Abstract

We report the experimental observation of soliton and dispersive pulses generated simultaneously in a passively mode-locked dye laser. The results are interpreted by analogy to the predictions of the nonlinear Schrödinger equation describing pulse propagation near the zero-dispersion point of an optical fiber.

© 1988 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. Hasegawa, F. Tappert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 142 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. K. Wai, C. R. Menyuk, H. H. Chen, Y. C. Lee, Opt. Lett. 12, 628 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. A. Valdmanis, R. L. Fork, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 112 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  5. O. E. Martinez, R. L. Fork, J. P. Gordon, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 753 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  6. F. Salin, P. Grangier, G. Roger, A. Brun, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1132 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. The operating point appears to be closely related to that described in Fig. 7 of Ref. 4.
  8. R. H. Stolen, L. F. Mollenauer, W. J. Tomlinson, Opt. Lett. 8, 186 (1983).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. R. L. Fork, O. E. Martinez, J. P. Gordon, Opt. Lett. 9, 150 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987 (1)

1986 (2)

J. A. Valdmanis, R. L. Fork, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 112 (1986).
[CrossRef]

F. Salin, P. Grangier, G. Roger, A. Brun, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1132 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1985 (1)

1984 (1)

1983 (1)

1980 (1)

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

A. Hasegawa, F. Tappert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 142 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Brun, A.

F. Salin, P. Grangier, G. Roger, A. Brun, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1132 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, H. H.

Fork, R. L.

Gordon, J. P.

Grangier, P.

F. Salin, P. Grangier, G. Roger, A. Brun, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1132 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hasegawa, A.

A. Hasegawa, F. Tappert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 142 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. C.

Martinez, O. E.

Menyuk, C. R.

Mollenauer, L. F.

R. H. Stolen, L. F. Mollenauer, W. J. Tomlinson, Opt. Lett. 8, 186 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Roger, G.

F. Salin, P. Grangier, G. Roger, A. Brun, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1132 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Salin, F.

F. Salin, P. Grangier, G. Roger, A. Brun, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1132 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stolen, R. H.

R. H. Stolen, L. F. Mollenauer, W. J. Tomlinson, Opt. Lett. 8, 186 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Tappert, F.

A. Hasegawa, F. Tappert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 142 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Tomlinson, W. J.

Valdmanis, J. A.

J. A. Valdmanis, R. L. Fork, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 112 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Wai, P. K.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Hasegawa, F. Tappert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 142 (1973).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. A. Valdmanis, R. L. Fork, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 112 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

F. Salin, P. Grangier, G. Roger, A. Brun, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1132 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

The operating point appears to be closely related to that described in Fig. 7 of Ref. 4.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Power spectra and intensity autocorrelation traces (a) directly from the laser, (b) after an interference filter, (c) after a long-pass color filter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Interferometric autocorrelation corresponding to Fig. 1(a). (b) Output of monochromator tuned to the spectral peak near 645 nm. Time scale is 1 μsec/division.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Power spectra recorded for two values of cavity dispersion. A slight increase in positive GVD causes the spectrum to shift abruptly from the dashed to the solid curve. (b) Spectrum recorded with fresh absorber dye. The x axis has been converted to facilitate comparison with the theoretical curve for an initial sech pulse of amplitude 2, shown in Fig. 2 of Ref. 3. 4.69 × 1014 Hz corresponds to a wavelength of 639 nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Autocorrelation suggesting an N = 4 soliton.

Equations (1)

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Δ λ > 1 . 5 / τ ( nm ) ,

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