Abstract

We demonstrate that 100% absorption of unpolarized monochromatic light can be achieved in an opaque layered medium. Conditions have been found when both s and p polarizations of the obliquely incident radiation are totally absorbed at the same angle of incidence. The effect is due to simultaneous excitation of surface and guided modes, with the radiation energy inflow being exactly balanced by dissipation.

© 1988 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. An excellent review is provided by G. J. Kovacs in Electromagnetic Surface Modes, A. D. Boardman, ed. (Wiley, New York, 1982).
  2. D. H. Hensler, J. D. Cuthbert, R. J. Martin, A. K. Tien, Appl. Opt. 10, 1037 (1971).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. Otto, W. Sohler, Opt. Commun. 3, 254 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  4. I. Pockrand, H. Raether, Opt. Commun. 17, 353 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. L. Hurnaver, H. Raether, Opt. Commun. 40, 105 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. P. Goudonnet, E. T. Arakawa, J. Phys. (Paris) 44, C6-275 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Otto, in Optical Properties of Solids, New Development, B. O. Seraphin, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1976).
  8. H. Raether, in Physics of Thin Films, G. Hass, M. H. Francombe, R. W. Hoffmann, eds. (Academic, New York, 1977), Vol. 9.
  9. S. Vukovic, Z. Radovic, Opt. Commun. 24, 217 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  10. W. Lukosz, H. Wahlen, Opt. Lett. 3, 88 (1978).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. Yu. M. Aliev, O. M. Gradov, A. Yu. Kyrie, V. M. Cadez, S. Vukovic, Phys. Rev. A 15, 2120 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. A. Zharov, I. G. Kondratev, M. A. Miller, Fiz. Plazmy, 5, 261 (1979) [Sov. J. Plasma Phys. 5, 146 (1979)].
  13. Yu. M. Aliev, S. Vukovic, O. M. Gradov, A. Yu. Kyrie, V. M. CadezPis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 25, 351 (1977) [JETP Lett. 25, 355 (1977)].

1983 (1)

J. P. Goudonnet, E. T. Arakawa, J. Phys. (Paris) 44, C6-275 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

D. L. Hurnaver, H. Raether, Opt. Commun. 40, 105 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

A. A. Zharov, I. G. Kondratev, M. A. Miller, Fiz. Plazmy, 5, 261 (1979) [Sov. J. Plasma Phys. 5, 146 (1979)].

1978 (2)

S. Vukovic, Z. Radovic, Opt. Commun. 24, 217 (1978).
[CrossRef]

W. Lukosz, H. Wahlen, Opt. Lett. 3, 88 (1978).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1977 (2)

Yu. M. Aliev, O. M. Gradov, A. Yu. Kyrie, V. M. Cadez, S. Vukovic, Phys. Rev. A 15, 2120 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Yu. M. Aliev, S. Vukovic, O. M. Gradov, A. Yu. Kyrie, V. M. CadezPis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 25, 351 (1977) [JETP Lett. 25, 355 (1977)].

1976 (1)

I. Pockrand, H. Raether, Opt. Commun. 17, 353 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1971 (2)

Aliev, Yu. M.

Yu. M. Aliev, O. M. Gradov, A. Yu. Kyrie, V. M. Cadez, S. Vukovic, Phys. Rev. A 15, 2120 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Yu. M. Aliev, S. Vukovic, O. M. Gradov, A. Yu. Kyrie, V. M. CadezPis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 25, 351 (1977) [JETP Lett. 25, 355 (1977)].

Arakawa, E. T.

J. P. Goudonnet, E. T. Arakawa, J. Phys. (Paris) 44, C6-275 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Cadez, V. M.

Yu. M. Aliev, S. Vukovic, O. M. Gradov, A. Yu. Kyrie, V. M. CadezPis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 25, 351 (1977) [JETP Lett. 25, 355 (1977)].

Yu. M. Aliev, O. M. Gradov, A. Yu. Kyrie, V. M. Cadez, S. Vukovic, Phys. Rev. A 15, 2120 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Cuthbert, J. D.

Goudonnet, J. P.

J. P. Goudonnet, E. T. Arakawa, J. Phys. (Paris) 44, C6-275 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Gradov, O. M.

Yu. M. Aliev, O. M. Gradov, A. Yu. Kyrie, V. M. Cadez, S. Vukovic, Phys. Rev. A 15, 2120 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Yu. M. Aliev, S. Vukovic, O. M. Gradov, A. Yu. Kyrie, V. M. CadezPis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 25, 351 (1977) [JETP Lett. 25, 355 (1977)].

Hensler, D. H.

Hurnaver, D. L.

D. L. Hurnaver, H. Raether, Opt. Commun. 40, 105 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Kondratev, I. G.

A. A. Zharov, I. G. Kondratev, M. A. Miller, Fiz. Plazmy, 5, 261 (1979) [Sov. J. Plasma Phys. 5, 146 (1979)].

Kovacs, G. J.

An excellent review is provided by G. J. Kovacs in Electromagnetic Surface Modes, A. D. Boardman, ed. (Wiley, New York, 1982).

Kyrie, A. Yu.

Yu. M. Aliev, O. M. Gradov, A. Yu. Kyrie, V. M. Cadez, S. Vukovic, Phys. Rev. A 15, 2120 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Yu. M. Aliev, S. Vukovic, O. M. Gradov, A. Yu. Kyrie, V. M. CadezPis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 25, 351 (1977) [JETP Lett. 25, 355 (1977)].

