Abstract

We report the first observation, to our knowledge, of the electro-optic effect in total internal reflection. Light from a He–Ne laser is incident through a high-index prism upon a KDP crystal to which a pulsed electric field is applied through coated-surface electrodes. At the critical angle for total internal reflection, a narrow resonance in the modulated reflected light is observed. This effect is well described by solving the standard boundary-value problem of nonlinear optics.

© 1988 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. B. H. Kolner, D. M. Bloom, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 79 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. A. Valdmanis, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 69 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  3. B. H. Kolner, D. M. Bloom, Electron. Lett. 20, 818 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  4. N. Bloembergen, C. H. Lee, Phys. Rev. Lett. 19, 835 (1967).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Yariv, P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals (Wiley, New York, 1984), p. 220.
  6. N. Bloembergen, P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 128, 606 (1961).
    [CrossRef]
  7. N. Bloembergen, C. H. Lee, H. J. Simon, Phys. Rev. 181, 1261 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. Shih, N. Bloembergen, Phys. Rev. A 3, 412 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. H. Lee, Picosecond Optoelectronic Devices (Academic, New York, 1984), p. 119.

1986 (2)

B. H. Kolner, D. M. Bloom, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 79 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Valdmanis, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 69 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

B. H. Kolner, D. M. Bloom, Electron. Lett. 20, 818 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

H. Shih, N. Bloembergen, Phys. Rev. A 3, 412 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

N. Bloembergen, C. H. Lee, H. J. Simon, Phys. Rev. 181, 1261 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1967 (1)

N. Bloembergen, C. H. Lee, Phys. Rev. Lett. 19, 835 (1967).
[CrossRef]

1961 (1)

N. Bloembergen, P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 128, 606 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Bloembergen, N.

H. Shih, N. Bloembergen, Phys. Rev. A 3, 412 (1971).
[CrossRef]

N. Bloembergen, C. H. Lee, H. J. Simon, Phys. Rev. 181, 1261 (1969).
[CrossRef]

N. Bloembergen, C. H. Lee, Phys. Rev. Lett. 19, 835 (1967).
[CrossRef]

N. Bloembergen, P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 128, 606 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Bloom, D. M.

B. H. Kolner, D. M. Bloom, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 79 (1986).
[CrossRef]

B. H. Kolner, D. M. Bloom, Electron. Lett. 20, 818 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Kolner, B. H.

B. H. Kolner, D. M. Bloom, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 79 (1986).
[CrossRef]

B. H. Kolner, D. M. Bloom, Electron. Lett. 20, 818 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C. H.

N. Bloembergen, C. H. Lee, H. J. Simon, Phys. Rev. 181, 1261 (1969).
[CrossRef]

N. Bloembergen, C. H. Lee, Phys. Rev. Lett. 19, 835 (1967).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Lee, Picosecond Optoelectronic Devices (Academic, New York, 1984), p. 119.

Mourou, G.

J. A. Valdmanis, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 69 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Pershan, P. S.

N. Bloembergen, P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 128, 606 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Shih, H.

H. Shih, N. Bloembergen, Phys. Rev. A 3, 412 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Simon, H. J.

N. Bloembergen, C. H. Lee, H. J. Simon, Phys. Rev. 181, 1261 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Valdmanis, J. A.

J. A. Valdmanis, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 69 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

A. Yariv, P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals (Wiley, New York, 1984), p. 220.

Yeh, P.

A. Yariv, P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals (Wiley, New York, 1984), p. 220.

Electron. Lett. (1)

B. H. Kolner, D. M. Bloom, Electron. Lett. 20, 818 (1984).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

B. H. Kolner, D. M. Bloom, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 79 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Valdmanis, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 69 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. (2)

N. Bloembergen, P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 128, 606 (1961).
[CrossRef]

N. Bloembergen, C. H. Lee, H. J. Simon, Phys. Rev. 181, 1261 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

H. Shih, N. Bloembergen, Phys. Rev. A 3, 412 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

N. Bloembergen, C. H. Lee, Phys. Rev. Lett. 19, 835 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

A. Yariv, P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals (Wiley, New York, 1984), p. 220.

C. H. Lee, Picosecond Optoelectronic Devices (Academic, New York, 1984), p. 119.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Optical arrangement for observing EO modulation in total internal reflection.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Normalized EO modulated reflectance versus exterior angle of incidence. The solid curve is calculated from theory, and the dots are experimental points.

Equations (1)

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E r = 4 π ω ( c ) 1 P N L S ( K T + K S ) ( K T + K R ) ,

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