Abstract

We report bistability and self-pulsing effects in the switching from total internal reflection to a transmitting state at a glass-liquid-crystal interface. The role of the phase transition to the isotropic state is underlined, and the generation of 20-msec pulses from a continuous laser beam is observed.

© 1988 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. E. Kaplan, Sov. Phys. JEPT 45, 896 (1977); A. E. Kaplan, C. M. Bowden, M. Ciftan, H. R. Robleds, in Optical Bistability (Plenum, New York, 1981), p. 447; W. J. Tomlinson, J. P. Gordon, P. W. Smith, A. E. Kaplan, Appl. Opt. 21, 2041 (1982).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. P. W. Smith, W. J. Tomlinson, Appl. Phys. B28, 138 (1982); P. W. Smith, W. J. Tomlinson, P. J. Maloney, A. E. Kaplan, Opt. Lett. 7, 57 (1982); I. C. Khoo, J. Y. Hou, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 761 (1985); see also H. M. Gibbs, in Optical Bistability: Controlling Light With Light (Academic, New York, 1985), p. 166, and references therein.
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. L. Csillag, I. Janossy, V. F. Kitaeva, N. Kroo, N. N. Sobolev, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. Lett. 102, 1 (1984)
    [Crossref]
  4. I. C. Khoo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 645 (1982).
    [Crossref]
  5. I. C. Khoo, R. Normandin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 329 (1985).
    [Crossref]
  6. F. Bloisi, L. Vicari, F. Simoni, G. Cipparrone, C. Umeton, in Technical Digest of the Sixteenth International Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1988), paper MP41.

1985 (1)

I. C. Khoo, R. Normandin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 329 (1985).
[Crossref]

1984 (1)

L. Csillag, I. Janossy, V. F. Kitaeva, N. Kroo, N. N. Sobolev, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. Lett. 102, 1 (1984)
[Crossref]

1982 (2)

I. C. Khoo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 645 (1982).
[Crossref]

P. W. Smith, W. J. Tomlinson, Appl. Phys. B28, 138 (1982); P. W. Smith, W. J. Tomlinson, P. J. Maloney, A. E. Kaplan, Opt. Lett. 7, 57 (1982); I. C. Khoo, J. Y. Hou, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 761 (1985); see also H. M. Gibbs, in Optical Bistability: Controlling Light With Light (Academic, New York, 1985), p. 166, and references therein.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1977 (1)

A. E. Kaplan, Sov. Phys. JEPT 45, 896 (1977); A. E. Kaplan, C. M. Bowden, M. Ciftan, H. R. Robleds, in Optical Bistability (Plenum, New York, 1981), p. 447; W. J. Tomlinson, J. P. Gordon, P. W. Smith, A. E. Kaplan, Appl. Opt. 21, 2041 (1982).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bloisi, F.

F. Bloisi, L. Vicari, F. Simoni, G. Cipparrone, C. Umeton, in Technical Digest of the Sixteenth International Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1988), paper MP41.

Cipparrone, G.

F. Bloisi, L. Vicari, F. Simoni, G. Cipparrone, C. Umeton, in Technical Digest of the Sixteenth International Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1988), paper MP41.

Csillag, L.

L. Csillag, I. Janossy, V. F. Kitaeva, N. Kroo, N. N. Sobolev, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. Lett. 102, 1 (1984)
[Crossref]

Janossy, I.

L. Csillag, I. Janossy, V. F. Kitaeva, N. Kroo, N. N. Sobolev, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. Lett. 102, 1 (1984)
[Crossref]

Kaplan, A. E.

A. E. Kaplan, Sov. Phys. JEPT 45, 896 (1977); A. E. Kaplan, C. M. Bowden, M. Ciftan, H. R. Robleds, in Optical Bistability (Plenum, New York, 1981), p. 447; W. J. Tomlinson, J. P. Gordon, P. W. Smith, A. E. Kaplan, Appl. Opt. 21, 2041 (1982).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Khoo, I. C.

I. C. Khoo, R. Normandin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 329 (1985).
[Crossref]

I. C. Khoo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 645 (1982).
[Crossref]

Kitaeva, V. F.

