Abstract

A fiber-coupled-ring passive phase-conjugate mirror is used to achieve mutual thresholding free of bistability effects and to obtain switching among several mutually incoherent light beams.

© 1988 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. H. M. Gibbs, S. L. McCall, T. N. C. Venkatesman, Opt. Eng. 19, 463 (1980); D. Psaltis, N. H. Farhat, Opt. Lett. 10, 981 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Yariv, S.-K. Kwong, K. Kyuma, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1114 (1986); B. H. Soffer, G. J. Dunning, Y. Owechko, E. Marom, Opt. Lett. 11, 118 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. B. Klein, G. J. Dunning, G. C. Valley, P. C. Lind, T. R. O’Meara, Opt. Lett. 11, 575 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S.-R. Kwong, A. Yariv, Opt. Lett. 11, 377 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. S.-K. Kwong, M. Cronin-Golomb, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 1816 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Cronin-Golomb, A. Yariv, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3(13), P16 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Y. Tomita, R. Yahalom, A. Yariv, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 690 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  8. K. Kyuma, A. Yariv, S.-K. Kwong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 617 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S.-K. Kwong, R. Yahalom, A. Yariv, Opt. Lett. 12, 337 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. Y. Tomita, K. Kyuma, R. Yahalom, A. Yariv, Opt. Lett. 12, 1020 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. R. Yahalom, K. Kyuma, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 292 (1987).
  12. For a preliminary report of similar results, see R. Yahalom, A. Agranat, A. Yariv, in Technical Digest of Topical Meeting on Photonic Switching (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1987), paper FB3.
  13. M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, J. O. White, A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 12 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Y. Tomita, R. Yahalom, A. Yariv, Opt. Lett. 12, 1017 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. P. H. Beckwith, I. McMichael, P. Yeh, Opt. Lett. 12, 510 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

1987 (5)

1986 (5)

M. Cronin-Golomb, A. Yariv, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3(13), P16 (1986).
[CrossRef]

S.-R. Kwong, A. Yariv, Opt. Lett. 11, 377 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. B. Klein, G. J. Dunning, G. C. Valley, P. C. Lind, T. R. O’Meara, Opt. Lett. 11, 575 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Yariv, S.-K. Kwong, K. Kyuma, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1114 (1986); B. H. Soffer, G. J. Dunning, Y. Owechko, E. Marom, Opt. Lett. 11, 118 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kyuma, A. Yariv, S.-K. Kwong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 617 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1984 (2)

S.-K. Kwong, M. Cronin-Golomb, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 1816 (1984).
[CrossRef]

M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, J. O. White, A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 12 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

H. M. Gibbs, S. L. McCall, T. N. C. Venkatesman, Opt. Eng. 19, 463 (1980); D. Psaltis, N. H. Farhat, Opt. Lett. 10, 981 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Agranat, A.

For a preliminary report of similar results, see R. Yahalom, A. Agranat, A. Yariv, in Technical Digest of Topical Meeting on Photonic Switching (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1987), paper FB3.

Beckwith, P. H.

Cronin-Golomb, M.

M. Cronin-Golomb, A. Yariv, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3(13), P16 (1986).
[CrossRef]

M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, J. O. White, A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 12 (1984).
[CrossRef]

S.-K. Kwong, M. Cronin-Golomb, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 1816 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Dunning, G. J.

Fischer, B.

M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, J. O. White, A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 12 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Gibbs, H. M.

H. M. Gibbs, S. L. McCall, T. N. C. Venkatesman, Opt. Eng. 19, 463 (1980); D. Psaltis, N. H. Farhat, Opt. Lett. 10, 981 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Klein, M. B.

Kwong, S.-K.

S.-K. Kwong, R. Yahalom, A. Yariv, Opt. Lett. 12, 337 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Yariv, S.-K. Kwong, K. Kyuma, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1114 (1986); B. H. Soffer, G. J. Dunning, Y. Owechko, E. Marom, Opt. Lett. 11, 118 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kyuma, A. Yariv, S.-K. Kwong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 617 (1986).
[CrossRef]

S.-K. Kwong, M. Cronin-Golomb, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 1816 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Kwong, S.-R.

Kyuma, K.

Y. Tomita, K. Kyuma, R. Yahalom, A. Yariv, Opt. Lett. 12, 1020 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Yahalom, K. Kyuma, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 292 (1987).

A. Yariv, S.-K. Kwong, K. Kyuma, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1114 (1986); B. H. Soffer, G. J. Dunning, Y. Owechko, E. Marom, Opt. Lett. 11, 118 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kyuma, A. Yariv, S.-K. Kwong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 617 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Lind, P. C.

McCall, S. L.

H. M. Gibbs, S. L. McCall, T. N. C. Venkatesman, Opt. Eng. 19, 463 (1980); D. Psaltis, N. H. Farhat, Opt. Lett. 10, 981 (1985).
[CrossRef]

McMichael, I.

