Abstract

A reflectively monitored Fabry–Perot temperature sensor is characterized over a 1250°C temperature range. Dielectric mirrors for the interferometer are incorporated into a continuous length of single-mode fiber by a fusion-splicing technique. The change in optical phase per unit temperature is nearly constant above room temperature but decreases at lower temperatures. Phase-shift data for the germania-doped silica fiber used in these experiments are compared with calculations based on previously reported information on the temperature dependence of refractive index and length in bulk fused silica.

© 1988 Optical Society of America

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  1. Y. Yoshino, K. Kurosawa, K. Itoh, T. Ose, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1624 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. Ito, Appl. Opt. 25, 1072 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. R. Kist, S. Drope, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 412, 172 (1983).
  4. C. E. Lee, H. F. Taylor, Electron. Lett. 24, 193 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  5. W. H. Cheng, C. B. Su, K. D. Buehring, J. W. Ure, D. Perrachione, D. Renner, K. L. Hess, S. W. Zehr, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 155 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. M. Waxler, G. W. Cleek, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. Sec. A 77, 755 (1973).
  7. Y. S. Touloukian, R. D. Kirby, R. E. Taylor, T. Y. R. Lee, Thermal Expansion—Nonmetallic Solids, Vol. 13 of Thermophysical Properties of Matter (Plenum, New York, 1977), p. 358.
  8. M. C. Farries, M. E. Fermann, R. I. Laming, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 22, 418 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  9. W. H. Glenn, in Optical Fiber Sensors, A. N. Chester, S. Martellucci, A. M. Verga Scheggi, eds. (Nijhoff, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1987), p. 185.

1988 (1)

C. E. Lee, H. F. Taylor, Electron. Lett. 24, 193 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

W. H. Cheng, C. B. Su, K. D. Buehring, J. W. Ure, D. Perrachione, D. Renner, K. L. Hess, S. W. Zehr, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 155 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (2)

M. C. Farries, M. E. Fermann, R. I. Laming, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 22, 418 (1986).
[CrossRef]

T. Ito, Appl. Opt. 25, 1072 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1983 (1)

R. Kist, S. Drope, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 412, 172 (1983).

1982 (1)

Y. Yoshino, K. Kurosawa, K. Itoh, T. Ose, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1624 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

R. M. Waxler, G. W. Cleek, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. Sec. A 77, 755 (1973).

Buehring, K. D.

W. H. Cheng, C. B. Su, K. D. Buehring, J. W. Ure, D. Perrachione, D. Renner, K. L. Hess, S. W. Zehr, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 155 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, W. H.

W. H. Cheng, C. B. Su, K. D. Buehring, J. W. Ure, D. Perrachione, D. Renner, K. L. Hess, S. W. Zehr, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 155 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Cleek, G. W.

R. M. Waxler, G. W. Cleek, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. Sec. A 77, 755 (1973).

Drope, S.

R. Kist, S. Drope, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 412, 172 (1983).

Farries, M. C.

M. C. Farries, M. E. Fermann, R. I. Laming, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 22, 418 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Fermann, M. E.

M. C. Farries, M. E. Fermann, R. I. Laming, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 22, 418 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Glenn, W. H.

W. H. Glenn, in Optical Fiber Sensors, A. N. Chester, S. Martellucci, A. M. Verga Scheggi, eds. (Nijhoff, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1987), p. 185.

Hess, K. L.

W. H. Cheng, C. B. Su, K. D. Buehring, J. W. Ure, D. Perrachione, D. Renner, K. L. Hess, S. W. Zehr, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 155 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Ito, T.

Itoh, K.

Y. Yoshino, K. Kurosawa, K. Itoh, T. Ose, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1624 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Kirby, R. D.

Y. S. Touloukian, R. D. Kirby, R. E. Taylor, T. Y. R. Lee, Thermal Expansion—Nonmetallic Solids, Vol. 13 of Thermophysical Properties of Matter (Plenum, New York, 1977), p. 358.

Kist, R.

R. Kist, S. Drope, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 412, 172 (1983).

Kurosawa, K.

Y. Yoshino, K. Kurosawa, K. Itoh, T. Ose, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1624 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Laming, R. I.

