Abstract

We demonstrate that solitons are not essential for the operation of the soliton laser. The external cavity employed contains an optical fiber with negative group-delay dispersion and therefore does not support bright solitons. Thus the improved mode locking cannot be attributed to the injection of an N = 2 soliton.

© 1988 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, Opt. Lett. 9, 13 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. J. Blow, D. Wood, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1109 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  4. F. M. Mitschke, L. F. Mollenauer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 2242 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. J. Blow, D. Wood, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 629 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  6. B. P. Nelson, D. Cotter, K. J. Blow, N. J. Doran, Opt. Commun. 48, 292 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. A. Belanger, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 793 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. Nakatsuka, D. Grischkowsky, A. C. Balant, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 910 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K. J. Blow, B. P. Nelson, Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng. 134, 161 (1987).

1988 (2)

1987 (1)

K. J. Blow, B. P. Nelson, Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng. 134, 161 (1987).

1986 (2)

K. J. Blow, D. Wood, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1109 (1986).
[CrossRef]

F. M. Mitschke, L. F. Mollenauer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 2242 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

1983 (1)

B. P. Nelson, D. Cotter, K. J. Blow, N. J. Doran, Opt. Commun. 48, 292 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

H. Nakatsuka, D. Grischkowsky, A. C. Balant, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 910 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Balant, A. C.

H. Nakatsuka, D. Grischkowsky, A. C. Balant, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 910 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Belanger, P. A.

Blow, K. J.

K. J. Blow, D. Wood, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 629 (1988).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Blow, B. P. Nelson, Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng. 134, 161 (1987).

K. J. Blow, D. Wood, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1109 (1986).
[CrossRef]

B. P. Nelson, D. Cotter, K. J. Blow, N. J. Doran, Opt. Commun. 48, 292 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Cotter, D.

B. P. Nelson, D. Cotter, K. J. Blow, N. J. Doran, Opt. Commun. 48, 292 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Doran, N. J.

B. P. Nelson, D. Cotter, K. J. Blow, N. J. Doran, Opt. Commun. 48, 292 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, J. P.

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Grischkowsky, D.

H. Nakatsuka, D. Grischkowsky, A. C. Balant, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 910 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Mitschke, F. M.

F. M. Mitschke, L. F. Mollenauer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 2242 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Mollenauer, L. F.

F. M. Mitschke, L. F. Mollenauer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 2242 (1986).
[CrossRef]

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, Opt. Lett. 9, 13 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Nakatsuka, H.

H. Nakatsuka, D. Grischkowsky, A. C. Balant, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 910 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, B. P.

K. J. Blow, B. P. Nelson, Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng. 134, 161 (1987).

B. P. Nelson, D. Cotter, K. J. Blow, N. J. Doran, Opt. Commun. 48, 292 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Stolen, R. H.

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, Opt. Lett. 9, 13 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Wood, D.

K. J. Blow, D. Wood, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 629 (1988).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Blow, D. Wood, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1109 (1986).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

K. J. Blow, D. Wood, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1109 (1986).
[CrossRef]

F. M. Mitschke, L. F. Mollenauer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 2242 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Commun. (1)

B. P. Nelson, D. Cotter, K. J. Blow, N. J. Doran, Opt. Commun. 48, 292 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
[CrossRef]

H. Nakatsuka, D. Grischkowsky, A. C. Balant, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 910 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng. (1)

K. J. Blow, B. P. Nelson, Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng. 134, 161 (1987).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The experimental configuration. FCL, F-center laser.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Normalized autocorrelation traces of the laser system operating without optical feedback (curve a) and with optical feedback (curve b). The baseline is also indicated.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Autocorrelation FWHM obtained at different operating points for various lengths of fiber (+, 20 m; *, 10 m; ○, 2.4 m). (b) The results in (a) scaled using Eq. (1) to obtain the normalized fiber length.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Group-delay curve for 1 km of the nonsoliton fiber used in this experiment.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Curve a, input soliton-laser pulse to the 20-m length of nonsoliton fiber used in this experiment. Curve b, output autocorrelation trace obtained at an average launched power of 5 mW. The baseline is also indicated.

Equations (1)

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L norm = ( k 2 τ 2 ) z ,

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