L. Csillag, I. Janossy, V. F. Kitaeva, N. Kroo, N. N. Sobolev, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. Lett. 102, 1 (1984)
[Crossref]

Kroo, N.

L. Csillag, I. Janossy, V. F. Kitaeva, N. Kroo, N. N. Sobolev, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. Lett. 102, 1 (1984)
[Crossref]

Normandin, R.

I. C. Khoo, R. Normandin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 329 (1985).
[Crossref]

Simoni, F.

F. Bloisi, L. Vicari, F. Simoni, G. Cipparrone, C. Umeton, in Technical Digest of the Sixteenth International Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1988), paper MP41.

Smith, P. W.

P. W. Smith, W. J. Tomlinson, Appl. Phys. B28, 138 (1982); P. W. Smith, W. J. Tomlinson, P. J. Maloney, A. E. Kaplan, Opt. Lett. 7, 57 (1982); I. C. Khoo, J. Y. Hou, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 761 (1985); see also H. M. Gibbs, in Optical Bistability: Controlling Light With Light (Academic, New York, 1985), p. 166, and references therein.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sobolev, N. N.

L. Csillag, I. Janossy, V. F. Kitaeva, N. Kroo, N. N. Sobolev, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. Lett. 102, 1 (1984)
[Crossref]

Tomlinson, W. J.

P. W. Smith, W. J. Tomlinson, Appl. Phys. B28, 138 (1982); P. W. Smith, W. J. Tomlinson, P. J. Maloney, A. E. Kaplan, Opt. Lett. 7, 57 (1982); I. C. Khoo, J. Y. Hou, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 761 (1985); see also H. M. Gibbs, in Optical Bistability: Controlling Light With Light (Academic, New York, 1985), p. 166, and references therein.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Umeton, C.

F. Bloisi, L. Vicari, F. Simoni, G. Cipparrone, C. Umeton, in Technical Digest of the Sixteenth International Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1988), paper MP41.

Vicari, L.

F. Bloisi, L. Vicari, F. Simoni, G. Cipparrone, C. Umeton, in Technical Digest of the Sixteenth International Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1988), paper MP41.

Appl. Phys. (1)

P. W. Smith, W. J. Tomlinson, Appl. Phys. B28, 138 (1982); P. W. Smith, W. J. Tomlinson, P. J. Maloney, A. E. Kaplan, Opt. Lett. 7, 57 (1982); I. C. Khoo, J. Y. Hou, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 761 (1985); see also H. M. Gibbs, in Optical Bistability: Controlling Light With Light (Academic, New York, 1985), p. 166, and references therein.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

I. C. Khoo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 645 (1982).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

I. C. Khoo, R. Normandin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 329 (1985).
[Crossref]

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. Lett. (1)

L. Csillag, I. Janossy, V. F. Kitaeva, N. Kroo, N. N. Sobolev, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. Lett. 102, 1 (1984)
[Crossref]

Sov. Phys. JEPT (1)

A. E. Kaplan, Sov. Phys. JEPT 45, 896 (1977); A. E. Kaplan, C. M. Bowden, M. Ciftan, H. R. Robleds, in Optical Bistability (Plenum, New York, 1981), p. 447; W. J. Tomlinson, J. P. Gordon, P. W. Smith, A. E. Kaplan, Appl. Opt. 21, 2041 (1982).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

F. Bloisi, L. Vicari, F. Simoni, G. Cipparrone, C. Umeton, in Technical Digest of the Sixteenth International Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1988), paper MP41.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the TIR transmission switching experiment.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Plot of the transmitted signal, S, versus the input optical power when the focal spot is before the liquid-crystal interface. Squares, increasing input; rhombuses, decreasing input.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Plot of the transmitted signal, S, versus the input optical power in the case of tight focusing on the liquid-crystal interface. Squares, increasing input; rhombuses, decreasing input. In the oscillating region, the open squares represent the minimum value due to the noise of the scattered light and the black squares represent the maximum value due to the transition to the transmission state.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Typical pulse sequence obtained in the transmitted beam.

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