M. C. Farries, M. E. Fermann, R. I. Laming, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 22, 418 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C. E.

C. E. Lee, H. F. Taylor, Electron. Lett. 24, 193 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Lee, T. Y. R.

Y. S. Touloukian, R. D. Kirby, R. E. Taylor, T. Y. R. Lee, Thermal Expansion—Nonmetallic Solids, Vol. 13 of Thermophysical Properties of Matter (Plenum, New York, 1977), p. 358.

Ose, T.

Y. Yoshino, K. Kurosawa, K. Itoh, T. Ose, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1624 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

M. C. Farries, M. E. Fermann, R. I. Laming, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 22, 418 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Perrachione, D.

W. H. Cheng, C. B. Su, K. D. Buehring, J. W. Ure, D. Perrachione, D. Renner, K. L. Hess, S. W. Zehr, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 155 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Poole, S. B.

M. C. Farries, M. E. Fermann, R. I. Laming, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 22, 418 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Renner, D.

W. H. Cheng, C. B. Su, K. D. Buehring, J. W. Ure, D. Perrachione, D. Renner, K. L. Hess, S. W. Zehr, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 155 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Su, C. B.

W. H. Cheng, C. B. Su, K. D. Buehring, J. W. Ure, D. Perrachione, D. Renner, K. L. Hess, S. W. Zehr, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 155 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, H. F.

C. E. Lee, H. F. Taylor, Electron. Lett. 24, 193 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, R. E.

Y. S. Touloukian, R. D. Kirby, R. E. Taylor, T. Y. R. Lee, Thermal Expansion—Nonmetallic Solids, Vol. 13 of Thermophysical Properties of Matter (Plenum, New York, 1977), p. 358.

Touloukian, Y. S.

Y. S. Touloukian, R. D. Kirby, R. E. Taylor, T. Y. R. Lee, Thermal Expansion—Nonmetallic Solids, Vol. 13 of Thermophysical Properties of Matter (Plenum, New York, 1977), p. 358.

Ure, J. W.

W. H. Cheng, C. B. Su, K. D. Buehring, J. W. Ure, D. Perrachione, D. Renner, K. L. Hess, S. W. Zehr, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 155 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Waxler, R. M.

R. M. Waxler, G. W. Cleek, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. Sec. A 77, 755 (1973).

Yoshino, Y.

Y. Yoshino, K. Kurosawa, K. Itoh, T. Ose, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1624 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Zehr, S. W.

W. H. Cheng, C. B. Su, K. D. Buehring, J. W. Ure, D. Perrachione, D. Renner, K. L. Hess, S. W. Zehr, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 155 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

W. H. Cheng, C. B. Su, K. D. Buehring, J. W. Ure, D. Perrachione, D. Renner, K. L. Hess, S. W. Zehr, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 155 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

C. E. Lee, H. F. Taylor, Electron. Lett. 24, 193 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Farries, M. E. Fermann, R. I. Laming, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 22, 418 (1986).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

Y. Yoshino, K. Kurosawa, K. Itoh, T. Ose, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1624 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. Sec. A (1)

R. M. Waxler, G. W. Cleek, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. Sec. A 77, 755 (1973).

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (1)

R. Kist, S. Drope, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 412, 172 (1983).

Other (2)

Y. S. Touloukian, R. D. Kirby, R. E. Taylor, T. Y. R. Lee, Thermal Expansion—Nonmetallic Solids, Vol. 13 of Thermophysical Properties of Matter (Plenum, New York, 1977), p. 358.

W. H. Glenn, in Optical Fiber Sensors, A. N. Chester, S. Martellucci, A. M. Verga Scheggi, eds. (Nijhoff, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1987), p. 185.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental arrangement.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Temperature dependence of the amplitude of pulses reflected from the fiber FP sensor. The temperature was decreased from 77°C (bottom trace) to 56°C (top trace) in 3°C increments.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Comparison of temperature dependence of the phase shift measured for the fiber FP sensor with the calculated phase shift based on data for bulk fused silica (solid curve).

Equations (1)

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Δ ϕ = 4 π λ ( n d L d T + L d n d T ) Δ T ,

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