, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 51, 178 (1981).

Racette, G. W.

C. C. Wang, G. W. Racette, Appl. Phys. Lett. 8, 256 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Reali, G.

Shen, Y. R.

Y. R. Shen, Phys. Lett. 20, 378 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Soileau, M. J.

M. Mohebi, P. F. Aiello, G. Reali, M. J. Soileau, E. W. Van Stryland, Opt. Lett. 10, 396 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. J. Soileau, W. E. Williams, E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 731 (1983); W. E. Williams, M. J. Soileau, E. W. Van Stryland, Opt. Commun. 50, 256 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Van Stryland, E. W.

M. Mohebi, P. F. Aiello, G. Reali, M. J. Soileau, E. W. Van Stryland, Opt. Lett. 10, 396 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. J. Soileau, W. E. Williams, E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 731 (1983); W. E. Williams, M. J. Soileau, E. W. Van Stryland, Opt. Commun. 50, 256 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Volk, R.

K. J. Witte, M. Galanti, R. Volk, Opt. Commun. 34, 278 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C. C.

C. C. Wang, G. W. Racette, Appl. Phys. Lett. 8, 256 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Williams, W. E.

M. J. Soileau, W. E. Williams, E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 731 (1983); W. E. Williams, M. J. Soileau, E. W. Van Stryland, Opt. Commun. 50, 256 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Witte, K. J.

K. J. Witte, M. Galanti, R. Volk, Opt. Commun. 34, 278 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

Y. Beaudoin, P. Galarneau, A. Normandin, S. L. Chin, Appl. Phys. B 42, 225 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

C. C. Wang, G. W. Racette, Appl. Phys. Lett. 8, 256 (1966).
[CrossRef]

T. C. Owen, L. W. Coleman, T. J. Burgess, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 272 (1973).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

K. C. Jungling, O. L. Gaddy, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 97 (1971).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Soileau, W. E. Williams, E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 731 (1983); W. E. Williams, M. J. Soileau, E. W. Van Stryland, Opt. Commun. 50, 256 (1984).
[CrossRef]

A. Owyoung, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 1064 (1973).
[CrossRef]

JETP Lett. (1)

A. E. Kaplan, JETP Lett. 9, 33 (1969).

Opt. Commun. (2)

Y. Beaudoin, I. Golub, S. L. Chin, Opt. Commun. 63, 325 (1987).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Witte, M. Galanti, R. Volk, Opt. Commun. 34, 278 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) (1)

V. V. Bertsev, M. O. Bulanin, I. A. Popov, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 51, 178 (1981).

Phys. Lett. (2)

Y. R. Shen, Phys. Lett. 20, 378 (1966).
[CrossRef]

W. Kaiser, A. Laubereau, M. Maier, J. A. Giordmaine, Phys. Lett. 22, 60 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

P. L. Kelley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 15, 1005 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Radiophys. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. E. Kaplan, Radiophys. Quantum Electron. 12, 692 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Phys. JETP (1)

V. S. Butylkin, A. E. Kaplan, Y. G. Khronopulo, Sov. Phys. JETP 34, 276 (1972).

Other (1)

J. H. Marburger, Progress in Quantum Electronics (Pergamon, London, 1977), pp. 35–110.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

FWHM of the beam traversing the CS2 cell as a function of laser energy for 3-nsec pulses (○) and 200-nsec pulses (•).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Laser beam intensity distribution. Curve a, unobscured beam; curve b, a knife edge is introduced from the left side to produce an asymmetric distribution (I = 50 MW/cm2); curve c, same as curve b but with I = 400 MW/cm2. The signal is reduced to make the shift discernible.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

y 2 ( x ) / a 2 = ( 1 x / F ex ) 2 + x 2 / F de 2 ,
y ( x ) = const a n 0 x / L ( 1 + x 2 / F de 2 ) 1 / 2 × P / P L .
P L ( α L ) / P L ( 0 ) = [ 2 / α 2 L 2 ( 2 / α L + 2 / α 2 L 2 ) × exp ( α L ) ] 1 .

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