Lukosz, W.

Martin, R. J.

Miller, M. A.

A. A. Zharov, I. G. Kondratev, M. A. Miller, Fiz. Plazmy, 5, 261 (1979) [Sov. J. Plasma Phys. 5, 146 (1979)].

Otto, A.

A. Otto, W. Sohler, Opt. Commun. 3, 254 (1971).
[CrossRef]

A. Otto, in Optical Properties of Solids, New Development, B. O. Seraphin, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1976).

Pockrand, I.

I. Pockrand, H. Raether, Opt. Commun. 17, 353 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Radovic, Z.

S. Vukovic, Z. Radovic, Opt. Commun. 24, 217 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Raether, H.

D. L. Hurnaver, H. Raether, Opt. Commun. 40, 105 (1981).
[CrossRef]

I. Pockrand, H. Raether, Opt. Commun. 17, 353 (1976).
[CrossRef]

H. Raether, in Physics of Thin Films, G. Hass, M. H. Francombe, R. W. Hoffmann, eds. (Academic, New York, 1977), Vol. 9.

Sohler, W.

A. Otto, W. Sohler, Opt. Commun. 3, 254 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Tien, A. K.

Vukovic, S.

S. Vukovic, Z. Radovic, Opt. Commun. 24, 217 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Yu. M. Aliev, O. M. Gradov, A. Yu. Kyrie, V. M. Cadez, S. Vukovic, Phys. Rev. A 15, 2120 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Yu. M. Aliev, S. Vukovic, O. M. Gradov, A. Yu. Kyrie, V. M. CadezPis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 25, 351 (1977) [JETP Lett. 25, 355 (1977)].

Wahlen, H.

Zharov, A. A.

A. A. Zharov, I. G. Kondratev, M. A. Miller, Fiz. Plazmy, 5, 261 (1979) [Sov. J. Plasma Phys. 5, 146 (1979)].

Appl. Opt. (1)

Fiz. Plazmy (1)

A. A. Zharov, I. G. Kondratev, M. A. Miller, Fiz. Plazmy, 5, 261 (1979) [Sov. J. Plasma Phys. 5, 146 (1979)].

J. Phys. (Paris) (1)

J. P. Goudonnet, E. T. Arakawa, J. Phys. (Paris) 44, C6-275 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (4)

S. Vukovic, Z. Radovic, Opt. Commun. 24, 217 (1978).
[CrossRef]

A. Otto, W. Sohler, Opt. Commun. 3, 254 (1971).
[CrossRef]

I. Pockrand, H. Raether, Opt. Commun. 17, 353 (1976).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Hurnaver, H. Raether, Opt. Commun. 40, 105 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

Yu. M. Aliev, O. M. Gradov, A. Yu. Kyrie, V. M. Cadez, S. Vukovic, Phys. Rev. A 15, 2120 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. (1)

Yu. M. Aliev, S. Vukovic, O. M. Gradov, A. Yu. Kyrie, V. M. CadezPis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 25, 351 (1977) [JETP Lett. 25, 355 (1977)].

Other (3)

An excellent review is provided by G. J. Kovacs in Electromagnetic Surface Modes, A. D. Boardman, ed. (Wiley, New York, 1982).

A. Otto, in Optical Properties of Solids, New Development, B. O. Seraphin, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1976).

H. Raether, in Physics of Thin Films, G. Hass, M. H. Francombe, R. W. Hoffmann, eds. (Academic, New York, 1977), Vol. 9.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Spatial distribution of dielectric permittivity of the layered system that provides total absorption of an obliquely incident unpolarized light by using the ATR prism technique.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Absorption of (a) p-polarized and (b) s-polarized light λ = 1 μm obliquely incident upon silver overcoated by a MgF2–Si–MgF2 structure as a function of thicknesses a and d of the MgF2 layers. Angle of incidence: sin2 θ = 0.952, Si layer thickness: b = 0.065 μm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Net absorption of unpolarized light [1 − ½(|Rp|2 + |R2|2)]. All parameters as in Fig. 2.

Equations (10)

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| Re 3 | > Re 1 , Re 2 > Re , 1 p > Re 1 , Re 2 > p sin 2 θ .
R p , s = A + p , s B + p , s + A p , s B p , s exp ( 2 K 1 a ) A p , s B + p , s + A + p , s B p , s exp ( 2 K 1 a ) .
A ± p = i ω c cos θ p 1 / 2 ± K 1 1 ; A ± s = i ω c p 1 / 2 cos θ ± K 1 , K 1 , 3 = ω c ( p sin 2 θ 1 , 3 ) 1 / 2 , K 2 = ω c ( 2 p sin 2 θ ) 1 / 2 ,
B + p , s = G + p , s S + p , s G p , s S p , s exp ( 2 K 1 d ) ,
B p , s = G p , s S + p , s α p , s S p , s exp ( 2 K 1 d ) ,
S ± p = K 1 1 ± K 3 3 ; S ± s = K 1 ± K 3 ,
G ± p = ( K 1 2 1 2 + K 2 2 2 2 ) tan K 2 b + K 2 2 ( K 2 2 ± K 1 1 ) ,
G ± s = ( K 1 2 K 2 2 ) tan K 2 b + K 2 ( K 1 ± K 1 ) ,
α p = ( K 1 2 1 2 K 2 2 2 2 ) tan K 2 b 2 K 1 K 2 1 2 ,
α s = ( K 1 2 K 2 2 ) tan K 2 b 2 K 1 K 2 .

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