O’Meara, T. R.

Tomita, Y.

Valley, G. C.

Venkatesman, T. N. C.

H. M. Gibbs, S. L. McCall, T. N. C. Venkatesman, Opt. Eng. 19, 463 (1980); D. Psaltis, N. H. Farhat, Opt. Lett. 10, 981 (1985).
[CrossRef]

White, J. O.

M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, J. O. White, A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 12 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Yahalom, R.

Y. Tomita, R. Yahalom, A. Yariv, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 690 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tomita, R. Yahalom, A. Yariv, Opt. Lett. 12, 1017 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Tomita, K. Kyuma, R. Yahalom, A. Yariv, Opt. Lett. 12, 1020 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Yahalom, K. Kyuma, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 292 (1987).

S.-K. Kwong, R. Yahalom, A. Yariv, Opt. Lett. 12, 337 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

For a preliminary report of similar results, see R. Yahalom, A. Agranat, A. Yariv, in Technical Digest of Topical Meeting on Photonic Switching (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1987), paper FB3.

Yariv, A.

Y. Tomita, R. Yahalom, A. Yariv, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 690 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tomita, R. Yahalom, A. Yariv, Opt. Lett. 12, 1017 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Tomita, K. Kyuma, R. Yahalom, A. Yariv, Opt. Lett. 12, 1020 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S.-K. Kwong, R. Yahalom, A. Yariv, Opt. Lett. 12, 337 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Yahalom, K. Kyuma, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 292 (1987).

A. Yariv, S.-K. Kwong, K. Kyuma, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1114 (1986); B. H. Soffer, G. J. Dunning, Y. Owechko, E. Marom, Opt. Lett. 11, 118 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kyuma, A. Yariv, S.-K. Kwong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 617 (1986).
[CrossRef]

M. Cronin-Golomb, A. Yariv, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3(13), P16 (1986).
[CrossRef]

S.-R. Kwong, A. Yariv, Opt. Lett. 11, 377 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S.-K. Kwong, M. Cronin-Golomb, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 1816 (1984).
[CrossRef]

M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, J. O. White, A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 12 (1984).
[CrossRef]

For a preliminary report of similar results, see R. Yahalom, A. Agranat, A. Yariv, in Technical Digest of Topical Meeting on Photonic Switching (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1987), paper FB3.

Yeh, P.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

A. Yariv, S.-K. Kwong, K. Kyuma, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1114 (1986); B. H. Soffer, G. J. Dunning, Y. Owechko, E. Marom, Opt. Lett. 11, 118 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S.-K. Kwong, M. Cronin-Golomb, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 1816 (1984).
[CrossRef]

K. Kyuma, A. Yariv, S.-K. Kwong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 617 (1986).
[CrossRef]

R. Yahalom, K. Kyuma, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 292 (1987).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, J. O. White, A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 12 (1984).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Eng. (1)

H. M. Gibbs, S. L. McCall, T. N. C. Venkatesman, Opt. Eng. 19, 463 (1980); D. Psaltis, N. H. Farhat, Opt. Lett. 10, 981 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Other (1)

For a preliminary report of similar results, see R. Yahalom, A. Agranat, A. Yariv, in Technical Digest of Topical Meeting on Photonic Switching (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1987), paper FB3.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup of a two-beam thresholding device. BS’s, beam splitters; L’s, lenses; M’s, mirrors.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured reflectivity of Beam 1 as a function of the input intensity to the crystal. Beam 2 is closed in this case(P2 = 0)

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Reflectivities of Beam 1 (R1) and Beam 2 (R2) as functions of (P2P1). R1 is normalized to 1 when P2 = 0, and R2 is normalized to 1 when P1 = 0.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental results of the reflectivity of Beam 1 as a function of the input power ratio of Beam 2 to Beam 1 for several values of Beam 1 input powers (P1). The results are normalized to 1 when P2 = 0.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Dependence of the threshold power ratio (defined in the text) as a function of Beam 1 input power (P1).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Theoretical curve for a ring self-pumped PCM reflectivity as a function of the coupling constant, with M = 0.65 and σd/σp → 0.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Theoretical curves for the normalized reflectivities of Beam 1 as functions of Beam 1 to Beam 2 power ratio, with M = 0.65, γ0l = 2.4, and σd/σp (P1 = 1 mW) = 0.5.

Equations (3)

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R = 1 4 { T 2 ( 1 + M ) 2 [ 1 + M 1 / 2 ( 1 - T 2 + M T 2 ) 1 / 2 ] ( 1 + M T 2 ) 2 - ( 1 - M ) 2 } ,
T = tanh { ½ γ 0 l [ 4 R 1 + ( 1 - M ) 2 ] 1 / 2 / ( 1 + M ) } .
γ eff = γ 0 / ( 1 + I 2 I 1 + σ d / σ p ) .

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